Irregular Migrants in Genoa

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  • 1. Irregular migrants in Genoa:Irregular migrants in Genoa: what kind of services they can receive…..what kind of services they can receive….. Tampere (Finland), 10.09.2013Tampere (Finland), 10.09.2013
  • 2. GENOA – 580.723 inhabitants (31.03.2013) 140 different nationalities 57.025 non national residents 9,8% of total residents The eighth Italian city for number of inhabitants, the fourth Italian municipality for number of foreign residents. (non nationals)...
  • 3. REGULAR MIGRANTS IN GENOAREGULAR MIGRANTS IN GENOA YEAR 2013YEAR 2013 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 ECUADOR ALBANIA MAROCCO ROMANIA PERU' CINA UCRAINA SENEGAL SRI LANKA BANGLA DESH
  • 4. Illegal immigration:Illegal immigration: a political battlegrounda political battleground • AMNESTIES: every immigration law, regardless of the political color of the government that has done it, has been accompanied by an amnesty. Thanks to these amnesties (one every 3-4 years since 1986) were regularized approximately 2.5 million people. • The largest amnesty was that of 2002 (the Bossi-Fini’s), and involved almost 800,000 people. • In 2013 the total amount of regular non-UE residents is 3.5 milion people…(3.764.236 source ISTAT) • The last one of 2012 saw the presentation of some 135,000 requests and acceptance of about 30,000 of them (still in progress...)
  • 5. How many irregulars live in Genoa? Italian Caritas’ valuation: 10-15% of regular migrants – from 5.000 to 8.000 people….
  • 6. Italian immigration law ensures health care for irregular migrants… Art 35 dpr 286/98 STP code for health care Sportello migranti ASL 3 – Ghetto International medical ambulatory “Città aperta” Pediatric ambulatory “Camici e pigiami”
  • 7. IL RUOLO DEL SERVIZIO CENTRALE SPRAR L’importanza di fare parte di una rete nazionale che ti manda le persone quando ai dei posti disponibili, ma alla quale puoi segnalare le richieste che emergono dal territorio ed alle quali non puoi fare fronte: donne sole, donne sole con bambini, nuclei familiari, persone con disagio mentale….. Questo ci ha permesso di dare molte più risposte di quelle che i nostri posti ci avrebbero consentito…Italian immigration law ensures free access to educational system for irregular migrants children… Art. 38 dlgs 286/98: the educational system is free, schooling is mandatory for all children present regardless from their status Genoa: free access for i. m. c. to public kindergartens Intercultural support by Ministry’ s “Centro Scuole Nuove Culture” And City’s “Laboratorio migrazioni”
  • 8. Public and private (Ngo’s) sheltering is allowed for irregular migrants Public dormitory – you can stay 3 days even without a permit to stay, but …..if you’re ill, elderly… Ngo’s dormitory – you can stay untill 5 weeks without a permit to stay
  • 9. Non Residents Migrant Office (U.C.S.T) gives information to regular and irregular migrants Public and ngos’ offices give information in order of documents, sheltering, place where to eat or where find help…
  • 10. In exceptional situations irregular migrants can access public housing Bosnian Roma families…..