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Read reflect respond_book_c_sample Read reflect respond_book_c_sample Document Transcript

  • LESSON 1 Just how loud is too loud? TURN DOWN THE VOLUME! Do you prefer your music nice and if someone shouts in your ear, the sound LOUD? Many young people like nothing may reach 100 dB. Sound levels above better than to cruise around town with 120 dB cause physical pain. At 140 dB, their car’s speakers blaring. But maybe sound will break your eardrums. And at you should think again before you crank 180 dB, sound can actually kill you! up the volume! City dwellers are surrounded by loud Just like air and water pollution, noise sounds all the time. Noise from a jet pollution can be dangerous to your flying overhead measures 123 dB. A health. Why? Loud noise puts stress on motorcycle speeding up to pass your car the nerves in your ears. And the longer may hit 104 dB. Even a car horn reaches you listen to loud noise, the more likely it about 120 dB. is that your health will be damaged Noise pollution affects more than your permanently. hearing. At levels above 70 dB, your blood The intensity of sound is measured in pressure and pulse rate increase. In the decibels (dB). The sound of a person long run, these conditions can lead to breathing, for example, is about 5 dB. But serious health problems. Think about the damaging effects of noise.1. Do you and your parents agree on 3. Do you think machines that make how loud music should be played? very loud noises should be prohibited If not, why not? by law? Explain your answer. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________2. Name two or three loud noises you might hear on a typical day. _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________6 READ•REFLECT•RESPOND
  • LESSON 1: TURN DOWN THE VOLUME! Circle a letter or word, fill in the blanks, or write out the answer.Build your vocabulary. Make comparisons. 1. The i __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ of 11. The sound of a speeding motorcycle something is its force or strength. is about how much louder than a shout in your ear? 2. Touch the inside of your wrist to a. 4 dB measure your p__ __ __ __ rate. b. 40 dB 3. A harmful contamination of a c. 10 dB natural resource is called 12. Which sound is more likely to cause p__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ . you physical pain?Draw conclusions. a. church bells ringing b. a jet flying overhead 4. The letters dB are ( a nickname / an abbreviation ) for decibels. c. people laughing 5. Working in a noisy factory might State the main idea. eventually ( give you a headache / 13. Write an original sentence make you deaf ). summarizing the main idea of the reading. 6. The noise level at a rock concert is ( higher / lower ) than the hum of a _________________________________ car engine. _________________________________Recall details. _________________________________ 7. Loud sounds stress the ___________ _________________________________ in your ears. Look it up in a reference source. 8. At noise levels above ___________ dB, 14. The English word noise came to us your body shows distress. from a Latin word. What is the meaning of that Latin word? 9. Short exposures to loud noises are _________________________________ ___________ damaging than longer exposures. _________________________________10. The reading mentions three 15. What’s the dB level of a ringing kinds of pollution: _______________, telephone? ______________________ ________________, and _____________. READ•REFLECT•RESPOND 7
  • LESSON 2 Learn about a cultural icon of the 1950s. FROM THE POOL TO THE JUNGLE Your grandma and grandpa probably the 400-meter freestyle event. remember Johnny Weissmuller from old Johnny won the 100-meter freestyle black-and-white movies race once again at the they watched as kids. He 1928 Olympics. He also played Tarzan in a popular anchored the gold-medal- series of “Tarzan of the winning 200-meter relay Apes” movies. team. That gave him a total But Johnny was famous of five gold medals. even before he went to Johnny was training for Hollywood. In 1922, he made the 1932 Olympics when history by becoming the first he got his start in motion person to swim 100 meters pictures. He auditioned for, in less than a minute! In and easily won, the role of 1924, Johnny competed in Tarzan. As it turned out, he his first Olympics, winning was only the first of four three medals in one day! Olympic medalists to play He won gold medals in Tarzan in the movies. the 100-meter freestyle and In 1950, a group called the the 4 x 200-meter freestyle Sportswriters of America relay race. Along with the voted him the best swimmer rest of the team, he won of the half-century. He a bronze medal for water polo. Two received 132 votes—30 more than all the days later, he won another gold medal in other athletes combined! Think about the activities that made Johnny Weissmuller famous.1. Have you ever watched the Olympic 3. Do you think today’s Olympians Games on TV? __________ swim faster or slower than Johnny What sport or event do you most Weissmuller? Explain your thinking. enjoy watching? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________2. Have you ever seen a Tarzan movie? What did you think of it? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________8 READ•REFLECT•RESPOND
