Waste Management Solutions in India

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Overview of solutions for the Waste Management industry in India. The Indian Waste Management sector continues to benefit from increasing levels of investment, year after year. With Government policies and incentives in place for renewable energy, the number of investments and huge opportunities in the clean technologies sector is increasing.

Contact NexusNovus for a detailed overview of the opportunities in the Waste Management industry in India: wastemanagement@nexusnovus.com or +91 80 4943 7800

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Waste Management Solutions in India

  1. 1. WASTE MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS INDIA Integrated waste management solutions
  2. 2. Current situation  The most practiced solution for waste processing is dumping (on dumpsites)  MSW, animal waste, hospital waste, C&D..all finds its way to the many dumpsites all over India  Various cities are implementing segregating at source, with various success rates
  3. 3. Common practice In India Animal Waste Organic MSW (mixed) Building Materials Hospital Waste Dumpsite
  4. 4. Data driven, tech driven  Every city has a unique waste profile  It all starts with analyzing the quantity, quality, location, seasonality, scatter pattern of the various streams at hand  A data driven approach will allow better decision making when deciding on technology. A holistic approach is required  Incentives to be focus on “processing” not “dumping”
  5. 5. Incentive types Waste Pre- processing Processing Commodities Gate fees Processing/ support fee
  6. 6. Integrated waste management solutions Waste streams Pre- processing Processing Commoditie s Animal Waste Organic MSW (mixed) Building Materials Hospital Waste Sterilizatio n Sorting Sterilizatio n Biogas VM Press Recycling Scientific Landfilling Incineratio n Compostin g Compost CNG/Powe r Recyclable s
  7. 7. Integrated waste management solutions Animal Waste Organic MSW (mixed) Building Materials Hospital Waste Sterilizatio n Sorting Sterilizatio n Biogas VM Press Recycling Scientific Landfilling Incineratio n Compostin g Compost CNG/Powe r Recyclable s Less gate fee More Value
  8. 8. No false expectations  100% waste processing is not (yet) feasible. 80-90% is: scientific landfilling will still be required (but a whole lot less, for less dangerous material!)  100% segregation at source is not possible. Not in the West. And especially not within a short time span in India (as per targets of municipalities)  Sales of commodities will not cover cost of waste management at current market rates: government incentives are still required
  9. 9. The right incentive (support prices) Compost CNG/Powe r Recyclable s  2000-3000 INR per kg  PPA: 9-12 INR/kwh  CNG: 60 INR/kg  Minor revenue stream
  10. 10. Quick note on CNG  95% bio-gas is not sellable as auto-CNG due to license restrictions  CNG prices are linked to LPG prices which are subsidized  Market fluctuations increase risk of investment  Hence power is a more stable alternative from an investment perspective. It is less efficient however!
  11. 11. Additional incentives  Land  Processing fee (pre-processing activities)  Solution for 10-15% inerts in any integrated waste management solution (land fills for example)
  12. 12. Waste management solutions A comparison Type Landfilling Composting Incineration Integrated waste management Revenue Gate fee Gate fee Compost price Gate fee, power price Price for commodities Land requirements Huge Huge Less Less NIMBY Major issue Major issue Major issue Less (does not smell!) Success stories in India (% of projects) Less Less High Pollution Major (air, water, soil) Medium (leachate!) Major (air) Less
  13. 13. Tech availability Good Local Tech available No Local TechLocal tech available Animal Waste Organic MSW (mixed) Building Materials Hospital Waste Sterilizatio n Sorting Sterilizatio n Biogas VM Press Recycling Scientific Landfilling Incineratio n Compostin g Compost CNG/Powe r Recyclable s
  14. 14. BANGALORE (EXAMPLE)
  15. 15. Waste stream analysis Waste streams TPD Organic fraction Mixed waste 2,500-3,500 60% Animal waste 60-120 90% C&D ?? 0%
  16. 16. Slaughterhouse waste
  17. 17. Technology proposed Technology Biogas Input 60 TPD Slaughterhouse waste Components 80% biodegradables 20% bones and feathers Output CNG or electricity Land required 2-4 acres Waste Crushing and Sterilization Digesting Energy & Compost
  18. 18. Stats Parameters Estimated quantities Waste (TPD) 60 TPD Crude biogas (m3/day) 6-8.5k Methane (m3/day) 3.5-5.0 Max electricity (MW) 13.5-18.5 Max CNG (tpd) 4 Net water required / day Negative Compost 3-18 TPD
  19. 19. MSW (mixed) Mixed waste solutions until segregation at source becomes successful Solution offered can also handle segregated organic waste
  20. 20. Tech proposed MSW Sorting Recycling Recycables, RDF, inerts Biogas CNG/Electricity & Compost Technology Sorting, biogas, recycling Input 300-600 TPD MSW Waste Components (foreign example, Indian waste has more organics, which is good!) 40 % Food Scraps 14 % Plastics 14 % cardboard paper 2 % Metals 3 % Rubber Leather Textiles 3 % wood 4 % Glass 15 % Sand Asch Stones 5 % others Output CNG or electricity, Compost, Recycables, RDF, inerts Land required 2-4 acres
  21. 21. Tech Schematic (for 200 TPD example) Sorting Press Recycling Fine Recycling Biogas Plant Compost 56 T/D Heat Energy 0,7 MW Electricity 1.2 MW Output RDF of the plant 49 T/D
  22. 22. Tech Schematic (for 200 TPD example) MSW/Domestic Waste machine Sorting VM Press Recycling Fine Recycling Biogas Plant
  23. 23. Tech Schematic (for 200 TPD example) Press Sorting VM Press Recycling Fine Recycling Biogas Plant
  24. 24. Tech Schematic (for 200 TPD example) MSW/Domestic Waste machine Sorting VM Press Recycling Fine Recycling Biogas Plant
  25. 25. Tech Schematic (for 200 TPD example) Biogas Plant Sorting VM Press Recycling Fine Recycling Biogas Plant
  26. 26. Stats Parameters Estimated quantities Waste (TPD) 600 TPD Crude biogas (m3/day) 46,200 Methane (m3/day) 27.720 Max electricity (MW) 100 Max CNG (tpd) 18 Net water required / day Low/Negative Compost 100 TPD Inerts 15%
  27. 27. WASTE 2 VALUE A Netherlands Public-Private consortium
  28. 28. Waste 2 Value Consortium
  29. 29. Introduction W2V consortium  The Netherlands is positioned as the leader in waste management  Consortium Partners selected on their value propositions and the role they can play in a solution for the problems in the area of waste management in India.  All parties have experience in India  All consortium partners are offering products and services that are sustainable in nature and will benefit India greatly from a People-Planet-Profit perspective.  Netherlands ministry of Infrastructure and India ministry of Urban Development recently have signed an MoU on collaboration
  30. 30. W2V private participants Member Role Witteveen + Bos Consultancy and engineering in a broad spectrum of waste management topics Grontmij Nederland B.V. Engineering of Waste Management Infrastructural projects and soil remediation DB Technologies B.V. Waste segregation equipment, biogas installations and electricity generation GID Milieutechniek B.V. Trisoplast Landfill lining and Multriwell landfill gas extraction DMT Milieutechnology B.V. Leachate treatment and Biogas upgrading
  31. 31. • Design • Execution • Operating In short, the consortium can assist
  32. 32. Rutger de Bruijn – Director wastemanagement@nexusnovus.com +91 80 4943 7800 Thank you

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