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COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE What to buy and how to keep it working Marv Downey [email_address] Market Value Systems 200...
Major hardware topics <ul><li>Desktop PCs </li></ul><ul><li>Notebook PCs  </li></ul><ul><li>Tablet PCs </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Hardware Product of 2004 For a decade, &quot;surfing&quot; has come to mean browsing the net rather than riding ocean wave...
Desktop PCs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD rec...
Desktop PCs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD rec...
CPUs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders ...
RAM/main memory <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD...
Hard disk drives <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DV...
Hard disk drives <ul><li>New interface – serial ATA rapidly becoming the standard; slightly faster (150MB/s vs. 100MB/s ma...
CD/DVD recorders <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DV...
Keyboards/mouses <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DV...
Displays <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD record...
Summary <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorde...
Summary – Dell Home <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD...
Compare to HP Pavilion a650y <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><...
Compare to Whitebox/Clone <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul>...
And the winner is…. <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD...
Notebook PCs <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk driv...
Form factor Standard Acer Travelmate 6000; 15&quot; screen, 13.1&quot; x 11.1&quot; x 1.3&quot; - 1.4&quot;, 6.3 lbs., Pen...
Base <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li>...
RAM/main memory <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk d...
Hard disk drives <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk ...
CD/DVD recorders <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk ...
Tablet PCs <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives ...
Form factor Convertible   Toshiba Portégé M200; 12.1” display, 1.5 – 2GHz Pentium M, 256MB – 2GB RAM, 40/60/80GB hard disk...
Mini PCs Sony U50 / U70
PC-centric peripherals S torage <ul><li>Mini-memory devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The good: higher capacities, more useful...
PC-centric peripherals I/O interfaces <ul><li>Serial & parallel ports gradually disappearing </li></ul><ul><li>USB vs. Fir...
PDAs (/Smartphones) <ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul...
Operating system <ul><li>Palm vs. RIM vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Win Mobile 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>vs. Symbian </li></ul><ul><u...
Form factor <ul><li>Color vs. monochrome </li></ul><ul><li>Screen size / resolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now up to 4”/ 64...
CPU <ul><li>Palm – ARM 126MHz to 400MHz Intel XScale </li></ul><ul><li>Win Mobile 2003 devices – Intel XScale ARM 200 – 62...
Storage <ul><li>Almost all the mini-memory devices  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Media, MMC, Compact Flash, Memory Stick, S...
Communications <ul><li>Faster data over cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>802.x LAN </li></ul><ul><li...
Additional <ul><li>Cameras – still low quality (1.3Mp, no zoom or flash, poor lenses) </li></ul><ul><li>GPS – more choices...
Printers <ul><li>Monochrome lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Color lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Ink jets </li></ul>
Monochrome lasers <ul><li>Hewlett-Packard still the leader </li></ul><ul><li>15 to 50 ppm for from $199 to $2799 </li></ul...
Color lasers <ul><li>One pass vs. four pass </li></ul><ul><li>HP still the leader here too </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2550L 4 p...
Ink Jets <ul><li>Canon, HP, Epson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most $70 - $350 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences </li></ul><ul><...
Scanners <ul><li>Epson, HP, Canon, Visioneer, Fujitsu, Microtek </li></ul><ul><li>Flatbed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide / fi...
Network hardware <ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Routers </l...
Network interfaces <ul><li>Wired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in with most new PCs – wired and wireless on many notebooks <...
Switches <ul><li>Wired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10/100/1000 (gigabit Ethernet) switches now cheap - $15 to $20 per connection...
Routers <ul><li>The most basic form of Internet security, even for single PCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes public IP addr...
Other network devices <ul><li>Network attached storage (NAS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small self-contained PC with large hard...
Make It Work Well <ul><li>Upgrade to WinXP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater stability & flexibility due to resource managemen...
Keep It Working <ul><li>Common sense procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have someone build / setup systems, networks,...
Maintenance tasks <ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>Antivirus/Spyware/Adware removal </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk c...
Windows updates <ul><li>At least monthly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability for Win98 to continue thru 6/06 </li></ul></ul...
