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Redmond School District


BBP presentation

BBP presentation

Published in Business , Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Bloodborne Pathogen Training
  • 2. Why are we here?
    • OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
    • Required to complete training…
    • Anyone whose job requires exposure to bloodborne pathogens
    • Employees that are trained in CPR and first aid
    • The more you know, the better you will perform in real situations!
  • 3. What is a Bloodborne Pathogen?
    • Bloodborne pathogens are viruses and bacteria that can cause infection in humans.
    • These include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus – or HIV
    • Individuals exposed to these pathogens risk serious illness
  • 4. Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids
    • Saliva
    • Vomit
    • Blood
    • Urine
    • Semen or vaginal secretions
    • Skin tissue, cell cultures
    • Any other bodily fluid
  • 5. Common Bloodborne Pathogen Diseases
    • Malaria
    • Brucellosis
    • Syphilis
    • Hepatitis B (HVB)
    • Hepatitis C (HVC)
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    • (HIV)
  • 6. Hepatitis B
    • 1—1.25 million Americans are chronically infected
    • Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea , vomiting
    • May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death
    • Vaccination available since 1982
    • HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood
    • Symptoms can occur 1-9 months after exposure
    Hepatitis B... 100 times easier to catch than HIV! Get vaccinated against this disease !
  • 7. Hepatitis C
    • Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States
    • Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting
    • May lead to chronic liver disease and death
    • There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C
  • 8. HIV/AIDS
    • HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    • AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    • HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
    • The virus destroys certain blood cells that are crucial to the body’s immune system
    • HIV does not survive well outside of the human body
    • HIV/AIDS is not spread through casual contact
    • Caused by HIV, the immune system is too weak to fight off certain infections
  • 9. Chances are…
  • 10. Transmission Potential
    • Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood
    • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose
    • Non-intact skin
    • Contaminated sharps/needles
  • 11. Your Exposure Potential
    • Industrial accident
    • Administering first aid
    • Post-accident cleanup
    • Handling of returned product
    • Janitorial or maintenance work
    • Handling of any waste products
  • 12. Universal Precautions
    • An approach that treats all blood and bodily fluids as if they are infectious
    • Always use proper personal protection equipment (PPE)
    • Ensure proper clean-up and decontamination
    • Dispose of all contaminated material in the proper manner
  • 13. Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
    • Anything that does not permit blood or potentially infectious material to come in contact with the person or their personal clothing, such as gloves, gowns, face masks or shields, eye protection, respirators
  • 14. Rules to Remember…
    • Always check PPE for defects or tears before using
    • If PPE becomes torn or defective, remove and get new equipment
    • Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area
    • Dispose of PPE in approved manner
    • Do not reuse disposable equipment
  • 15. Decontamination
    • Contact custodial staff whenever possible
    • Always wear personal protective equipment
    • When cleaning up surfaces, use approved supplies
    • Do an initial wipe up
    • Spray and allow it to stand for ten minutes then wipe up
    • Dispose of all wipes in biohazard containers
    • PPE should be removed and disposed of in biohazard containers
  • 16. Handwashing
    • The use of gloves does not eliminate the need for handwashing
    • Wash hands immediately after removing PPE
    • Use a soft, antibacterial soap
    • An alcohol-based hand sanitizer may be used unless hands are visibly soiled
  • 17. Regulated Medical Waste
    • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material(OPIM)
    • Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressed
    • Contaminated sharps
    • Pathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM
  • 18. Signs and Labels
    • Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to:
      • containers of regulated biohazard waste
      • refrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIM
      • containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM
  • 19. Exposure Incident
    • A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid
    • If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure
    • Report all exposures involving blood or bodily fluids as soon as possible
    • Complete documentation of exposure incident
    • Post-exposure medical evaluations offered
  • 20. Post-Exposure Evaluation
    • Confidential medical evaluation
    • Document route of exposure
    • Identify source individual
    • Test source individual blood (with individual consent)
    • Provide results to exposed employee
  • 21. In Conclusion….
    • Bloodborne pathogen rules are in place for your health and safety
    • Following these rules decreases your risk of exposure
    • In the event of an exposure, report the incident immediately
  • 22. Questions?
    • If you have any questions, please
    • contact your school nurse or the District Office
  • 23. Links
    • Center for Disease Control
    • Oregon Occupational Safety & Health Division
    • Oregon OSHA