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  • 1. Chapter 5: Server Installation
  • 2. Learning Objectives
    • Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server
    • Install Windows 2000 Server using different methods, including from a CD-ROM, from the installation disks, over a network, unattended, and from another operating system
  • 3. Learning Objectives (continued)
    • Go through a Windows 2000 Server installation step by step, and test the installation
    • Upgrade a Windows NT server and domain
    • Create an emergency repair disk
  • 4. Troubleshooting Tip
    • Obtain the latest device drivers before you start the installation, such as those for the NIC, HAL.dll (for SMP computers), SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, RAID arrays
  • 5. Make Important Decisions in Advance
    • How to partition the disk or disks
    • What file system(s) to use
    • What to name the server
    • What password to use for the Administrator account
    • What protocols to use
    • What licensing method to use
    • Whether to make the server a DC
  • 6. Decide Whether to Set Up a Dual Boot System
    • Other systems that can reside on the same server as Windows 2000 Server include MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows 98
  • 7. Partitioning
    • If you create FAT and NTFS partitions, create the FAT partition before you start (or leave an existing FAT partition if you create a dual boot system)
  • 8. Boot.ini File
    • The Boot.ini file on the system partition contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual boot configuration
  • 9. Sample Boot.ini File Figure 5-2 Boot.ini file
  • 10. FAT Partitions
    • Windows 2000 will format a 2 GB or smaller partition as FAT16 and a partition larger than 2 GB as FAT32
  • 11. Server Naming
    • Use a name that is easy to type
    • Make the name descriptive of the server’s function or of the organization
    • Select a name that is easy to remember and use
    • Make sure the name is not already used on the network
  • 12. Administrator Password
    • Use a “strong” or difficult-to-guess password for the critical Administrator account
    • Characteristics of a strong password:
      • Over seven characters long
      • Has a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols
      • Includes at least one symbol in characters two through six
  • 13. Protocol Selection
    • Consider using the default TCP/IP setup as a starting point and add other protocols later as needed
  • 14. Licensing Methods
    • Per server licensing: A server software license based on the maximum number of clients that log on to the server at one time
    • Per seat licensing: A server software license that requires that there be enough licenses for all network client workstations
  • 15. Initial Server Installation
    • Standalone server: A server that is not a member of a domain, but that is a member of an existing workgroup or that establishes its own workgroup, such as in peer-to-peer networking
    • Member server: A server that is a member of an existing Windows 2000 domain, but that does not function as a domain controller
        • (Either type of server can be later set up as a domain controller)
  • 16. Installation Options
    • CD-ROM only
    • Floppy disk and CD-ROM
    • Network installation
    • Installation from an existing operating system
    • Unattended installation
  • 17. Installation Programs
    • Use Winnt.exe from scratch (installation disks or CD-ROM) and from computers already booted from MS-DOS or Windows 3.x
    • Use Winnt32.exe from computers already booted from Windows 95/98, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 (for an upgrade)
  • 18. Command-line Switches for Winnt
  • 19. Command-line Switches for Winnt (continued)
  • 20. Command-line Switches for Winnt32
  • 21. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  • 22. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  • 23. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)
  • 24. CD-ROM Installation
    • Set the computer’s BIOS to boot first from CD-ROM
    • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
    • Turn the computer off and then back on (you may need to press Enter to boot from CD-ROM)
    • After Winnt.exe starts, follow the instructions on the screen
  • 25. Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation
    • Set the BIOS to boot first from drive A:
    • Power off the computer
    • Insert Setup Disk #1 and the CD-ROM
    • Turn on the computer, booting from the Setup Disk #1
    • After Winnt.exe starts, insert Setup Disk #2 and follow the on-screen instructions
  • 26. Making Copies of the Setup Disk
    • Format 4 floppy disks
    • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
    • Click Start and then click Run
    • Enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path ootdiskmakebt32.exe
    • Click OK
    • Follow the on-screen instructions
  • 27. Network Installation
    • Copy the installation files from the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM which are in the folder I386
    • Share the host’s folder and set appropriate permissions
    • Map the host’s shared folder from the target server computer
    • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe from the shared folder
    • Follow the on-screen instructions
  • 28. Installation from an Existing Operating System
    • Boot the computer to use its existing operating system
    • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
    • Click Start, click Run, enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path to the Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe file, such as I386winnt32 plus any switches
    • Follow the on-screen instructions
  • 29. Installation Tip
    • If you install Windows 2000 from MS-DOS, you can reduce the installation time from several hours to under an hour if you start the SMARTDRIVE utility before running Winnt.exe
  • 30. Unattended Installation Over the Network
    • Create an answer file using Setup Manager or Notepad
    • Use the /s and /u (or /unattend) switches to specify the location of the installation files and of the answer file such as:
      • Winnt32 /s:ainserverI386 /unattend:unattend.txt