  • LESSON 2: FROM THE POOL TO THE JUNGLE Circle a letter or word, fill in the blanks, or write out the answer.Recall details. 8. The a__ __ __ __ __ of a relay team 1. In 1924, Johnny Weissmuller is the one who swims last. competed in these four Olympic events: Draw conclusions. •________________________________ 9. The Olympic Games are held every •________________________________ ___ years. •________________________________ a. 10 b. four c. eight •________________________________ 10. The U.S. unit of measurement 2. What does an Olympic athlete win closest to the meter is the ___. for coming in third? a. yard b. foot c. mile _________________________________ 11. During the first half of the 20th 3. What medals did Weissmuller win century, Johnny Weissmuller was at the 1928 Olympics? one of America’s most ___ athletes. _________________________________ a. fit b. handsome c. popularDraw conclusions. Match synonyms. 4. About how many years ago 12. ____ remember a. sum did Weissmuller swim at the Olympic Games? 13. ____ watched b. practice a. 80 b. 65 c. 58 14. ____ training c. recollect 5. Why weren’t Weissmuller’s Tarzan 15. ____ total d. observed movies filmed in color? _________________________________ Look it up in a reference source. _________________________________ 16. Where were the summer Olympic Games held in 2004?Build your vocabulary. _________________________________ 6. The words movies, films, 17. How many Tarzan movies did and m__ __ __ __ __ Weissmuller make? p__ __ __ __ __ __ __ are _________________________________ synonyms. 18. Who played Tarzan’s wife, Jane, in 7. To a__ __ __ __ __ __ __ is to try out the first six movies? for a part in a show. _________________________________ READ•REFLECT•RESPOND 9
  • LESSON 3 Have you ever heard of these unique creatures? AUSTRALIA’S “HOLDOVERS” Some of the most unusual animals in hard like a duck’s. The platypus uses it to the world live in Australia. They’re called dig worms and shellfish out of river “holdovers.” Why? Because bottoms. When it is fully they’re the same today as grown, the platypus is they were millions of years about two feet long. It has ago. Today, one of these thick brown fur and a old forms of mammals is paddle-shaped tail, like a known as monotremes. beaver. The platypus and the An echidna looks like a echidna, or spiny anteater, porcupine. It has a tubelike DUCK-BILLED PLATYPUS are the only two kinds of snout and a long tongue it monotremes left in the uses to eat insects. An world today. Like all other echidna can burrow its mammals, both of them way out of practically have mammary glands to anything! Thanks to its nurse their young. But strong front feet and sharp unlike other mammals, claws, it’s very difficult to these two lay eggs. constrain. Even in a zoo an A good swimmer and echidna must be kept in a SPINY ANTEATER (ECHIDNA) diver, the platypus has a cage with a concrete floor. broad bill and webbed feet. It resembles a If there’s one crack in the concrete, the duck. But its bill is soft and leathery, not echidna will dig its way out! Think about mammals and the differences among them.1. Human beings are also members of 3. What are two important differences the class of animals called mammals. between humans and the animals in Name two other mammals you know. the reading? •________________________________ _________________________________ •________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________2. What can the platypus and echidna _________________________________ do that no other mammals can do? _________________________________ _________________________________10 READ•REFLECT•RESPOND
  • LESSON 3: AUSTRALIA’S “HOLDOVERS” Circle a letter or word, fill in the blanks, or write out the answer.Recognize the main idea. Identify characteristics: 1. What’s the most significant difference 6. Write P for platypus or E for between the “holdovers” and animals echidna. in all other classes? a. _____ looks like a duck _________________________________ b. _____ has a tubelike snout _________________________________ c. _____ looks like a porcupine _________________________________ d. _____ swims and divesMatch synonyms. e. _____ has strong front feet tunnel extraordinary restrict dense Make an inference. 2. a. unusual / ____________________ 7. Which of the animals in the reading would you rather hold in your lap? b. thick / _______________________ Explain. _________________________________ c. constrain / ___________________ _________________________________ d. burrow / _____________________ _________________________________Recall details. _________________________________ 3. By what other name is the echidna _________________________________ known? 8. What substance do mammary _________________________________ glands produce? 4. What two things does a platypus _________________________________ like to eat? Look it up in a reference source. •________________________________ 9. List the four main characteristics •________________________________ of mammals. 5. What two body parts help an •________________________________ echidna get food? •________________________________ •________________________________ •________________________________ •________________________________ •________________________________ READ•REFLECT•RESPOND 11
  • LESSON 4 Have you ever heard of these “South of the border” cowboys? COWBOYS OF THE PAMPAS The early cowboys of Latin America were called gauchos. Living as nomads, they rode the plains, or pampas, of Argentina and Uruguay. In the early days, the gauchos made their living by catching wild cattle and selling their hides on the Brazilian frontier. But gauchos also hunted and tamed wild horses. Sometimes they took work for a while on an estancia, or cattle ranch. The gauchos wore baggy pants called bombachas, short boots, and wide, black hats called sombreros. Colorful, blanket- like ponchos served as coats on cold nights. Like the North American cowboy, proud of their skills with a knife and a the gaucho wore a handkerchief around bola. This was a long, rawhide strap with his neck. He could pull the handkerchief two or three iron balls tied to its split up to protect his nose from the dust of a ends. A flying bola would wrap around a cattle stampede. He could also use the horse’s legs and fling it to the ground. handkerchief to filter water from a New refrigerator ships developed the stream. A wide belt, often trimmed in meat industry and made cattle raising a silver, completed the traditional gaucho big business. This ended the gaucho’s costume. way of life. But the gaucho is not Gauchos were fine fighters. A gaucho forgotten. At festivals, South American cavalry—an army on horseback—helped cowboys still honor him. They wear his Argentina win independence from Spain colorful clothing and sing his ballads of in 1816. Seldom carrying guns, they were the pampas. What would it have been like to be a gaucho?1. In your opinion, what would be the 2. Would physical fitness be an best thing about being a gaucho? important “job qualification” _________________________________ for a gaucho? Why or why not? