Train

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Train

  1. 1. Train collision Avoidance – Embedded Logic<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  2. 2. Focus on<br /><ul><li>Train derailment in curves and bends
  3. 3. Running Train collisions with the</li></ul> standing Train<br /><ul><li>Train Accidents in slopes
  4. 4. Mis-signaling due to fog or mist</li></ul>Train collision avoidance<br />
  5. 5. The different blocks used to avoid the Collisions:<br />1.Gap Detector<br />2.Vibration Sensor<br />3.Proximity LASER Detector<br />4.LED lighting or Fog penetratingLights<br />5.FSK Modulator and FSK Demodulator ( Power Line Communication) <br />.<br />A Microcontroller for entire<br />Control. The Microcontroller is interfaced with the input sensing devices <br />such as vibration sensor, Gap Detector and<br />proximity LASER Detector.<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  6. 6. Gap Detector<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  7. 7. Train collision avoidance<br />
  8. 8. Train collision avoidance<br />
  9. 9. Vibration Sensor<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  10. 10. LASER Proximity Detector<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  11. 11. Fogpenetration<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  12. 12. Power line Communication<br /><ul><li>Automatic Meter Reading
  13. 13. Radio Communication
  14. 14. Broadband</li></ul>Train collision avoidance<br />
  15. 15. Train collision avoidance<br />
  16. 16. 1.Vibration Detector - Train arrival Microcontroller Control Room Power off Stopping of Train<br />This vibration detector helps to prevent head on collisions as well as train derailment and during <br />mist conditions.<br />2.Proximity LASER Detector -Standing Train Detector –Micro Controller Jamming the Brakes or <br />Sending info to<br />Control Room Power off Stopping of Train<br />This operation helps to prevent the collision of running train over the Standing train<br />3.Gap Detector Gaps in Bends or Curves Info about Trains path –<br /><ul><li>. Correct Path No problem
  17. 17. . Wrong Path</li></ul>.Microcontroller Jamming the brakes or Sending info to Control Room Gap Correction or <br />Power off Stopping of<br />Train<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  18. 18. 4.Vibration Sensor Train Arrival Mist of Fog Times Microcontroller <br />Automatic Switching of LED lights or<br />Fog penetrating Lights Microcontroller Control Room Communication<br />5.Microcontroller FSK Modulator Main Transmitter PLCC Main<br /> Receiver<br /> FSK Demodulator PC inControl Room<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  19. 19. Result and Discussion<br />The sensors sense the input and sends to the microcontroller, where it <br />responds and gives<br />command to the particular component with predefined algorithm. <br />The time parameters are crucial<br />which can be easily changed and modified using Micro-controllers. <br />Thus, this device would work in<br />coherence would help to reduce the train collisions.<br />Train collision avoidance<br />
  20. 20. Train collision avoidance<br />

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