Love Cycling, Go Dutch
Newcastle, 5th November 2013

Planning new developments – a UK
practitioner’s perspective
Neil Murp...
2
3
4
5
6
7
“Imagine a life where travelling
to work could simply be a walk
in the park. Imagine an
environment where children
can pla...
9
Brandevoort, NL
10
Issues – design
•

Lack of geographical and spatial
thinking

•

Mobility still emphasised over
accessibility

•

The „eff...
Issues – planning
•

Planning generally struggles
with complexity

•

Policy allows (arguably) but
does not entail plannin...
National Planning Policy Framework
• Core land-use planning principle that planning should
“actively manage patterns of gr...
National Planning Policy Framework
• Core land-use planning principle that planning should
“actively manage patterns of gr...
Issues – planning
•

Planning generally struggles
with complexity

•

Policy allows (arguably) but
does not entail plannin...
Issues – development industry
•

Domination of house-building
sector by a few large plcs

•

Like all oligopolies (/cartel...
Beyond Green Developments

17
North Sprowston & Old Catton
•

Mixed-use urban extension incorporating 3,520 homes, 1,000 jobs, two
schools, a country pa...
Layout

19
Street hierarchy

20
Primary street

21
Tertiary street

22
A new model for planning for walk + bike?
•

Resolution to grant planning in September 2013

•

Local authorities bought i...
Some issues to discuss
•

What is the correspondence between walkable/transit-oriented and cyclable
environments?

•

To w...
Love Cycling, Go Dutch
Newcastle, 5th November 2013

Planning new developments – a UK
practitioner’s perspective
Neil Murp...
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Neil Murphy

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Neil Murphy, Beyond Green

Love Cycling Go Dutch Conference
Newcastle, 5 November 2013

Workshop 4: Planning new developments - think people, think bicycle

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  • Lots of little add-ons don’t do it because you never get the critical mass to provide the essential non residential elements
  • Neil Murphy

    1. 1. Love Cycling, Go Dutch Newcastle, 5th November 2013 Planning new developments – a UK practitioner’s perspective Neil Murphy, Director, Beyond Green Ltd. www.beyondgreen.co.uk 1
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. 3
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    5. 5. 5
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    7. 7. 7
    8. 8. “Imagine a life where travelling to work could simply be a walk in the park. Imagine an environment where children can play safely and you can run, stroll or pedal through pathways into the countryside. Imagine a place where shops for everyday needs are on your doorstep and you can dine and enjoy community facilities just a stones throw away from your ideal home....” Newcastle Great Park website Image from John Simpson Architects’ original masterplan for Newcastle Great Park 8
    9. 9. 9
    10. 10. Brandevoort, NL 10
    11. 11. Issues – design • Lack of geographical and spatial thinking • Mobility still emphasised over accessibility • The „efficiency‟ of „tree‟ layouts and the opportunity cost of public space in cost-driven projects • Spaciousness vs enclosure in street design • How, and how much, to share space? 11
    12. 12. Issues – planning • Planning generally struggles with complexity • Policy allows (arguably) but does not entail planning around the needs of cycling/ cyclists • Transport Assessment – predict peak traffic, provide capacity (and “11% for a Travel Plan”) • “Infrastructure” = roads • Diversity and understanding among decision-makers • Insider-outsider problem 12
    13. 13. National Planning Policy Framework • Core land-use planning principle that planning should “actively manage patterns of growth to make the fullest possible use of public transport, walking and cycling, and focus significant development in locations which are or can be made sustainable” (para 17) • “Plans should protect and exploit opportunities for the use of sustainable transport modes for the movement of goods or people. Therefore, developments should be located and designed where practical to... give priority to pedestrian and cycle movements...” (para 35) 13
    14. 14. National Planning Policy Framework • Core land-use planning principle that planning should “actively manage patterns of growth to make the fullest possible use of public transport, walking and cycling, and focus significant development in locations which are or can be made sustainable” (para 17) • “Plans should protect and exploit opportunities for the use of sustainable transport modes for the movement of goods or people. Therefore, developments should be located and designed where practical to... give priority to pedestrian and cycle movements...” (para 35) 14
    15. 15. Issues – planning • Planning generally struggles with complexity • Policy allows (arguably) but does not entail planning around the needs of cycling/ cyclists • Transport Assessment – predict peak traffic, provide capacity (and “11% for a Travel Plan”) • “Infrastructure” = roads • Diversity and understanding among decision-makers • Insider-outsider problem 15
    16. 16. Issues – development industry • Domination of house-building sector by a few large plcs • Like all oligopolies (/cartels?) produces what it is expedient to produce not “what the market wants” – still selling protosuburbia • High barriers to entry • Wider development sector specialised/divided by use – works against integration 16
    17. 17. Beyond Green Developments 17
    18. 18. North Sprowston & Old Catton • Mixed-use urban extension incorporating 3,520 homes, 1,000 jobs, two schools, a country park • Integrated mixed use (“traditional”) urbanism + contemporary sustainable design • connected street grid • compact „walkable neighbourhoods‟ • accessible mixed-use • „Car freedom‟ transport model: • Cycling integrated not „segregated‟ • Cycling the alpha mode for journeys 1km><5km • Off site improvements to tackle pinch-points to city centre • Subsidise early adoption of good behaviour; big savings later • Make costs of car ownership transparent + focus on eliminating 2nd vehicle • „Patient‟ development model – invest upfront for better land values later 18
    19. 19. Layout 19
    20. 20. Street hierarchy 20
    21. 21. Primary street 21
    22. 22. Tertiary street 22
    23. 23. A new model for planning for walk + bike? • Resolution to grant planning in September 2013 • Local authorities bought into vision • 2omph max throughout • Compact street dimensions, codified in planning conditionas • Tight parking ratios (for Norfolk) • Bike-friendly junction designs • 0% mode share to car for school trips • Target + subsidise mode shift not highway capacity • Accepted higher mode share estimated to walking and cycling because or wider ethos of scheme (comprehensive not token) • Acknowledge major challenges for cycling are off-site and fund acccordingly • City brand and positioning But: • Planning allowed but didn‟t compel (business-as-usual next door...) • Full disclosure: big new road nearby made everything „easier‟... 23
    24. 24. Some issues to discuss • What is the correspondence between walkable/transit-oriented and cyclable environments? • To what extent does actively promoting cycling entail actively demoting other modes (when you have design carte blanche)? 24
    25. 25. Love Cycling, Go Dutch Newcastle, 5th November 2013 Planning new developments – a UK practitioner’s perspective Neil Murphy, Director, Beyond Green Ltd. 25
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