PowerPoint slides
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

PowerPoint slides

on

  • 879 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
879
Views on SlideShare
879
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • THERE ARE MANY DEFINITIONS; AND WE CAN GET INTO THAT IF YOU WANT. TALK ABOUT EPR.
  • WE CAN GET IN TO NOMENCLATURE AND SPLITTING HAIRS IF THE GROUP WANTS TO. E.G. CRITICS SAY “ZERO WASTE” DOESN’T HAVE A POLICY COMPONENT, NOR DOES MCDONOUGH & BRAUNGART.
  • Periodic table of elements in every box.
  • • No surprise in a free-market system; its to be expected • Before the Cayuhoga River fire, there was no incentive for industry to keep their effluent out of the river • Think of a wealthy teenager; there is no incentive to take care of things or keep them for long.
  • In the current system any product can be designed without the disposal impacts in mind. If the consumer can cover the costs of production, marketing, sales and packaging, the rest is outside the realm of the free market. • It turns out that wealthy teenager that has no incentive to stop buying and disposing is spending your money.
  • A critical component to this is leveling the playing field. Our society and our economy is filled with democratically agreed baselines. We agree that theft is bad; we agree that some level of paying taxes makes society run; and while we also agree that environmental protection is important the degree is in debate and the way we go about it is under discussion. The PS approach tries to use free market forces, rather than regulation, to accomplish environmental protection. Make the economy and the environment pull in the same direction.
  • The counter-clockwise arrow is the real key to PS.
  • Need not have retailers collect the fee. Not advocating for this particular system, but it is interesting to have the OEM and recycler linked.
  • If you really believe in the free market, if you really believe in smaller government, if you really believe in business being left alone to be responsible on its own, if you really believe in overall less regulation, you must consider product stewardship from a fresh perspective.
  • Once you move beyond voluntary product stewardship, the critical operational issue will be the financing mechanism.
  • THE BOLD ITEMS ON THE PREVIOUS SLIDE ARE ITEMS THAT MANUFACTURERS HAVE CONTROL OVER
  • COULD BE AN EVEN MORE SIGNIFICANT ISSUE IN ALASKA WHERE THE SHIPPING IN AND OUT OF STYROFOAM MAKES NO SENSE.

