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Windows Network Administration Chapter 10

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Windows Network Administration Chapter 10 Windows Network Administration Chapter 10 Presentation Transcript

  • Windows Network Administration
    • Chapter 10
    • Administering Routing and Remote Access
  • Introduction
    • Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS)
      • Enables users to connect to LAN from remote computer
    • Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
      • Allows modem dial-up connection/modem to work like LAN interface
      • Allows servers to host one or more dial-up network users
      • Infrastructure:
        • Modem
        • POTS / ISDN
  • Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
    • Allows two devices to establish TCP/IP connection over serial link
    • Three phases
    • Protocols:
      • Link Control Protocol (LCP)
      • Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
      • Callback Control Protocol (CBCP)
      • Compression Control Protocol (CCP)
      • IP Control Protocol (IPCP)
      • Internet Protocol (IP)
    • Encapsulation
    • Multilink extensions
  • Three Phases of PPP
  • Virtual Private Networking
    • VPN: Private networking using Internet connection
    • Encrypted tunnels
    • Windows Server 2003 VPN support
      • Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP)
      • Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP)
  • Virtual Private Networking
  • How VPNs Work
    • Connection process:
      • Client establishes Internet connection
      • Client sends VPN request to server
        • Request Format varies (PPTP, L2TP)
      • Client authenticates to server
        • Authentication process varies (PPTP, L2TP)
      • Client/server negotiation for VPN session
        • Encryption algorithm and strength
      • Client/server PPP negotiation
  • VPNs
    • VPN packets
      • Encrypted by VPN software
      • Encapsulated inside regular IP packets
    • VPN encapsulation
      • Data packet created
      • IP stack adds TCP and IP headers: IP datagram
      • Add PPP header: PPP frame
      • VPN software encrypts PPP frame
      • Add GRE header: Encapsulated PPTP packet
      • PPTP stack adds IP header and PPP header
      • Packet sent
  • VPN Encapsulation
  • PPTP and L2TP
    • PPTP
      • Encryption using Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption (MPPE)
      • Authenticates to server with challenge/response process
    • L2TP
      • More general purpose than PPTP
      • No native encryption or authentication
      • Used with IPsec for security
        • ISAKMP, Oakley protocols for creating encrypted channel before establishing tunnel
  • Configuring Routing
    • Windows Server 2003 RRAS
      • Fully functional multiprotocol router
      • To use as additional router
        • Activate and configure RRAS
      • To use as IP router
        • Add demand-dial interfaces for demand-dialing
        • Give each routable interface network address
        • Install and configure routing protocols on interfaces
      • RRAS Setup Wizard
  • RRAS Snap-in: Network Interfaces Node
  • Local Area Connection Properties
  • Setting Up Demand-Dial Interfaces
    • Demand-Dial Interface Wizard
      • Interface Name page
      • Connection Type page
        • Physical device or VPN connection
      • Depending on connection type
        • Select a Device page
        • VPN Type page
      • Network Address / Phone Number page
      • Protocols and Security page
      • Dial-In Credentials page
      • Dial-Out Credentials page
  • Demand-Dial Interface Wizard
  • Demand-Dial Interface Wizard
  • Demand-Dial Interface Wizard
  • Configuring IP Routing Properties
  • Managing Static Routes
    • Create static routes to populate routing table
    • Static routes:
      • Combine network address with subnet mask to provide list of destinations
    • To create static route:
      • Static Route dialog box, or
      • route add command
        • route add destination mask netmask gateway metric interface
  • Managing Static Routes
  • Configuring Remote Access
    • General configuration of RAS
    • Server Properties dialog box
      • General tab: Whether to allow remote connections
      • Protocol specific tabs: What protocols to support and their settings
      • Security tab: Security settings
      • PPP tab: Which PPP protocols clients may use
      • Logging tab: Level of log detail
  • Configuring Remote Access
  • Configuring Remote Access
  • Configuring VPN Access
    • VPN:
      • Sits between internal network and Internet
    • VPN server:
      • Should be outside any firewalls or network security measures
  • Configuring VPN Access
  • Configuring VPN Access
    • Common configuration: Two NICs:
      • One connects to Internet
      • Other connects either to:
        • Private network, OR
        • Intermediate network connected to private network
    • Converting RRAS server to handle VPN traffic
  • Configuring VPN Access
  • Configuring a VPN
    • Adjust number and kind of VPN ports
    • Enable or disable PPTP or L2TP
    • Ports Properties dialog box
      • List of hardware ports
      • Two WAN miniport devices (virtual ports)
        • PPTP
        • L2TP
      • Configure Device dialog box
  • Configuring a VPN
  • Remote Access Security
    • To control who uses remote access services
      • Set up remote access profiles on individual accounts
      • Create and manage remote access policies that apply to groups of users
  • Configuring User Access
    • Profile:
      • User account information
      • Typically stored in Active Directory
    • Two user management snap-ins
      • If RRAS is part of Active Directory domain:
        • Active Directory Users and Computers
      • If RRAS is not part of Active Directory domain
        • Local Users and Groups
    • Dial-in tab of user’s Properties dialog box
  • Configuring User Access
  • Remote Access Policies
    • Remote access policies
      • To determine who can connect
      • Each user has single policy applied when connecting
      • Three components
        • Conditions
        • Permissions
        • Profile
      • Ordering and application of policies
        • Caller must match all conditions of policy
        • First policy to match caller is used
  • Configuring Remote Access Policies
    • RRAS snap-in
      • Remote Access Policies folder
      • New Remote Access Policy Wizard
        • Policy Configuration Method page
        • Policy Conditions page
          • Select Attribute dialog box
        • Permissions page
  • Configuring Remote Access Policies
  • Configuring Remote Access Policies
  • Configuring Remote Access Policies
  • Using Remote Access Profiles
    • Remote Access profiles
      • Settings to determine what happens during call setup and completion
    • Each policy has associated profile
      • Profile determines settings for connections that meet policy conditions
    • Profile Properties dialog box
      • Dial-In Constraints tab
      • IP tab
      • Multilink tab
      • Authentication tab
      • Encryption tab
      • Advanced tab
  • Using Remote Access Profiles
  • Using Remote Access Profiles
  • Using Remote Access Profiles