Changing Scenarios in Higher Education - Anil Sahasrabudhe, Director CoEP

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At the first InnoVidya meeting, Prof. Anil Sahasrabudhe talked about the change that is sweeping through higher education in India. We have come a long, way, but major challenges remain. He talks about how technology is transforming education, and what we need to do to stay on top of things.


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Changing Scenarios in Higher Education - Anil Sahasrabudhe, Director CoEP

  1. 1. GREETINGS FROM COEP Higher Education in India: Changing Scenarios Anil Sahasrabudhe
  2. 2. Thanks to Innovidya for organising this program and discuss scenario of higher education in India
  3. 3. <ul><li>Education : Gurukul system </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher and Student </li></ul><ul><li>Guru and Shishya </li></ul><ul><li>3000 </li></ul><ul><li>to 5000 </li></ul><ul><li>years ago </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Early Residential Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Takshashila </li></ul><ul><li>5 th Century BC Nalanda 6 th Century BC </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Oxford 1096 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge </li></ul><ul><li>1209 </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard 1636 </li></ul><ul><li> MIT </li></ul><ul><li>1861 </li></ul>
  6. 6. University of Mumbai 1857 COEP 1854 IISc 1909
  7. 7. <ul><li>Sweeping changes in education </li></ul><ul><li>Several Bills placed in Parliament : </li></ul><ul><li>Many more to come </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Bodies: AICTE, MCI, UGC </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Institutions Entry </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Enrollment Ratio in higher education planned to be increased many fold </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Gross Enrolment ratio and Targets </li></ul><ul><li>1951: 0.7% ; 1961: 1.4 % : </li></ul><ul><li>2001 : 8 % ; 2011 : 15 % </li></ul><ul><li>2020: Target 30 % </li></ul><ul><li>World Average : 23.2 % </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries : 36.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Developed countries: 45 % </li></ul><ul><li>20 universities in 1947 to 500 in 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>5000 colleges to 25000 colleges </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of numbers : 15 crores in higher education will require about 0.8 crores qualified faculty, huge number of universities and colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive growth </li></ul><ul><li>No compromise on quality : employability </li></ul><ul><li>Recently 44 deemed universities were not found upto the mark </li></ul><ul><li>How do we tackle ?? Innovation </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Historical Teaching-Learning Process </li></ul><ul><li>Talk or Lecture by the teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Chalk and Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>Question Answers in a class </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Reading material : Notes, Library books </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective and Objective tests </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>20 th and 21 st Century technology advancements </li></ul><ul><li>OHP </li></ul><ul><li>LCD </li></ul><ul><li>PC/Laptops ; memory Devices, CDs/DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>Whiteboards and Interactive Boards </li></ul><ul><li>Internet : E-books, E-content </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone </li></ul><ul><li>I Pad </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Teaching Style has changed </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching speed has increased </li></ul><ul><li>Absorption is difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Two classes of students: Those who are prepared well for the class using e-resources </li></ul><ul><li>Those who do not follow anything </li></ul><ul><li>Balance is very important </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>More challenges </li></ul><ul><li>PC, Mobile Games </li></ul><ul><li>Internet games </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted material on the net </li></ul><ul><li>Face book, Orkut, Social networking sites </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeplessness </li></ul><ul><li>New abbreviated language leading to poor communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Discretion between right and wrong information </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Open Source Courseware </li></ul><ul><li>MIT, USA </li></ul><ul><li>NPTEL of IITs/IISc </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Lab project of MHRD </li></ul><ul><li>Khan Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>U-Tube </li></ul><ul><li>TED Talks </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Paradigm Shift </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor based to Student Centric </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to Learn : life long learning </li></ul><ul><li>In 20 th century, one had to relearn 3 times in one’s career (tube, transistor, IC, VLSI) </li></ul><ul><li>In 21 st century, knowledge outdates every 6 years, hence relearning is necessitated 6-8 times in one’s lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Totally unimaginable thing may have to be learnt </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>How to cope with this change </li></ul><ul><li>Total Computer and Internet literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of PCs and internet to everyone (no digital divide) </li></ul><ul><li>Teach only fundamentals </li></ul><ul><li>Students to be given notes or e-content to be read before coming to every class </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion about difficulties and solving problems </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>How to cope with this change </li></ul><ul><li>Use of open source tools </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Making students to learn on their own and