School of Government
Ateneo de Manila University
Quezon City, Philippines
Documentation Report
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobi...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Table of Contents
Objectives of the Workshop...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Inclusive Mobility Proj...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
known for his reality show, “Canada’s Worst D...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013





To empower commuters/motorists/pedest...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
Dr. Romero also presented the results and hig...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
Each of the 45 participants was given 10 seco...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013


Statistics and the big picture – not only ...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Table 1. Opportunities and Challenges in Mob...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

SAFETY

Enablers

PRODU...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

Barriers

SAFETY

Enabl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

Barriers

SOCIAL

secto...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

SAFETY

Barriers

Enabl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

Barriers

SAFETY

Enabl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

SAFETY

Enablers

Barri...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

Barriers

SAFETY

Enabl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

SAFETY

Barriers

too m...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
DIMENSIONS

MOBILITY

Barriers

SAFETY

Enabl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
It is very glaring to see that the participan...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Workshop 2: Identifying policies and actions...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Table 2. Policies and Actions being done by ...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING
Companies
(PETC)
Stop
releasing
fu...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING
stop issuing
new
transport
franchi...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING
unscheduled
road repair

GOVERNMEN...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

SAFET
Y

STOP
DOING

installation
of concret...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING

corruption
"Napoles
style"

GOVER...
PRODUCTIVITY

Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING
confiscation
of driv...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING

giving "over"
franchise to
vehicl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING

GOVERNMENT
CONTINUE
DOING
START D...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING

GOVERNMENT
CONTINUE
DOING
START D...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
STOP
DOING
acting like
politicians

CIVILITY
...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
The table of responses showed that good polic...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Table 3. Identified Priorities and Action Pl...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Short T...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
GOVERNMENT

PRIVATE SECTOR

CITIZENS

Immedia...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013
During the open forum, there was a discussion...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Some Photos During the Workshop

Mr. Lorenzo...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Participants prepare the
metacards and pens ...
Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 October 2013

Participants are having fun during the works...
ANNEX 1
Workshop Program
Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop
17 Oktubre 2013
Function Room, Ground Floor, Faber Hall
Ateneo de Mani...
upang mapabuti ang pag-gamit natin ng mga lansangan sa
Metro Manila
1:55 – 2:25

Presentasyon at malayang talakayan sa mga...
ANNEX 2
List of Participants
METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II
OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM

SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
ORGANIZATION

T...
METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II
OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM

SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
ORGANIZATION

T...
METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II
OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM

SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
ORGANIZATION

T...
ANNEX 3
Copy of presentation
Inclusive Mobility Workshop 2
By Dr. Segundo Joaquin E. Romero Jr.
INCLUSIVE MOBILITY
WORKSHOP 2
October 17, 2013
Faver Hall, Ateneo de Manila University
Objectives of the Workshop
• Desired Impact: Inclusive Mobility – Mobility for all, by all
• Desired Outcome: Inclusive Mo...
What is Inclusive Mobility?
A transport system that works
for the poor and the
vulnerable

2.

Moving people, not vehicles...
Dimensions of Overall Inclusive Mobility
• MOBILITY
• Ability to access remote
destinations at least time and cost
• SAFET...
REVIEW OF OUTPUTS OF
PREVIOUS WORKSHOP
In What Capacity Do
You Experience
Transport Conditions in Primary
Secondary
Metro Manila? As … Experience Experience
Bus ...
Perceived Positive Aspects of the Metro
Manila Transport System
• Traffic gives us time to think; you can even write

one ...
Perceived Negative Aspects of the Metro
Manila Transport System
• Our transportation

systems bring about air
pollution th...
Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 1
Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads

Ways of Experiencing M...
Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 2
Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads
Primary
private vehicle...
Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 3
Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads
tricycle
tricycle
tricy...
Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 4
Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads
Primary
train commuter
...
Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 5
Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads
Primary
pedicab
pedicab...
Evaluating Modes of Transport
MODE OF
TRANSPO

MOBILITY

SAFETY

PRODUCTIVITY

CIVILITY

POSITIVE (+)

POSITIVE (+)

NEGAT...
ANNEX 4
Copy of presentation
Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy
by Dr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen
Dean Tony La Viña & Marie Danielle Guillen PhD
Posted in Rappler.com
15 October 2013
Photo Sources
Left: pinoyjourn.wordpress.com
Right: the-jurist.blogspot.com
 Who

Photo Source:
EDD Gumban
Philstar.com

is to be blamed?
People’s productivity losses in traffic is equivalent to:
2 months worth of remittances
1.4% of total Philippine economy

How

do we overcome the
mobility challenges?




80% Metro Manilans takes public transport
13,067 buses in MM
70% provincial buses

EDSA:
 Out of 300K buses, only ...







Importance of Travel Survey
Data
Before and after studies
Sustainable transport
planning & mobility
management...
Photo Source:
Bicycleperth.blogspot.com
Build partnerships
 Consider what commuters want
 Consider road geometry rather than debate on
technology
 Seamless con...
THOUGHT LEADERS

Our traffic hell, an exit strategy
BY

DEAN TONY LA VIÑA AND DANIELLE GUILLEN, PHD

POSTED ON 10/15/2013 ...
as one of inclusive mobility – that what we need in Metro Manila is a public transportation system
that is affordable and ...
Manilan would love to have the option to choose which would be the easiest route, the most
environmentally-friendly, the m...
In particular, it has been working on the acquisition of additional coaches to address the long
overdue capacity expansion...
At the end of the day, it is best to consider what the commuters want, as well as to learn from
past mistakes and from int...
Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop Documentation Report (October 17, 2013)
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Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop Documentation Report (October 17, 2013)

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Documentation report of the Inclusive Mobility Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop held last October 17, 2013 in Ateneo de Manila University

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Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop Documentation Report (October 17, 2013)

