Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle I

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A Bible Study series by Br. Viji Roberts of New Life Bible Chapel, looking at the characteristics of the Tabernacle and its portrayal of Jesus Christ

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Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle I

  1. 1. That I may dwell among them… Ex 25:8 Part One: Pattern
  2. 2. Ex 25:9 &quot; Exactly as I show you concerning the pattern of the tabernacle, and of all its furniture, so you shall make it. <ul><li>Seven times the word pattern is used in referring to what is in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing left to the imagination of men </li></ul><ul><li>Make it a quest to learn what God has revealed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exd 25:8 &quot;And let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell in their midst. <ul><li>Genesis : God makes a dwelling place for men. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Details in 2 chapters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exodus : God desiring to dwell with men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Details in 43 chapters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His dwelling among men is important to Him, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and so it should be for us. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>God has dwelt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With men: Ex 25:8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amongst men: Mt 1:23; John 1:14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In men: Acts 2:3 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Names of the Tabernacle: 7 Names prefigures the person and the work of Christ <ul><li>1. Ex 25:8 SANCTUARY / SACRED PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>A place set apart and Holy. (Believers / Church) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ex 25: 9 TABERNACLE / DWELLING PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>His desire to dwell among men. (Jn 1:14 / Rev 21:3) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ex 27: 21 TABERNACLE OF THE CONGREGATION </li></ul><ul><li>The coming together. The one congregation that God came to dwell among. </li></ul><ul><li>(1 Cor 12:13. One Body) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Ex 29:42 / 36:14 TENT OF THE MEETING PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>The only place and way God meets and communes with Man. </li></ul><ul><li>(Tent also represents a temporary place, a Journey) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Ex 38:21 TESTIMONY/ COVENANT </li></ul><ul><li>Ark of the covenant and the testimony of God’s holiness. Need to approach right. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Num 17: 7-8 TABERNACLE OF WITNESS </li></ul><ul><li>Aaron’s rod that budded. Witness that work of Christ is accepted. The perfect High Priest. </li></ul><ul><li>7. 1 Kings 2:28 TABERNACLE OF THE LORD </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes God’s dwelling place. (Lordship of God) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Shekinah Glory: The dwelling or presence of Yahweh <ul><li>Exd 40:33- 35 </li></ul><ul><li>And he erected the court around the tabernacle and the altar, and set </li></ul><ul><li>up the screen of the gate of the court. So Moses finished the work. </li></ul><ul><li>Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord </li></ul><ul><li>filled the tabernacle. And Moses was not able to enter the tent of </li></ul><ul><li>meeting because the cloud settled ( shakan: or the shekinah as in </li></ul><ul><li>shekinah glory ) on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hebrew word Sh'cheenah , or as we usually refer to it &quot; shekinah ,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>comes from a verb meaning to settle, inhabit or dwell. Its frequent use </li></ul><ul><li>in the Old Testament scriptures literally means the &quot;dwelling&quot; or </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;presence&quot; of Yahweh with his people. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Tabernacle vs. Temple of God: The difference <ul><li>PAST </li></ul><ul><li>Tabernacle: Temporary Place. Ex 25:15 </li></ul><ul><li>The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Temple: Permanent Place. 1Ki 8:8  </li></ul><ul><li>And they drew out the staves , that the ends of the staves were seen out in the holy [place] </li></ul><ul><li>before the oracle, and they were not seen without: and there they are unto this day. </li></ul><ul><li>Though provided as a permanent place it was only a pattern that pointed to the Future. </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>Temple: Church (Local / Corporate) 1Cr 3:16   </li></ul><ul><li>Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and [that] the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? </li></ul><ul><li>Temple: Christian (Individual) 1Cr 6:19   </li></ul><ul><li>What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>Rev 21:3 </li></ul><ul><li>And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, &quot;Behold, the dwelling place of God ( skēnē: </li></ul><ul><li>rendered eternal dwelling place ) is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his </li></ul><ul><li>people, and God himself will be with them as their God. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Tabernacle: Typifies Lord Jesus Christ <ul><li>Jn 1:14 </li></ul><ul><li>And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Jhn 5:46 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;If you believed Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote of me. </li></ul><ul><li>Luk 24:27 </li></ul><ul><li>And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Pro 25:2 </li></ul><ul><li>It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Tabernacle and Jn 14:6 (The Way, The Truth and The Life) <ul><li>Way : The outer Court with the brazen altar. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice the only means to God </li></ul><ul><li>Only one way to get in </li></ul><ul><li>Truth : Holy Place. </li></ul><ul><li>Priest entered to worship Him in Truth </li></ul><ul><li>No false fire was allowed on the altar </li></ul><ul><li>Life : Holy of Holies. </li></ul><ul><li>Life and atonement by the sprinkled </li></ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Intimacy of Worship, our lives’ purpose </li></ul>
