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  • Something about NSF/CISE (as there are no slides on our mission, etc.) : Mission: transformative science and education CISE: responsible for most basic federally-funded CS research in the country; have to be at the frontiers Something about why here at OECD: Going to talk about a new initiative in CISE, reinventing the Internet First foray into international waters….
  • We all know this remarkable story of the Internet -- in 20 years or less, the Internet has transformed our society -- the way we communicate, learn, conduct research and business, entertain ourselves and so on. It has been an engine for economic growth as well as enabler of S&E research and education. The study by National Academy of Engineering in year 2000 recognized the Internet as one of the top 20 engineering innovations that has transformed society. The research communities and federal agencies have played an important role in the research and development of Internet. It is one of our major success stories. BTW I am using the term Internet broadly -- not just IP layer but the whole Internet stack including WEB. Note in late 80s Internet was an obscure network used by the research community and today it is a critical infrastructure. It is important to note that In 1989 a router bug brought down the Internet and caused inconvenience to a few thousand researchers. In 2003 the SLQ slammer attack grounded airline flights, brought down thousands of ATM machines and caused more than a $B loss.
  • I like Drivers more than Motivation We have to recognize that Internet has been able to extend quite well for the past 30 years but now it is reaching its limits -- we can talk about the specific examples and that lead into the next bullet that is new opportunities enabled by technologies and applications.
  • It would be nice if we could discover and implement independent fixes for current Internet limitations, e.g., the security fix, the management fix, the availability fix, etc. But these dimensions need to be harmonized and work in concert; many trade-offs; thus, we need to experiment with new architectures that incorporate security, end to end models for mobile data, location-aware networking techniques, etc., etc. That is why we are proposing to build a shared facility that will allow for these kinds of experiments to be done over the next decade.
  • Today, such a large-scale experimental infrastructure does not exist. Historically, NSF has funded basic research, prototypes and small-scale testbeds. If we are going to experiment on creating and evaluating a new Internet, we need a large experimental infrastructure, such as we conceptualizing for GENI
  • Conceptual framework to show how o multiple network arhictectures can be supported on a single physical infrastructure o user opt-in can work To overcome the testbed dilemma
  • Preplanning activities include supporting research as well as smaller scale experimental testbeds. Both GENI Research and Facility are building on solid foundations.
  • The future Internet will be able to incorporate all kinds of new technologies – wireless, sensors, etc. While providing the highest level services that are secure, ubiquitous, robust, reliable, etc, Thus allowing for societal-level applications, such as e-science, digital living, and critical infrastructures, to be useful and beneficial to all
  • LarryParisTalk3-10-064.ppt

    1. 1. GENI: Global Environment for Networking Innovations Lawrence H. Landweber Senior Advisor US National Science Foundation Computer and Information Science and Engineering March 10, 2006
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Internet has been wildly successful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research community played a leadership role </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to innovate beyond today’s Internet </li></ul><ul><li>GENI Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facility for experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is an exciting new concept, in the planning stages </li></ul>
    3. 3. Internet and Research Community <ul><li>Research community led </li></ul><ul><li>Definition and creation of the architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization of architecture and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of multiple testbeds and applications </li></ul><ul><li>Early commercialization </li></ul>
    4. 4. Internet: Transforming Infrastructure Education Business Communication S&E Research … …
    5. 5. Internet Success New Paradigms: Packet Switching Architectures: Internet and TCP/IP Technologies & Systems: Routers/Switches Testbeds & Applications: ARPANET, NSFNET More Networks & Applications
    6. 6. Challenges <ul><li>Increasing dependence of society on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental limitations of current Internet architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security, robustness, manageability, scalability, performance, quality of service, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the limit of its extensibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet Architectural Limiting Assumptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network traffic is friendly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End-node is a (wired) computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network transparency not required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network should provide just best effort packet delivery </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Challenges (2) <ul><li>New opportunities enabled by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New technologies: sensors, mobile (ad hoc) wireless, photonics, software radios… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New classes of applications in all areas of activity </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Critical Infrastructure Transportation Telecommunications Banking & Finance Internet Not Ready for Its Future Roles
    9. 9. GENI Vision <ul><li>Enable the discovery and evaluation of revolutionary new ideas, paradigms, and technologies that will serve as the basis for the Internet of the 21 st century and create an engine for economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Build future networks/systems based on a more solid scientific basis so that they can overcome current limitations and accelerate innovations </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Networking and distributed systems researchers lack the ability to experiment with new ideas and paradigms that deal with these challenges, possibly in revolutionary new ways </li></ul>
    11. 11. US Approach to the Challenges <ul><li>Development of a facility, GENI, to enable large-scale experimentation with new architectures, technologies, and policies </li></ul><ul><li>A research program that encourages exploration of revolutionary new ideas </li></ul>
    12. 12. GENI <ul><li>A shared facility that allows: </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent exploration of a broad range of experimental networks and distributed services </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnection among these experimental networks and with the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Real users utilizing experimental services </li></ul><ul><li>Observation, measurement, and recording of the resulting experimental outcomes </li></ul>
