Easy marks:
Academic writing and referencing
(using the IEEE style)

Jenny Campbell
October 2013

University Library
Academic writing

Citation &
Referencing
Referencing in
the IEEE style
Tools to help

• What is it?
• Why is it important?...
What is referencing
Referencing is telling your reader what
research you have done and acknowledging
information or ideas ...
Why should I reference?

To show what
literature you
have read

To enable
others to
follow up on
your
references

To make ...
What is plagiarism?
“To take and use as one’s own, the thoughts,
writings or inventions of another.”
• (Oxford English Dic...
Your academic integrity: what
Newcastle University expects from you
“Good academic conduct reflects the values which under...
Can you recognise Plagiarism?
(this exercise is based on material from „A handbook for deterring
plagiarism in HE‟ by Jude...
Scenario 1
You quote an entire paragraph
from another source.
You cite the source beside it and
include it in your referen...
Scenario 2
You have found a fantastic article.

You copy a few sentences word-forword, with quotations, you give an
in-tex...
Scenario 3
You are writing up your report.
You take short phrases from a
number of sources, add your own
words & list all ...
A reference is required if you…

Paraphrase (use
someone else’s
ideas in your own
words)

Summarise (use
a brief account o...
IEEE referencing
 References are numbered in [ ] as sources are
introduced in your writing.
 Each time the same source i...
IEEE referencing
e.g.
Yong and Zhou [1] have built upon recent work by
Nakamura [2, p.56].
References
[1] H. Yong and Y. Z...
IEEE Style – How to reference a Book
A. B. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition (if
not the first), Vol.(if a mul...
Harvard Style – How to reference an
eBook
A. B. Author, Title of E-book. Place: Publisher, Date
of original publication. [...
How to reference a Journal Article
A.B. Author of article. "Title of article," Title of
Journal, vol., no., pp., Month yea...
How to reference a Web Page
A. B. Author, "Document title," Webpage name,
Source/production information, Date of internet
...
Help from the IEEE

http://www.ieee.org/documents/stylem
anual.pdf
Shows you how to cite and reference lots of other
infor...
Think about how you will organise your references

University Library
Benefits of

using EndNote

Get organised!

Cite correctly

• Organise all your references in
one place
• No losing refere...
Using EndNote…

EndNote is available
Campus clusters and University PCs

Desktop Via Remote Application Service
(RAS)

Onl...
EndNote desktop and online
EndNote desktop
•
•
•
•
•

Accessible on campus or via RAS
Unlimited storage capacity
Custom di...
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Referencing & EndNote using the IEEE style

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  • Instead of spending hours typing bibliographies, or using index cards to organize their references, they do it the easy way—by using EndNote!
  • Referencing & EndNote using the IEEE style