  1. 1. School of Government Ateneo de Manila University Quezon City, Philippines Documentation Report Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop October 17, 2013 with generous support from
  2. 2. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Table of Contents Objectives of the Workshop ............................................................................................................. 2 THE WORKSHOP PROCESS ........................................................................................................... 3 National Anthem and Opening Prayer ........................................................................................... 3 Opening Remarks .......................................................................................................................... 3 Revisiting the First Workshop ....................................................................................................... 4 Introduction of Workshop Participants ......................................................................................... 5 Presentation: “Our Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy” ......................................................................... 6 Workshops ................................................................................................................................... 7 Workshop 1: Identification of Opportunities and Challenges in mobility, safety, productivity, and civility the roads of Metro Manila - Enablers or Barriers. ............................................................................ 7 Workshop 2: Identifying policies and actions being done by the government, the business and private sector, and the citizens ............................................................................................................... 19 Workshop 3: Setting Priorities - Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Plans for the government, the private sector and the citizens.. ................................................................................................... 31 Synthesis...................................................................................................................................... 40 Way Forward .............................................................................................................................. 40 Closing ........................................................................................................................................ 40 Some Photos During the Workshop............................................................................................ 41 ANNEXES 1: Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop Program 2: Workshop list of participants 3: Copy of the presentation: “Inclusive Mobility Workshop 2” by Dr. Segundo Joaquin E. Romero 4.1: Copy of the presentation: “Our Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy” by Dr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen 4.2: Copy of the article “Our Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy” 1
  3. 3. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Inclusive Mobility Project is a project of the Ateneo School of Government supported by the Rockefeller Foundation. Since 2011, it has developed a new platform for engaging various communities, organizations, agencies, and individuals that serves as an integrator and awarenessraiser on critical but unheralded urban innovations in Metro Manila. The project has also established a robust resource center on the web (http://inclusivemobility.net/) and has begun a mind shift from the narrow view of the problem as “traffic” to a larger view of the problem as “mobility”, with special emphasis on the accessibility of the poor and vulnerable to livelihood, work, public services, and other activities and centers. At present, the Metro Manila lacks a civil society organization that will look at the corresponding issues related to the transportation sector such as, mobility and the related urban issues of different sectors like the poor, women, children, elderly, and Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). This often results in infrastructure and public transport service that are not very people-friendly. In response to this, the Inclusive Mobility project is organizing a non-governmental counterpart consultative council which will be a partner of government in discussing and implementing the multi-stakeholder mobility plan for Metro Manila. Objectives of the Workshop The Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop attempted to determine the initiatives in relation to traffic, mobility and transportation that affect the way of life of the pedestrians, commuters, PWDs, motorists, and other sectors and hoped that these will be addressed through a collective discussion among these stakeholders. The workshop also aimed to identify possible opportunities facing the transport sector in the metropolis. At the end of the workshop, the desired output is an Inclusive Mobility Action Plan for presentation to the MMDA Traffic and Transport Summit in November 2013. The desired outcome of the workshop is an Inclusive Mobility Network of key transport stakeholders (users and service providers, government, private sector, and civil society) organized to advocate and help implement an inclusive mobility action plan. The Metro Manila Initiatives Mapping Workshop was attended by total of 45 participants representing cyclists, Persons with Disabilities (PWDs), private entities, academe and urban planners, and representatives from informal settlement communities. Video Clip: “Don’t Drive Here in Manila” (Episode 4, Discovery Channel) Simultaneous with the registration of the participants, a 45-minute video entitled “Don’t Drive Here in Manila” (Episode 4) was shown to set the mood for the actual workshop discussions. The video featured Andrew Younghusband, a Canadian television personality, writer and journalist, best “Don’t Drive Here in Manila” Episode 4, Discovery Channel screen capture 2
  4. 4. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 known for his reality show, “Canada’s Worst Driver” which chronicled driving experiences in some of the worst places to drive in the world, including Metro Manila. The video showed the chaotic traffic and transport situation in Manila and the workshop participants affirmed and attested to the reality of these situations. THE WORKSHOP PROCESS National Anthem and Opening Prayer The program started with the singing of the Philippine National Anthem, led by the master of ceremony, Mr. Lorenzo Cordova, Jr. (Research Associate, IBoP Asia Program). This was followed by an opening prayer led by Ms. Dada Doble (Project Manager, Informal and Resilient Cities in Metro Manila IRMM ). Opening Remarks The participants were formally welcomed by Dr. Segundo Joaquin E. Romero (Director, iBoP Asia Program). Dr. Romero first highlighted the importance of this gathering by first discussing the definition of Inclusive Mobility as follows:           A transport system that works for the poor and the vulnerable A walkable, bikeable and accessible city Moving people, not vehicles Mobility with safety and civility Clean air, clean streets, clean vehicles and clean facilities Planning and communicating better and travel less Sharing information to increase connectivity and accessibility Dr. Romero giving his Opening Remarks Making our neighborhood more accessible to the rest of the city Changing mindsets and behaviors – the authorities’ as well as ours Mobility of all, for all, by all Dr. Romero then reiterated that this consultation workshop is the second part of the mapping and consultation workshop held last September 12, 2013. The first workshop attempted to determine the issues, challenges, and initiatives in relation to traffic, mobility and transportation that affect the way of life of the motorists, pedestrians and other sectors. While this consultation workshop basically have the same objectives, Dr. Romero gave emphasis to the relevance of creating an “inclusive mobility network” that will serve as a ‘fact-finding body’ which will see to it that the following tasks and responsibilities will be Participants eagerly listening to Dr. Romero’s speech. met:  Participate in the creation of solutions to Metro Manila’s transport problems; and, 3
  5. 5. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013    To empower commuters/motorists/pedestrians and other stakeholders to have one voice that will lobby and advocate the possible solutions to our current transport and traffic problems at the same time communicate with the policy makers and law enforcers these transport and traffic concerns. By the end of the workshop, the group should be able to come up with recommendations and plans for the MMDA’s Metro Manila Traffic, Transport and Mobility Summit which is tentatively being scheduled by MMDA inb November; and Come up with Inclusive Mobility Action Plan that presents the initiatives that government, private sector, and civil society, should undertake to make mobility more inclusive for all sectors in Metro Manila In summary, Dr. Romero, articulated that this consultation workshop aspires for these important features:  Desired Impact – “An Inclusive Mobility Network” which will advocate for ‘mobility of all, mobility for all, and mobility by all’  Desired Output – “An Outline” of an ‘Inclusive Mobility Action Plan’  Desired Outcome – “An Inclusive Mobility Network” of key transport stakeholders organized to advocate and help implement the ‘Inclusive Mobility Action Plan’ Revisiting the First Workshop The video first introduced the importance of “inclusive mobility” which showcased its three important aspects: ‘research, connecting people, and engaging the public to mainstream innovative transport paradigm’. The second part of the video featured the highlights of the first consultation workshop held last September. Inclusive Mobility video and documentary video from the first workshop are being shown before the participants. 4
  6. 6. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Dr. Romero also presented the results and highlights of the Metro Manila Transport Challenge Mapping Workshop (see Annex 3 for the copy of presentation). He presented the different ways the participants experience (both primary and secondary) the transport system of Metro Manila. Interestingly, many of the participants’ primary experience came from riding bicycle, bus and tricycle commuting. Secondary experiences came from commuting using jeepney, train, and as pedestrians. Dr. Romero’s presentation also highlighted the participants’ perceived positive and negative aspects on the Metro Manila’s transport system. The positive aspects include the following: presence of waiting sheds that serve as loading and unloading areas; presence of MRTs and LRTs which make it easier for us to travel; get to enjoy the murals and the artworks painted on the walls of Metro Manila; ample choices of mode of transportation (bus, train, jeepney, tricycle, pedicab, etc.) and can even go bi-modal; and our transport system is adoptive to the situation that it calls for (e.g. When there’s flood, the transport system can adjust). The negative aspects brought about by our transportation system include air pollution that is harmful to our health and environment; drivers lack of discipline; and it is not safe to move around by bicycle because of the absence of bike lane. The last part of his presentation focused on the participants’ evaluation of the different modes of transportation in Metro Manila (positive conditions, features and benefits; and negative conditions and features) with regards to mobility, safety, productivity and civility. Introduction of Workshop Participants Workshop participants representing different sectors Forty five (45) participants attended the mapping workshop, (See Annex 2: Attendance Sheet). Out of the 45, eleven (11) represented the informal communities; nine(9) from local non-government organizations; fifteen (15) from the academe; three (3) from transport groups and seven (7) from the private sector including web app developers (two (2) private individuals; (1) from web app developers sector; and (4) from the private sector). Participants from the informal communities are the same people who attended the first workshop. 5
