NFSC and JATAN
 
Our Collaborators <ul><li>J A T A N  trust </li></ul><ul><li>Baba Maya ram </li></ul><ul><li>Nagendra </li></ul><ul><li>Sa...
Content <ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of Information </li></ul>
 
Documentation <ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Villages visited and people met </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals and ceremonies </l...
 
Focus <ul><li>Gond Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Rice goddess  </li></ul><ul><li>Folktales and Folk songs surrounding the m...
Gond Dictionary <ul><li>The Gond dictionary –  G.C. Trench </li></ul><ul><li>The myth about the origins of Gondi language ...
Gond Dictionary <ul><li>MYTH ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF GONDI LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>The story of Kupar and Sambhu Mahadeva ...
Gond Dictionary <ul><li>RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GONDI AND DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><li>One ...
Gond Dictionary <ul><li>ORIGIN OF THE GONDI SCRIPT </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on the Ashokan Brahmi script which dates ...
Gondi script
Medicinal Plants <ul><li>Folk tales and folk songs around the medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>A farm with 300 varieties...
Paintings and metal crafts of Gond
Festivals <ul><li>They celebrate atleast 23 festivals which are unique to Gonds. </li></ul><ul><li>They differ from the ma...
Clan structure <ul><li>There are 106 Gothras </li></ul><ul><li>There are 12 main gods </li></ul><ul><li>Each Gothra is hav...
 
Villages visited and people met <ul><li>Palia Pipariya </li></ul><ul><li>Dokhri Kheda, Anhoni, Khurshikappa, Singanama, Ma...
Part of M.P map
Palia Pipariya
Anhoni, Dokhri keda, Khurshikappa, Matkuli, Singanama
Andhra
Junheta
Kodiya
Arra Dongri, Aakiya Panchayat,Dobighat, Kumkal
P.S.Uike
Manmohan Batti
Queen Raj Shree
Dr. Motiravan Kangali
 
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>FUNERAL </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremony on the day of death </li></ul><ul><li>Third day ceremony...
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>They go around the fire in anticlockwise directio...
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>On the way back home the master of ceremonies bre...
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A few yards from the house the master of ceremoni...
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>When they return home from cremation ground they ...
Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>INFLUENZES FROM THE MAINSTREAM CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>In former times people were only b...
 
Archives <ul><li>Writing down the day to day report on the data notebook software </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of photogra...
Data Notebook
Language Explorer
 
Things to be done in Future <ul><li>Establishing the digital community archive in Kodiya village or Aakiya panchayat and c...
 
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The Gonds of Madhya Pradesh

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Describing the initial fieldwork experiences with the Gond community in Madhya Pradesh, this presentation lists some of the salient features of language and ritual that characterise this community. It also acknowledges the sources of information collected during the fieldwork visit conducted mid-2008 by Muthukumar and Aruvi towards setting up a Digital Community Archive at the location, describes software used to log in information and presents fieldwork methodology along with observations.

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Transcript of "The Gonds of Madhya Pradesh"

