Kazal 6e data sources, uses and limitations

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Kazal 6e data sources, uses and limitations

  1. 1. FOOD SECURITY C oncepts, Basic Facts, and Measurement Issues June 26 to July 7, 2011 Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. 2. Kazal 6e: Data Sources, Uses, and Limitations in Bangladesh Learning : Trainees will become familiar with the available secondary sources of data on food security in Bangladesh. They will learn about the uses of the data depository as well as its limitations in analyzing various dimensions of food security in Bangladesh.
  3. 3. Brief Contents <ul><li>data sources for food security analysis and mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Household Income and Expenditure Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Monitoring Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Child Nutrition Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic and Health survey </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition Surveillance Project, HKI/IPHN </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh: National Household Survey Report on Food Secur ity </li></ul><ul><li>metadata for national agricultural statistics </li></ul><ul><li>major domains and selected indicators of agricultural statistics </li></ul><ul><li>coverage, availability, data sources and responsible agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Food Balance Sheets of the Food and Agriculture Organization </li></ul><ul><li>application of the data sets </li></ul><ul><li>limitations of the data sets </li></ul>
  4. 4. Data sources for food security analysis and mapping <ul><li>Household Income and Expenditure Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Monitoring Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Child Nutrition Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic and Health survey </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition Surveillance Project, HKI/IPHN </li></ul>
  5. 5. Household Income and Expenditure Survey <ul><li>New Features of 2010 HIES </li></ul><ul><li>Microcredit </li></ul><ul><li>Disability </li></ul><ul><li>Migration & Remittance and </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management ( Shocks & Coping) </li></ul><ul><li>Household and Population Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Needs Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Income and Expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption of Food </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Social Safety Nets Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Community Characteristics </li></ul>
  6. 6. Poverty Monitoring Survey <ul><li>Health, sanitation and Education </li></ul><ul><li>Credit </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Expenditure Saving </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis and Crisis Coping </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Line and Poverty Incidence </li></ul><ul><li>Household Income and Expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition and Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Landownership and Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Household Characteristics </li></ul>
  7. 7. Child & Mother Nutrition Survey <ul><li>Household characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and Practicees on Child and Maternal Care </li></ul><ul><li>Child Nutrition Status </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal Nutrition Status </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey <ul><li>Household population and housing characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of survey respondents </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Other proximate determinants of fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Infant and child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal and newborn health </li></ul><ul><li>Child health </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition of children and women </li></ul><ul><li>Hiv/aids-related knowledge, attitudes, and behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s empowerment and demographic and </li></ul><ul><li>Health outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic violence </li></ul>
  9. 9. Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (Monitoring the situation of children and women) <ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Child Health </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive Health </li></ul><ul><li>Child Development </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Child protection </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS, Sexual Behaviour, and Orphaned and Vulnerable Children </li></ul>
  10. 10. Poverty mapping methods <ul><li>Small area estimation </li></ul><ul><li>Household unit level method </li></ul><ul><li>Community level data method </li></ul><ul><li>Multivariate weighted basic needs index </li></ul><ul><li>Principal components </li></ul><ul><li>Principal components over time </li></ul><ul><li>Factor analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary Least Squares </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of qualitative information and secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily qualitative </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical analysis of qualitative information combined with secondary data </li></ul>
  11. 11. Poverty mapping methods <ul><li>Extrapolation of participatory approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Direct measurement of household survey data </li></ul><ul><li>Direct measurement of census data </li></ul><ul><li>Income data </li></ul><ul><li>Basic needs index </li></ul><ul><li>Z scores </li></ul>
  12. 12. Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh / Statistical Pocket Book of Bangladesh <ul><li>General Features and Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Area, Population, Household and Household Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Labor and Manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: Crops, Livestock, Forestry and Fishery </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Transport and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Finance Foreign and Banking, Co-operative and Credit Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Prices and wages </li></ul><ul><li>National Income </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Family planning and Social Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption: Household Income and Expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bangladesh Household Food Security and Nutrition Assessment Report 2009 <ul><li>The broad objective was: </li></ul><ul><li>to analyze the impact of the food price hikes on food production and nutrition / health status, in order to suggest response options and recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Specific objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects of food security & nutrition including food markets </li></ul><ul><li>Household food access and food utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition and health </li></ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Survey conducted by: </li></ul><ul><li>World Food Programme, UNICEF, </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Public Health Nutrition, </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Public Health Nutrition, MoHFW </li></ul>
  14. 14. METADATA FOR NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS Major domains and selected indicators of agricultural statistics
  15. 15. METADATA FOR NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS Major domains and selected indicators of agricultural statistics
  16. 16. METADATA FOR NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS Major domains and selected indicators of agricultural statistics
  17. 17. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Production
  18. 18. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Production
  19. 19. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Trade
  20. 20. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Food Consumption
  21. 21. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Fertilizer
  22. 22. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Pesticides
  23. 23. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Land Use
  24. 24. Coverage, Availability, Data Sources and Responsible Agencies Labour and Employment
  25. 25. Bangladesh: National Household Survey Report on Food Security <ul><li>household profile </li></ul><ul><li>household purchasing power </li></ul><ul><li>household expenditure pattern </li></ul><ul><li>food acquisition, distribution and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>housing and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>household health status </li></ul><ul><li>food production </li></ul><ul><li>level of community participation </li></ul><ul><li>perception on food security indicators, and </li></ul><ul><li>community problems. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Food Balance Sheets of the Food and Agriculture Organization: A Review of Potential Ways to Broaden the Appropriate Uses of the Data <ul><li>FAO suggests that the data may be used to: </li></ul><ul><li>observe a country’s food supply and its trends </li></ul><ul><li>compare food supply to nutritional requirements for healthy diets </li></ul><ul><li>estimate supply/shortage measures evaluate food and nutrition policies </li></ul><ul><li>measure the degree of chronic undernutrition </li></ul><ul><li>examine changes in diet patterns </li></ul><ul><li>investigate relationships between food supplies, famine, and malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>calculate self-sufficiency and import-dependency ratios </li></ul><ul><li>set goals for trade and production and project future supply and demand. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Application of the data sets <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Policy options </li></ul>
  28. 28. Limitations of the data sets <ul><li>Formation of survey local committees </li></ul><ul><li>Organization period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection and supervision of field work </li></ul><ul><li>Data processing and dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Data validatity, Reliability and authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>Timely availability of data sets </li></ul>

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