  7. 7. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Each of the 45 participants was given 10 seconds to introduce themselves by stating their name and organization and described their vision for our transport and traffic systems. Below is a list of the visions that the participants mentioned, in bullet form (Note: similar responses were encoded as one):  Promotion of bi-modal transport  Advocate use of bicycle  More bikes, for healthy living  Environment-friendly, sustainable transport system  Provision of PWD convenient transport system for accessibility not only in buildings but also in main roads  Awareness of drivers on the needs of PWDs  Awareness of government on the transport needs of PWDs  A safe passageway for PWDs  Provision of “hanging pedestrian lanes” for safety of pedestrians  The government should focus on strict and proper implementation, not always on the suggested solution  Safety precaution on the use of tricycle  Disciplined commuters and drivers  Use data for information and information  Use of technology for Filipinos to make informed and right decisions especially with regard our transportation system  Advocate for student-friendly, safe and environment-friendly Metro Manila  To use color-coding in public places/areas: Green which means environment-friendly; light blue for light/happy travel; and, gold for prosperity  Orderly traffic situation and convenient public transport system in Metro Manila  Safe and better sidewalk/pathways in Metro Manila  Courteous and considerate drivers/motorists, and commuters/pedestrians  Safe and better constructed roads Presentation: “Our Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy” by Dr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen, Senior Research Associate, iBoP Asia Program (See Annex 4.2: One Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy) Dr. Guillen’s presentation is an excerpt from an article posted in Rappler.com (A social news network which features stories that provide perspective, inspire community engagement, smart conversations, & action for social change), which she co-authored with Dr. Tony La Viña, the current Dean of Ateneo School of Government. The article was written based on the recent experiences and frustrations of residents of Metro Manila who were caught in traffic jam because of heavy flooding and bomb threat. As noted in the article, the citizens have reached a breaking point and because of anger have totally put the blame on the government, specifically the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA). Main discussion points of the article, as Dr. Guillen highlighted in her presentation are: Dr. Guillen discussing Rappler article the  Assured destruction – on why the approach of MMDA to solve traffic and transport problem may lead only to MAD-ness (Mutually Assured Destruction). 6
  8. 8. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013  Statistics and the big picture – not only looking at the statistics but looking at the big picture and learn to understand what matters most using data — is it mobility or the lack of it?  Research and implementation cycle - Manila’s use of cycle “policy-implementationevaluation-improvement” as opposed to what most cities of developed countries -typical sustainable transport planning and mobility management cycle includes research (data collection); policy (if new ones or some revisions are needed); policy/project implementation; evaluation (research again); and improvement.  Transport hierarchy - The road-sharing concept supports the belief that the movement of people and things should follow the simple principle, “those who have less in wheels must have more in roads.” Workshops Workshop 1: Identification of Opportunities and Challenges in mobility, safety, productivity, and civility the roads of Metro Manila - Enablers or Barriers. (Pagtukoy sa mga nakakatulong at nakakabalakid sa ating mobilidad, kaligtasan, produktibidad, at urbanidad sa mga lansangan ng Metro Manila) The participantswere asked to identify the “enablers and barriers” for each key areas (mobility, safety, productivity, and civility) per dimension (physical, social, environmental, economic, institutional, and technology). With the use of meta-cards, participants were asked to write the challenges/barriers and the opportunities/enablers for each key areas per dimension with one idea per meta-card (See Table 1, Opportunities and Challenges). Participants started writing answers in metacards for workshop 1 During the workshop proper, metacards posted by the participants were clustered by the facilitators accordingly. 7
  9. 9. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Table 1. Opportunities and Challenges in Mobility, Safety, Productivity, and Civility DIMENSIONS MOBILITY SAFETY Barriers Enablers urban sprawl (what is the shape of the community?) public transport hierarchy Barriers Enablers over-crowding PRODUCTIVITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Enablers accessibility of PWDs and the elderly (provision of elevators crowded road mixed-use urban areas and communities people throw garbage on the road road infrastructure time and motion study traversing Metro Manila for all modes of transport vehicle density encounters less traffic saves time size of vehicle as factor footbridges are difficult to climb; too high and steep) PHYSICAL CIVILITY should have parking space for bikers overloaded jeepneys and buses buses are safer in case of accidents minimum size of road signs bigger fonts, shorter names -- for commuters and drivers to see from afar limited road space/ small passage way bikes occupy less road space structure and design of jeepneys and tricycles are not safe presence of footbridges heavy traffic situation For PWDs: no safe sidewalks; no allotment for parking space substandard PWD access ramps; no loading and unloading zones there are designated bus stops concrete barriers do not improve motorist safety presence of pedestrian crosswalks/lights / signals absence of designated bike parking and shower facilities bus drivers are more aggressive (offensive drivers) 8
  10. 10. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY SAFETY Enablers PRODUCTIVITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Barriers too wide center island boxes mixeduse/transitoriented development, e.g., Araneta Center dangerous open manholes poor infrastructure maintenance instead of improvement absence of walkablesidewalks presence of FX/AUV share a ride safety and security of open car parks from thefts and robbers use of minimum width and quality of sidewalks as a basic right no bike parkings/lacks secured bike parking no parking space for PWDs poor signage/way of finding transport for commuters; no system for knowing route name or route of PUB/PUJ (visible from afar makes commuters go to center of road) should have overpasses with escalators/walk ways/walkaton absence of emergency exits in buses elevators and escalators are often out of order overcrowded public utility vehicles LRTs/MRTs have segregation/ special section for women, road signs are not visible CIVILITY overloading public utility vehicles For bike riders: barriers to cycling (u-turn schemes, high overpass; no bike lanes) Enablers Barriers Enablers double parking and no parking signs inconsiderate people lackconcern to others 9
  11. 11. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY Barriers SAFETY Enablers elderly, and PWDs Barriers Enablers PRODUCTIVITY Barriers difficult to climb MRT and LRT stations; elevators and esclators for PWDs and elderly most of the time out of order there should be tax incentives for a 3 meters setback of building (1st floor) for pedestrians unsafe footbridges (too steep, no proper lighting, too narrow, no ramps) safe sidewalks for pedestrians LRTs/MRTs always operate beyond full capacity more effective traffic lights many streets without street lights sidewalk used as waiting area (loading and unloading zones) Enablers wrong infrastructure for PWDs in building, roads, public areas, etc. no efficient drainage system CIVILITY Barriers lack of quality public open spaces dilapidated road conditions Enablers how to make mobility convernient to commuters lack of affordable housing for the poor poor streetlighting 10
  12. 12. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY Barriers SOCIAL sectors have their own vested interests and usually hard for them to understand general welfare lack of discipline among drivers, commuters and pedestrians discrimination of drivers with bikers SAFETY Enablers Barriers transportation is a major employer lack of discipline among commuters, pedestrians and motorists (rude drivers/some drivers drive recklessly while intoxicated/some drivers are implicated in crimes, “patok” jeepneys make loud music) police/supervis or to manage people riding MRTs/LRTs tourist police/guards are being used as city ambassadors commuters/pedestria ns and motorists do not care about other commuters/pedestria ns/ operators and drivers do not obey traffic and transport laws abled persons lack awareness on the laws regarding PWDs Enablers the presence and practice of "bayanihan principle" bike groups promote biking practices PRODUCTIVITY Barriers long que for FX/AUV Choosy drivers whether taxi drivers, jeepney, tricycle, etc. Filipino time as an attitude CIVILITY Enablers Barriers Enablers bicycle riding promotes mental and physical health among the workforce lack and no discipline among drivers and other motorist; some drivers do not follow traffic signals; some drivers do not have road courtesy reckless driving and indiscriminate overtaking Filipinos are normally polite and have a sense of shame "hiya" (considerate to others - give seats to the elderly, pregnant women, and PWDs) bicycle riding is healthier, hence, more productive some drivers do not respect ambulance and other emergency vehicles; some drivers do not respect traffic markings (loading/unloading zones, no parking, etc.) some drivers observe road courtesy some drivers do not have respect and consideration to their passengers there should be educational, cultural ads, and signage in train stations and on the roads to educate people on their roles and responsibilities regarding traffic and transport systems personal hygiene and good grooming of some drivers 11
  13. 13. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY SAFETY Barriers Enablers Barriers crowded transport system more drivers seem to be aware of cycling presence of bike theft disregarding traffic officers "stop" hand signal results in no apprehension (sending bad signals) presence of TODA, jeepney associations, bus drivers, associations workshops indiscriminate parking at national and secondary roads lack of awareness of drivers about PWDs rights in transportation and pedestrians; drivers should have seminars about rights of PWDs PRODUCTIVITY CIVILITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Enablers difficulty in taking public utility vehicles especially every Monday cleanliness of public utility vehicles there are underage and drivers driving without license we should all exercise discipline for a better society conflict between drivers and commuters lack and no discipline among commuters and pedestrians bikes and walking prove to have a calming effect lack of discipline among drivers and commuters some commuters do not have respect and consideration to other commuters (younger generations do not offer seats to the elderly and PWDs; to each its own attitude; talk loudly on the phone) group riders promote good camaraderie "everybody doing it" attitude some commuters do not have respect and consideration to drivers (e.g., heavy weight passenger do not offer to pay equivalent of two persons) road courtesy poor conditions of vehicles new friends through social activities Enablers 12