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ What would be the worst thing? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________12 READ•REFLECT•RESPOND
  • LESSON 4: COWBOYS OF THE PAMPAS Circle a letter or word, fill in the blanks, or write out the answer.Recall details. 8. A s__ __ __ __ __ __ __ is a sudden 1. The gauchos lived in the ___ century. rush of many animals. a. 21st b. 11th c. 19th Draw a conclusion. 2. How did the gauchos profit from 9. Why would a gaucho want to “filter the wild cattle they caught? water from a stream”? a. They shipped them overseas. _________________________________ b. They created dairy herds. _________________________________ c. They sold the cattle hides. Match synonyms. 3. A gaucho’s ___ was a long rawhide strap. 10. ____ worked a. customary a. bola b. poncho c. pampas 11. ____ fling b. labored 12. ____ festival c. hurl 4. From whom did Argentina win its independence? 13. ____ ballads d. celebration a. Uruguay 14. ____ traditional e. songs b. Spain c. France Say it in Spanish. (Write the Spanish word that matches each description.) 5. The invention of ___ ended the 15. _______________: wide-brimmed hat gauchos’ way of life. 16. _______________: blanket-coat a. semitrailer trucks 17. _______________: plains b. modern stockyards 18. _______________: ranch c. refrigerator ships 19. _______________: baggy pantsBuild your vocabulary. Look it up in a reference source. 6. People who continually move 20. Name the capitals of Argentina from place to place are called and Uruguay. n__ __ __ __ __ . Argentina: 7. A f__ __ __ __ __ __ __ is the _________________________________ part of a settled country next Uruguay: to a wilderness. _________________________________ READ•REFLECT•RESPOND 13
  • LESSON 5 Learn about an ancient natural disaster. THE BIG BLOW It happened right around 7:00 A.M. on August 24, 79 A.D. Mount Vesuvius, just seven miles from Naples, Italy, erupted! The volcano had been quiet for hundreds of years. In fact, people were so sure it was dead, they’d planted crops and grapevines on its slopes. Then suddenly, great explosions of ash and rock blew out of the volcano. A huge cloud formed from the blasted rocks, ash, and sulfur gas. As the cloud spread, it showered ashy rocks for miles and miles. For 40 hours, the volcano continued to bright morning turned darker and darker explode. A steady rain of ash continued as the dense cloud hid the sun. Citizens hours longer. By the time the downpour stumbled toward the shore, hoping to was finally over, nearly 20 feet of volcanic escape by sailing away. But only a few ash and stone had been piled on the city made it to the boats. At least two of Pompeii! thousand people were killed that day. No Twenty thousand people lived in one has ever lived in Pompeii again. Pompeii, a busy seaport just one mile An eyewitness account of Pompeii’s from Mount Vesuvius. Shops were disaster was written by the Roman opening for the day’s business when the author, Pliny the Younger. His uncle, Pliny residents first heard the rumblings. The the Elder, was killed during the eruption. Think about how you would react to a natural disaster.1. Which type of disaster might be easier to escape—a flood or an erupting volcano? Explain your reasoning. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________2. What special belongings would you try to save if you knew a natural disaster was about to occur? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________14 READ•REFLECT•RESPOND
  • LESSON 5: THE BIG BLOW Circle a letter or word, fill in the blanks, or write out the answer.Number events in order. Match synonyms. 1. Number the events to show the erupted account residents dead shore order in which they happened. 7. a. report / _____________________ ____ An eyewitness wrote about the eruption. b. inhabitants / ________________ ____ Residents of Pompeii heard c. extinct / _____________________ a rumbling sound. d. beach / _____________________ ____ Grapevines were planted e. exploded / ___________________ on the slopes of Vesuvius. ____ Pompeii was buried under Look it up in a reference source. 20 feet of volcanic ash. 8. Nearly 75 percent of the world’s ____ A steady rain of ash and active volcanoes lie along the rocks fell on Pompeii. so-called “Ring of Fire.” What territory is covered by theRecall details. Ring of Fire? _________________________________ 2. What materials made up the cloud _________________________________ that formed over Pompeii? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 3. How long did the eruption last? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 4. Approximately how many _________________________________ people were killed? _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 5. How did the people try to escape? 9. Name two other ancient cities _________________________________ that were buried along with Pompeii that day. 6. What Roman author saw the •________________________________ eruption with his own eyes? •________________________________ _________________________________ READ•REFLECT•RESPOND 15