    1. 1. Easy marks: Academic writing and referencing (using the IEEE style) Jenny Campbell October 2013 University Library
    2. 2. Academic writing Citation & Referencing Referencing in the IEEE style Tools to help • What is it? • Why is it important? • Writing references for different information types • Books, journal articles, websites • EndNote libguides.ncl.ac.uk/endnote • IEEE style guide http://www.ieee.org/documents/style manual.pdf University Library
    3. 3. What is referencing Referencing is telling your reader what research you have done and acknowledging information or ideas that you have included which are not your own Every significant source of information, ideas or data should be acknowledged, whether you summarise using your own words or quote word-for-word University Library
    4. 4. Why should I reference? To show what literature you have read To enable others to follow up on your references To make your own contribution clear To avoid plagiarism University Library
    5. 5. What is plagiarism? “To take and use as one’s own, the thoughts, writings or inventions of another.” • (Oxford English Dictionary) “Passing off someone else’s work, whether intentionally or unintentionally, as your own for your own benefit.” • (Carroll, J. Handbook for deterring plagiarism in Higher Education. Oxford: Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development, 2002). University Library
    6. 6. Your academic integrity: what Newcastle University expects from you “Good academic conduct reflects the values which underpin academic life, such as:  honesty  integrity  a shared community of ideas and respect for others‟ work When you write at university, you will be expected to draw on the work of others and you‟ll gain higher marks for doing so. We don‟t expect you to do it all on your own! However, we do expect you to be scrupulously honest about where the ideas have come from.” Newcastle University (2013), Right-Cite http://www.ncl.ac.uk/right-cite/ (Accessed 16/10/2013) University Library
    7. 7. Can you recognise Plagiarism? (this exercise is based on material from „A handbook for deterring plagiarism in HE‟ by Jude Carroll, OCSD, 2002) University Library
    8. 8. Scenario 1 You quote an entire paragraph from another source. You cite the source beside it and include it in your reference list. Is this plagiarism or acceptable practice? University Library
    9. 9. Scenario 2 You have found a fantastic article. You copy a few sentences word-forword, with quotations, you give an in-text citation & full details of the article in your reference list. Is this plagiarism or acceptable practice? University Library
    10. 10. Scenario 3 You are writing up your report. You take short phrases from a number of sources, add your own words & list all sources in your reference list. Is this plagiarism or acceptable practice? University Library
    11. 11. A reference is required if you… Paraphrase (use someone else’s ideas in your own words) Summarise (use a brief account of someone else's ideas) Quote directly (use someone else’s exact words) Copy (re-use someone else’s data, figures, tables, diagrams, experiment results…) Referencing Guide for practical guidance http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/referencing University Library
    12. 12. IEEE referencing  References are numbered in [ ] as sources are introduced in your writing.  Each time the same source is referred to, the same number will be given.  Page numbers are required with citations where material is directly quoted or you refer to a specific part of the source. For example [1, p. 3], [2, pp. 5-7], [3, para. 2.1].  A full reference list with full source details – must be in numerical order. University Library
    13. 13. IEEE referencing e.g. Yong and Zhou [1] have built upon recent work by Nakamura [2, p.56]. References [1] H. Yong and Y. Zhou, „Depairing current density in superconducting film with shear deformation‟ Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 111, no. 5, March 2012, pp. 21-25. [2] C. Nakamura, … University Library
    14. 14. IEEE Style – How to reference a Book A. B. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition (if not the first), Vol.(if a multi-volume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year. E.g. W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993 T. Jordan and P. A. Taylor, Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a cause? London: Routledge, 2004. University Library
    15. 15. Harvard Style – How to reference an eBook A. B. Author, Title of E-book. Place: Publisher, Date of original publication. [Format] Available: Source. e.g. L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E-book] Available: Safari e-book. University Library
    16. 16. How to reference a Journal Article A.B. Author of article. "Title of article," Title of Journal, vol., no., pp., Month year. e.g. I. S. Qamber, "Flow graph development method,"Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1387-1395, Dec. 1993. J. R. Beveridge and E. M. Riseman, "How easy is matching 2D line models using local search?" IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, pp. 564-579, June 1997. University Library
    17. 17. How to reference a Web Page A. B. Author, "Document title," Webpage name, Source/production information, Date of internet publication. [Format]. Available: URL. [Accessed: Date of access]. E.g. European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Implementation guidelines for DVB terrestrial services; transmission aspects,” European Telecommunications Standards Institute, ETSI TR-101-190, 1997. [Online]. Available: http://www.etsi.org. [Accessed: 14 October 2013]. University Library
    18. 18. Help from the IEEE http://www.ieee.org/documents/stylem anual.pdf Shows you how to cite and reference lots of other information types, e.g.  reports,  handbooks,  conference papers,  standards, etc University Library
    19. 19. Think about how you will organise your references University Library
    20. 20. Benefits of using EndNote Get organised! Cite correctly • Organise all your references in one place • No losing references • Add notes or attach files • Produce citations and bibliographies in your work • Use the Harvard at Newcastle style Import directly Saves time! • Import references from our electronic resources and catalogue • Easy to make changes
    21. 21. Using EndNote… EndNote is available Campus clusters and University PCs Desktop Via Remote Application Service (RAS) Online at www.myendnoteweb.com To purchase at Adept Edustore University Library
    22. 22. EndNote desktop and online EndNote desktop • • • • • Accessible on campus or via RAS Unlimited storage capacity Custom display Edit output styles Work offline EndNote online • • • • Accessible anywhere via internet 5G storage, 50,000 refs (if activate via desktop) Capture refs with Bookmarklet tool Download CWYW plugin to use in own version of Word University Library
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