  14. 14. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY Barriers SAFETY Enablers vehicle upgrading implementing rules on noise pollution (mufflers) how loud is loud? ENVIRONMENTAL lack of trees disaster preparedness and management Barriers Enablers presence of smoke belching vehicles bikes and walking are nonpollutants PRODUCTIVITY Barriers illegal parking of vehicles CIVILITY Enablers Barriers Enablers air and noise pollution green roofs no discipline in waste disposal don't follow waste segregation program provision of segregated recycling bins in every community Littering pocket parks/adding plants/trees to urban landscape air (foul smell of surrounding) and noise (loud and noisy jeepneys) pollution greening of landscape by providing plants (flowering and ornamental) and trees presence of guiltfree litter bugs (throwing of plastic bags, cigarette butts and other garbage anywhere) unregulated land use and development ride a bike Storm-water management (sewers, biowastes) LGUs have no capacity to measure air pollution no plastic bag policy helps reduce flooding community gardens calamities; environmental damages smoke belching vehicles hazardous to health 13
  15. 15. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY SAFETY Enablers Barriers traffic situation in Metro Manila has a big impact in our economy increased productivity with improved transport system presence of beggars around public transportation terminals students and senior citizen fare discounts should be strictly implemented cheap fares Enablers PRODUCTIVITY CIVILITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Enablers high cost of transport fares more time to work in transit urban development is too focused in Metro Manila Metro Manila is the main employment center maintenance of vehicle that cause hindrance to commuters work from home/flexitime sidewalk is being used as vending areas ECONOMIC Barriers availability of cheap umbrellas for sale everywhere lost productive time due to traffic presence of one-stop shops / bayad centers, malls, etc. taxi fare is expensive; some taxi drivers choose passengers cheaper reusable bag for unplanned shopping snacks more expensive than bus fare (for bikers/cyclist) use taxi as miniconvenience store an individual has to take leave of absence to be able to file a complaint against abusive drivers bicycle riding saves money no fare needed lost man hours in traffic presence of mixed income communities use of public vehicles as avenues for business and networking boundary system (forces PUV drivers to wait for passengers) 14
  16. 16. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY Barriers SAFETY Enablers INSTITUTIONAL Lack of -standard hand signals (uncoordinated) for traffic directors; for pedestrians and cars many policies exist need for emphasis in transportation in landuse decision/planning presence of professional drivers PRODUCTIVITY CIVILITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Enablers Barriers hopeless traffic enforcers existence and good enforcement of transportation policies unregulated tricycle regulatory board high cost of fares even for short trips more information campaigns from barangays TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORT: no effective planning for transport and traffic system tricycles operate in major roads use of motorcycle helmets is enforced location of public services/ agencies in hard to reach/inaccessible places efficient urban planning in consultation with all stakeholders no proper coordination among different agencies too much corruption presence of more MMDA, paid and volunteer traffic enforcers on the road poor training on traffic and road rules for drivers, commuters/pedestrian start development s outisde Metro Manila to decongest the Metropolis “tokenism” in construction of PWD facilities should enforce "car less day" policy folding bikes are not allowed inside establishments and offices lack of long-term planning strict implementatio n of traffic and transport laws 13-inch tire-to-gutter for unloading vehicles (is there a rule in traffic code?) government to listen to the concern of the people no metro-wide bike policy/plan no coordination between gov't agencies in projects in the same area - no stakeholder consultations and advice inter-gov't agency dialogue no lane designation Enablers LTFRB has no clear policy and complaint procedures for drivers and other motorists no limitation in the number of car ownership 15
  17. 17. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY SAFETY Barriers too many agencies involved in traffic management and enforcement (MMDA, LGU, Barangay) implement one-stop shop information port for the public to see -citing all available modes of transport enforcers not wearing reflectorized clothes and traffic sign paddles no laws on proper hygiene and sanitation for commuters/ pedestrians and drivers implement the accessibility on transportation de-politicize planning no road sign standardization HOUSING: lack of provision of affordable housing for the poor give importance to awareness raising on the rights of PWDs integrated transport systems overloaded buses, jeepneys, tricycles poor resettlement strategies for informal settlers presence of rail system should have "wiper on" and "headlight on" policy for cars, jeepneys and motorcycles passing the bucks -among government agencies Enablers Barriers Enablers DPWH road extension projects must indicate "road width" not just "number of lanes standard width" lack of awareness of drivers on the implementation of fare discounts for PWDS -discount IDs not accepted by some public utility drivers Barriers CIVILITY Enablers no shower facilities for bike to work citizens Enablers PRODUCTIVITY Barriers DPWH should regularly monitor their road projects 16
  18. 18. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 DIMENSIONS MOBILITY Barriers SAFETY Enablers Barriers Enablers PRODUCTIVITY CIVILITY Barriers Enablers Barriers Enablers Lack oftransportation modes service schedule centralization of gov't offices for the purpose of document processing high cost of electricity use of solar powered or LED lights professional drivers should be TESDA certified or should have technical driving certificates there should be strict implementation of the seat belt law TECHNOLOGY competing transport systems applications for information of commuters absence of gated MRTs and LRTs for safety use of cellular phones GPS APPS aid in navigation unreliable transport schedule affordable data plans for cellular phones lack (sometimes absence) of CCTV cameras in MRT and LRT stations use of cellular phones for information alerts in times of crisis and calamities E-Commerce and ability to do transactions on-line use of social media for information and outlet no shcedule for Metro Manila transport provide information for each barangay/city the available transit networks online drivers attentionon their electronic gadgets like cellphones, when driving availability of inexpensive bicycle spare parts especially lighting gov't should implement EPayment for gov't transactions use of existing waiting time/countdown clocks in traffic lights no proper vehicles design for PWDs use of GPS technology free wi-fi in the city 17
  19. 19. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 It is very glaring to see that the participants have identified so many barriers/challenges for each of the key words and for each dimension, more than the enablers/opportunities. But the enablers and opportunities identified are worth noting and could be very beneficial to the key players in the transport industry. Dr. Romero discussing the rich answers of participants written in metacards in Workshop 1. What is surprising in this exercise is that the participants weren’t able to identify barriers/challenges pertaining to disasters – whether natural or manmade, considering that Metro Manila is prone to heavy flooding with or without typhoon. Could this be attributed to the resiliency of Metro Manila residents in cases of disasters? Or they are so used to disasters that they don’t think these would pose barriers and challenges with regard their mobility, safety, productivity and civility? 18
  20. 20. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Workshop 2: Identifying policies and actions being done by the government, the business and private sector, and the citizens were done in three levels (1) that should be stopped; (2) continue and; (3) start doing to be able for a better and orderly traffic and transport situation in Metro Manila. (Pagtukoy ng mga hakbangin (policy or action) na dapat itigil, dapat ipagpatuloy, o dapat simulan ng gobyerno, mga negosyante na nasa pribadong sector, at mga mamamayan upang mapabuti ang pag-gamit ng mga lansangan sa Metro Manila) Using meta-cards each participant was asked to identify actions and policies currently being done by the key players in Metro Manila transport system and determine which among these actions and policies should be stopped, continue or start doing if certain actions have not been introduced. (See Table 2. Actions and Policies) Mr. Cordova discussing answers in Workshop 2 19
  21. 21. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Table 2. Policies and Actions being done by government, private sector and citizens that should stop; continue and start doing for a better and orderly traffic and transport situation in Metro Manila MOBILITY GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR STOP CONTINUE STOP CONTINUE START DOING DOING START DOING DOING DOING DOING package deal study how to long-term no to provide rationalize for stop establish urban planning parking capital for pubic lights that clean fees environment transport do not work transport sustainable routes system, e.g. transport E-Vehicle unregulated car ownership study the implications of having motorcycle lanes/MMDA blue lanes implementatio n of laws/ordinanc es and magna carta on PWDs no palakasan process (nepotism) center for license/passp orts build elevated bike lanes, parallel to LRT/MRT stop Private Emission Testing Subway declogging of esteros and canals allow governm ent to stop Private Emission Testing Compani es (PETC) disregardi ng traffic cause by their projects "No Return, No STOP DOING driving without license littering -throwing garbage anywhere CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING monitor gov't policies and project re: National Environment ally Sustainable Transport continue use of bikes to inspire others companies that have a "share-aride" policy online processing of documents shuttle services for employees add MRT cabins carpool to lessen cars on the road mixed-use (by Ayala Land Corp), identify new LRT/MRT START DOING exercise discipline -start it at home citizens should rediscover the art of walking support Pasig River Ferry and its observe punctuality 20
  22. 22. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING Companies (PETC) Stop releasing funds for unclear purposes centralizatio n of document processing GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING planning central transport terminals stricter traffic impact assessment requirements for new development establish a comprehensiv e metro-wide bike lane network to create mass transit system to connect the whole archipelago "ningas increase kugon" (easy LRT/MRT to start but lines will not last long) connect all LRT and MRT lines stop 'kotong cop' (scalawag police) public officials should use public transpo improvement on transportatio n technology (traffic lights/signals) PRIVATE SECTOR STOP CONTINUE START DOING DOING DOING Exchange e.g., The lines " Policy Fort/Global City to have One-stop use of social shops inside smart card responsib malls for ility MRTs/LRTs loading and unloading to undesigna ted loading and unloading areas STOP DOING CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING rehabilitation START DOING advocate and support mass transport system/biking revive river transport (MarkingPasigMarkina) follow traffic laws and regulations reduce car use in city centers; observe car less days implement (make it real) the rights of PWDs exploring other modes of transportatio n 21
