Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle 4
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Portrait Of Jesus In The Tabernacle 4

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A Bible Study series by Br. Viji Roberts of New Life Bible Chapel, looking at the characteristics of the Tabernacle and its portrayal of Jesus Christ

A Bible Study series by Br. Viji Roberts of New Life Bible Chapel, looking at the characteristics of the Tabernacle and its portrayal of Jesus Christ

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  • God seeking to live among men. Adam sinned and rejected. Enoch was excited and God said one day, why don’t you come and live with me. He then chooses Abraham and through Him the nation of Israel. In Ex 25, God says He wants to dwell among them (again!!!). They reject Him too with their idolatrous ways. We hear icahabod for the final time in Jeremiah, the glory finally departed. This grace of God is simply astounding …There have been so many rejections and yet… Two thousand years ago, again God came down to dwell among men. Jn 1:6 – he came to this world and the world knew Him not, He came to His own, His own received Him not. Another rejection. Isaiah calls Him the despised, the one who was not esteemed. He dies on the cross and redeems for Himself a group of people, and now He comes to dwell in our hearts and in OUR midst. This is where I would stop and simply praise God, for not giving up on us and so I say to myself, this great God is now resident in my life, what is it I need to do, to show my appreciation. When we call our friends for a meal, we want to find their likes, dislikes- are they vegetarian, do they like American, Indian or Chinese. Do they have their food spicy hot or are they allergic to nuts. What about the dessert, are they health conscious and the list goes on. Here is the Almighty and what do we do? We want to find what makes Him happy, we turn to places where He has previously dwelled and ask what lessons can we learn, and this brings us to the Tabernacle. Pattern of actions, while He teaches that even the Tabernacle is about His Son and all the while the nation of Israel never connected the dots. We can learn something and hopefully, today we will do just that.
  • Table: Genesis is the account of man’s ruin and fall. While Exodus is about the redemption of the fallen man and reestablishment of the severed lines of communication…provides the table for His priests in the sanctuary. Psalms 23:5 .. Thou has prepared a table before me in the presence of mine enemies”. Exodus 25:30 Table of Shewbread Exodus 25:33 Table of acacia wood Lev 24 : 6 Pure Table Exodus 39 : 36 The Table 1 Kings 7 : 48 The Table of Gold The four legs represent the four gospels that present Christ on earth Acacia wood wrapped in gold shows, Sinless incorruptible and perfect humanity of Christ Christ Jesus is the root out of a dry ground Zech 6 : 12 -14, His name is The Branch Second article of furniture to be made in the Tabernacle 1st John 1:5-7. This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. (KJV)
  • Gold – Hebrew word means shimmer or from its shining. Typical of deity. 1 Tim 3:16- 2 components yet only 1 Table Jesus the true mediator between God and man. In order to mediate between two parties, He must be able to represent both.
  • Hand breadth between each Crown for the various vessels Guard to protect anything from falling off the table Mitre called the holy crown Ex 29:6 Crown of anointing lev 21:12
  • Badger skin could be dolphin or porpoise skin
  • Lev 24: 7 – frankincense upon the bread…it was a memorial a remembrance unto the Lord. spoons – while priests ate at the table of shewbread, in the light of the golden candlestick, they burnt incense unto the Lord at the golden altar …worship and adoration is a natural result
  • Shewbread indicates the following meaning
  • The first item in the Holy Place is the shewbread which represents our will. The shewbread was ground (totally yielded); molded (conformed to God -- delight to do His will); baked (tried by fire); placed in two rows of six loaves (ordered according to God's direction -- discipline); covered by frankincense (worship); perpetually before God's face; surrounded by a double protective crown (watch and pray -- Matthew 26:41); regularly dedicated afresh to God. We must be willing to keep our will open and constantly before the face of God.
  • The next item in the Holy Place is the seven branched lamp stand which represents our intellect. The lamp stand was fashioned from beaten gold. Through the renewing of our minds, by studying the Word of God, we allow the Holy Spirit to fashion our intellect to be pleasing to God (2 Cor. 10:5; Romans 8:7; 1 Thes. 5:8). The illumination of the intellect depends upon the yielding of the will (James 3:13-18). Heb 9:2, 9 – the first furniture mentioned. Picture of the present age (Church age)
  • Names for the candle stick vs. candle stand The candlestick – ex 35:14; 40: 4, 24 Candlestick of Gold. Ex 25:31 The Pure Candlestick (Ex 31:8; 39:37; Lev 24:4
  • Almond tree was the first tree to bud in palestine. Jer 1:11-12 – life out of death True of the Lord Jesus, and for the Church to measure up to the divine standard of jesus Crist the rod of God is 11:1 ; Rev 1:16-17, 11:1-2
  • If the wick is not trimmed, there will only be abundance causing improper light
  • Talks of the heart The final item found in the Holy Place is the golden altar of incense which represents our emotions. Only after we bring our will and our intellect in line with God's requirements can we come to the right use of our emotions. The altar was square (balanced); had a protective crown (self-control); fire (intensity, passion for holiness); incense (devotion made fragrant by fire); smoke (adoration expressed in praise and worship); horns sanctified by blood (acceptance of Jesus' atonement); highest piece of furniture (adoration lifts us up); point of transition to the Holy of Holies.
  • Talks of what the incense is made of Ex 30: 34-35 “…sweet spices, stace, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight: and thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the Art of the Apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy.” We come having lost our identify in the Lord Jesus Christ. Incense needs to be: Sweet : SOS 5:16 Pure : Heb 7:26 Holy : 1 Jn 2:1 Perpetual: Heb 7:25 Perfume : Eph 5:2

