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History Of Communications

History Of Communications



I created this PowerPoint for my High School Communications Skills for Television class

I created this PowerPoint for my High School Communications Skills for Television class



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    History Of Communications History Of Communications Presentation Transcript

    • History of Communications
      • The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
      • The Sumerians develop cuneiform writing - pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets.
      • The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic writing
      3500 BC to 2900 BC
    • History of Communications
      • Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written from left to right.
      • Oldest record of writing in China on bones.
      • The first encyclopedia is written in Syria.
      1775 BC 1400 BC 1270 BC
    • History of Communications
      • The very first postal service - for government use in China.
      • First recorded use of homing pigeons to send messages - Announcing the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.
      900 BC 776 BC
    • History of Communications
      • The Greeks start the very first library.
      • Papyrus rolls and early parchments made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces.
      • Tsai Lun of China invents paper as we know it.
      530 BC 500 BC to 170 BC 105 BC
    • History of Communications
      • Human messengers on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations built along the route.
      • Sometimes fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans.
      200 to 100 BC
    • History of Communications
      • Romans establish postal services.
      • Heliographs - mirrors first used to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius.
      • First bound books.
      14 AD 37 AD 100 AD
    • History of Communications
      • First wooden printing presses invented in China - symbols carved on a wooden block.
      • Movable type (made of clay) invented in China by Pi Sheng
      • First bound books.
      • Newspapers appear in Europe.
      305 AD 1049 AD 1450 AD
    • History of Communications
      • Johannes Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type.
      • Camera Obscura invented - primitive image making.
      • Leipzig German merchant and printer, Timotheus Ritzsch, prints first daily newspaper.
      1455 1560 1650
    • History of Communications
      • Englishmen, Henry Mill receives the first patent for a typewriter.
      • Claude Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore telegraph line.
      • Joseph Niépce achieves the first photographic image.
      1714 1793 1814
    • History of Communications
      • Charles Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first speaker.
      • Joseph Henry invents the first electric telegraph.
      • Samuel Morse invents Morse code.
      1821 1831 1835
    • History of Communications
      • Samuel Morse creates the first long distance electric telegraph line.
      • Alexander Bain patents the first fax machine.
      • United States starts the Pony Express for mail delivery.
      1843 1861
    • History of Communications
      • Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope - a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen.
      • Christopher Shoales creates the first successful modern typewriter.
      1861 1867
    • History of Communications
      • Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph - an office copying machine.
      • Alexander Graham Bell patents the electric telephone.
      • Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal System for ordering library books.
    • History of Communications
      • Thomas Edison patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium.
      • Eadweard Muybridge invents high speed photography - creating first moving pictures that captured motion.
    • History of Communications
      • Emile Berliner invents the gramophone - a system of recording which could be used over and over again.
      • George Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera.
      • Almon Strowger patents the direct dial telephone.
      1887 1889
    • History of Communications
      • Guglielmo Marconi improves wireless telegraphy.
      • First telephone answering machines appear.
      • Valdemar Poulsen invents the first magnetic recording device using magnetized steel tape.
      • Loudspeakers invented.
      1894 1899
    • History of Communications
      • Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland - the first radio signal to cross the Atlantic Ocean
      • First regular comic books.
      • Lee Deforest invents an electronic amplifying tube improving radios and telephones
      1902 1904
    • History of Communications
      • Thomas Edison demonstrates the first talking motion picture. It will be 17 years until “talkies”
      • First cross country telephone call made.
      • First radios with tuners begin to broadcast different stations
      1910 1914 1916
    • History of Communications
      • The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television camera.
      • John Logie Baird transmits the first experimental television signal.
      1923 1925
    • History of Communications
      • Warner Brothers Studios invents a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and to synchronize the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas Edison's work.
    • History of Communications
      • NBC starts two radio networks.
      • CBS founded.
      • First television broadcast in England.
      • Warner Brothers releases “The Jazz Singer” the first successful talking motion picture.
    • History of Communications
      • Radio popularity spreads with the "Golden Age" of radio.
      • First television broadcasts in the United States.
      • Movietone system of recording film sound on an audio track right on the film invented.
    • History of Communications
      • Joseph Begun invents the first magnetic tape recorder for recording location audio.
      • Television broadcasts are now able to be taped and edited - rather than only live or on film.
      • Scheduled regular television broadcasts begin.
      1934 1938 1939
    • History of Communications
      • Computers like Harvard's Mark I put into public service - the age of Information Science begins
      • Long playing record invented - vinyl and played at 33 rpm.
      • Transistor invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices.
      1944 1948
    • History of Communications
      • Network television starts in U.S. and NBC is the First Network
      • 45 rpm record invented
      • Computers are first sold commercially.
      • Chester Carlson invents the photocopier or Xerox machine.
      1949 1951 1958
    • History of Communications
      • Integrated Circuit invented enabling the further miniaturization of electronic devices and computers.
      • Zip codes invented in the US
      • Xerox invents the Telecopier - the first successful fax machine.
      1958 1963 1966
    • History of Communications
      • ARPANET - the first Internet -started by MIT.
      • The floppy disc is invented.
      • The microprocessor is invented - called a “computer on a chip”
      • HBO invents pay-TV service for cable.
      1969 1971 1972
    • History of Communications
      • First Apple home computer invented.
      • First nationwide programming via satellite - implemented by Ted Turner.
      • First cellular phone communi-cation network started in Japan.
      1976 1979
    • History of Communications
      • Sony Walkman invented.
      • First IBM PC sold.
      • First laptop computers sold to public.
      • Computer mouse becomes regular part of computer.
      1980 1981
    • History of Communications
      • Time magazines names the computer as "Man of the Year."
      • First cellular phone network started in the United States.
      • Apple Macintosh released.
      • IBM PC AT released.
      1983 1984
    • History of Communications
      • Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread.
      • CD-ROMs in computers.
      • American government releases control of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed.
      1985 1994