    13. 13. Case for GENI Time Capabilities Foundations Research Research Prototypes Small Scale Testbeds Funded by CISE Programs Shared Deployable Infrastructure Need for large experimental testbed/infrastructure This chasm represents a major barrier to realization of the Internet of the future
    14. 14. Possible GENI Components <ul><li>Fiber optic-based networks </li></ul><ul><li>Optical switches, routers </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile wireless platforms and networks </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor networks </li></ul><ul><li>Customizable components </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement and instrumentation components </li></ul><ul><li>Plus others to be determined </li></ul>
    15. 15. GENI Facility Conceptual Design Slicing, Virtualization, Programmability Mobile Wireless Network Edge Site Sensor Network Federated International Facility
    16. 16. Example Research Challenges Security and Robustness Pervasive Computing w/ Mobility Bridging Physical and Cyberspace Autonomic Networking Impact: Trustworthy & reliable information access Impact: Seamless information access any where and any time Impact: Access information about physical world in real time Impact: Information access in dynamic and challenging environments GENI-enabled research
    17. 17. Scope of Research <ul><li>Core mechanisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture/protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement / performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security and robustness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theoretical foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Access networks </li></ul><ul><li>Communications during crises </li></ul><ul><li>Support for application design </li></ul><ul><li>Storage management </li></ul><ul><li>Economic viability </li></ul><ul><li>Manageability and usability </li></ul><ul><li>Critical infrastructure support </li></ul>
    18. 18. Mobile Wireless <ul><li>Support node mobility as a first-level objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nodes able to change their attachment point to the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide means to discover characteristics of varying wireless links and adapt to them </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the process by which nodes that are in physical proximity discover each other </li></ul><ul><li>Support seamless interface between wired and wireless </li></ul>
    19. 19. Sensors and Actuators <ul><li>Support future computing devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermittent connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data-driven communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location-aware applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application-tuned performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extend given sensor application across Internet* </li></ul><ul><li>Networked embedded systems and applications </li></ul><ul><li>Control and management of critical infrastructures </li></ul>
    20. 20. Service in Times of Crisis <ul><li>Allocate resources to critical tasks while under attack and some resources have failed </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly obtain information of known authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit flooding, fraudulent and counterfeit misinformation, and DoS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obtain critical information based on location </li></ul><ul><li>Request assistance based on their location </li></ul>
    21. 21. CISE Programs in Support of GENI <ul><li>Networking Technologies and Systems (NeTS-FIND) </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber Trust (CT) </li></ul><ul><li>CISE Research Infrastructure (CRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Systems Research (CSR) </li></ul><ul><li>Significant funding commitments </li></ul>
    22. 22. GENI Activities 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 . . . | | | | | | Pre-GENI Planning Activities GENI Planning CDR FDR Conceptual Design Preliminary / Final Design Construction/ Operations Calendar Year GENI Design GENI Facility Construction & Operations Developing Partnerships (CCC, GPO, Cross-Agency, Industrial, International) PDR Networking and Distributed Systems Research
    23. 23. International Partnerships are Important <ul><li>Help define facility design and participate in its implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Build national partner facilities that connect to and complement US GENI facilities and capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Share facilities with researchers in all partner countries </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage collaborative international research projects and experiments </li></ul>
    24. 24. Industry Partnerships are Important <ul><li>Help to refine R&D objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Become a member in the GENI consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leading-edge technology for use in GENI </li></ul><ul><li>Contract (or subcontract) to build the facility </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct collaborative research with universities </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to partnering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerate the transfer of academic research results to commercial products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable a national/international “proving ground” for new technology </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Conclusions <ul><li>The future of the Internet is too important to be left to chance or random developments. </li></ul><ul><li>True experimentation is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>The GENI project intends to provide the basic architectures, technologies, and policies that will be needed for successful inter-networking in the 2010-2020 time frame. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Contact Information <ul><li>Dr. Lawrence H. Landweber </li></ul><ul><li>NSF Senior Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 703-292-8900 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Visit the GENI web site at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    27. 27. Optical Networking <ul><li>Allow for dynamically reconfigurable optical nodes that enable the electronics layer to dynamically access the full fiber bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Include control and management software that allow a network of dynamically reconfigurable nodes to operate as a stable networking layer </li></ul>
    28. 28. Security and Robustness <ul><li>“ Well-behaved” hosts able to communicate among themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malicious or corrupted nodes not able to disrupt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security and robustness extended across layers </li></ul><ul><li>A reasoned balance between forensic capabilities and privacy </li></ul>
    29. 29. Sensor and Sensor Networks New Machines New Environments New Applications New Scale Billion to trillion devices!
