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  • 1. Installing Windows XP Professional 70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • 2. Upgrading Versus Installing
    • Choose between:
      • Upgrading
      • A "clean" installation
  • 3. Upgrading (Page 1)
    • Possible if previous version of Windows already is installed
    • Upgrading can an preserve settings …
      • Password files, desktop settings, general or network configurations, installed programs, etc.
      • System utilities and device drivers unique to the old O/S will be lost
  • 4. Upgrading (Page 2)
    • Upgrades are possible from:
      • Windows 95 OSR2,Windows 98,Windows 98 SE, and Windows ME
      • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation (with Service Pack 6 or later)
      • Windows 2000 Professional (with any service packs)
      • Windows XP Home Edition
      • Windows 95 (retains less information since Microsoft no longer supports it)
  • 5. Upgrading (Page 3)
    • To perform the upgrade:
      • Backup all data—also make certain you have all program installation disks (just in case)
      • Select the executable file winnt32.exe from the "I386" folder on the installation CD (this is the installation application for most installs)
        • Only if the install application does not run automatically when the CD is inserted
      • Select "Upgrade (Recommended)" from the drop-down menu
  • 6. Upgrade Option From Setup Wizard
  • 7. Data File Backup Considerations
    • If backing up from Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows SE or Windows ME:
      • Do not backup files that were compressed using older version of Windows backup utility—Windows XP backup not compatible with earlier versions
    • One of two XP Professional utilities, run before the upgrade, help to retain many personal system settings and data files:
      • "Files and Settings Transfer Wizard"
      • "User State Migration"
  • 8. Device Driver Considerations
    • Most drivers will be updated automatically during the installation
    • Nonstandard or obscure drivers may need to be replaced if possible
    • Or entire device may need to be removed or replaced with one on the HCL list (most commonly video drivers)
  • 9. Clean Installation
    • Installs new version
    • No settings maintained
    • Good option for system with problems
    • Only option if no version of Windows from the previous compatibility list is installed
  • 10. Windows XP Upgrade Advisor
    • An Internet utility that inspects a computer to determine if the hardware and software are compatible with Windows XP
      • www.microsoft.com/ windowsxp/pro/howtobuy/upgrading/advisor.asp (over 50 MB)
      • After download, select "Upgrade Advisor" and follow the wizard-like prompts
      • A report listing any problems can be saved to a file for future reference
    • Can only be used on a system with an existing Windows O/S
  • 11. Booting Multiple Operating Systems
    • Install more than one O/S on the same computer in separate partitions
    • Windows XP should be installed last
      • Older versions first in chronological order
      • If not, XP will not update the boot partition's files and none of the other O/S's can boot
      • The boot loader is the software that shows all currently available operating systems
    • Windows XP can be dual-booted with any Microsoft O/S, OS/2, Linux, etc.
  • 12. Planning The Installation (Page 1)
    • Attended or unattended?
    • Which partition?