Antivirus/Spyware/Adware <ul><li>Have full-time, auto-update virus scanner running w/ email scanning enabled </li></ul><ul...
Hard disk cleanup/defrag <ul><li>Click Start, My Computer; right-click C:, click Properties, Disk Cleanup, check all, clic...
Windows cleanup / defrag <ul><li>WinDoctor from Norton SystemWorks; RegistryFixer from VCom SystemSuite 5; RegVac & WinRes...
System image backup <ul><li>Ghost from Norton SystemWorks Pro; Drive Image 7 (now also Symantec); Acronis True Image 7 </l...
Physical cleanup <ul><li>Every 3 – 6 months, remove PC cover & vacuum / blow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great tool – DataVac MD...
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  1. 1. COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE What to buy and how to keep it working Marv Downey [email_address] Market Value Systems 2004 National Conference
  2. 2. Major hardware topics <ul><li>Desktop PCs </li></ul><ul><li>Notebook PCs </li></ul><ul><li>Tablet PCs </li></ul><ul><li>Mini PCs </li></ul><ul><li>PC-centric peripherals </li></ul><ul><li>PDAs / Smartphones </li></ul><ul><li>Printers </li></ul><ul><li>Scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Network hardware </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hardware Product of 2004 For a decade, &quot;surfing&quot; has come to mean browsing the net rather than riding ocean waves on a plank. But a surfboard has now been developed that lets surfers surf while surfing. It houses a laptop, solar panels, and video camera. Chip makers Intel has commissioned the unusual surfboard as part of the free sports and music festival in North Devon to show off how technology can be brought to the sea and sand.
  4. 4. Desktop PCs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>
  5. 5. Desktop PCs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  6. 6. CPUs <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  7. 7. RAM/main memory <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  8. 8. Hard disk drives <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  9. 9. Hard disk drives <ul><li>New interface – serial ATA rapidly becoming the standard; slightly faster (150MB/s vs. 100MB/s max., ±10% real) & costlier, cooler running </li></ul><ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  10. 10. CD/DVD recorders <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  11. 11. Keyboards/mouses <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  12. 12. Displays <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs
  13. 13. Summary <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs $ 1617 WINXP PRO OS 1 YEAR WARRANTY GIGABIT ENET LAN 17” LCD DISPLAY STD. KB/MOUSE 12X DVD+R/+RW w/ 2 LAYER WRITE CD/DVD 80GB SATA HARD DISK 512MB 400MHz DDR2 RAM P4 3GHz CPU DESC ITEM
  14. 14. Summary – Dell Home <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs But wait....there's more! Free Color Inkjet! Free subwoofer! Free Money! $ 1642 WINXP PRO OS 1 YEAR WARRANTY GIGABIT ENET LAN 17” LCD DISPLAY STD. KB/MOUSE 16X DVD+R/+RW w/ 2 LAYER WRITE CD/DVD 160GB SATA HARD DISK 512MB 400MHz DDR2 RAM P4 3GHz CPU DESC ITEM
  15. 15. Compare to HP Pavilion a650y <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs $ 1554 WINXP PRO OS 1 YEAR WARRANTY 10/100 ENET LAN 17” LCD DISPLAY STD. KB/MOUSE 8X DVD+R/ +RW CD/DVD 160GB UDMA HARD DISK 512MB 400MHz PC3200 RAM P4 3GHz CPU DESC ITEM
  16. 16. Compare to Whitebox/Clone <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs $ 1674 WINXP PRO OS 1 YEAR WARRANTY 10/100 ENET LAN 17” LCD DISPLAY STD. KB/MOUSE 8X DVD+R/ +RW CD/DVD 80GB UDMA HARD DISK 512MB 400MHz PC3200 RAM P4 3GHz CPU DESC ITEM
  17. 17. And the winner is…. <ul><li>CPUs </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards/mouses </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>Desktop PCs You! Price & performance differences less than 10% and system totals under $2000 - tough to make a bad mistake! $1554 - $1674
  18. 18. Notebook PCs <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>
  19. 19. Form factor Standard Acer Travelmate 6000; 15&quot; screen, 13.1&quot; x 11.1&quot; x 1.3&quot; - 1.4&quot;, 6.3 lbs., Pentium M 1.60GHz, 512MB – 2GB RAM, 60GB hard disk, DVD+/-R/RW Standard Widescreen Dell Inspiron 8600; 15.4” wide screen, 1.52” x 14.22” x 10.79”, 6.9 lbs., Pentium M up to 2 GHz, 256MB – 2GB RAM, 30, 40, 60 or 80 GB hard drive, up to 8x DVD+RW/+R Desktop Replacement HP Pavilion zd7000; 17” wide screen, 1.67” – 1.85” x 15.67” x 11.33”, 9.3 pounds, Pentium 4 2.8 – 3.4 GHz, 256MB – 2GB RAM, 40GB – 100GB hard disk, up to 4X DVD+RW/R Ultra-Portable Sony X505 ultra-light; nickel carbon body, 1.85 lbs., 10.2 x .38-.83 x 8.2 inches, Pentium® M Processor 1.10GHz, 20GB Hard Drive, 10.4” XGA LCD (1024X768), 512MB RAM, 2.5-4.0 hours battery <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>Notebook PCs
  20. 20. Base <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>Notebook PCs
  21. 21. RAM/main memory <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>Notebook PCs
  22. 22. Hard disk drives <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>Notebook PCs
  23. 23. CD/DVD recorders <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD recorders </li></ul>Notebook PCs
  24. 24. Tablet PCs <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>Additional storage devices </li></ul>
