Saving Money,                            Improving                           Operations?                      Introduction...
The Vision                                A Multimodal Public Transit Network Designed,                                   ...
Brunswick                                   Transportation                            Rail       Bus        Tickets       ...
Heavy Rail Commuter                             Diesel Light Rail                     High Speed Ferry                    ...
Pick an industry, and you’ll find an internet or software             company that’s transforming it right now.            ...
Pick an industry, and you’ll find an internet or software             company that’s transforming it right now.            ...
What is Open Data and what            does it have to do with                 Public Transit?              Open data is da...
What is “Crowdsourcing”            Crowdsourcing is the act of sourcing tasks traditionally performed by          specific ...
“Tech for Transit: Designing a Future System” Latitude Research 2010 http://sustainablecitiescollective.com/nextamcity/226...
 The practice has been       especially successful in the       public transit sector, where       schedule data has been ...
Closed Model                                                                Platform Model                                ...
Where is it       used?             According to        www.citygoround.org          over 197 agencies         around the ...
MBTA “App Showcase”Monday, December 12, 11
An inventory of relevent open transit data can have far-reaching effects in a rural area. Open Transit          Data has b...
Champaign-Urbana (Metro Pop. 231,892)Monday, December 12, 11
Portland, So-Portland, Biddeford                        Metro Pop. 514,098                                ?Monday, Decembe...
www.citygoround.org       What about Maine?          According to citygoround.com and the gtfs data exchange no agencies i...
Regional planning organizations have       been working on an “Intelligent  Transportation System” (ITS) in the State  of ...
These applications have all been        developed using open source or         crowdsourced data and can be       combined...
How to make it happen in                        Maine?        Mass Transit research and development tends to favor larger ...
• Regional                                       • Open       Large urban transit systems are centered       A regional tr...
Urbanist Model      Urban Core                        Suburban                             Rural/Exurban      Population D...
Regional Model                                                             Ferry, Water Taxi                              ...
Appendices-          For more details about GTFS-          OSM based applications see          contact info at endMonday, ...
Example of a popular application                          Boston MA                                                       ...
Monday, December 12, 11
Proposed Coastal Corridor for Car-Free Tourism                   Ferry                                          Rockland  ...
Brunswick/       Bath/Topsham                    Brunswick/                                          Bath/                ...
Local Transit Connections on the                   Downeaster Rail CorridorMonday, December 12, 11
For Supplemental Materials from this                          presentation and others like it scan the QR                 ...
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Open data factsheet v2

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Updated Version of Open Data Factsheet with more details on how to implement a program in Maine

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Open data factsheet v2

  1. 1. Saving Money, Improving Operations? Introduction to Open Data and Crowdsourcing in Public TransitMonday, December 12, 11
  2. 2. The Vision A Multimodal Public Transit Network Designed, Utilized and Operated By... The Public U Car Casco Share GoMaine Bay Lines Shoreline Vanpool Explorer Bike Zoom Share Turnpike Express Brunswick Explorer Amtrak Portland Downeaster East Coast Metro Bus Greenway Trail Maine Eastern Railroad Maine State Ferry Vacationers ResidentsMonday, December 12, 11
  3. 3. Brunswick Transportation Rail Bus Tickets CarShare Bike Trails Closest Schedules Maps Integrated Data Networks Leading To-Monday, December 12, 11
  4. 4. Heavy Rail Commuter Diesel Light Rail High Speed Ferry Integrated Mass Transit Networks Regionwide Rural Transit Rapid Bus Smart Ticketing All images from the North County Transit District Oceanside CAMonday, December 12, 11
  5. 5. Pick an industry, and you’ll find an internet or software company that’s transforming it right now. [Netscape founder Marc] Andreesen notes that we now have the tools to transform nearly any industry -- he points to healthcare and education as prime targets. - Nick Grossman The Opportunity for Civic Startups Web 2.0 Expo 2011 craigslist | classifieds apple | music, phones, cameras amazon | books, retail linkedin | recruiting airbnb | hotels google | direct marketing netflix | videos skype | phones twitter | news * All text and copy this slide - Nick Grossman The Opportunity for Civic Startups Web 2.0 Expo 2011Monday, December 12, 11