  9. 10. Colors in the Tabernacle and the New Testament Parallel <ul><li>Purple : Mathew. King of Israel. Genealogy </li></ul><ul><li>Scarlet : Mark. Suffering Servant. No Genealogy </li></ul><ul><li>Linen : Luke. Perfect Man. Genealogy through man </li></ul><ul><li>Blue : John. Son of God. No Genealogy. </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel referred in four different ways </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel of the Kingdom :Mt 4:23 </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel of the Grace of God : Acts 20:24 </li></ul><ul><li>Everlasting Gospel : Rev 14:6 </li></ul><ul><li>My Gospel : Rom 2:16 </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel to four groups of people in Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Mathew : People of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Mark : People in Power </li></ul><ul><li>Luke : Greeks. Culture & Language </li></ul><ul><li>John : Believers </li></ul>
  10. 11. Tabernacle and the Work of Christ <ul><li>Picture of the Upper Room Ministry. </li></ul><ul><li>Jn 13-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 12: Death of our Lord is mentioned. Brazen Altar. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 13: Lord washes the feet. Brazen Laver. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 14: Introduces the table. Showbread. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 15: Vine and the branches. Golden Lamp Stand. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 16: Comforter. Incense Altar. </li></ul><ul><li>Ch 17: Veil is drawn aside and we are in the very presence of the Father. </li></ul>Comparative Study : Phil 2. Tabernacle and the work of Christ
  11. 12. Tabernacle: Prophetically of the Church <ul><li>The New Testament Church, both local and corporate, is the new dwelling place. </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 1:22-23 And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all. </li></ul><ul><li>Eph 3:17 so that Christ may dwell ( Grk: Tabernacle ) in your hearts through faith--that you, being rooted and grounded in love, </li></ul><ul><li>Hbr 10:18-20  Now where remission of these [is, there is] no more offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; </li></ul>
  12. 13. Tabernacle: Parallel to the Individual <ul><li>Outer Court : Person’s body. Visible to the world. World conscious part </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Place : Person’s Soul. Seat of Affections and reasoning. Self conscious part </li></ul><ul><li>Holy of Holies : Person’s Spirit. Seat of God’s habitation. God conscious part </li></ul>
  13. 14. Revelation of the Cross in the Arrangement of the Camp Tabernacle Issachar Manasseh Benjamin Reuben Zebulun Asher Naphtali Simeon Gad Dan Judah People: 108, 100 People: 186,400 People :151,450 People: 157,600 Priests Gershonites Kohathites Merarites EAST Banner: Lion SOUTH Banner: Man WEST Banner: Ox NORTH Banner: Eagle Hebrew Encyclopedia: The four Faces of Ezekiel’s vision were The four banners. See Ezekiel 1 And Rev 4-5. Num 2:2 &quot;The people of Israel shall camp each by his own standard, with the banners of their fathers' houses. They shall camp facing the tent of meeting on every side. Num 2:2
  14. 15. Revelation of the Cross in the Arrangement of the Furniture <ul><li>Ark : Head. In the most Holy place </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Altar : Heart. Ex 30:6; 40:5 </li></ul><ul><li>Shewbread Table : North. Ex 40:22 </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Candlestick : South. Ex 40:24 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazen Laver : Placed in the outer court. Ex 40:7. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazen Altar: Foot . Before the door. Ex 40: 6; 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Man begins his approach to God at the </li></ul><ul><li>foot of the cross </li></ul>
  15. 16. Pattern for our Daily Devotion <ul><li>A time to shut out the world and to shut in with God. </li></ul><ul><li>The Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>Shut out the world </li></ul><ul><li>Brazen Altar: One sacrifice that is sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>Laver : used for cleansing. Holy Spirit uses the Word to bring conviction </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Place </li></ul><ul><li>Shut in with God </li></ul><ul><li>Lamp : Symbolic of the Holy Spirit that reveals Christ to us </li></ul><ul><li>Table of the Shew bread : Feed on the bread of life </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of Incense : The place of prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Holy of Holies </li></ul><ul><li>The very presence of God </li></ul>
  16. 17. Study Approach: Grace vs. Faith <ul><li>Walk of Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Man Unto God . </li></ul><ul><li>Begin at the gate of the Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>Path of Grace </li></ul><ul><li>God Unto Man </li></ul><ul><li>Following the order of revelation. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin at the Ark of the Covenant. </li></ul>Grace Faith
  17. 18. Dimensions of the Tabernacle <ul><li>The Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>150 feet by 75 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Ex 27:18  The length of the </li></ul><ul><li>court [shall be] an hundred </li></ul><ul><li>cubits, and the breadth fifty </li></ul><ul><li>every where, </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Place </li></ul><ul><li>90 feet x 15 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Exodus 26:15-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Holy of Holies </li></ul><ul><li>15 x 15 x 15 feet </li></ul><ul><li>(10x10x10 cubits) </li></ul>
  18. 19. Holy of Holies and its increasing dimensions <ul><li>In the Tabernacle </li></ul><ul><li>10 x 10 x 10 Cubits </li></ul><ul><li>In the Temple ( 1 kings 6:20) </li></ul><ul><li>20 x 20 x 20 cubits </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:6) </li></ul><ul><li>1200 stadia x 1200 stadia x 1200 stadia </li></ul><ul><li>God constantly enlarges the place near Him, to accommodate His people, His redeemed ones. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a place of comfort sweet, Near to the heart of God. A place where we our Savior meet, Near to the heart of God . </li></ul>
  19. 20. End of Part One: Pattern <ul><li>Homework : </li></ul><ul><li>Ex 25 - 40 </li></ul>

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