    • Computer must meet minimum hardware requirements
      • "Setup" program checks at start of installation and will terminate automatically if not
    • Automatically configures Windows XP for multiprocessor system (up to two)
      • If present on the system
      • Reinstall XP if additional processor added later
  • 13. Planning The Installation (Page 2)
    • Decide upon upgrade or clean installation
    • Upgrade possible if:
      • Current O/S supported as one to which Windows XP Professional can upgrade
      • Goal is to retain as much configuration and setting information as possible
      • You are prepared to handle hardware and software incompatibilities that may arise
  • 14. Planning The Installation (Page 3)
    • Clean installation necessary if:
      • Hard drive has been formatted, or new hard drive is installed
      • Installation is over an existing O/S not on the list of supported operating systems
      • A partitioned disk is being used to create multi-boot system with Windows XP installed last
  • 15. Types Of Attended Installations
    • Choice between:
      • Network installation
      • CD installation (faster)
  • 16. Installing over the Network
    • Launch setup routine (either winnt.exe or winnt32.exe ) from network share
      • If launching setup from:
        • MS-DOS or Windows 3.x, run winnt.exe
        • Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/2000, run winnt32.exe
    • Create a share on either the server's CD-ROM or hard drive
    • The "I386" folder on the installation CD contains the files
  • 17. Activity 2-1: Network Installation Setup
    • http:// course.labmentors.com
    • Objective: Prepare a Windows 2000 Server or Windows Server 2003 as a network installation point for Windows XP Professional
    • Follow instructions to share CD-ROM folder and set permissions
  • 18. CD-ROM Installation Launched from Setup Boot Floppies (Page 1)
    • In some instances it may be necessary to start with setup boot disks (or floppies) before installing from local CD-ROM:
      • Must install storage drivers manually
      • System will not boot from the CD (it should)
      • No existing O/S
      • No network access
  • 19. CD-ROM Installation Launched from Setup Boot Floppies (Page 2)
    • To begin the process:
      • Place XP Professional CD into HCL-compliant CD-ROM drive
      • Place first of setup boot disks into floppy drive
      • Reboot system
      • The installer will be prompted to enter each floppy in sequence
    • If necessary, create new setup floppies
      • The utility is available is available for download from www.microsoft.com/downloads (search the site using keywords "xp setup disks"
  • 20. Using a Bootable CD
    • The Microsoft Windows XP Professional CD is self-booting
      • Bypasses setup floppies by booting from CD
    • Fastest and most common method
    • Will work with or without either:
      • An O/S installed on the machine
      • Network access
  • 21. Setup Initializations
    • The two stages of installation process are:
      • Text Mode Setup
      • GUI Setup Method
  • 22. Text Mode Setup
    • The first part of the install process
      • Necessary when not installing on a machine with a preexisting Windows O/S
    • A series of prompts ask for various setup options
    • After this text-only portion is complete, advances on to the GUI section
  • 23. GUI Setup Method
    • The initialization "Setup Wizard" can skip the text-only section if several setup options are pre-selected (predefined)
      • Determined by accepting those settings from the previous Windows O/S
    • Installation begins by asking if this is an upgrade or a clean install
  • 24. GUI Setup Method--Upgrade
    • If an upgrade:
      • Prompts to accept the license agreement
      • Copies required files to hard drive
      • Reboots system
      • Runs through text-only portion without prompts
      • Proceeds to GUI portion
  • 25. GUI Setup Method—Clean Install (Page 1)
    • Prompts installer for the license agreement and product key
    • "Setup Options" page provides:
      • "Advanced Options" button
        • Source path (default is cdrom_drive :I386 )
        • System root folder where Windows XP will be installed (default folder is windows )
        • Determine whether to copy all files from CD before rebooting
        • Whether to allow manual selection of the destination partition ( select check box or first partition is selected by default)
  • 26. GUI Setup Method—Clean Install (Page 2)
    • "Setup Options" page (con):
      • "Accessibility Options" button including the magnifier and narrator options
      • Primary language drop-down menu
  • 27. GUI Setup Method—Clean Install (Page 3)
    • Asks if you want to upgrade drive with NTFS (the NT file system for increased security)
    • Asks if you want to download the most recent setup files from Microsoft Website (known as Dynamic Update):
      • New feature which enables Setup to download updates and patches for Windows XP before installation begins
      • Windows Update lets you install recent patches anytime after installation is complete
  • 28. GUI Setup Method—Clean Install (Page 4)
    • Setup copies required files to hard drive
    • Reboots system
    • Runs through text-only portion without prompts for options that are predefined
    • Completes the majority of the installation in GUI mode
  • 29. Partitioning The Hard Disk
    • Active partition
      • Houses the Windows XP boot files
    • To partition:
      • Use the MS-DOS command fdisk.exe before installation
      • Or disk can be partitioned during Windows XP setup
    • To remove partitions:
      • Use delpart.exe command
  • 30. Why Partition the Hard Drive?