  23. 23. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING stop issuing new transport franchises GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING more establish HOV advanced lanes for techniques motorists STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING gas/petrol tax increase? Or transparen cy for allocation of funds towards infrastructu re bike share (LGU, MMDA Program? PPP?) too much power in the hands of private transport operators one-stop shops promote carfree days in a week Expensive and nonpedestrian friendly footbridges extension of MRT-LRT (outise Metro Manila to Mega Manila) pass GB 5240 into law 'bike parking bill" consider upgrading the LRT/MRT system CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING Include ramps for bikes and also for footbridges be technically specific on the dimensions of stairs used on footbridges for PWDs and children with school bags STOP DOING improve sidewalks around their projects providing free vehicles/fuel to gov't officials 22
  24. 24. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING unscheduled road repair GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING designated establish BRT provincial routes bus lanes stop using new cars without plates color coding (in Marikina and other cities) stop focusing on policies on transport fares higher tax on car ownership gov't start consulting bike commuters prior to building bike lanes STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING establish offices/wor k place near labor resources establish bike commuter amenities at work such as parking/sho wer facilities abolish boundary system for PUV driver STOP DOING CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING consider teaming up with private sectors in creating the train lines for a win-win situation when developing the 23
  25. 25. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 SAFET Y STOP DOING installation of concrete barriers on major roads GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING continue road projects provide comfortable, safe, reliable public transport system creation of elevated or hanging pedestrian lanes minimize issuance of jeepney/bus franchise improve sidewalks/ walkability regulate mass transits (bus and jeepney) centralized transport staggered work hours insurance policy for the drivers STOP DOING regulate selling of installme nt PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING accessibility of an area sell only safe and guaranteed products STOP DOING road rage CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING be vigilant to monitor gov't projects 24
  26. 26. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING corruption "Napoles style" GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING implementati on of the rules and regulations in traffic requirearchite cts/ engineers to build and design disabledfriendly facilities monitor projects according to safety standards construct more underpasses and walkways like in Makati - throughout the Metropolis to put covers on manholes improve the pedestrians walkways PRIVATE SECTOR STOP CONTINUE START DOING DOING DOING motorcyc les especially to those who do not even have driver's license STOP DOING loading and unloading in undesignat ed loading/unl oading areas CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING be vigilant against corruption (safeguard the country's wealth) be vigilant against crimes to put appropriate bus and jeepney stops 25
  27. 27. PRODUCTIVITY Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING confiscation of driver's license to save time, minimize and eradicate corruption, increase government revenues discriminati on between the rich and the poor allowing LGUs to give permits to tricycle to operate corruption GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING housing alternative program livelihood for drivers appoint urban planners in the government limit number of tricycle registration STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING mall hiring no age limit; no height requirem ent service vehicles for employees coordinate with governmen t CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING be involve for their own development START DOING observe punctuality provide jobs for PWDs overcome greed for profit STOP DOING tardiness rationalize franchising of vehicles more benefits for the highway enforcement more options for work at home/flexitime education campaigns and information dissemination in barangay level for the welfare of its discipline among policemen, traffic aids, drivers and commuters support materials needed and food/transpo rtation for employees attending seminars take photo or video of any violations force gov't to live close be to work transparent in the allocation of funds and decisionmaking organize themselves as a strong consumer group be vigilant in monitoring gov't projects 26
  28. 28. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING giving "over" franchise to vehicles GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING constituents hiring traffic enforcers turn off street lights (5am6pm) - they are left "on" until it is busted action! STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING concern for others STOP DOING CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING staggered work shifts to later times to beat traffic/ rush hour (11am9pm?) send 'address verification card' to all drivers as a pre-requisite for renewal of license and use said card for renewal send driving violation notice via registered mail to violator's postal address and pay via bank or remittance centers 27
  29. 29. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING Some gov't should have a mid-week break but open on Saturdays or Sundays Institutions should provide discounts to those who don't use parking spaces Giving of incentives to those people who bike to work, school or any other places Incorporate transport cards in ID.This can also pay for things apprehend real traffic violators - not just private vehicle drivers STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING STOP DOING CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING 28
  30. 30. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING to upgrade the payment system for commuters (Ex. Unified card system for payment for LRTs/MRTs/ bus/jeepneys, etc. give other options so motorists will refrain from using twostrokes/fourstrokes --this will also prevent air pollution upgrade the "penalty system" for motorists and civilians when they do not follow the rules STOP DOING PRIVATE SECTOR CONTINUE START DOING DOING STOP DOING CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING START DOING 29
  31. 31. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 STOP DOING acting like politicians CIVILITY corruption using road repairs as campaign tool GOVERNMENT CONTINUE DOING START DOING provide training/semin appropriate ar/ public consultation infrastructure awareness to for the needs of commuters PWDs, bikers more bike lanes teach children how to cross streets/use public transport how to be street mart DepEd to educate children on bike use/safety create and encourage the use of bikes seminars for drivers on the rights of PWDs PRIVATE SECTOR STOP CONTINUE START DOING DOING DOING no practice business contractu genuine CSR establishme alization nts do not for use workers pedestrian space for themselves discrimin ation against cyclists STOP DOING stop bribing the police/ traffic enforcers using priority seats elderly PWD and pregnant women throwing garbage on roads CITIZENS CONTINUE DOING be vigilant observe cleanliness and hygiene in public places START DOING observe discipline at all times caring for others ( no man is an island) concert, respect, and understand PWDs observe discipline as motorist/co mmuters/ pedestrians observe hygiene and cleanliness (avoid spitting in public) 30
  32. 32. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 The table of responses showed that good policies and actions of both the government and the private sectors exist. However, some of these policies/actions need to be refined.Corruption and the lack of proper planning hinder the implementation of these policies and actions towards a more inclusive transport system in Metro Manila. On the part of the citizens, they should practice discipline and respect (to elderly, women, and PWDs) and change their ‘no care’ attitude to improve their own mobility, safety, productivity, and civility..at all;, 2). Same with Workshop 1, there was no discussion on the issue of disaster in this particular workshop. Workshop 3: Setting Priorities - Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Plans for the government, the private sector and the citizens. (Paglalatag ng mga napiling hakbangin na ipinpanukalang maging prayoridad ng gobyerno, mga negosyante/nasa pribadong sector, at mga mamamayan ayon sa immediate, short-term, at long term). Presentors of each group discussed their answers in Workshop 3. In this particular workshop, the participants were given the liberty to choose among the key issues – mobility, safety, productivity, and civility). These four group of key issues came up with action plans and determined which among these action plans are immediate (can be done within the next year), short term (can be done within the next three years), or long term (can be done within the next ten years). The plans drawn by all the four groups clearly define the priorities of each of the three sectors – the government, the private sector and the citizens themselves. (See Table 3. Action Plans) 31
  33. 33. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Table 3. Identified Priorities and Action Plan (Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term) GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) map out all bus stops/waiting sheds for creation of 'PWD, Pregrant Women-friendly' waiting shed designs MOBILITY Immediate estimate cost/source of funding for sidewalks and bikeways government to protect the use of setbacks/pede strian lanes (to minimize gov't cost of re-acquiring ROW) conduct inventory of all modes of transportation (e.g., access data of regulators review design standards and specifications of sidewalks incentives for private sector to provide setbacks/ease ment for pedestrians businesses should be aware that sooner or later they have to give up spaces for pedestrians should police 'own rank' against overcharging particularly (TODA) encourage walking encourage bike to work 32
  34. 34. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) Engineering department should start building code implementation for setbacks/easement re-design public transport/ vehicles for PWDs offer subsidy/business opportunities to waiting sheds and buses report violations create more spaces in public elementary schools for waiting parents be in-sync with gov't -- no vague tag lines "kailangan ng disiplina, kailangan ng sidewalk/bikeway s"; present own proposals, solution e.g. 'how and how much? Even answers to legal impediments post in facebook and other social media accounts any complaints and suggestions 33
