Marriage in Europe and Traditional China


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Marriage in Europe and Traditional China

  1. 1. POLS3620 - Marriage: West and East Europe VS China 09009949 Hui Lok Ching Joey 09012001 Ng Man Fung Matthew
  2. 2. Origin <ul><li>Ancient Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Christian faith </li></ul><ul><li>No specific ceremony before 16th century in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual consent, declaration of intention to marry </li></ul><ul><li>England and Wales started to require formal ceremony of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly monogamy </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese marriage became a custom between 402 and 221 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Have to follow the ideas of Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals of Three Letters and Six Etiquettes </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly polygyny in practice </li></ul>West Traditional China
  3. 3. Meaning of “to get married” Patriarchal society 1. Monogamy in Christian regions 2. 3. Monogamy since 1930 in China/1971 in HK Matt Ng
  4. 4. Procedure <ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Arranging the wedding </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Three letters and six etiquettes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birthdates Matching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bride price </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedding gifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranging the wedding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedding Ceremony </li></ul></ul>Matt Ng
  5. 5. Marriage Proposal Matt Ng
  6. 6. West Matt Ng
  7. 7. East Matt Ng
  8. 8. Dressing and Fortune Colour <ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul>Matt Ng
  9. 9. Wedding Procedure Matt Ng Europe China Nature of wedding procedure Simple Complex Selection of luck day Not important Very important Kneel and serve tea to parents Not necessary Necessary Fortune colour White Red Presiding By clericals Mostly by female matchmaker Exchange of rings during the ceremony Necessary Not necessary Honey moon May go travel Stay home and make babies Meet before the wedding Not limited Could not see each other Vow and kiss to finish the ceremony Yes No Carry the bride By carriage By sedan chair
  10. 10. Divorce <ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>'no-fault' principle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>does not require a party to assert fault on the part of their partner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>courts may still take into account the behavior of the parties when dividing property, debts, evaluating custody and support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>at-fault divorce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;grounds&quot; for divorce (popularly called &quot;fault&quot;) was the only way to terminate a marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Summary divorce, uncontested divorce, mediated divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional China </li></ul><ul><li>The wife lacks filial piety towards her parents-in-law ( 不順舅姑 ). </li></ul><ul><li>She fails to bear a son ( 無子 ). </li></ul><ul><li>She is vulgar or lewd/adulterous ( 淫 ). </li></ul><ul><li>She is jealous ( 妒 ) objecting to her husband taking an additional wife or concubine. </li></ul><ul><li>She has a vile disease ( 有惡疾 ). </li></ul><ul><li>She is gossipy ( 口多言 ). </li></ul><ul><li>She commits theft ( 竊盜 ) </li></ul>Contemporary China <ul><li>Women were permitted to divorce their husbands under new Marriage Law </li></ul>Matt Ng
  11. 11. Mate selection Joey Hui
  12. 12. Joey Hui <ul><li>Shared features </li></ul><ul><li>Similarity </li></ul><ul><li>Resources exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Mate gradient </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Individual preference </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Family expectation </li></ul><ul><li>Social-economic </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul>
  13. 13. Expectation to marriage Joey Hui
  14. 14. Joey Hui <ul><li>Shared expectation </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Pursuit of Happiness </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Stability of life </li></ul><ul><li>Long-lasting </li></ul><ul><li>The linkage of two In-Law </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fertility Joey Hui
  16. 16. Joey Hui <ul><li>Shared value </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial to marriage </li></ul><ul><li>-Attention from parent -30% less chance of divorce/kid </li></ul><ul><li>Boys are more helpful than girls </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Babies as the assets of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Continuality of Love </li></ul><ul><li>An constraint to divorce </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility as a traditional duty </li></ul><ul><li>Baby boys for the clan </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible to his/her success </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reasons of Spousal conflicts Reasons of Spousal conflicts Joey Hui
  18. 18. Joey Hui <ul><li>Shared features </li></ul><ul><li>Cover up in dating </li></ul><ul><li>Change of role </li></ul><ul><li>U-shaped frequency </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in background </li></ul><ul><li>Patient/ Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Young marriage </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Children raising </li></ul><ul><li>Economic situation </li></ul><ul><li>Housework </li></ul><ul><li>Law-relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul>
  19. 19. Marriage Satisfaction Joey Hui
  20. 20. Joey Hui <ul><li>Shared features </li></ul><ul><li>Male: happier life -Better career -Better sex life </li></ul><ul><li>Betterment of life </li></ul>West Women: Less satisfied -Less attractive -Reality Vs Dream Higher divorce rate (70% in USA) East Women: Adaptation -Influence of Society As women’s status growing…
  21. 21. Which marriage style do you prefer? The end