    • To create one partition for Windows XP and applications, and another for data files
    • To create a multi-boot (dual O/S) system
    • To create an MS-DOS partition for running diagnostic software/utilities that only run under DOS
  • 31. Activity 2-4: Disk Partitioning
    • http:// course.labmentors.com
    • Objective: Remove and create partitions using the FDISK command
    • Boot to DOS
    • Locate and use FDISK
  • 32. Volume Licensing
    • All Windows XP installations must have a valid user license
    • Volume licensing is cost effective for multiple machines
    • Comes on a special version of Windows XP Professional installation CD
      • Includes special 25-digit product key (single user and volume user keys not interchangeable)
    • Can purchase from 5 to over 100,000 volume licenses
  • 33. Windows XP Professional Setup
    • Step-by-step from floppies (if computer does not support bootable CD's) or from a bootable CD
    • Not difficult, installation procedure is fairly self-regulating and self-healing
    • If a problem is encountered, rebooting or starting over usually solves it
    • See chapter on "Troubleshooting Windows XP" if installation continues to fail
  • 34. Activating Windows XP (Page 1)
    • Product has finite initial functional lifetime
      • Microsoft's effort to minimize piracy
    • Must be activated within 30 days after initial installation to continue functioning
    • Product activation:
      • System hardware is identified and matched with product license on Microsoft database
      • Anonymous but specific enough to ensure that the product key is not used to install Windows XP from that disk to another computer
  • 35. Activating Windows XP (Page 2)
    • Advantages:
      • Ensures you have a fully licensed product
    • Drawbacks:
      • Hardware changes may invalidate activation (you can reactivate by contacting Microsoft)
      • Difficult if system lacks Internet access (you can activate by phone during the installation)
    • Can be completed during or after setup
    • Additional registration is optional
  • 36. Activity 2-5: Manual Install of Windows XP
    • Objective: Install Windows XP without using any of the automated features (unattend file, RIS, imaging, etc.)
    • Follow instructions to perform installation
    • The LAN driver should be installed after the Win XP installation is complete
    • After Internet connectivity is established, activate Windows XP
  • 37. Advanced Customized Installation Options
    • Windows XP supports both unattended and customized installation options
      • Attended installations may not be desirable if they are hundreds or even thousand of clients on which Windows XP must be installed
      • Cloned (ghosted) hard drives poor solution if each workstation has unique setup values
    • Unattended and customized installations require significant system and setup script preparation and pre-configuration
  • 38. Unattended Installations (Page 1)
    • Similar to attended installations except an answer file (a script) provides responses
    • The answer file also may be used to install additional applications after Windows XP has been installed
  • 39. Unattended Installations (Page 2)
    • A uniqueness database file (UDF) may be used in conjunction with the answer file
      • Overrides selected settings in the answer file for each individual computer
      • Useful from implementing changes for some clients without updating answer file
  • 40. Running an Unattended Installation (Page 1)
    • If running winnt.exe at command prompt:
      • Include the /U (specifies it is an unattended installation) and /S options
    • Running winnt32.exe at command prompt:
      • Include the /UNATTEND and /S options
    • The location of "unattend.txt" file is specified with the /S option
    • The name of a UDF file may be specified with the /UDF option
  • 41. Running an Unattended Installation (Page 2)
    • Command line example:
      • winnt32.exe /unattend /s:C:localsourcei386 /udf:%compName%,M:Controlunique.udb
      • This all is on a single command line
  • 42. The UNATTEND.TXT File
    • Text file that contains the default settings for an unattended installation
    • Modify manually (i.e. with Notepad) or with the "Setup Manager Wizard"
    • Full file parameter specifications at:
      • http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/Windows2000Pro/deploy/unattend/sp1ch01.mspx
  • 43. Setup Manager Wizard
    • Used to create various installation scripts including "unattended.txt"
    • May be installed from:
      • The "Windows Support Tools Setup Wizard" found in support ools on the XP installation disk; run the command setup.exe
      • The deploy.cab file (a compressed WinZip file) in the support ools folder on XP installation disk; double-click file and extract setupmgr.exe
    • Run the setupmgr.exe to execute "Setup Manager Wizard"
  • 44. UNATTEND.TXT (Page 1)
    • ; Microsoft Windows Codename Whistler Personal, Professional, Server, Advanced Server and Datacenter
    • ; (c) 1994 - 2000 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
    • ;
    • ; Sample Unattended Setup Answer File
    • ;
    • ; This file contains information about how to automate the installation
    • ; or upgrade of Windows Codename Whistler so the
    • ; Setup program runs without requiring user input.
