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ACE 1050 &1049
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ACE 1050 &1049

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  • 1. ACE1050: Finding good quality academic information Moira Bent, Faculty Liaison Librarian
  • 2. Objectives for today  How to search for information developing a search strategy  Making sense of what you find what‟s the difference between books, journals, websites, databases and why does it matter?  How to make sure it‟s good stuff  Associated practicalities  Referencing  Plagiarism University Library
  • 3. Different kinds of information Books Ebooks Internet Journal articles Maps Information resources Government reports Newspapers Conference papers Standards Theses
  • 4. Search Strategy Know what you want IDENTIFY and SCOPE your search topic using Keywords Keep it organised •What do you already know? •Identify keywords and phrases •Consider synonyms and spellings •Think about related terms WHAT WHAT PLAN where to look by knowing what information types you need MANAGE your information •Keep a record of everything you find •Cite and reference fully when writing up •Primary data •Secondary sources (books, journals) •Other material (images, maps, stats etc) WHERE WHERE WHY Find the right pieces Check it’s ok EVALUATE your results •Is it relevant? Is currency important? •Is it authoritative? Can you trust it? •Who wrote it and why? Is it biased? •Is it well written, referenced, based on original research? WHO WHO Plan where to look GATHER information using search techniques •Use subject specific databases •Use AND, OR to combine terms •Limit by date, location, language •By type (review, conference, peer reviewed etc) HOW HOW
  • 5. Decide what you want “The risks and benefits of genetically modified crops” Genetically modified crops risks benefits GM/GMOs Hazards advantages Genetic engineering danger Impact food Impact Types of benefit – resistance to disease, pests etc Products harm Cereals/fruit/veg Types of risk – economic, health ..
  • 6. Think about where to look Books  Good general overview  Specific course texts Journal articles  Specific topics/ very detailed  Original research/ opinion  Peer review Websites  Company/organisation/individual  Unregulated/biased Specialised information  Maps, images  Official information, statistics/data
  • 7. Find the right pieces  Use a phrase  “genetically modified”  Use AND, OR and NOT to make logical connections  GM AND risk  (GM OR genetic engineer*) AND (food* OR crop* OR product*) AND (risk* OR….)  Use truncation  Conserv* finds conservation, conserve, conservationists (and conservatory)
  • 8. Building up a search Food* OR crop* OR product* GM OR genetic engineer* risk* OR hazard* OR harm
  • 9. For academic information LibrarySearch is a good place to start Includes the library catalogue and a range of electronic resources Full & mobile views University Library
  • 10. Use Library Search     To find printed books in the Library To find electronic books To get a general overview of a topic To find a few journal references for an essay University Library
  • 11. Our subject guides are packed with resources, news and guidance http://www.ncl.ac.uk/library/subject-support/
  • 12. Library Search? Subject Guide?
  • 13. LibrarySearch is fab! Why use specific databases?  CAB Abstracts     Unique content for agriculture and food Specific indexes Set search alerts Search within results  Medline  Unique content for medicine and human nutrition  Same interface as CAB Abstracts University Library
  • 14. Use databases to trace journal articles Databases are:  Collections of references and full text articles  International in scope  Subject specific  Essential for academic research  Expensive resources University Library
  • 15. This is too complicated, Google’s always worked for me before…. University Library
  • 16. Google is good to find websites and freely available academic papers http://www.vtstutorials.co.uk/ • Subject specific guides • Identifies key websites http://scholar.google.co.uk/ • Google’s search engine for academic literature http://www.scirus.com • Scientific search engine – filters out nonscientific sites University Library
  • 17. Check it’s ok Consider:  The date it was produced  What kind of information is it? (book, journal, website….)  Who is it for?  Who created it? If you don‟t know, why do you trust it?  Is it up to date?  Is it accurate?  Is it biased?
  • 18. Evaluating Wikipedia? http://outreach.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File%3AEvaluating_Wikipedia_article_quality_2010-1126_%28web%29.pdf&page=1 University Library
  • 19. Check your references WHY  Why reference?     To make your own contribution clear To acknowledge source material To ensure reader can find source material To avoid plagiarism  Your referencing must be:  Comprehensive  Accurate  Consistent  Use our Referencing Library Guide for practical guidance  http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/referencing
  • 20. Referencing examples (Harvard at Newcastle)  Book Surname, Initials. (Year of Publication) Title in Italics. Edition if not first. Place of publication: Publisher.  Journal article Surname, Initials. (Year of Publication) „Title of article in single quotes‟, Title of Journal in Italics, Volume (Issue/month/season where applicable), page numbers.  Webpage Author of website. (Year it was created) Title of Website. Available at: URL (Accessed: last accessed date). See the Referencing Guide: http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/referencing University Library
  • 21. Harvard style Journal Stockdale, E. (2003) How to keep first year students awake. Education today 34: 122-134. Book Bent, M. (2002) The psychology of eating, Facet: London. Web site Park, J, Finn, J, Cooke, R, Lawson, C. (2008) Agriculture and the environment: the current situation. University of Reading. http://www.ecifm.reading.ac.uk/subject2.htm Accessed 1 Dec 2008 University Library
  • 22. The weird and wonderful  Blogs Author of message. (Year) „Title of message‟, Title of Internet Site, Day/month of posted message. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).  Computer programs Author (if given). (Year) Title of Program. (Version) [Computer program]. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).  Lecture/seminar/webinar Author/speaker. (Year) Title of communication. [Medium]. Day/Month. Use Cite Them Right, Study Skills Level 3 Citation (PEA) University Library
  • 23. Citing in an essay Research has shown that giving students chocolate helps them to concentrate (Stockdale, 2003). Bent (2002 p 45) also claims that “chocolate reduces stress”. It therefore seems appropriate that universities provide chocolate fountains in all halls of residence. References Bent, M. (2002) The psychology of eating, Facet, London. Stockdale, E. (2003) How to keep first year students awake. Education today 34:122-134. University Library
  • 24. Your plan of action Expand on your research question – what, when, where, how? • http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/disshelp Use Library Search for books, ebooks and journal articles • http://libsearch.ncl.ac.uk/ Use your Subject Guide to explore ebook collections, databases and specialised resources • http://libguides.ncl.ac.uk/biology Reference all your sources University Library
  • 25. What next…  Worksheet  Use LibrarySearch  Explore your Subject Guide  Evaluate websites