write an article </li></ul><ul><li>Post it on moodle or wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged by others </li></ul><ul><li>What is right and acceptable will be retained </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion among peers offline/online </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Paradigm shift needed in thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Imparting of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Success stories from within the country and elsewhere in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy : Academic, Managerial, Administrative, Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Soft skills training for employability </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Credit based system </li></ul><ul><li>Pace as per ones’ capability </li></ul><ul><li>Education or courses as per demand </li></ul><ul><li>Distance Education : E learning </li></ul><ul><li>Content preparation, Content Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Course ware from IITs : NPTEL to MIT Open Courseware </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs, Tweets, Discussion Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Webinars </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Virtual classes, Videocast, Audiocast </li></ul><ul><li>Tele presence </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive classes one on one to one to many and many to one </li></ul><ul><li>Stored content on servers </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded CDs, DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>Anytime, Anywhere, Anything </li></ul><ul><li>U Tube ; Twitter </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual laboratories, simulation </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Employability issue </li></ul><ul><li>Practical skill sets Both Soft skills as well as engineering skill sets </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to industry </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary and systems approach </li></ul><ul><li>Practical Problem Solving Ability </li></ul><ul><li>Team work and Professional Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of standards </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>21 st century graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Strong theory and practice background </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty and Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Problem identification and its solution </li></ul><ul><li>Optimization, Business, Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to societal problems </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Freedom to learn What one wants to learn physics, philosophy, psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Or electronics, economics, ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Or biology, sports, drama </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to earn credits from anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Indian, Australian, Japanese, American Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to study and get tested anytime </li></ul><ul><li>Day, Night, Weekend, Gap of two years </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Selection of Faculty : paradigm shift needed </li></ul><ul><li>willing to change and adapt, experiment and innovate, committed, dedicated ; student friendly, internet savvy, researcher and learner, global, industry experience, practical exposure </li></ul><ul><li>manager and director than an instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Use Technology assisted Learning systems for inter-active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of experts from anywhere : alumni, industry experts, faculty from other institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Use of pre-recorded modules by specialists accessible through web, internet and intranet </li></ul>
  25. 25. Free and Open Source Software (FoSS) <ul><li>Free Software: Free as in Freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom to use, copy, modify, redistribute the software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as Open Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State of the art technology, with all knowledge, on the Desktop! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GNU/Linux and thousands of alternative software are changing the world like never before. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing the world for better and CoEP can't be behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CoEP's Free Software User's Group (CoFSUG) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>550 online members, 1300+ posts per year, Started in July 2009 </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Some live examples <ul><li>Virtual Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vlab.co.in/012/index.php </li></ul>
  27. 27. Wikipedia India Education Program <ul><li>WP:INDIAEDU (Demo) </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:India_Education_Program </li></ul><ul><li>Editing Wikipedia articles as part of the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>MoU with Wikimedia foundation </li></ul><ul><li>First time in India </li></ul><ul><li>One of the largest initiatives </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>On line IITB class for select Subjects </li></ul>IIT Bombay classes at COEP’s doorsteps
  29. 29. Web Guru Lecture by Vinay Kakade Course work on Living Machines, Nano-Technology and Entrepreneurship Development by alumni in USA Alumni in US helping their Alma mater
  30. 30. Design and Innovation Workshop COEP and MIT Media lab -Jan 2011
  31. 31. <ul><li>INNOVATION </li></ul><ul><li>Headstart program rather than finishing schools </li></ul><ul><li>Pride in engineering profession </li></ul><ul><li>Showcasing success stories </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>Value based education </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous or life long learning </li></ul><ul><li>Be contributors and Enjoy life </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul>

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