  25. 25. Form factor Convertible Toshiba Portégé M200; 12.1” display, 1.5 – 2GHz Pentium M, 256MB – 2GB RAM, 40/60/80GB hard disk, 11.6” x 9.8” x 1.3/1.5”, 4.6 pounds <ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>RAM/main memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk drives </li></ul><ul><li>Additional storage </li></ul>Tablet PCs Slate Motion Computing M1400; 12.1” display, 900MHz Celeron or 1.1GHz Pentium M, 256MB – 1 or 2 GB, 20/40/60GB hard disk, 11.65&quot; x 9.45&quot; x 0.87“, 3 lbs. Semi-slate Compaq tc1100; 10.4” display, 800MHz Celeron or 1.0GHz Pentium M, 256MB –2 GB RAM, 30/40/60GB hard disk, 10.8 x 8.5 x .8, 3.1/4.0 lbs.
  26. 26. Mini PCs Sony U50 / U70
  27. 27. PC-centric peripherals S torage <ul><li>Mini-memory devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The good: higher capacities, more useful designs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bad: constant development of new standards (Smart Media, MMC, Compact Flash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital, xD Picture Card, USB memory devices) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maxi-memory devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LaCie 1 terabyte (1,000GB – “two years of continuous music”) external HD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various manufacturers (Seagate, Maxtor, Western Digital) with “one button” external backup drives up to at least 300GB </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. PC-centric peripherals I/O interfaces <ul><li>Serial & parallel ports gradually disappearing </li></ul><ul><li>USB vs. FireWire (IEEE 1394) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USB 1.1 slow – 12Mb/sec </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USB 2.0 max speed 480Mb/sec (real world ±25MB/sec) vs. FireWire max 400Mb/sec (real world ±27MB/sec) w/ external hard disks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FireWire 800 (IEEE 1394b) fastest of all at up to 800Mb/sec (real world ±40MB/sec) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. PDAs (/Smartphones) <ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional features </li></ul>
  30. 30. Operating system <ul><li>Palm vs. RIM vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Win Mobile 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>vs. Symbian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDA evolving into PC (& phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile e-mail evolving into PDA, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PC (& phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PC evolving into PDA (& phone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone evolving into PDA, PC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All actively courting </li></ul><ul><li>developers, corporate </li></ul><ul><li>users </li></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs
  31. 31. Form factor <ul><li>Color vs. monochrome </li></ul><ul><li>Screen size / resolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now up to 4”/ 640x480 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gesture recognition (handwriting) vs. keyboard (thumbboard) </li></ul><ul><li>Phone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headset vs. hold-to-ear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keypad vs. touch screen vs. keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs
  32. 32. CPU <ul><li>Palm – ARM 126MHz to 400MHz Intel XScale </li></ul><ul><li>Win Mobile 2003 devices – Intel XScale ARM 200 – 624MHz, TI (esp. in converged models) </li></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs
  33. 33. Storage <ul><li>Almost all the mini-memory devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Media, MMC, Compact Flash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Synchronize to PC and/or other devices </li></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs
  34. 34. Communications <ul><li>Faster data over cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>802.x LAN </li></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs AT&T Cingular T-Mobile Europe/Japan Verizon Sprint
  35. 35. Additional <ul><li>Cameras – still low quality (1.3Mp, no zoom or flash, poor lenses) </li></ul><ul><li>GPS – more choices built-in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Garman iQue3600 (Palm) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navman PiN (Win Mobile 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HP iPAQ 6315 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quad-Band GSM/GPRS (850, 900, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800 or 1900MHz), onboard Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, seamless roaming from cellular to WiFi (data only) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others coming soon for cellular/ </li></ul><ul><li>VoIP roaming </li></ul><ul><li>OS </li></ul><ul><li>Form factor </li></ul><ul><li>CPU </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Additional </li></ul>PDAs
  36. 36. Printers <ul><li>Monochrome lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Color lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Ink jets </li></ul>
  37. 37. Monochrome lasers <ul><li>Hewlett-Packard still the leader </li></ul><ul><li>15 to 50 ppm for from $199 to $2799 </li></ul><ul><li>Most opt for either the 2300 (20 ppm; $525) or the 4200 (35 ppm; $850) </li></ul><ul><li>Monochome lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Color lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Jets </li></ul>Printers