  35. 35. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) help reduce pollution -through tree planting and tree nurturing SAFETY strictly enforce traffic laws -- assign more traffic enforcers to delinquent places more convenient and up-tostandards PWD facilities creation of gated platform for LRTs/MRTs creation of insurance policy programs for drivers and highway enforcers installing street lights and waiting sheds in dark places invest in sustainable/e nvironmentfriendly transport system observe traffic safety practices vote for policy-makers who listen and pay attention to the needs of the people proper implementation of designated 'loading and unloading areas' create designated pedestrian lanes only for PWDs provide 'walkable' walkways outside train terminals creation of regular maintenance policy for vehicles (checkup) support the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4 Ps) institutionaliz e traffic safety as early as grade school be vigilant report dilapidated roads that may not be safe for motorists and pedestrians use designated 'loading and unloading areas' strict implementation of 'standard road safety' include road skills/streetsmart (crossing streets, street signs, traffic signs) in school create of a 'comprehensive disaster response management plan' create of a 'comprehen-sive disaster response management plan' create of a 'comprehensive disaster response management plan' create of a 'comprehensive disaster response management plan' create of a 'comprehe n-sive disaster response manageme nt plan' create of a 'comprehensive disaster response management plan' create of a 'comprehensive disaster response management plan' 34
  36. 36. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) curriculum strict implementation of 'magna carta for PWDs' creation of jobs for PWDs stop selling of motorcycles to unlicensed drivers creation of disaster mgm’t & preparedness plan creation of National ID system (more efficient) support infrastructure projects for PWDs creation of jobs for PWDs creation of disaster mgm’t & preparedness plan in workplace change driving culture (profitdriven) stop littering be ‘concerned’ observe punctuality/ above tardiness -live closer to work creation of disaster mgm’t & preparedness plan in community level 35
  37. 37. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) apprehension of 'real traffic violators' given 'tax incentives' for citizens who bike/walk to work and also for commuters creation of infrastructures for PWDS provision of 'bike plans' be vigilant provision of 'bike plans' PRODUCTIVITY Immediate rationalizatio n of 'public utility vehicles (PUV)' franchising provide more housing programs for the poor creation of flexible work hours/homebased jobs plan for trips support EVehicles provision of service vehicles/shuttle services for employees creation of flexible work hours/ homebased jobs every citizen should own a bicycle 36
  38. 38. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) review existing transport policies (e.g., bike/ motorcycle lanes; obtain feedback/informatio n from actual practitioners) convert riverbanks to bikelanes and parks implementatio n of a master plan for a safe, appropriate, environmental -friendly metro-wide public transport network stop corruption immediate information campaigns on traffic/ transport protocols/rules and immediate enforcement and implementation of construction of public infrastructure for commuters all transport sectors should shift to 'clean and efficient vehicles' (electric vehicles, solar, use of other alternative business establishments should stop using public spaces as their own CIVILITY provision of service vehicles/shuttle services for employees businesses should establish a sense of public responsibility by funding maintenance of public transport infrastructures stop corruption stop corruption stop corruption observe proper hygiene and cleanliness especially in public spaces observe proper hygiene and cleanliness especially in public spaces observe proper hygiene and cleanliness especially in public spaces 37
  39. 39. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) said rules stop corruption fuels) DepEd to include in curriculum traffic rules/regulati ons as early as the primary level teach kids how to ride bikes and safety precautions stop bribery stop bribery stop bribery stop bribery observe courtesy at all times observe courtesy at all times observe courtesy at all times 38
  40. 40. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR CITIZENS Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term Immediate Short Term Long Term (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) (1 yr) (3 yrs) (10 yrs) observe personal 'car less' days observe personal 'car less' days observe personal 'car less' days be aware, be concerned, be vigilant - know your neighbors be aware, be concerned, be vigilant -know your neighbors be aware, be concerned, be vigilant -know your neighbors practice car-pooling practice carpooling practice carpooling understand /care/respe ct PWDS understand/ca re/respect PWDS understand/ca re/respect PWDS 39
  41. 41. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 During the open forum, there was a discussion on how Metro Manila and its people will be able to maintain its ‘civility’ in case of crisis and disasters. All the groups are in agreement that a module on this matter should be part of the disaster management and preparedness plan and the plan should be for immediate, short-term and long-term. It was also emphasized that all action plans that should be created by the government, private sector, and the citizens should have “disaster-resilient features” given that our country is disasterprone. Synthesis In summary, the action plans identified by each of the group are very substantive and would be relevant and beneficial in our quest for a new face of Metro Manila. The common denominators to be able to reach our goal of having an inclusive and resilient Metro Manila which cut across all sectors are as follows:  Corruption – should be eradicated because it is the root of bad citizenship -- without good citizenship there is no ‘civility’;  Discipline – all sectors should practice discipline for it is the key to achieving all our aspirations for our society;  Participation – the citizens should participate in their own development and intervene ‘makialam’; should also be vigilant to be able to safeguard the welfare of their rights; and,  Cooperation – all stakeholders should work hand in hand for the good and welfare of everybody. Way Forward From left: Mr. Pio Fortuno Jr., Founder of Tiklop Society of the Philippines, Mr. Rally de Leon, Manager of Lyon Couriers, , Mr. Ronald Rodriguez, Project Assistant of Pathways to Education, and Mr. Karlo Martin Robossa, Team member/ App developer of “Trip Barkers” The next step is to formalize citizen’s agenda for mobility. Four workshop participants in the persons of Pio Fortuno, Jr. (Founder, Tiklop Society of the Philippines); Rally de Leon (Manager, Lyon Couriers); Ronald Rodriguez (Project Assistant, Pathways to Education); and, Karlo Martin Robosa (Team Member, Trip Barkers), were appointed to be members of the working group to help in the drafting of Inclusive Mobility Action Plan. Other interested participants are also welcome to join the group. Closing Dr. Romero commended the participants for their diligent and conscientious participation in the mapping workshop and thanked 40
  42. 42. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Some Photos During the Workshop Mr. Lorenzo Cordova briefing the participants about the objectives of the workshop. He also presented some highlights of the previous workshop and Dr. Segundo Romero giving his opening remarks and presenting some of the findings from the previous workshop. Dr. Danielle Guillen discussing her article published in Rappler . 41
  43. 43. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Participants prepare the metacards and pens for the the workshop after their short break. Holding their colored pens, participants started writing the barriers and enables in mobility’s physical, social, environemental, institutional, economic and technological aspecs in metacards As soon as the identification of barriers and enablers complete, participants started posting their metacards on thei table one by one. 42
  44. 44. Metro Manila Inclusive Mobility Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 October 2013 Participants are having fun during the workshop proper wherein they were instructed to brainstorm with their respective group and discuss their answers among the other groups. Because thinking makes a person hungry, participants help themselves in the food prepared for them. 43
  45. 45. ANNEX 1 Workshop Program
  46. 46. Metro Manila Transport Initiatives Mapping Workshop 17 Oktubre 2013 Function Room, Ground Floor, Faber Hall Ateneo de Manila University 8:30 – 9:00 AM 9:00 – 9:30 9:30 – 10:00 PROGRAMA Pagpaparehistro ng mga kalahok (Registration of Participants) Pagbubukas ng Programa (Opening Program) - Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas (National Anthem) - Panalangin (Prayer) - Pambungad na Pananalita (Opening Remarks) - Pagpapakilala ng mga kalahok (Introduction of Participants) Pagbabalik tanaw sa nakaraang Workshop  Video Presentation ukol sa mga naganap noong nakaraang Workshop (Video Presentation about the previous workshop)  Mga resulta ng nakaraang workshop (Brief presentation about the results of the first workshop) 10:00 – 10:10 Presentasyon ukol sa Our traffic hell, an exit strategy 10:10 – 10:15 Presentasyon ukol sa daloy ng Workshop (Presentation of Workshop Flow) 10:15 – 10:55 Workshop 1: Pagtutukoy sa mga nakakatulong at nakakabalakid sa ating mobilidad, kaligtasan, produktibidad, at urbanidad sa mga lansangan ng Metro Manila (Identification of opportunities and challenges in mobility, safety, productivity, and civility in the roads of Metro Manila) 10:55 – 11:30 Presentasyon at malayang talakayan sa mga resulta ng Workshop 1 (Presentation and discussion of Workshop 1) 11:30 – 1:00 PM Tanghalian (Lunch break) 1:00 – 1:15 Presentasyon ukol sa Workshop 2 (Briefing for the Workshop 2) 1:15 – 1:55 Workshop 2: Pagtutukoy ng mga hakbangin (polisiya o aksyon) na dapat itigil, dapat ipagpatuloy, o dapat simulan ng gobyerno, mga negosyante/ nasa pribadong sektor, at mga mamamayan Dr. Segundo R. Romero Director, iBoP Asia Program Dr. Segundo R. Romero Director, iBoP Asia Program Dr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen Director, iBoP Asia Program
  47. 47. upang mapabuti ang pag-gamit natin ng mga lansangan sa Metro Manila 1:55 – 2:25 Presentasyon at malayang talakayan sa mga resulta ng Workshop 2 (Presentation and discussion of Workshop 2) 2:25 – 2:30 Presentasyon ukol sa Workshop 3 (Briefing for the Workshop 3) 2:30 – 3:10 Workshop 3: Paglalatag ng mga napiling hakbangin na ipinapanukalang maging prayoridad ng gobyerno mga negosyante/ nasa pribadong sektor, at mga mamamayan ayon sa short-term, medium-term, at long-term 3:10 – 3:45 Presentasyon at malayang talakayan sa mga resulta ng Workshop 3 (Workshop 3 results presentation and discussion) 3:45 – 4:15 Buod at pagtutukoy sa mga susunod na gawain (Synthesis and next steps) 4:15 – 4:45 Pagkakataon para mga kalahok na ianunsyo ang kanilang mga adbokasiya at aktibidad Pagtatapos ng Programa (Pamimigay ng evaluation form at sertipiko ng pagsali) (Closing of the Program and distribution of evaluation form and certificate of participation) 4:45 – 5:00 Workshop participants
  48. 48. ANNEX 2 List of Participants
  49. 49. METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION TITLE LAST NAME FIRST NAME COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVE Agad Samuel DESIGNATION/ AFFILIATION Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Mr. Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Mr. Bellaga Cyrus Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Mr. Morado Teofilo Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Pasaylo Lanie Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Samson Jinky Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Santacera Gloria Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Tercias Mary Rose Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Whelan Herminia Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Tumawan Amelia Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Biñas Rosemarie Community Representative Brgy. Manggahan, Pasig City Ms. Santos Esperanza Community Representative Tiklop Society of the Philippines Mr. Tiklop Society of the Philippines Ms. Fortuno Ethel Hinge Membership Chair Tiklop Society of the Philippines Mr. Fortuno Jr. Pio Founder LOCAL/ INTL NGO del castillo Marlon Community Representative Member Faber Hall Function Room, Ateneo de Manila University | October 17, 2013