Transcript

  • 1. That I may dwell among them… Ex 25:8 Part Four : Holy Place
  • 2. Three Parts of the Tabernacle
  • 3. Ex 25:23 Thou shalt also make a table…
    • First mention Principle : First use of the word table. Ps 23: 5
    • 1 Cor 10: 15 -21 /Matt 26 : 26 , Table of the Lord
    • Picture of fellowship
    • Divine pattern : Complete instruction on the construction
    • John 6 : 25-63, Complete revelation of Christ as the bread of life
    • Rested on the desert floor – Bread that came from heaven to earth
  • 4. Exodus 25 : 23 …..two cubits shall be the length thereof and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof …
    • Divine standard : All things must measure up to it
    • 1 ½ cubits : Ark of the Covenant, brazen altar and the table are all the same height
    • Fellowship with God on the basis of the sacrifice on the brazen altar and blood on the mercy seat
    • 1 Tim 3:16 – True mediator. Manhood and deity.
  • 5. Exodus 25 : 24-25 …and make thereto a crown round about. And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.
    • Ex 37: 11-12 Double crown around the border
    • Rev 19:11-16 King with many crowns.
    • Two offices
    • a . Ex 29:6; Lev 21:12 – Priest.
    • b . King.
    • Jesus, the King-Priest after the order of Melchizedek.
    • Prevented things from falling
    • Hand of Christ that keeps us from falling
    • 1 Sam 3:19
    • Did not let any fall to the ground
  • 6. Table of Show Bread: In Transit
    • Num 4: 7-8
    • Covered with the following cloths
    • Cloth of Blue : Table covering
    • 1 Cor 15:47 – Lord from heaven
    • Scarlet : dishes, spoons and bowls
    • Jesus the Sacrificial One
    • Participation possible due to the shed blood.
    • Badger’s skin : final covering
    • Is 52:14-15 No beauty seen of the world for the unregenerate man
    • Same applies to the other pieces of furniture
  • 7. Exodus 25:28 … And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them
    • Dishes: used for holding the bread ( Num 7:13; 18-19; 25)
    • Spoons : Hollow vessels of gold with incense in them.
    • Bowls and Covers : Num 28:7 .
    • Cups, contained wine poured out as a drink offering
    Ex 30:9 – Used solely in connection with the shewbread. Emblems: Pointed to the NT table and emblems.
  • 8. Ex 25:30 – And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway
    • Shewbread : Means to “tell forth”; to declare.
    • Jn 1:18 Ministry of Christ who declared God
    • 1 Cor 11:26 Ministry of the Church to shew forth His life, death and resurrection.
    • Continual Bread : Our daily bread.
    • Matt 6:11.
    • Bread of the Presence : The presence of the Lord in the Table of the Lord.
    • Mat 18:20.
    • Bread of Order : 2 Chron 13:11. There was order at the Table.
  • 9. Lev 24:5 – And thou shalt take fine flour
    • Divine recipe for the loaves of bread
    • Bread of Life: God’s provision through our journey
    • 12 Loaves ( Lev 24:5 ): one for each tribe. Enough for everyone
    • Bread replaced regularly: Need for the Word each day
    • Church is still feeding on the revelation
    • Bread a symbol of Christ’s body
      • Made of fine flour. Made by grinding against two stones. A picture of suffering
      • Lev 24:5 Baked in heat.
      • Judgment of God.
      • Unleavened: Sinless perfection
      • Zech 12:10 Ring shaped and perforated (pierced cakes)
  • 10. Golden Candlestick: In the Holy place. Ex 25: 31-32; 37- 40
    • Lord Jesus Christ as the light of the World
    • Candle stick represents the Holy Spirit. Heb 4:12
      • Reveals the other two furniture in the Holy Place
      • Holy Spirit illuminates the Word of God.
      • Only light permitted by God
    • Wholly metal : Candlestick and laver both wholly metal
    • Candlestick made of gold. Revelation of His Son is the work of God
  • 11. Golden Candlestick: symbolic meanings
    • Difference between Candle Stick and Candle Stand
    • Candle burn by self-consumption
    • Lamps burn by the continual supply of oil
    • Filled with Oil : Sufficiency of the Spirit of God, given to the believer
    • Made of beaten gold: Ex 25: 31.
    • The suffering of Christ
    • The purifying work on the Church
    • Refiner’s fire and the hammer that is Word of God
    • Placed inside the Holy Place: Christ is hidden from the world and revealed to the believer
  • 12. Golden Candlestick: symbolic meanings
    • Light to Minister: without light a priest cannot minister at the altar
    • Seven Branches: The Centre shaft feeds the others.