    • Use a uniqueness database and the /UDF switch to further customize the unattended installation
  • 31. Unattended Installation via CD-ROM
    • An alternative to a unattended network installation is to create an answer file to use along with booting via the CD-ROM, but name the file, Winnt.sif
  • 32. Creating Duplicate Unattended Installations
    • Use Sysprep.exe to clone computers that have the same hardware configuration
    • Use Syspart.exe to clone computers that have different hardware configurations
  • 33. Installation Troubleshooting Tip
    • If Setup starts, but does not find mass storage, restart the installation, press F6 as soon as possible and load the manufacturer’s driver (such as for a SCSI adapter)
    • If Setup does not start because you are using an SMP computer, restart the installation, press F5, and provide the computer manufacturer’s Hal.dll
  • 34. Installation Part 1
    • When the Windows Setup starts, it inspects the computer hardware and loads drivers and then presents a screen on which to press Enter to start the installation
  • 35. Installation Part 1 (continued) Figure 5-3 Beginning setup options
  • 36. Installation Part 1 (continued)
    • Read the licensing agreement and press F8
    • Select the partitioned or unpartitioned disk space on which to install Windows 2000
  • 37. Installation Part 1 (continued) Figure 5-4 Detecting partitions
  • 38. Installation Part 1 (continued)
    • Select the file system to use, FAT or NTFS
    • Setup automatically checks the disks, copies files, and reboots into the graphical mode
  • 39. Installation Part 2
    • Setup gathers and verifies information about the computer, such as the keyboard and pointing device
    • Setup next enables you to configure regional and keyboard settings, such as the language that you use
  • 40. Installation Part 2 (continued)
    • Enter your name and the name of your organization
    • Enter the product key which is obtained from the back of the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM jewel case
  • 41. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-5 Name and organization information
  • 42. Installation Part 2 (continued)
    • Select the licensing mode
    • Enter the name of the server and the Administrator account’s password
    • Select the Windows 2000 components to install
  • 43. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-6 Windows 2000 components
  • 44. Installation Part 2 (continued)
    • If there is an installed modem, provide the Modem Dialing information
    • Verify the date and time
    • Select the network configuration option, such as Typical settings in order to install TCP/IP
    • Specify whether the computer will start off in a workgroup or domain (if in a domain, provide the account and password)
  • 45. Installation Part 2 (continued)
    • Wait for Setup to install components and files and then click Finish
  • 46. Installation Part 2 (continued) Figure 5-7 Installing components
  • 47. Log On and Test the Server
    • Press Ctrl+Alt+Del, enter Administrator as the account name, and enter the Administrator password you specified during the installation
    • Look for the Windows 2000 Configure Your Server dialog box, which provides one method for continuing to configure the server
  • 48. Configure Your Server Tool Figure 5-8 Configuration dialog box
  • 49. Testing the Desktop Icons
    • Test the desktop icons and other preliminary functions of the server
  • 50. Desktop Figure 5-9 Windows 2000 Desktop
  • 51. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain
    • Coordinate a time for the upgrade
    • Backup each server that will be upgraded
    • Upgrade the PDC first
    • Upgrade the BDCs one at a time
    • Upgrade using Winnt32
  • 52. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued)
    • Select the Upgrade to Windows 2000 (recommend) option
    • Follow the directions in the Windows 2000 Setup
  • 53. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued) Figure 5-10 Selecting the upgrade option
  • 54. Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued)
    • When the Active Directory Wizard starts, specify if you want to join an existing domain tree or forest, or start a new one
    • Establish the appropriate default domain and other group policies
    • Convert the domain to native mode after the last BDC is upgraded and there are no more Windows NT servers
  • 55. Troubleshooting Tip
    • Create an emergency repair disk for each newly installed or upgraded server
    • Update the emergency repair disk every time you implement an important change on a server, such as after installing new hardware, drivers, and software
  • 56. Troubleshooting Installation Problems
    • The first step is to avoid problems through your advanced preparations
      • Purchase components listed on the HCL
      • Test all hardware before you start the installation
      • Run the computer’s diagnostics before starting
      • Run a comprehensive test of the hard disk before starting
  • 57. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup
  • 58. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup (continued)
  • 59. Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Setup (continued)
  • 60. Service Packs
    • Check Microsoft’s Web site for the latest information about service packs and the option to download them
    • For more control, install service packs using the Update command
  • 61. Windows Service Pack Update Switches
  • 62. Uninstalling Windows 2000 Server
    • Backup the server files
    • Use the disk management utilities in the new operating system to delete the Windows 2000 partition, re-partition the drive, and format it (or start a Windows 2000 installation and delete the partition via Windows 2000 Setup)
    • Install the new operating system
  • 63. Chapter Summary
    • Before you install Windows 2000 Server, make sure the computer’s components are on the HCL
    • Make decisions in advance about how to complete the installation options, such as how to partition the disk and what file system to use
  • 64. Chapter Summary
    • Use the appropriate installation option, such as installing from CD-ROM, from the installation diskettes, over the network, from another operating system, or unattended
    • Make an emergency repair disk after you finish the installation