PowerPoint slides PowerPoint slides Presentation Transcript

  • Product Stewardship: Global, Local and Practical Perspectives
    • 2006 Northwest Pollution Prevention Roundtable
    • May 25th, 2006
    • Anchorage, AK
    • Presented by David Stitzhal, NWPSC
    • [email_address]
    • 206-723-0528
  • Workshop Outline
    • Setting the Stage
    • Electronics
    • Paper Products
    • Food Service and Packaging
    • Themes, Lessons & Recommendations
    Open Discussion Throughout
  •  
  • What is Product Stewardship?
    • Product Stewardship is an environmental management strategy that means whoever designs, produces, sells, or uses a product takes responsibility for minimizing the product's environmental impact throughout all stages of the products' life cycle. The greatest responsibility lies with whoever has the most ability to affect the lifecycle environmental impacts of the product. The mission of the Council is to integrate product stewardship principles into the policy and economic structures of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Conceptual Nuggets
    • Buzz Words
        • Lifecycle Thinking
        • Cradle to Cradle
        • Upstream Design Change
        • Design for the Environment
        • Extended Producer Responsibility
        • Zero Waste
    • Design-to-go-into the Environment
        • Tire Tread
        • Shoe Soles
        • Cleaning Supplies
        • Windshield Wiper Fluid
        • Excreted Pharmaceuticals
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • DISCUSSION
  • ELECTRONICS
  • The Case for Product Stewardship
  • Electronics Product Stewardship Electronics Product Stewardship Manufactured Globally
  • Manufactured Globally No economic incentive for manufacturers to minimize environmental Impacts. Product Stewardship – The Old Edition Manufactured Globally
  • Disposed Locally Disposed Locally GO DIRECTLY TO LANDFILL. DO NOT PASS GO. Product Stewardship – The Old Edition
  • Disposed Locally Disposed Locally Should local governments and rate payers cover the costs of handling electronic wastes? Product Stewardship – The Old Edition
  • Linear Lifecycle The Linear Lifecycle of Consumer Goods Product Stewardship – The Old Edition
  • The New Edition
  • Create Economic Incentives Create economic incentives for manufacturers to redesign products to make them “greener.”
  • Closed Loop Lifecycle The Closed Loop Lifecycle of Consumer Goods
  • Japanese Model JAPANESE MODEL Mandated Responsibility
    • Manufacturers set front-end fees for end-of-life management
    • Retailers collect fees
    • Fees cover orphan & historic waste
    • Consumers return products to retailers or municipalities
    • Manufacturers compete to lower fees
      • Manufacturers and recyclers are financially linked
  • Old/New Editions
    • Local governments manage product end-of-life.
    • Rate payers and local government cover product end-of-life costs.
    • Manufacturers responsible for product take-back.
    • Costs of product end-of-life are included in price.
  • Old/New Editions
    • No incentives to alter current design.
    • Continuing toxic legacy.
    • Incentives to redesign products to make them “greener.”
    • Upstream thinking.
  • FINANCE ISSUES
    • Funding Mechanisms
    • General Tax Base/Garbage Fees
    • End-of-Life Fees:
    • Advanced Fee (visible)
    • Advanced Fee (internalized)
    • Themes
    • Where do funds originate?
    • Rate payer vs. consumer
    • Retailer vs. manufacturer
    • What do funds cover?
    • Collection, transportation, recycling
    • Base level of service/collection
    • Orphan & historic waste
    • Where does the money go?
    • Are manufacturers individually or collectively responsible via TPO?
  • A Tale of Two Programs
    • The recently passed Washington state electronics recycling legislation sets each company’s share based on the total weight across product categories method: “The department shall determine the return share for each manufacturer in the standard plan or an independent plan by dividing the weight of covered electronic products identified for each manufacturer by the total weight of covered electronic products identified for all manufacturers.”
    • By contrast, the Maine electronics recycling law sets each company’s pro rata orphan share by product category and by units (not weight) returned in the various brand count studies.
  • PAPER PRODUCTS
  • Paper Considerations
    • Use white rather than colored paper.
    • Buy recycled content .
    • Double-sided copying. ( Require of vendors, including training .)
    • Non-chlorine bleach .
    • Minimize single use paper products.
    • Reusable shipping containers (local, self-owned trucks with regular shipments)
    • On-line bill paying and direct deposit.
    • Minimize pay stub sizes
  • Where does Product Stewardship Fit In?
    • What externalized costs are paper manufacturers realizing the benefits of?
    • Effluent.
    • Energy source.
    • Upstream impacts of dyes and bleaches.
    • Disposal of non-recyclable ream wrapper.
    • Costs of carton recycling.
    • Timber subsidies.
  • http://www.nwpaperforum.org
  • Web-Based Paper Calculator http://www.ofee.gov/recycled/calculat.htm
    • The "Paper Calculator" calculates the U.S. average energy and wood consumption and environmental releases summed across the full "life cycle" of each of five major grades of paper and paperboard.
    • INSTRUCTIONS :
    • 1 Select the paper type.
    • 2 Enter the quantity of paper purchased in tons.
    • 3 Select the percentage of post-consumer recycled content in your current paper.
    • 4 Select the percentage of post-consumer recycled content in your target paper.
    • 5 Click on the "Calculate All" button .
  • FOOD SERVICES AND PACKAGING
    • The Portland Public Schools serve 60,000 lunches per day at 94 schools
