History Of Communications
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History Of Communications



I created this PowerPoint for my High School Communications Skills for Television class

I created this PowerPoint for my High School Communications Skills for Television class



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History Of Communications History Of Communications Presentation Transcript

  • History of Communications
    • The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
    • The Sumerians develop cuneiform writing - pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets.
    • The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic writing
    3500 BC to 2900 BC
  • History of Communications
    • Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written from left to right.
    • Oldest record of writing in China on bones.
    • The first encyclopedia is written in Syria.
    1775 BC 1400 BC 1270 BC
  • History of Communications
    • The very first postal service - for government use in China.
    • First recorded use of homing pigeons to send messages - Announcing the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.
    900 BC 776 BC
  • History of Communications
    • The Greeks start the very first library.
    • Papyrus rolls and early parchments made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces.
    • Tsai Lun of China invents paper as we know it.
    530 BC 500 BC to 170 BC 105 BC
  • History of Communications
    • Human messengers on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations built along the route.
    • Sometimes fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans.
    200 to 100 BC
  • History of Communications
    • Romans establish postal services.
    • Heliographs - mirrors first used to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius.
    • First bound books.
    14 AD 37 AD 100 AD
  • History of Communications
    • First wooden printing presses invented in China - symbols carved on a wooden block.
    • Movable type (made of clay) invented in China by Pi Sheng
    • First bound books.
    • Newspapers appear in Europe.
    305 AD 1049 AD 1450 AD
  • History of Communications
    • Johannes Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type.
    • Camera Obscura invented - primitive image making.
    • Leipzig German merchant and printer, Timotheus Ritzsch, prints first daily newspaper.
    1455 1560 1650
  • History of Communications
    • Englishmen, Henry Mill receives the first patent for a typewriter.
    • Claude Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore telegraph line.
    • Joseph Niépce achieves the first photographic image.
    1714 1793 1814
  • History of Communications
    • Charles Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first speaker.
    • Joseph Henry invents the first electric telegraph.
    • Samuel Morse invents Morse code.
    1821 1831 1835
  • History of Communications
    • Samuel Morse creates the first long distance electric telegraph line.
    • Alexander Bain patents the first fax machine.
    • United States starts the Pony Express for mail delivery.
    1843 1861
  • History of Communications
    • Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope - a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen.
    • Christopher Shoales creates the first successful modern typewriter.
    1861 1867
  • History of Communications
    • Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph - an office copying machine.
    • Alexander Graham Bell patents the electric telephone.
    • Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal System for ordering library books.
  • History of Communications
    • Thomas Edison patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium.
    • Eadweard Muybridge invents high speed photography - creating first moving pictures that captured motion.
  • History of Communications
    • Emile Berliner invents the gramophone - a system of recording which could be used over and over again.
    • George Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera.
    • Almon Strowger patents the direct dial telephone.
    1887 1889
  • History of Communications
    • Guglielmo Marconi improves wireless telegraphy.
    • First telephone answering machines appear.
    • Valdemar Poulsen invents the first magnetic recording device using magnetized steel tape.
    • Loudspeakers invented.
    1894 1899
  • History of Communications
    • Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland - the first radio signal to cross the Atlantic Ocean
    • First regular comic books.
    • Lee Deforest invents an electronic amplifying tube improving radios and telephones
    1902 1904
  • History of Communications
    • Thomas Edison demonstrates the first talking motion picture. It will be 17 years until “talkies”
    • First cross country telephone call made.
    • First radios with tuners begin to broadcast different stations
    1910 1914 1916
  • History of Communications
    • The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television camera.
    • John Logie Baird transmits the first experimental television signal.
    1923 1925
  • History of Communications
    • Warner Brothers Studios invents a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and to synchronize the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas Edison's work.
  • History of Communications
    • NBC starts two radio networks.
    • CBS founded.
    • First television broadcast in England.
    • Warner Brothers releases “The Jazz Singer” the first successful talking motion picture.
  • History of Communications
    • Radio popularity spreads with the "Golden Age" of radio.
    • First television broadcasts in the United States.
    • Movietone system of recording film sound on an audio track right on the film invented.
  • History of Communications
    • Joseph Begun invents the first magnetic tape recorder for recording location audio.
    • Television broadcasts are now able to be taped and edited - rather than only live or on film.
    • Scheduled regular television broadcasts begin.
    1934 1938 1939
  • History of Communications
    • Computers like Harvard's Mark I put into public service - the age of Information Science begins
    • Long playing record invented - vinyl and played at 33 rpm.
    • Transistor invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices.
    1944 1948
  • History of Communications
    • Network television starts in U.S. and NBC is the First Network
    • 45 rpm record invented
    • Computers are first sold commercially.
    • Chester Carlson invents the photocopier or Xerox machine.
    1949 1951 1958
  • History of Communications
    • Integrated Circuit invented enabling the further miniaturization of electronic devices and computers.
    • Zip codes invented in the US
    • Xerox invents the Telecopier - the first successful fax machine.
    1958 1963 1966
  • History of Communications
    • ARPANET - the first Internet -started by MIT.
    • The floppy disc is invented.
    • The microprocessor is invented - called a “computer on a chip”
    • HBO invents pay-TV service for cable.
    1969 1971 1972
  • History of Communications
    • First Apple home computer invented.
    • First nationwide programming via satellite - implemented by Ted Turner.
    • First cellular phone communi-cation network started in Japan.
    1976 1979
  • History of Communications
    • Sony Walkman invented.
    • First IBM PC sold.
    • First laptop computers sold to public.
    • Computer mouse becomes regular part of computer.
    1980 1981
  • History of Communications
    • Time magazines names the computer as "Man of the Year."
    • First cellular phone network started in the United States.
    • Apple Macintosh released.
    • IBM PC AT released.
    1983 1984
  • History of Communications
    • Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread.
    • CD-ROMs in computers.
    • American government releases control of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed.
    1985 1994