  38. 38. Color lasers <ul><li>One pass vs. four pass </li></ul><ul><li>HP still the leader here too </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2550L 4 pass; 20/4 ppm; $499 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3500 1 pass; 12 ppm both; $800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3700 1 pass; 16 ppm both; $1300 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4650 1 pass; 22 ppm both; $1800 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minolta Magicolor 2300W - 16 ppm black, 4 ppm color, $400 </li></ul><ul><li>Samsung CLP-500 - 21 ppm black, 5 ppm color, $500 </li></ul><ul><li>Monochome lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Color lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Jets </li></ul>Printers
  39. 39. Ink Jets <ul><li>Canon, HP, Epson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>most $70 - $350 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print speeds (check text-only also) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartridge design (black & color, black & 3 colors, photo black & matte black & 6 colors, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival ink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra features </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media sizes & types </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monochome lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Color lasers </li></ul><ul><li>Ink Jets </li></ul>Printers
  40. 40. Scanners <ul><li>Epson, HP, Canon, Visioneer, Fujitsu, Microtek </li></ul><ul><li>Flatbed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide / film adapters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic document / photo feeders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most do legal size only through document feeder – Microtek one of the few w/ legal-size scanner glass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sheetfed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No bound materials, staples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More reliable, faster automatic document feeding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Software options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better basic scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited document management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full document management </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Network hardware <ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Routers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other network devices </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Network interfaces <ul><li>Wired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in with most new PCs – wired and wireless on many notebooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000) affordable (±$35 adapter), works with same CAT5 (all 4 pairs; 5e recommended) – better for large volume (backup) data xfer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>802.11b 11Mb/s 2.4GHz (4 – 6Mb/s) still available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>802.11a 54Mb/s 5GHz(18 Mb/s) losing popularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>802.11g 54Mb/s (18 Mb/s) on the rise, esp. with “super-g” 108Mb/s (22 – 24Mb/s) products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best security (WPA - WiFi Protected Access) only with XP without add-ons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>next will be 802.11n at least 100Mb/s real throughput, better distance – first products end-of-year, IEEE ratification late 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Routers </li></ul><ul><li>Other network devices </li></ul>Network hardware
  43. 43. Switches <ul><li>Wired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10/100/1000 (gigabit Ethernet) switches now cheap - $15 to $20 per connection in 5, 8, 16 port </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless equivalent to switch is access point – use alone for LAN or plugged into existing wired router for wireless internet access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>802.11b, 802.11a, 802.11g, “super-g” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WPA only with WinXP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Routers </li></ul><ul><li>Other network devices </li></ul>Network hardware
  44. 44. Routers <ul><li>The most basic form of Internet security, even for single PCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes public IP address, shields PCs behind private IPs unseen by outside world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides control over various ports, protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10/100 still the only option - $10 to $30 per connection in 4, 8 port (frequent specials cheaper – 4 port for $5!); daisy-chain w/ switch for more (up to 256) users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless routers also cheap and widely available, same speeds as access points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For best luck with “super-g”, get same manufacturer or technology in router and cards (Broadcom [Linksys] or Atheros [D-Link, Netgear]) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Routers </li></ul><ul><li>Other network devices </li></ul>Network hardware