    • ;
  • 45. UNATTEND.TXT (Page 2)
    • [Unattended]
    • Unattendmode = FullUnattended
    • OemPreinstall = NO
    • TargetPath = *
    • Filesystem = LeaveAlone
    • [UserData]
    • FullName = "Your User Name"
    • OrgName = "Your Organization Name"
    • ComputerName = *
    • ProductKey= "JJWKH-7M9R8-26VM4-FX8CC-GDPD8"
  • 46. UNATTEND.TXT (Page 3)
    • [GuiUnattended]
    • ; Sets the Timezone to the Pacific Northwest
    • ; Sets the Admin Password to NULL
    • ; Turn AutoLogon ON and login once
    • TimeZone = "004"
    • AdminPassword = *
    • AutoLogon = Yes
    • AutoLogonCount = 1
  • 47. UNATTEND.TXT (Page 4)
    • [LicenseFilePrintData]
    • ; For Server installs
    • AutoMode = "PerServer"
    • AutoUsers = "5"
    • [GuiRunOnce]
    • ; List the programs that you want to launch when the machine is logged into for the first time
  • 48. UNATTEND.TXT (Page 5)
    • [Display]
    • BitsPerPel = 8
    • XResolution = 800
    • YResolution = 600
    • VRefresh = 70
    • [Networking]
    • [Identification]
    • JoinWorkgroup = Workgroup
  • 49. Sample UDF (Page 1)
    • [Unique IDs]
        • UserID1 = UserData,GuiUnattended,Network
        • UserID2 = UserData,GuiUnattended,Network
  • 50. Sample UDF (Page 2)
      • [UserID1:UserData]
      • FullName = "Hans Delbrick"
      • ComputerName = "Monster"
      • [UserID1:GuiUnattended]
      • TimeZone = " (GMT+01:00) Prague, Warsaw, Budepest"
      • [UserID1:Network]
      • JoinDomain = "LabTechs"
  • 51. Sample UDF (Page 3)
      • [UserID2:UserData]
      • FullName = "Francis N. Stern"
      • ComputerName = "Doctor"
      • [UserID2:GuiUnattended]
      • TimeZone = " (GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada"
      • [UserID2:Network]
      • JoinDomain = "MadScientists"
  • 52. Activity 2-2: Windows XP Support Tools
    • http:// course.labmentors.com
    • Objective: Install the Windows XP support tools.
