Warana Unwired Kentaro Toyama Assistant Managing Director Microsoft Research India Based on work with Rajesh Veeraraghavan TCS Excellence in Computer Science January 9, 2008 – Pune, India With an Examination of Rural PC Kiosks
Kiosk Business a Challenge Srinivasan, Janaki (2004) The Effects of e-Governance Implementation on Women: A Study of the Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project, Madurai. Masters Thesis, Indian Institute of Information Technology. Kiosk in Tamil Nadu Rural kiosk in Tamil Nadu
Kiosk Business a Challenge 12-year-old boy taking typing lessons in Retawadi, Maharashtra Vigyan Ashram monthly report (Nov 2004) Photo: Kentaro Toyama
Kiosk Business a Challenge Proud father of printshop and kiosk owner in Sirsa, Haryana Private e-mail communication Photo: Kentaro Toyama
Sustainability is nearly impossible! Various published articles
Difficult to Break Even Dhawan, Vivek (2004) Critical Success Factors for Rural ICT Projects in India, Masters Thesis, IIT-Bombay
Even surviving kiosks are supported by other business Microsoft kiosk survey (2005)
System required one month of tweaking in field to customize.
Running continuously since October 2006.
SMS Server requires reboot once a month.
1238 unique farmer requests served in first three months.
Slightly more than expected number, based on statistics from PC-based system
80% of requests are about sugarcane output.
Response time is generally on order of seconds.
Current system Potential savings: 1 million Rupees per year, over 54 villages ($25,000) Costs Achievable with GPRS or with SMS discounts ($30,000 savings per year) Annual cost of PC system System Cost/Farmer/Year (INR) New PC System 394 SMS Mobile (kiosks) 159 SMS Mobile (without kiosks) 111 GPRS (no kiosks / SMS discount) 91
Veeraraghavan, R., N. Yasodhar, K. Toyama. Warana Unwired: Replacing PCs with Mobile Phones in a Rural Sugarcane Cooperative, in Proc. IEEE/ACM Int’l Conf on Information and Communication Technologies and Development ( ICTD2007 ), 2007.