    • Our sufficiency is only in His efficiency
    • Use of His: Jer 23:5; Is 4:2; 11:1-3
      • Fed by the main shaft (called His thigh)
      • Branches are called “His Branches”
      • Jn 15:5 – I am the Vine, ye are the
      • Branches
    • No measurements : same applies for Brazen Laver
    • Cannot measure the light or revelation of God the power of the cleansing of the Word of God
  • 13. Golden Candlestick: symbolic meanings
    • One piece : Made of one piece of gold
    • Heb 10: 7-12 -- One sacrifice for sins
    • 1 Tim 2:5 – One mediator
    • Jn 14:1-6 -- One High priest
    • 1 Jn 1:5 -- One light
    • Divinely lit: Lev 9:22-24
    • Human responsibility: kept lit by the priest continually
    • Church divinely lit on Pentecost
    • Side : Church proceeds from the pierced side of Christ, even as Eve was taken from the side of Adam
  • 14. Golden Candlestick: (Ex 25: 31-36) Ornamentation Num 17:8; Jer 1:11-12 – Similar language. Symbol of resurrection life Fullness of God typified in this tri-unity Aaron’s Rod Candlestick Symbol Explanation Budded Knop (or bud) Source: the Father The source and beginning of everything Flowered Flowers Begotten: the Son Emitting the sweet smelling savour Almond Fruit Almond Bowl Proceeding: the Holy Spirit Proceeds from the Father and produces fruitfulness in the people of God
  • 15. Oil: Lev24:2. symbolic meanings
    • Pure Olive Oil: Ex 25:6; 27:20; 35: 14, 28
    • Greek of oil : Chrisma or anointing.
    • 1 Jn 2:20, 27
    • Gethsemane: Means Oil or the Olive press
    • Trimming (Ex 30: 7-8) Aaron dressed the lamps, trimmed the wicks.
    • Jesus our High Priest performs the ministry of trimming, taking away burnt-out areas, supply the oil for shining brighter
  • 16. Altar of Incense: Ex 30:1 In the Holy place
    • On the west side, next to the veil
    • Incense was constantly offered. Sweet incense to the Lord always.
    • Occupied the central position in the Holy Place .
    • Christ is the centre of all things.
    • Heb 2:18 Closest we can come to God
      • Rev 8: 3-4 Christ adds incense to our prayers
      • Heb 9:24 Continual intercession for us
    • 1 Pet 1:5 Place of prayer.
    • Kept by faith in God
  • 17. Altar of Incense: Ex 30:2 Symbols
    • Acacia Wood: God-Man. Mediator
    • Crowns around about
    • Jude 24 Keeps us from falling
    • Two cubits high: The highest piece in the tabernacle
    • Ministry of intersection of Jesus Christ, the highest ministry on behalf of the Church
    • Horns: ( Habb 3:4) Power, authority and Kingship.
    • Death: For the horn to be used death had to take place
    Acacia Tree
  • 18. Ex 30:7-8 “ and Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: When he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations.
    • 2 Chron 29:7
    • Offer incense every
    • morning and at even as
    • he attended to the
    • Golden Candlestick.
    • Only Priest can
    • minister
    • 2 Chron 26:16-19 King Uzziah presumed to unite the offices
    • Rev 1:6. In Christ we are made priests unto God
    • Ex 30:9 – no strange incense thereon. God accepts only the incense that originates from Himself on the basis of Blood Atonement
    • No Burnt, Meat or Drink Offering upon this altar
  • 19. Ex 30: 37-38 “… And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the Lord. Whatsoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.”
    • No substitutes: True worship must be in truth and spirit. Jn 4:24.
    • Day of Atonement: Ex 30:10 . Blood applied to the horns of the altar.
    • It is Christ’s blood (our sin offering) that was shed on Calvary (Brazen Altar) which is the basis and foundation of His ministry of Intercession (Golden Altar)
    • Why no incense now?
    • Is 1:13; 66:3 That incense would be an abomination. Now not the natural symbol but only the Spiritual reality.
  • 20. Summary: Learning
    • God prepares a table for us and we are to feed on the Bread of Life
    • Measurements teaches us that God has divine standards and expectations – exact measurements and no strange fire.
    • It is Christ who keeps us from falling
    • During the sojourn the outside world does not know the beauty of our Lord
    • We are to be filled by the Holy Spirit to be useful for God
    • The Trinity is at work in the Church
    • God uses the refiner’s fire and the hammer the Word of God to purify us as pure gold
    • As priests when we feed on the Lord through the illumination of the Holy Spirit, the result should be to worship Him
    • Our worship should be in spirit and truth