  6. 6. Pick an industry, and you’ll find an internet or software company that’s transforming it right now. [Netscape founder Marc] Andreesen notes that we now have the tools to transform nearly any industry -- he points to healthcare and education as prime targets. - Nick Grossman The Opportunity for Civic Startups Web 2.0 Expo 2011 The tools now exist to transform any institution craigslist | classifieds apple | music, phones, cameras amazon | books, retail linkedin | recruiting airbnb | hotels google | direct marketing netflix | videos skype | phones twitter | news * All text and copy this slide - Nick Grossman The Opportunity for Civic Startups Web 2.0 Expo 2011Monday, December 12, 11
  7. 7. What is Open Data and what does it have to do with Public Transit?     Open data is data that’s made available to software programmers.  Initially the term referred to the “Open Source” software movement, but more recent usage refers to data  by institutions in the “public domain” such as government, scientific, and education institutions, which function as “platforms” from which an ecosystem of innovative applications can be developed by anybody with the proper skills.   Monday, December 12, 11
  8. 8. What is “Crowdsourcing” Crowdsourcing is the act of sourcing tasks traditionally performed by specific individuals to a group of people or community (crowd) through an open call-.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crowdsourcing Recent studies* suggest that crowdsourcing methods may best be utilized by small/mid-sized Transit operators whose staff/budgetary limitations prevent the adoption of expensive automated formats while increasing public involvement in operations. *Mobile Transit Rider Information Via Universal Design and Crowdsourcing http://docs.trb.org/prp/11-3858.pdf Transportation Research Board 2011 *Enabling Cost Effective Trip Planners Through Open Transit Data 5/2011 National Center for Transit Research http://www.nctr.usf.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/77926.pdfMonday, December 12, 11
  9. 9. “Tech for Transit: Designing a Future System” Latitude Research 2010 http://sustainablecitiescollective.com/nextamcity/22658/latitude-transit-study-results-part-two Monthly Transportation Costs Per Household $1,000.00    Mobile transit apps use open data for schedule and real-time location information. They have revolutionized $750.00 mobility by making public transit more convenient. Their popularity is driven $500.00 in part by fluctuating fuel prices, ballooning debt, global warming, and $250.00 the ubiquity of wireless devices as the public seeks alternatives to auto Waldoboro, Maine Brunswick, Maine dependency. $0 Portland Maine Boston Mass H and T Affordability Index, Center for Neighborhood Technology. www.htaindex.orgMonday, December 12, 11
  10. 10.  The practice has been especially successful in the public transit sector, where schedule data has been made public in a standardized format called GTFS (General Transit Feed Specification), developed by Google.  More recent applications combine GTFS schedule data with a crowdsourced mapping protocol called OpenStreetMap (OSM).Monday, December 12, 11
  11. 11. Closed Model Platform Model Mobile, web & other apps API Real-time Server * This slide - Nick Grossman The Opportunity for Civic Startups Web 2.0 Expo 2011Monday, December 12, 11
  12. 12. Where is it used? According to www.citygoround.org over 197 agencies around the country provide public data, including most of the largest systems. Most agencies provide resources for developers right on their websites. Image Source citygoround.orgMonday, December 12, 11
  13. 13. MBTA “App Showcase”Monday, December 12, 11
  14. 14. An inventory of relevent open transit data can have far-reaching effects in a rural area. Open Transit Data has been released with great success in places like Portland Oregon, and Boston where over 1/3 of MBTA riders use some form of mobile app to plan their trips or locate their bus or train. Mass transit has been difficult to implement in Maine because of the low population density. However, with sufficient network adoption, a “Smart Transit” system can effectively scale its modal response much like the “Smart Grid” uses data to determine power generation. Open Transit Data Schedule a Trip Check Your Neighborhood Find A Ride Open Data Can Change The GameMonday, December 12, 11
  15. 15. Champaign-Urbana (Metro Pop. 231,892)Monday, December 12, 11
  16. 16. Portland, So-Portland, Biddeford Metro Pop. 514,098 ?Monday, December 12, 11
  17. 17. www.citygoround.org What about Maine? According to citygoround.com and the gtfs data exchange no agencies in Maine have made data available for developers. PACTS and GPCOG in Portland have taken initial steps by converting schedule data into a gtfs format but the data has not been made readily available to developers.Monday, December 12, 11