  50. 50. METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION TITLE LAST NAME Hidalgo Kintanar Osorio Rodriguez FIRST NAME Tiklop Society of the Philippines/ Environweave CIOF Foundation Inc. ANSA Pathways to Higher Education Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Ged George Chad Ronald Partnership for Clean Air Operation Katipunan Ms. Ms. Lyon Couriers JAM Transport JAM Transport JAM Transport Trip Barker Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. University of Pennsylvania Mr. UP Chemistry ATENEO-UNIID-SEA ATENEO-UNIID-SEA ATENEO-UNIID-SEA Mr. Ms. Ms. Mr. Ms. Ayala Land, Inc Mr. Ateneo School of Government Ms. Ateneo School of Government ATENEO SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT Dr. Romero Segundo Joaquin DESIGNATION/ AFFILIATION ged.hidalgo@gmail.com Chairman Contracts Management Specialist Project Assistant Segovia Victoria Tolentiono Trina SUPPLY de Leon Rally Mapili Rene Quizon Geronimo Fernan Alejandro Robosa Karlo Martin MEDIA/ ACADEME Apelar Jezreel Executive Director Executive Director Garcia Cep So Regina De Guzman Dana Tan Aildrene Pantoja Claire PRIVATE SECTOR Tan Salvador student Associate Professor Communication Officer Research Associate Project Associate YOUTH Gatarin Gina Manager VP for HR/Admin VP for Engineering Team Member Postgrad Senior Division Manager Consultant Program Director Faber Hall Function Room, Ateneo de Manila University | October 17, 2013
  51. 51. METRO MANILA TRANSPORT CHALLENGE MAPPING WORKSHOP II OCTOBER 17, 2013, 8:30AM-5:00PM SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION TITLE LAST NAME FIRST NAME DESIGNATION/ AFFILIATION Ateneo School of Government Dr. Guillen, Marie Danielle Senior Research Associate Ateneo School of Government Mr. Cordova Lorenzo Research Associate Ateneo School of Government Ms. Pineda Althea Muriel Project Associate Ateneo School of Government Ms. Doble Creselda Project Manager Ateneo School of Government Ms. Rabe Cora Staff Ateneo School of Government Mr. Sawyer Tom Staff North Eyes Video Productions Ms. Valdez Joanne Photo/Video Documenter North Eyes Video Productions Ms. Valdez Fatly Brix Photo/Video Documenter North Eyes Video Productions Mr. Remolario Mark Cameraman North Eyes Video Productions Ms. Llige Paola Cameraman North Eyes Video Productions Mr. Pedregosa Ruby Videographer Faber Hall Function Room, Ateneo de Manila University | October 17, 2013
  52. 52. ANNEX 3 Copy of presentation Inclusive Mobility Workshop 2 By Dr. Segundo Joaquin E. Romero Jr.
  53. 53. INCLUSIVE MOBILITY WORKSHOP 2 October 17, 2013 Faver Hall, Ateneo de Manila University
  54. 54. Objectives of the Workshop • Desired Impact: Inclusive Mobility – Mobility for all, by all • Desired Outcome: Inclusive Mobility Network of key transport stakeholders (users and service providers, government, private sector, and civil society) organized to advocate and help implement an inclusive mobility action plan. • Desired Output: Outline of an Inclusive Mobility Action Plan for presentation to the MMDA Traffic and Transport Summit in November 2013. • Activities: • Review of Previous Workshop Outputs • Presentation on current issues on mobility in Metro Manila • Workshop on enablers and barriers to mobility, safety, productivity, and civility in Metro Manila • Workshop on what to stop, continue, and start doing to enhance inclusive mobility • Workshop on strategy diagram for inclusive mobility in Metro Manila, 2013-2019
  55. 55. What is Inclusive Mobility? A transport system that works for the poor and the vulnerable 2. Moving people, not vehicles 4. Clean air, clean streets, clean vehicles and clean facilities Sharing information to increase connectivity and accessibility 8. Making our neighborhood more accessible to the rest of the city 9. Changing mindsets and behaviors – the authorities’ as well as ours Mobility with safe and civility 5. Planning and communicating better and travel less A walkable, bikeable and accessible city 3. 6. 7. 1. 10. Mobility of all, for all, by all
  56. 56. Dimensions of Overall Inclusive Mobility • MOBILITY • Ability to access remote destinations at least time and cost • SAFETY • Assurance against loss of life, limb, and property within the transport system • PRODUCTIVITY • Opportunity and conditions for higher quality and quantity of goods and services • CIVILITY • Order, dignity, respect, cooperation, and encouraging social environment
  57. 57. REVIEW OF OUTPUTS OF PREVIOUS WORKSHOP
  58. 58. In What Capacity Do You Experience Transport Conditions in Primary Secondary Metro Manila? As … Experience Experience Bus commuters 8 6 Jeepney commuters 6 16 Pedicab commuters 2 6 Tricycle commuters 8 8 Pedestrians 3 11 Bicycle riders 13 7 Motorcycle riders 1 Tricycle drivers 1 as private vehicle riders 8 9 TOTAL 13 24 7 16 12 17 1 1 18 Train (MRTs and LRTs) commuters 5 13 19 AUV/FX/GT Express commuters 5 4 10 Taxi riders TOTAL 1 59 8 90 9 149 In what capacity do you experience the transport conditions in Metro Manila? Distribution of Participants
  59. 59. Perceived Positive Aspects of the Metro Manila Transport System • Traffic gives us time to think; you can even write one book because of the long hours you spend in traffic • Presence of waiting sheds that serve as loading • Jeepneys are unique to the Philippines -- provide experience that is unique to our culture • Transport and traffic situation in MM is very challenging -- everyday is like an obstacle course and unloading areas • Presence of MRTS and LRTs which make it easier for us to travel • Get to enjoy the murals and the artworks painted on the walls of Metro Manila • Ample choices of mode of transportation (bus, train, jeepney, tricycle, pedicab, etc.) / can even go bi-modal • Our tranport system is adoptive to the situation that it calls for – when there’s flood transpo system can adjust • The discount fare for students and senior citizens • You can witness the different dramas on the road • Our traffic situation is very exciting -- it's like bunjee jumping, as if you're always in suspended animation • As drivers you can opt to use other modes of transportation, like motorbikes or bicycles • There are still courteous and considerate drivers • THERE'S A PROBLEM BUT THERE IS A SOLUTION! • THERE'S STILL HOPE!
  60. 60. Perceived Negative Aspects of the Metro Manila Transport System • Our transportation systems bring about air pollution that is harmful to our health and environment • Drivers lack discipline • It is not safe to move around by bicycle because of the absence of bike lane
  61. 61. Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 1 Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Secondary Bicycle rider (Only way for 7 cases) Primary bus commuter (Only way for 3 cases) Bicycle rider  private vehicle driver bus commuter  pedicab commuter Bicycle rider  private vehicle driver bus commuter  jeepney commuter Bicycle rider  train commuter bus commuter Bicycle rider  jeepney commuter Bicycle rider    Pedestrian private vehicle driver train commuter      jeepney commuter pedestrian tricycle rider AUV/FX/ GT Express taxi commuter bus commuter    private vehicle driver train commuter taxi commuter      tricycle commuter pedestrian train commuter AUV/FX/GT Express taxi commuter bus commuter       jeepney commuter pedestrian bicycle rider private vehicle driver train commuter taxi commuter Secondary Primary Bicycle rider
  62. 62. Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 2 Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary private vehicle driver Secondary (Only way for 1 case) private vehicle driver private vehicle driver      Bicycle Rider private vehicle driver Pedestrian bicycle rider Bicycle Rider private vehicle driver private vehicle driver   Bicycle Rider tricycle commuter private vehicle driver     jeepney commuter train commuter Pedestrian train commuter private vehicle driver private vehicle driver Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary jeepney commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter              Secondary bus commuter tricycle commuter bus commuter tricycle commuter pedicab commuter pedestrian train commuter tricycle commuter private vehicle driver AUV/FX/GT Express taxi commuter AUV/FX/GT Express bus commuter
  63. 63. Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 3 Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads tricycle tricycle tricycle tricycle tricycle tricycle tricycle Primary commuter commuter commuter commuter commuter commuter commuter tricycle commuter           Secondary Pedestrian Pedestrian jeepney commuter pedicab commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter jeepney commuter pedicab commuter jeepney commuter private vehicle driver Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary AUV/FX/GT Express Secondary (Only way for 2 cases) AUV/FX/GT Express           AUV/FX/GT Express AUV/FX/GT Express train commuter taxi commuter jeepney commuter train commuter bus commuter jeepney commuter tricycle commuter pedicab commuter train commuter taxi commuter
  64. 64. Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 4 Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary train commuter train commuter train commuter train commuter Secondary (Only way for 1 case)  motorcycle driver  Pedestrian  jeepney commuter  jeepney commuter  tricycle commuter  taxi commuter Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary Pedestrian pedestrian pedestrian Secondary (Only way for 1 case)       bus commuter jeepney commuter bus commuter bicycle rider private vehicle driver train commuter
  65. 65. Ways of Experiencing the Metro Manila Transport System … 5 Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary pedicab pedicab Secondary (Only way for 1 case)    jeepney commuter tricycle commuter bicycle rider Ways of Experiencing Metro Manila Roads Primary Taxi commuter   Secondary Pedestrian train commuter
  66. 66. Evaluating Modes of Transport MODE OF TRANSPO MOBILITY SAFETY PRODUCTIVITY CIVILITY POSITIVE (+) POSITIVE (+) NEGATIVE (-) POSITIVE (+) NEGATIVE (-) POSITIVE (+) NEGATIVE (-) POSITIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES & BENEFITS AUV/FX NEGATIVE (-) NEGATIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES POSITIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES & BENEFITS NEGATIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES POSITIVE CONDITIONS / FEATURES & BENEFITS NEGATIVE CONDITIONS / FEATURES POSITIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES & BENEFITS NEGATIVE CONDITIONS/ FEATURES comfortable --non-stop trip (derecho ang biyahe) irregular supply lacks terminal old model FX small space -very uncomfortable feels unsafe Faster travel / lesser time on the road waiting is longer because of long ques fare is more expensive No fare discounts for students and senior citizens comfortable with airconditioning uncomfortable not enough space
  67. 67. ANNEX 4 Copy of presentation Traffic Hell, An Exit Strategy by Dr. Marie Danielle V. Guillen
  68. 68. Dean Tony La Viña & Marie Danielle Guillen PhD Posted in Rappler.com 15 October 2013
  69. 69. Photo Sources Left: pinoyjourn.wordpress.com Right: the-jurist.blogspot.com
  70. 70.  Who Photo Source: EDD Gumban Philstar.com is to be blamed?
  71. 71. People’s productivity losses in traffic is equivalent to: 2 months worth of remittances 1.4% of total Philippine economy 
  72. 72. How do we overcome the mobility challenges?
  73. 73.    80% Metro Manilans takes public transport 13,067 buses in MM 70% provincial buses EDSA:  Out of 300K buses, only 1.2% are city buses  145,800 commuters  444,600 motorists (ave. 1.5 occupancy level per pv) MRT:  540,000 passengers daily