  1. 1. NFSC and JATAN
  2. 3. Our Collaborators <ul><li>J A T A N trust </li></ul><ul><li>Baba Maya ram </li></ul><ul><li>Nagendra </li></ul><ul><li>Satyendra </li></ul><ul><li>Mahesh Bhai </li></ul>
  3. 4. Content <ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of Information </li></ul>
  4. 6. Documentation <ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Villages visited and people met </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals and ceremonies </li></ul>
  5. 8. Focus <ul><li>Gond Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Rice goddess </li></ul><ul><li>Folktales and Folk songs surrounding the medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>Paintings and Metal crafts of Gond </li></ul><ul><li>Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Clan structure </li></ul>
  6. 9. Gond Dictionary <ul><li>The Gond dictionary – G.C. Trench </li></ul><ul><li>The myth about the origins of Gondi language </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between Gondi and Dravidian languages </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of the script </li></ul><ul><li>Gondi language relationship with Indus script </li></ul>
  7. 10. Gond Dictionary <ul><li>MYTH ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF GONDI LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>The story of Kupar and Sambhu Mahadeva </li></ul><ul><li>The words are created by vocalizing the notes created from the drum </li></ul><ul><li>The first formed word is about his self existence and he addresses himself by the pronoun “ANA” meaning “I” </li></ul>
  8. 11. Gond Dictionary <ul><li>RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GONDI AND DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><li>One - Undi - Onnu </li></ul><ul><li>Two - Rand - Irandu </li></ul><ul><li>Three - Mund - Moonru </li></ul><ul><li>Four - Nalung - Naalu </li></ul>
  9. 12. Gond Dictionary <ul><li>ORIGIN OF THE GONDI SCRIPT </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on the Ashokan Brahmi script which dates back to third century B.C </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between Gondi and Indus script </li></ul>
  10. 13. Gondi script
  11. 14. Medicinal Plants <ul><li>Folk tales and folk songs around the medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>A farm with 300 varieties of medicinal plants near Pipariya </li></ul>
  12. 15. Paintings and metal crafts of Gond
  13. 16. Festivals <ul><li>They celebrate atleast 23 festivals which are unique to Gonds. </li></ul><ul><li>They differ from the mainstream Hindu celebration in many ways. (eg) They celebrate Dasshera not to celebrate the victory of Ram but be worried about the demise of Ravan. </li></ul><ul><li>Our collaborators are documenting a festival called Gond Madai right now. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Clan structure <ul><li>There are 106 Gothras </li></ul><ul><li>There are 12 main gods </li></ul><ul><li>Each Gothra is having a separate totem symbol of plants and animals to which they do not any harm </li></ul>
  15. 19. Villages visited and people met <ul><li>Palia Pipariya </li></ul><ul><li>Dokhri Kheda, Anhoni, Khurshikappa, Singanama, Matkuli </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra </li></ul><ul><li>Junheta </li></ul><ul><li>Kodiya </li></ul><ul><li>Khumkal, Dobighat,Arra Dongri, Akiya Panchayat </li></ul><ul><li>P.S. Uike </li></ul><ul><li>Shanti Raj Khusre </li></ul><ul><li>Manmohan Batti </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Raj Shri </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Motiravan Kangali </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Vijay Dua </li></ul><ul><li>Payodhi </li></ul><ul><li>Kallu Uike and Narendra Uike </li></ul>
  16. 20. Part of M.P map
  17. 21. Palia Pipariya
  18. 22. Anhoni, Dokhri keda, Khurshikappa, Matkuli, Singanama
  19. 23. Andhra
  20. 24. Junheta
  21. 25. Kodiya
  22. 26. Arra Dongri, Aakiya Panchayat,Dobighat, Kumkal
  23. 27. P.S.Uike
  24. 28. Manmohan Batti
  25. 29. Queen Raj Shree
  26. 30. Dr. Motiravan Kangali
  27. 32. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>FUNERAL </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremony on the day of death </li></ul><ul><li>Third day ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>Tenth day ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>TONSURING </li></ul><ul><li>Sixth day ceremony after birth </li></ul>
  28. 33. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>They go around the fire in anticlockwise direction </li></ul><ul><li>There is no separate community to do the funeral work </li></ul><ul><li>The son lights the fire at the foot with the smouldering dung cake brought from the house by walking backwards and setting fire </li></ul><ul><li>As the pyre is on fire sickle and axe is thrown into the fire. Here only axe’s handle is thrown into the fire </li></ul>
  29. 34. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>On the way back home the master of ceremonies breaks a branch from cherwa or bor tree and place it across the way leading into the village. Then he steps over and walks towards the village. Other men follow. </li></ul>
  30. 35. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>A few yards from the house the master of ceremonies with the toes of the left foot picks up the pebble.Without bending down he lifts his foot till his hand can reach the pebble. Then without turning around he hands it to the next man walking behind.The stone is passed from one man to another till the last person and its thrown over his shoulders backwards. </li></ul>
  31. 36. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>When they return home from cremation ground they place a light in the middle of the courtyardd. Then a flour is spread on the ground infrontof the light and covered with a new basket upside down.then the people go for a smoke/liquorand when they come backif they see disturbance of the pile of flour then they decide that the life spirit of the deceased had returned. </li></ul>
  32. 37. Rituals and ceremonies <ul><li>INFLUENZES FROM THE MAINSTREAM CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>In former times people were only buried. After getting in touch with Hindu customs people are burned. </li></ul><ul><li>No Brahmin priest presides over the ritual and ceremonies in older times. </li></ul>
  33. 39. Archives <ul><li>Writing down the day to day report on the data notebook software </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of photographs, audio and video files on the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Writing logins for the collected data in English </li></ul><ul><li>Creating wordlist in language explorer using the available dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Uploading the collected information on the wiki </li></ul>
  34. 40. Data Notebook
  35. 41. Language Explorer
  36. 43. Things to be done in Future <ul><li>Establishing the digital community archive in Kodiya village or Aakiya panchayat and continue the research. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing down the logins in native language and transliterate </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of information in the archives to the community members through unique system of search </li></ul><ul><li>Rearranging the structure of the archives according to the world view of the people using language as a tool. </li></ul>
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