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Referencing – good practice
To make your own contribution clear
To acknowledge source material
To ensure reader can find source material
To avoid plagiarism
Your referencing must be:
Use our Referencing Library Guide for
What do I need to include?
In-text citation – (Robinson, 2012)
This acknowledges your source at the point of
reference in the body of your essay
If quoting directly include “speech marks” and
page number (Robinson, 2012: p.22)
Full reference in a bibliography at the end
of your essay
Alphabetical by author name
Webpages to include URL and Access Date
Referencing examples (Harvard at Newcastle)
Surname, Initials. (Year of Publication) Title in Italics.
Edition if not first. Place of publication: Publisher.
Surname, Initials. (Year of Publication) ‘Title of article in
single quotes’, Title of Journal in Italics, Volume
(Issue/month/season where applicable), page numbers.
Author of website. (Year it was created) Title of Website.
Available at: URL (Accessed: last accessed date).
See the Referencing Guide:
The weird and wonderful
Author of message. (Year) ‘Title of message’, Title of
Internet Site, Day/month of posted message. Available at:
URL (Accessed: date).
Author (if given). (Year) Title of Program. (Version)
[Computer program]. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).
Author/speaker. (Year) Title of communication. [Medium].
Use Cite Them Right, Study Skills Level 3 Citation (PEA)
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