    • Removed their wash systems on the promise of a market for polystyrene trays and dishware. That market has vanished, and a reassessment of durables resulted in a predicament:
    • As compared with disposal costs, it might repay the school system within 5 years to reinstall washers and buy durable dishware.
    • BUT: schools won't be making that move back to permanent ware, in part because of unpredictable costs of remodeling and dishware replacement, plus water-heating (energy) costs, employee health-and-safety concerns, the risk of contamination from improperly washed dishes, and the increasing reluctance to free student workers from class.
    • PLUS, reinstalling a washables system involves a large, unbudgeted, unavailable, out-of-pocket, up-front chunk of dollars (vs. ongoing, familiar purchase-and-dispose budget items). Careers and personal relationships also get tangled up in this type of decision.
    • The lesson might be : Keep a wash system if you have one. Make efforts to reduce loss of permanent ware. Any cost analysis you do will have unique, local assumptions.
  • Earthshell sandwich wrap is cast from a composite containing a biodegradable polyester and recycled ingredients. (Photo: DuPont) Spray-coated co-polyester provides a moisture barrier on natural-composite hot and cold cups now being introduced at fast-food outlets. (Photo: Eastman Chemical)
  • Considerations re.PLA Plastic
    • Composting PLA might meet the "zero waste to landfill" criteria if you don't look at the solid wastes created in the production of the PLA, but how well does it fare on "zero waste of resources" issue? When you compost PLA, you get nothing useful out of it – only carbon dioxide and water.
    • It may be worth considering biobased products in markets for which litter is a problem -- for example, food service near national parks. Rapid composting into water and CO2 would be a benefit in this situation.
    • A key value of PLA may be that it makes the composting of other materials (food waste) easier.
  • POLYLACTIC ACID PLASTIC Terry S. Brennan, Integrated Waste Management Specialist, California Integrated Waste Management Board (quoted from GreenYes List-Serve, Nov, 2004)
    • There are several companies making or working on biodegradable coatings for paper products, most from Polylactic Acid (PLA), some not.
    • There is still significant debate in the industry regarding the relative degradability of some of these products. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications have been developed for compostability of both degradable plastics products such as cups, bowls, plates, utensils, straws, bags, etc. and degradable plastic coatings (ASTM 6400 and 6868, respectively).
    • There are also International Organization for Standardization (ISO) German, Japanese, Taiwanese, and other specifications. Products that are tested to meet the ASTM specifications for compostability can be certified by the Biodegradable Product Institute (BPI - http://www. bpiworld .org/ ) and use their logo.
    • It is important to do your homework and work with your composter prior to deciding on products to purchase.
    • Many of these products can be purchased from companies listed on this page:http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/FoodWaste/Compost/Biodegrade.htm
  • THEMES, LESSONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
  • WHAT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS CAN DO
    • Locally managing electronics using product stewardship principles
    • Facilitating partnerships
    • Helping organize events or activities
    • Education
    • Recycler’s pledges and environmental reviews of vendors
    • Green purchasing and procurement specifications
    • Level the playing field (e.g. urban vs. rural)
  • Considerations for Local Communities Related to Collection of Used Electronic Products
    • An NWPSC document outlining particular things municipalities should consider when establishing an electronics recycling program and ways in which they can encourage product stewardship for electronics. (without accidentally footing the bill)
    • http://www.productstewardship.net/libraryElectronics.html
  •  
  •  
  • Grab Bag of Themes and Ideas
    • Remember that there are different roles for different stakeholders: Govt., NGO, OEM, retailer, consumer.
    • Waste Prevention/ Upstream Questions (Business Visits):
      • • WHAT ARE YOU BRINGING ON SITE; • WHAT HAPPENS TO IT; • WHAT CAUSES YOU HEADACHES; • WHAT ARE YOU HANDLING A LOT; • WHAT ARE YOU PAYING A LOT OF MONEY FOR.
    • Consider an Alaskan Product Stewardship Council (CA is on the way.)
    • Case Study of Retail Apparel Product Stewardship Program (EPA R10; Seattle; King County)
    • What product stewardship implications are there given Alaska’s remote and rural nature?
    • NOAA Research Vessel is First to Operate Petroleum Free
      • Congratulations to the crew of the 41-foot NOAA R/V HURON EXPLORER, and to everyone responsible for creating the first U.S. research ship to operate free of petroleum products. Powered by soy biodiesel combined with bio-hydraulic and bio-motor oils, the environmentally-friendly vessel is well suited to working in the eco-systems it is helping to research.
      • Not exactly product stewardship, but an inspiring way to bring together various stakeholders to effect change.
    • The Cuyahoga River fire brought effluent control into the bottom line (i.e. along with the costs of: turning on the factory lights, the CEO’s retirement package, raw materials, etc.)
    • The Triangle Shirt Factory brought worker health and safety into the bottom line.
    • Nader’s Unsafe at any Speed brought consumer rights and safety into the bottom line.
    • These costs all used to be external to product price. Now they are an accepted cost of doing business. Why should a product’s end-of-life consequences and management costs be any different?
    The Socio-Cultural Trendline Toward Product Stewardship
  •