Making an impact with your research publications
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  • ‘Writing for publication booklet’Might not necessarily go for the journal with the highest impact at start of career
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  • 1. Your Research Impact: how to make an impact with your publications Or… What should I consider before publishing my research? Jenny Campbell & Moira Bent Liaison Librarian Robinson Library University Library
  • 2. Making and measuring impact workshop Things to consider pre-publication • Why publish? • Create an (academic) online profile • Where should/could I publish? • Understand & use the Journal Citation Report (JCR) and other journal ranking tools • Understand Open Access publishing models and how OA can increase the visibility of your research • Understand how to apply for OA publishing funds at Newcastle University Things to consider post publication • Who has been reading it? • How often? • Where from? • Have I made a difference? University Library
  • 3. Writing for publication : not me!  Who me?  I don’t know how to start – what to write, where to publish  I don’t write well  I don’t know the right kind of writing style  I’m just not confident  What if people criticise my writing or laugh at me?  What if no one wants to publish it?  I’ve got nothing to say  I just don’t have time  I don’t have to do it just yet….. University Library
  • 4. Writing for publication: why should I start now?  Reporting the results of research  Exploring your interest in a topic  Make an original contribution – I’ve got something to say  Self promotion – reputation, recognition, career  Networking with peers  It’s exciting, interesting, challenging, a new experience  My supervisor suggested it  Writing up a presentation  I think I’ll be good at it  Getting into practice for my thesis University Library
  • 5. Writing for publication: Getting started Start small  Try “softer formats” – features, descriptive articles, commentaries, opinions.  Try less academic publications  New technologies – blogs, wikis  Write some book reviews  Publish your literature review  Write up a conference presentation  Publish a conference poster http://posters.f1000.com University Library
  • 6. Before you start writing, decide… What type of publication? • • • • • Journal article Conference paper Book chapter Book review Case study Factors to consider • • • • • • • Your motivation Your message Your audience Your subject knowledge Recommendation / Invitation /Word of mouth Reputation of the journal Journal ranking tools provide quantitative information University Library
  • 7. Writing Development Centre http://www.ncl.ac.uk/students/wdc/  Events and workshops  One to one support  Online Resources Level 2 Robinson Library wdc@ncl.ac.uk University Library
  • 8. Think about your impact Before submitting your work for publication… Make all your publications count  Decide on the form of your name and be consistent  Use the agreed form of your institution’s name and research group  Register for a ResearcherID  http://isiwebofknowledge.com/researcherid/  And/or on academia.edu  http://newcastle.academia.edu/MoiraBent  And/or on ResearchGate  http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Moira_Bent/  And/or LinkedIn  http://www.linkedin.com/ University Library
  • 9. How can Journal Ranking Tools help? How much impact does a specific journal have? Identify the (relative) importance of a journal Identify key journals to read Identify places in which to publish University Library
  • 10. Journal ranking tools  Journal Citation Reports     Journal Impact Factor (2 year) 5 year Impact Factor Immediacy Index number Cited half-life  Emerging tools     Eigenfactor SCImago Journal Rank Indicator (SJR) Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) SCOPUS Journal Analyser University Library
  • 11. Journal Citation Reports (JCR)      Part of the Web of Knowledge Original journal ranking tool (developed in the 1950s) Search for individual journal title Compare groups of journals by subject category Provides range of metrics for a journal  Impact of a journal over 2 or 5 year period  How quickly do articles get cited? (immediacy index)  Does citing continue over a long period of time? (cited half-life)  Key metric – 2 year Journal Impact Factor University Library
  • 12. How is the 2 year IF calculated? The 2 year impact factor is a measure of the frequency with which the "average article" in a journal has been cited up to two years after publication. The 2012 impact factor for a journal = “the number of times that articles published in 20102011 were cited during 2012” divided by “the number of articles published in 2010-2011” University Library
  • 13. Limitations of the JCR  Only covers journals indexed in the Web of Science  Known subject weaknesses e.g. engineering  US bias  May not cover new or niche subject areas  New titles not covered for 2-3 years  Can't easily compare IFs between subjects – no normalizing University Library
  • 14. Emerging tools  Eigenfactor    SCImago Journal Rank Indicator (SJR)     Part of Scopus Similar to Eigenfactor… Assigns higher value to citations from more prestigious journals Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)     Part of JCR / uses Web of Science data citations from highly ranked journals given more weight than others Part of Scopus Takes a research field’s citation frequency into account Citation practices vary across disciplines – SNIP normalises these subject differences so comparisons can be made SCOPUS Journal Analyser   Both SJR and SNIP are integrated into the Scopus Journal Analyzer Select and compare up to 10 journals at the same time More information at http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/impact/JournalImpact University Library
  • 15. Open Access publishing Tracy Speeding at www.flickr.com/shutterbugsheep Making research outputs freely available with no barriers such as payment or passwords University Library
  • 16. Open Access publishing  Open access publishing provides online access to research which is:  Free - the end user does not have to pay any subscriptions or fees to read the full text  Unrestricted - the reuse permissions allow the author and the end user to make full and free use of the material: they can view, download, print, copy, share and create derivative works from the material, as long as they credit the original author  This can include peer-reviewed journal articles, conference papers, monographs, book chapters, theses, research data…  More info at http://www.ncl.ac.uk/openaccess/ University Library
  • 17. Benefits of OA publishing For the author • Enhanced visibility • Wider readership • Increased impact • More citations • Compliance with funder requirements For the institution • Showcase for research • Maximum impact for their research • REF requirement (for the future?) For a researcher • Access to materials to which their library doesn’t subscribe For society in general • Publicly funded research should be freely available • Developing countries have access to cutting edge research University Library
  • 18. Routes to Open Access University Library
  • 19. Funding Council Requirements (1) Research Councils UK (RCUK)  From 1 April 2013, all articles arising from research funded by RCUK must be made available under open access conditions  This can be gold open access or green open access  If Gold – check to see if you’re eligible to apply for RCUK funding to pay Article Processing Charges (APCs) – (flow chart on library web pages http://www.ncl.ac.uk/openaccess/)  If Green – maximum embargo 6 months (except AHRC and ESRC where max. 12 months) University Library
  • 20. Funding Council Requirements (2) Wellcome   Since 2006, all research papers must be made available through PubMed Central / Europe PubMed within six months of date of publication Apply for OA Article Processing Charges (APCs) funds from the library Other funders  Info about other funders requirements http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/   Your research may be funded by local or smaller national funders. If you are uncertain what their position is regarding publication of research outputs – please contact openaccess@ncl.ac.uk and we will help. University Library
  • 21. Funders’ requirement University Library
  • 22. Who owns the copyright? It depends!  On your employer/institution  (copyright on all materials submitted for higher degrees remains with candidate – need to consider third party rights)  On your contract agreement  On the publisher’s policies For more information  Research & Enterprise Services (University policies)  Copyright & IPR http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/copyright  SHERPA ROMEO (publishers’ policies)  Web2Rights (Web 2.0 and IPR)  Ask the Library – email openaccess@ncl.ac.uk University Library
  • 23. More links and information… Newcastle University Library: Research Impact http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/impact Newcastle University Open Access http://www.ncl.ac.uk/openaccess/ Additional tutorials and handouts MyRI: Measuring my Research Impact http://www.ndlr.ie/myri/ University Library