  18. 18. Regional planning organizations have been working on an “Intelligent Transportation System” (ITS) in the State of Maine since 2001. This initiative was at the cutting edge of innovation at the time but technology has advanced to the point where similar information displays can be provided for less than $150 each today.Monday, December 12, 11
  19. 19. These applications have all been developed using open source or crowdsourced data and can be combined with modified consumer devices for less than $100 each! Transit Appliance:Open Source Code +Consumer Grade Screen Display -$60 Tiramisu-Crowdsourced Transit App for www.transitappliance.org iPhone/Android http://www.tiramisutransit.com/Monday, December 12, 11
  20. 20. How to make it happen in Maine? Mass Transit research and development tends to favor larger urban metros where transit systems reach more people. However, research methods and technologies developed for NYC may not be appropriate for Portland Maine. Transit systems in small cities and towns need to be- • Regional • Scalable • Open • Managed through genuine public involvementMonday, December 12, 11
  21. 21. • Regional • Open Large urban transit systems are centered A regional transit system will transcend the around the area of highest population coverage area of any single agency density (usually a downtown) and are jurisdiction other than MDOT or USDOT. generally limited to service within a single However, the adoption of open data municipal boundary or metro area. The standards such as the GTFS-OSM format population in Maine is distributed along (recommended earlier) allows for corridors between service centers whose interagency coordination to happen where individual populations don’t exceed administrative costs and politics would’ve 60,000 people. been impossible in the past. • Scalable Genuine Public Management Regional transportation requires a wide Genuine public involvement should be spectrum of transit modes to work pursued for reasons not only to reduce together. Larger service centers should be opposition, but as a necessary function connected by a regional rail network, of day to day operations. Younger which would be supplemented by local citizens especially are beginning to use bus routes, vanpools, carpools, carshares, information networking as a public bikeshares, marine and pedestrian engagement tool. They will find a way to facilities to ensure “point to point” engage one way or another. Its up to the connectivity even to some of the most agency whether that engagement will be remote locations. positive or negative.Monday, December 12, 11
  22. 22. Urbanist Model Urban Core Suburban Rural/Exurban Population Density- High Transportation Types Periphery Population Density- Low Transportation Types-Long Population Density-- Medium Distance/Intercity Rail/Bus, Community Streetcar, Light Rail, City Bus, Transportation Types Commuter Transit Subway Service Frequency- High, less Rail, Local Bus Service Frequency-Very Low, than 15 minute intervals Service Frequency weekdays, AM to Sporadic Service Area- Within Municipal city, PM out of city Service Area- Large Area, Over Two Boundaries Service Area- Between Suburbs and Hours from urban center Management-- Municipal Urban core Management- State, Federal, Management- State, Regional Regional carfreemaine.orgMonday, December 12, 11
  23. 23. Regional Model Ferry, Water Taxi Intercity Rail, Seasonal Rail ➡ Population ➡ Distributed Land-Use Commuter Vanpools, Centers of Variable patterns concentrated Paratransit Bicycle Trails, BikeShare Size and around Service Centers Population Density Intercity Trailways, Local Metro Bus, Seasonal Trolley Taxi, carpool, carshare ➡ Regional Transit emphasizing ➡ Micro Transit Options are scaled multimodal operations and tight according to existing and potential coordination with ancillary services demand ➡ Regional Transit Hubs closely integrated with service centers Main Service CentersSecondary Service Centers carfreemaine.orgMonday, December 12, 11
  24. 24. Appendices- For more details about GTFS- OSM based applications see contact info at endMonday, December 12, 11
  25. 25. Example of a popular application Boston MA Halifax NS, 128 Minutes w/Bicycle 128 Minutes w/ BicycleMonday, December 12, 11
  26. 26. Monday, December 12, 11
  27. 27. Proposed Coastal Corridor for Car-Free Tourism Ferry Rockland Connection Maine Eastern RR Bass Harbor/ Downeaster W/ Brunswick Acadia NP Brunswick Extension Bath Saco/ Freeport Biddeford Portland WellsMonday, December 12, 11
  28. 28. Brunswick/ Bath/Topsham Brunswick/ Bath/ Topsham Portland/So. Portland/So. Portland/ Portland/ Westbrook/ Westbrook/Casco Bay Islands Casco Bay Islands Biddeford/ Saco/Old Orchard Biddeford/Saco/ Old OrchardMonday, December 12, 11
  29. 29. Local Transit Connections on the Downeaster Rail CorridorMonday, December 12, 11
  30. 30. For Supplemental Materials from this presentation and others like it scan the QR Code or just go to carfreemaine.org facebook.com/carfreemaine ajawitz@carfreemaine.org @carfreemaine 207 370 5481 youtube.com/user/carfreemaine flickr.com/user/carfreemaine CarFree MaineMonday, December 12, 11

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