  45. 45. Other network devices <ul><li>Network attached storage (NAS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small self-contained PC with large hard disk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attaches directly to network, preset for file sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many use Linux as OS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Print servers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built-in (to printer or router) or standalone, wired or wireless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually some combination of A/V, firewall, VPN, intrusion prevention, spam blocking, web content filtering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designs for large corporate users filtering down to small business </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Routers </li></ul><ul><li>Other network devices </li></ul>Network hardware
  46. 46. Make It Work Well <ul><li>Upgrade to WinXP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater stability & flexibility due to resource management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better compatibility with current applications & hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better design for protecting & backing up all data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better position w/ tech support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best approach for upgrade is clean XP install, migrate data & settings, reinstall applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rule of thumb – any system with post-2000 BIOS, PIII or higher, 512MB </li></ul>
  47. 47. Keep It Working <ul><li>Common sense procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have someone build / setup systems, networks, etc., have vendor explain what they are doing & why, you or one of your staff writes it up, you and vendor jointly review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As hardware and/or programs are added or removed, revise the system document and date revisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep copies of all patches / drivers / upgrades on disk/CD for each PC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do system maintenance regularly (before monthly system backup) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do data backups regularly (daily); full system backups every month </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Maintenance tasks <ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>Antivirus/Spyware/Adware removal </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Windows cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image backup </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>
  49. 49. Windows updates <ul><li>At least monthly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability for Win98 to continue thru 6/06 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit www.windowsupdate.com or from IE (must use) click Tools, Windows Update </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be wary of turning on automatic updates (d/l & install); possible problems, esp w/ XP SP2 imminent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not bad to ask around, scan newsgroups before applying even critical patches unless there is an emergency-level warning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
  50. 50. Antivirus/Spyware/Adware <ul><li>Have full-time, auto-update virus scanner running w/ email scanning enabled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norton, McAfee, Trend, CA eTrust ( http://www.ca.com/smb/kahuna/ for free AV/Backup kit) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have adware/spyware cleaner (2 is better) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spybot 1.3 and Ad-aware 6.181 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to download.com & search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
  51. 51. Hard disk cleanup/defrag <ul><li>Click Start, My Computer; right-click C:, click Properties, Disk Cleanup, check all, click OK </li></ul><ul><li>Do cleanup of email store, esp. trash, sent items </li></ul><ul><li>Clear Recycle bin (also Norton protected files) </li></ul><ul><li>Run Disk Defrag or Norton Speedisk </li></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
  52. 52. Windows cleanup / defrag <ul><li>WinDoctor from Norton SystemWorks; RegistryFixer from VCom SystemSuite 5; RegVac & WinRescue from Superwin Software </li></ul><ul><li>Get to know how to create and restore from WinXP System Restore utility </li></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
  53. 53. System image backup <ul><li>Ghost from Norton SystemWorks Pro; Drive Image 7 (now also Symantec); Acronis True Image 7 </li></ul><ul><li>What to backup to; and remember off-site storage </li></ul><ul><li>Get to know how to create and restore from WinXP System Restore utility </li></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
  54. 54. Physical cleanup <ul><li>Every 3 – 6 months, remove PC cover & vacuum / blow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great tool – DataVac MDV-1BA ($70 - $95) or MDV-2BA (toner filter; $145) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on fans, vents, CPU, power supply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows updates </li></ul><ul><li>AV/Spy/Adware </li></ul><ul><li>HD cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>Win cleanup/defrag </li></ul><ul><li>System image </li></ul><ul><li>Physical cleanup </li></ul>Maintenance
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