    30. 30. Mobile Wireless Devices <ul><li>Each one is an end-node on the network </li></ul><ul><li>2B+ cell phones sold every year </li></ul><ul><li>Range of mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Data, VOIP, IPTV, … </li></ul>
    31. 31. Software Radios <ul><li>Software Radio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide operational frequency supports use of multiple bands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple waveforms in a single hardware unit provides interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic spectrum management helps prevent interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptable to local & current situation; flexible frequency use provides opportunities for quality of service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid deployment and service creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables new network architectures through flexible & dynamic connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems and networking issues remain unexplored and unexploited! </li></ul>Thanks to Joe Evans Microphone Video Fax Data Narrowband A/D-D/A (Optional Integral Source Coding) Antenna Wideband A/D-D/A? N-/RT Software Programmable Processor(s)? Tightly Integrated Host Hardware
    32. 32. System on a Chip: IXP 2850 16 32 bit processors 8K ctl. memory 4 QDR SRAM channels 3 RDRAM channels 2 encryption engines 10 Gb/s IO <ul><li>>20 GIPs (peak) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 i/B for 10 Gb/s traffic </li></ul></ul>Thanks to Jon Turner
    33. 33. Infinera’s Photonic Integrated Circuits 100Gb/s Transmit 100Gb/s Receive Infinera’s PICs integrate all of the components necessary for 10x 10 Gb/s DWDM links -- OEO conversion becoming pretty inexpensive PIC capabilities represent beginning of VLSI revolution for optics Other research groups (UCSB, Lucent) also developing PIC capabilities 100 Gb/s Transmit 100 Gb/s Receive
    34. 34. And Optical Switches, Routers, and Edge Mobile Wireless and Sensor Networks Internet backbone wavelength backbone switch Sensor Network Edge Site Wireless Subnet Customizable Router
    35. 35. Customizable Routers/Switches
    36. 36. Mobile Wireless Platforms
    37. 37. Expected GENI Deliverables <ul><li>A new class of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network platforms: switches/routers/APs/Optical Systems/? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control and management planes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed system infrastructures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embedded measurement and instrumentation infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical transport systems and networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New and old applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New class of edge devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Real users that depend on the infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Deep insight about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Various proposed architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various engineering trade-offs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An operational infrastructure based on a new end-to-end architecture that is secured, robust, scalable, manageable, and evolvable </li></ul>
    38. 38. Looking Ahead Technologies Capabilities Applications Autonomicity Evolvability Service Oriented Security Robustness Mobility Ubiquity Optical Wireless SoC Sensors Actuators Digital Living Networked Embedded Networked Sensors E-science Data Grid Critical Infrastructures
    39. 39. Network Management <ul><li>Allow an operator to describe and configure his network using high-level declarations of policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic tools should configure individual devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A user detecting a problem should have a tool that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnoses the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives feedback to the user in meaningful terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports this error to the responsible party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All devices should have a way to report failures </li></ul>