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Mannan 2b areas of interventions in nfp po a and nutrition programmes in cip Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP)Mohammad Abdul Mannan, PhDNational Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme(NFPCSP)Training on Assessment of Nutritional StatusDate : 18-22 December 2011,Venue: FPMU Meeting Room The Training is organized by the National National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) . The NFPCSP is jointly implemented by the Food Planning and Monitoring Unit (FPMU), Ministry of Food and DisasterManagement and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) with the financial support of the EU and USAID.
  • 2. Outline Introduction Food security concept, Relationships within the food security framework, Narrowing the “nutrition gap” Data for food security policies Policy context : Policy tools/outputs/instrumentsNFP (2006) NFP PoA (2008-2015), CIP (2010-2015), NNS (2011-2016) Monitoring policy frameworks Harmonization of core FSN indicators (PoA, CIP, FSNSP/NNS) Data for Food security policies :Examples Looking ahead : sustainability Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 3. Agriculture and nutrition Narrowing the gap between what foods are available and what foods are needed for a healthy diet Diets are often low in quantity, quality and variety (hunger and micro-nutrient deficiencies) Increased production of staple foods is not sufficient Need to ensure local availability and access of the right mix of foods in all seasons Consumers must be informed through mainstreaming BCC Collaboration must be established with : (a) social protection programmes to support the poorest and (b) with health, agriculture, food & multi sectors/programmes Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 4. Data for food security policy The 4 Cs: Essential features  Core of National Policy Frameworks (NFP, NFP PoA, CIP, 6 5YP, NNS –PIP)  Consistency with national sources - FS& N indicators in policies, National Surveys (INFS – NNS, BDHS, HIES, MICS,HFSNA)  Continuity for monitoring ( National monitoring systems/processes)  Collaboration for data sharing, analysis and communication (electronic FS systems) Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 5. The policy framework: National food policy A comprehensive framework for food security interventions encompassing  Availability: Adequate and stable supply of safe and nutritious food  Access: Increased purchasing power and access to food by the poor through safety nets  Nutrition: for all individuals, especially women and children Approved in August 2006 as result of a policy processstarted in 1999 at the Development Forum in Paris after the Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in1998 Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country National flood Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 6. The Policy Framework: NFP Plan of Action (2008-2015) Elaborated through a widely consultative process, approved in 2008 and launched in 2009 consists of: 26 areas of intervention and 314 actions providing a comprehensive, long-term (2008-2015) framework for: Coordinating government interventions on food security: policies and investments Aligning development support to national priorities in line with Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness Regularly monitoring progress toward food security in line with MDG1 Identifying needs for investments Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 7. Country investment plan (CIP)  Responding to L’Aquila Initiative and in line with the 5 Rome Principles, the CIP was first Approved on 14 June 2010.  Coherent set of 12 strategic priority investment programmes  Aligned with the National Food Policy Plan of Action, to ensure comprehensiveness  Embedded in the Sixth Five Year Plan to ensure consistency  Focus on government investments included in the Annual Development Budget The CIP, based on extensive consultation, incorporates over 400 projects of which154 ongoing (for US$ 2.8 billion) and 257 in pipeline (for US$ 5.06 billion of whichUS$ 3.4 billion are priority). Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 8. NFP-Objective-3: Adequate Nutrition for All Strategies Actions Long-term national plan Setting long-term targets for physical growth; Setting for ensuring balanced standard food intake; Steps to ensure balanced food to meet food nutritional requirements; Steps to ensure balanced nutrition at minimal cost Supply of sufficient Identify vulnerable people; crop diversification; nutritious food for Undertake nutrition programs; Increase empowerment; vulnerable group Provide micro-credit and training for the vulnerable Balanced diet containing adequate Nutrition education; Dietary diversification; Food micronutrients supplementation and fortification Safe drinking water and Infrastructure/institutional development-sanitation, improved sanitation; food quality & health services; EPI; control ARI; Safe, quality food supply; Adequate health control WBD/FBD; reproductive health programmes; status NNS to involve community mobilization and CBN; Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 9. Areas of Intervention in NFP PoA3. Utilization/NutritionAoI 3.1 Long Term Planning for balanced food: MoFDM, MoA, MoFL, MoHFMAoI 3.2 Balanced and Nutritious food for vulnerable people: MoFDM, MoP, MoA,MoFL, MoEF, MoWCA, MoSW, MoLGRDC, MoFAoI 3.3 Nutrition education on dietary diversification: MoHFW, MoAAoI 3.4 Food supplementation and fortification: MoHFW, MoFDM, MoSCIT, MoA,MoFL, MoEF, MoWCA, MoI, MoF, MoL, MoPAoI 3.5 Safe drinking water and improved sanitation: MoHFW, MoLGDRCAoI 3.6 Safe, quality food supply: MoHFW, MoI, MoLGDRC, MoSICTAoI 3.7 Women and children health: MoHWF, MoWCA, MoPAoI 3.8 Promotion and protection of breast-feeding and complementaryfeeding:MoHFW, MoWCA, MoSW, MoC, MoE
  • 10. Nutrition Programmes in CIPProgramme 10: Development ofCommunity Based Nutrition Activitiesthrough Livelihood ApproachesProgramme 11: Orient Food andNutrition Programmes through UpdatedData on Food Consumption, FoodComposition and Education on DietaryDiversificationProgramme 12: Food Safety andQuality Improvement Programme LectureLecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 11. Result Framework for the NFP PoA and CIP – Links with FSNSP Availability Access Nutrition To reduce undernourishment, stunting and underweight, food should be available, accessible and complemented by nutrition interventions Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in CIP –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 12. Selected core indicators: harmonization with NFP PoA and CIP (output) Indicators NFP PoA CIP # compulsory food items + + standardized by BSTI BCC operational + + DDP established + + FCT updated + + Existing FS/N surveillance -- + systems/databases Dietary energy supplies + + (DES) from cereals % Food groups as % share of + + DES Dietary Energy consumption + + /intake (DEI) from cereals % Food groups as % share of + + Lecture DEI of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment 2: Areas Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 13. Outcome indicator statusIndicators Past status Current MT/LT Targets 1995-96 2000 2005 2010Average National 2244 2240 2238 2318 2400energy (93.5%) (93.3%) (93.2%) (96.6%) (?)Intake(kcal/person/day) Rural 2263 2263 2253 2344 -(as % of dailyenergyRequirements) Urban 2208 2150 2194 2244 - Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 14. Outcome indicator statusIndicators Past status Current MT/LT Targets Level 1995-96 2007-08 2009-10 2010-11Dietary National 78.5 80.2 79.6 78.1EnergySupply (DES)from Cereals(%)Dietary National - 70.0 70.0 66.0 Recommendenergy ed 60%intake fromcereals (%) Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 15. Outcome indicator status 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010- TARGET 11Chronic Energy 38 32 33 26 20%Deficiency (CED) BDHS CMNS/ BDHS FSNS by 2015prevalence among 2004 BBS 2007 Pwomen (BMI <18.5)Proportion of 51 - - 84householdsconsuming iodizedsalt (%)Proportion of - 34 38 38 56%children receiving by 2016minimumacceptable diet at6-23 months of ageSource: BBS & NIPORT Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 16. Outcome indicator status 1964-94 2004Prevalence of 55-60 65 <20iron deficiency (HKI/IPHN – (WHO/UNI BBS/UNICEF) CEFanemia during threshold)pregnancy,% 2000 2003 2007Prevalence of 16.7 23.9 9.8 NAdiarrhea among (UNICEF) (UNICEF) (BDHS)under-5children inBangladesh,% Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan
  • 17. Issues and Policy Challenges Average calorie intake well below the FAO recommended level; rural urban divide U5 underweight almost stagnant >>> specific program intervention Calorie intake from cereal still very high >>> food and diet diversification cereals and other foods Still 1/4 of adult women suffer from CED Anemia prevalence among women increasing (!!) People suffering from FBD and WBD still significant (around 9% for diarrhea only) Data heterogeneity; non-availability Lecture 2: Areas of interventions in National Food Policy Plan of Action (NFP PoA) and Nutrition Programmes in Country Investment Plan (CIP) –Mohammad Abdul Mannan