  74. 74.      Importance of Travel Survey Data Before and after studies Sustainable transport planning & mobility management cycle “Walk the talk” Government agencies mandates
  75. 75. Photo Source: Bicycleperth.blogspot.com
  76. 76. Build partnerships  Consider what commuters want  Consider road geometry rather than debate on technology  Seamless connections among different public transport modes & connecting every community  Most efficient transit systems focus on frequency, duration, speed, reliability, and capacity  Get our act together rather than debate on merits 
  77. 77. THOUGHT LEADERS Our traffic hell, an exit strategy BY DEAN TONY LA VIÑA AND DANIELLE GUILLEN, PHD POSTED ON 10/15/2013 7:21 PM | UPDATED 10/15/2013 7:47 PM These past two weeks, due to floods or bomb threats, many residents of Metro Manila were caught in monstrous traffic jams. Based on social media and radio reports, it is clear that citizens are reaching a breaking point. The anger is palpable, the blame laid squarely on the government and especially the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA). It is our sense that we have reached a new low in the transportation crisis in the city and that the people’s frustration is reaching a new peak. Unfortunately, this will not necessarily translate into rational and good decisions by government bodies, including local governments. Take Manila’s ordinance regulating the entry of city and provincial buses — allowing only those with terminals in Manila, to enter the city. This ordinance has been controversial, with complaints from both bus operators and commuters accompanying perceived gains in traffic reduction. Questions have also been raised about the consequences of locating bus terminal hubs in strategic places in the north and south outskirts of Metro Manila. This is now being implemented by the MMDA for buses coming from the south, and it has been terrible seeing the chaos in the terminal during its first weeks of operation. Commuters are not only suffering major inconveniences but their commuting budgets have also increased considerably. Indeed, if Metro Manila were a human body, it would be suffering from a terrible disease. It is a disease that, as of 2011, is costing us P137.5 billion, according to a study made by the UP National Center for Transportation. The challenge is how to treat this disease immediately since it can also spell the difference in the country’s inclusive growth. But can we really say the disease has been properly identified? Assured destruction In this piece, we argue that traffic is not the main problem. If this is the lens we use to frame what we are facing, we are likely to make matters worse. The better approach is to see the challenge
  78. 78. as one of inclusive mobility – that what we need in Metro Manila is a public transportation system that is affordable and can move people efficiently from their homes to their work places, and to and from centers of commerce and community life. We credit Manila and the MMDA for exerting efforts to solve the problem, but we contend that their approaches are wrong and will lead only to MAD-ness. By MAD, we mean the concept of Mutually Assured Destruction, a concept popularized in the Cold War when nuclear war was deterred by the assurance of such destruction. In the case of our transportation crisis, if this continues, other local governments will retaliate against Manila, and commuters will defy the rules, and worse, resort to even more colorum vehicles. Certainly by punishing the commuting public, those who take public transportation will now resort to private vehicles and just exacerbate traffic and chaos in our streets. At the end of this think piece, we suggest options that could help us overcome the mobility challenge, a way out of MAD. Statistics and the big picture Available statistics cover mostly the number of buses but seldom the number of passengers during peak hours. Earlier, Rappler reported that according to the MMDA, there are 13,067 buses running in Metro Manila each day and around 60% (7,368) are from the provinces. If we used this data and the average reported bus loading capacity of 40.5 passengers (vis-à-vis 60 for full capacity), this will mean that the current bus system carries 529,213.5 passengers a day. Other reports also say that EDSA can accommodate only 1,600 bus units daily. If we used the current bus average loading capacity at 40.5 passengers, this number will conservatively carry only around 64,000 commuters. However the current reported statistics show that out of the estimated 300,000 vehicles using EDSA, only 1.2% (or 3,600) are city buses. The data means that 24-km EDSA carries 145,800 commuters and 444,600 motorists (on average 1.5 occupancy level per private vehicle) daily. The MRT is designed to carry around 350,000 passengers but according to estimates, as many as 540,000 passengers use the MRT daily. Metro Manila has a population of around 12 million (night time) and 14 million (day time). Given that 80% of this daytime population takes public transport, then obviously, the current number of buses and train coaches is inadequate. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why it is very difficult to weed out “colorum” buses. However, this is not to say that “colorum” buses are good. Anything illegal is always wrong. And anything that disrupts the smooth flow of traffic, especially those vehicles carrying the most number of individuals/commuters like buses, is bad. But we believe it is time to look beyond the obvious. It is time to look at the big picture and learn to understand what matters most — mobility or the lack of it. At the end of the day, every Metro
  79. 79. Manilan would love to have the option to choose which would be the easiest route, the most environmentally-friendly, the most socially friendly, or the cheapest one. Research and the implementation cycle In the transport sector, one of the most important data to study is the travel survey data which contain the origin-destination (including transfer points), trip purpose, transport modes, and travel time used, among others. In most developed countries like Japan and the US, this kind of survey is already institutionalized. In the US, it is even being done periodically and the goal is quite clear: to assist transportation planners and policy makers who need comprehensive data on travel. In Guangzou, China — winner of the 2011 Sustainable Urban Transport — there were beforeand-after studies (http://www.chinabestpractices.net/) for every project. They tracked down changes in physical aspects, movement, and how the public feels about them. This then becomes the basis for further improvement and for communicating information to the public. In most cities of developed countries, a typical sustainable transport planning and mobility management cycle includes research (data collection); policy (if new ones or some revisions are needed); policy/project implementation; evaluation (research again); and improvement. More importantly, mayors, transport leaders and policy makers “walk the talk.” In other words, they also use the public transport system and have a feel of the city to guide policy formulation. Manila is the classic case that uses the cycle of “policy-implementation-evaluation-improvement” without seriously looking at the number of commuters affected. The same seems to be true for EDSA. MMDA has tried so many schemes on EDSA but most of these are related to regulating bus traffic. In fact, various versions of dispatching schemes have been tried and so far, none have worked very well. It is important to note that MMDA is also limited by its mandate where buses are concerned. There is also the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) which is tasked to address franchise violations and enforce rules in such a way that bus companies are encouraged to improve their services. It would be interesting to know how many of these erring companies were sanctioned, but it’s also worth knowing how many commuters were directly affected. On the other hand, the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC), the agency mandated to come up with solutions to our mobility needs, has been known to be working on a number of mass public transport projects.
  80. 80. In particular, it has been working on the acquisition of additional coaches to address the long overdue capacity expansion of the MRT Line 3. But the MRT Line 3 is considered a light rail transit that was built along EDSA despite the need for a higher capacity system. There could be new coaches, there might be improvement in the system, but the reality is, they will never be enough. Transport hierarchy The road-sharing concept supports the belief that the movement of people and things should follow the simple principle, “those who have less in wheels must have more in roads.” This is incorporated in the Philippine Environmentally Sustainable Transport Framework (DOTC 2011). According to the report, the system should favor non-motorized locomotion and collective transportation systems. As most transport scientists will attest, it is important to take note of this transport hierarchy: pedestrian, cyclist, mass public transport (trains like PNR or Philippine National Railways, MRT, LRTs, bus, and paratransit modes like PUJs, FXs), then private vehicles in that order. Any roads built should prioritize pedestrians, cyclists, and mass public transport first. It is important to realize that only when we move the majority of people instead of vehicles can we effectively decongest our roads. There is a need to also learn the lessons from abroad on how this concept is effectively applied using various innovations in improving bus systems or implementing bus rapid transit (BRT) systems. For instance, one can learn from the experience of Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority in the US, wherein officials secured partnerships with the community once the bus services improved. They had partnerships with college campuses, shopping centers, apartment complexes, and then asked them to pay for the better service. With a number of school campuses and growing Central Business Districts (CBDs) in Metro Manila, such partnerships are certainly worth considering. There are instances that a city decides to enhance transit in a densely populated corridor or build an entirely new system for the metro region and more often than not BRTs and LRTs are considered. The two have many similarities, including (when done properly) exclusive lanes and attractive stations. BRT proponents often highlight the price, while LRT proponents usually point to capacity and style asmarketing points. BRT as a comprehensive transport choice is best seen in Curitiba, Brazil, Bogota, Columbia, Guangzhou, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. What’s best
  81. 81. At the end of the day, it is best to consider what the commuters want, as well as to learn from past mistakes and from international models. The motorists may want speed, but for commuters it is the frequency of available modes of transportation. Rather than debate on the technology, it is best to consider road geometry. Instead of focusing on direct service, there should be more seamless connections among the different public transport modes available, which, in turn, are connected to every community. Jarret Walker summarizes it well in his book, “Human Transit,” which says that most efficient transit systems focus on frequency, duration, speed, reliability, and capacity. The implementation of the bus ban and integrated bus terminal in Manila has created ripple effects on the rest of the metropolis. But rather than debate on its merits, we should get our act together and start having truly inclusive mobility. – Rappler.com http://www.rappler.com/thought-leaders/41439-traffic-hell-exit-strategy

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