Iso container basic

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Iso container basic

  1. 1. Shipping and Transport College Rotterdam Container basics
  2. 2. Container Basics• Container construction• Container types• Container marks and numbers
  3. 3. Objectives• What is a container• Describe the components• Describe materials used• ISO standards• Describe test for containers• Describe the types of containers
  4. 4. Benefits of containerization• Creates a unit load for rapid cargo handling• Protects cargo packages• Reduces risks to cargo• Encourages door to door transport• Provides economical cost effective transport
  5. 5. A container has to be• Strong enough to be repacked many times• Change transport modes without unpacking and recapping• Allows easy handling• Easily packed and unpacked
  6. 6. Freight container = Dry box
  7. 7. Freight Container• Weatherproof rectangular box• Transport and stores cargo• Confines and protects contents• Separable from means of transport• Handled as unit load
  8. 8. ISOInternational Standarisation Organisation
  9. 9. ISO-standardsWidth: 2.438 / 8 feet• Length• 3 m / 10 ft• 6 m / 20 ft• 9 m / 30 ft• 12m/ 40 ft• Height• 2.438 m / 8 feet• 2.591 m / 8 feet 6 inches• < 2.438 m / < 8 feet
  10. 10. Twenty feet Equivalent unit TEU
  11. 11. •1 Side walls•2 Roof•3 Base•4 End wall = Front•5 End Doors = Back
  12. 12. Connection corner fittings/cornercastings • End frames • 1 Corner posts • 2 Top end rail • 3 Bottom end rail • Sides • top side rails • bottom side rails • Left : view from door end, from the back.
  13. 13. Frame Materials• High tensile steel• Corten steel
  14. 14. Floors• 1 Cross members• 2 Forklift pockets• 3 Floor• 4 Entrance plate• Steel• Aluminum• Wood• Plywood• Bamboo
  15. 15. Side and Roof Materials• Steel• Aluminum• Corten steel• High tension steel
  16. 16. Gooseneck tunnel• Special for trucks
  17. 17. Container Construction
  18. 18. (Dis) Advantages of Steel• For• Welded, watertight• Stiff, rigid• Tough• Easily repaired• Cheap• Resistant to solvents• Against• Heavy• Rusts• Corrodes• Difficult to insulate
  19. 19. (Dis)Advantages of Aluminum• For• Light weight• Resistant to corrosion by air Flexible• Easily insulated• Against• Expensive• Needs extra support• Needs steel frame• Corroded by acids• Tears easily• Needs riveting / bolting Expensive to repair
  20. 20. Maximum Gross Mass (Ratings)• 10 feet 10,160 kg• 20 feet 24,000 kg• 30 feet 25,400 kg• 41 feet 30,480 kg
  21. 21. Payload = Rating - Tare Mass
  22. 22. Length• 10 feet ( Offshore )• 20 feet• 35 feet ( Sealand )• 40 feet• 45 feet• Growing to 48 feet and even 52 feet
  23. 23. Wide• 8 feet• Europe wants two pallets wide
  24. 24. Height• 8 feet ( almost phased out )• 8.6 feet• 9.6 feet ( High Cubes )
  25. 25. Container Types
  26. 26. 20 feet Dry Box
  27. 27. 40 feet Dry Box
  28. 28. 20 feet Open Top
  29. 29. 40 feet Open Top
  30. 30. Open Top Removable Top
  31. 31. 20 feet Flatrack Fixed Ends
  32. 32. 20 feet Flatrack One Open End
  33. 33. 40 feet Flatrack Fixed
  34. 34. 40 feet Flatrack Folding
  35. 35. 40 feet Flatrack Folding
  36. 36. 40 feet Flatrack one open end
  37. 37. 40 feetFRFixed
  38. 38. 40 feetFROpenends
  39. 39. Stack of old 40 feet FR Folded
  40. 40. 45 feet Dry Box
  41. 41. Empty Depot20 feet9 highstacking
  42. 42. Mafi with 40 feet FR open ends
  43. 43. 20 feet Reefer Integral
  44. 44. 40 feetReeferIntegral
  45. 45. Tank Container
  46. 46. Test Container
  47. 47. BulkContainer
  48. 48. Half Height =Bin Container
  49. 49. Specials
  50. 50. HighVentilated
  51. 51. Platform

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