    • Follow instructions to install tools
  • 53. Activity 2-3: Unattended Installation Preparation
    • Objective: Create an answer file for an unattended installation of Windows XP using the Setup Manager Wizard
      • Do it live on student hard drives
    • Launch Setup Manager Wizard
    • Create and save answer file
  • 54. Using Remote Installation Service (RIS)
    • Windows Server-based service that allows O/S's to be installed automatically ( pushed ) onto target systems over network
    • Target system needs only an installed n etwork i nterface c ard (NIC) and possibly a boot floppy disk
    • Administrator only needs to power on client
    • Takes advantage of DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
  • 55. Using Windows Installer Service (WIS)
    • Simplifies the deployment of multiple applications onto new clients
    • Centralizes installations by combining setup procedures for several applications into a single administrative action
      • Also used for software updating and maintenance
  • 56. Using Systems Management Server (SMS)
    • Only used for remotely upgrading Windows XP installations
    • Offers automated application installation and configuration settings control
    • Complexity outweighs benefits
  • 57. Using Remote Installation Preparation (RIPrep)
    • Create RIS distributable images of fully configured prototype (image) computer
    • To use RIPrep:
      • Install base O/S
      • Install all applications
      • Use RIPrep to create a complete image of the system to install on additional clients
    • Target system must have same HAL ( h ardware a bstraction l ayer)
  • 58. Using SYSPREP (Page 1)
    • System duplication tool which duplicates entire hard drive
      • Called imaging, cloning or ghosting
      • Makes deploying a Windows XP system with software installed much faster
    • The systems must have similar (almost identical) core hardware configurations
  • 59. Using SYSPREP (Page 2)
    • Install Windows XP and all applications, and set configurations
    • Becomes the master for performing a full-image installation onto an empty partition
      • If the image is smaller than 650 MB, it can be distributed on a CD-ROM
      • No O/S is necessary on the client if it supports bootable CD's
  • 60. Using SYSPREP (Page 3)
    • Run sysprep.exe to prepare the system for duplication
      • Must be in windowssysprep folder which is deleted once SYSPREP process completes
    • Third-party disk-imaging product is needed to perform the actual duplication of drive
    • Cannot be used for upgrades
    • "Answers that Work" download:
      • http://answersthatwork.com/Download_Area/ATW_Library/WinXP_Professional/WinXP__3-Setup-How_to_SYSPREP_a_Windows_XP_PC_setup.pdf
  • 61. WINNT.exe AND WINNT32.exe
    • The command-line tools for installing Windows XP
      • Details for each command line utility to follow on subsequent slides
  • 62. WINNT.exe
    • A 16-bit setup tool
    • Launched from MS-DOS or O/S that relies on DOS, i.e. Windows 3.x or Windows for Workgroups
    • Standard and automated installations with few additional options
    • Full file parameter specifications at:
      • http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/deploy/dghm_stp_llzy.mspx?mfr=true
  • 63. WINNT Syntax
    • WINNT [/S[: sourcepath ]] [/T[: tempdrive ]] [/U[: answer_file ]] [/UDF: id [, UDF_file ]] [/R: folder ][/RX: folder ] [/E: command ] [/A]
  • 64. WINNT32.exe
    • The 32-bit setup tool
    • Launched from 32-bit operating systems (Windows 95 and later)
    • Standard and automated installations
    • Full file parameter specifications at:
      • http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/library/a7bfbba3-92dc-486f-9138-55763711d9bb1033.mspx?mfr=true
  • 65. WINNT32 Syntax
    • winnt32 [/checkupgradeonly] [/cmd: command_line ] [/cmdcons] [/copydir:i386folder_name] [/copysource: folder_name ] [/debug[level]:[ filename ]] [/dudisable][/duprepare: pathname ] [/dushare: pathname ] [/m: folder_name ][/makelocalsource] [/noreboot] [/s: sourcepath ] [/syspart: drive_letter ] [/tempdrive: drive_letter ] [/udf: id [, UDB_file ]] [/unattend[ num ]:[ answer_file ]]
  • 66. WINNT32 Example
    • winnt32 /unattend /s:c:localsourcei386 /udf:%computername%,M:unique.udb
  • 67. Upgrading To Multiple Processors
    • Update the HAL before installing second CPU into the system
    • Fail to properly update the HAL:
      • STOP error indicating a HAL mismatch occurs upon attempted reboot
  • 68. Removing Windows XP Professional
    • Supported:
      • When upgrade is performed over Windows 95/98/OSR2/SE/ME
    • If installation fails, rollback restores system state
    • Use the Add or Remove Programs applet for uninstall
    • Easiest method for a previous older O/S is to destroy the installation and start fresh with another O/S
  • 69.  
  • 70.