OPERATING SYSTEM BASICS
File Management <ul><li>Information is stored in a variety of different types of  files </li></ul><ul><li>Two most common ...
Drive icons System Folder icons My Computer button on taskbar
File icon Folder icon Contents of Windows folder
Kinds of Files Bitmap file  Help file  Word document file  PowerPoint document file  Excel document file  Text file  Progr...
How to create a File? <ul><li>Right click on your Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select “New” form small window </li></ul><ul><...
 
Giving name to your new folder
To move a file into another location <ul><li>Right click on file icon </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Cut” from new window </li>...
Moving file cont...
Moving file cont...
Path of a file Path (location) of a file
Properties of a file <ul><li>Right click on any of files on Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select Properties  </li></ul>
 
Properties dialog box File Type File Size File Name Date Last Modified File Path
How to create a folder? <ul><li>Right click on your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select “New” form small window </li></ul><ul...
Folder cont..
Giving name to your new folder
Path of your folder HERE IS THE PATH OF OUR FOLDER NAMED AS WINDOWS
DOS <ul><li>DOS is short name of Disk Operating System </li></ul><ul><li>To run DOS (Command prompt as an app. name): </li...
DOS cont... Short name of Command Prompt
Running window of DOS
Some operations in DOS <ul><li>You can learn your PC’s IP number with “ipconfig” command </li></ul><ul><li>You can check y...
Learning PC’s IP number Write Down ipconfig  than press Enter  Here is your PC’s IP number
Checking PC’s Network Connection with a Web address Command for this action Web address Statistics of PC’s connection
Looking for current path’s content Command to change  Current path  Path you Jump to Command to look for current Path’s co...
Running an executable file... <ul><li>Download executable file from  </li></ul><ul><li>http ://student.atilim.edu.tr/~c050...
Running an executable file Write file’s name than  Press Enter The setup getting start
Creating and editing a text file <ul><li>Create a text file on Desktop and give the name “a.txt” to it </li></ul><ul><li>T...
The Edit window view... From File menu you can  Save and Exit from the text editor
Types of Software <ul><li>There are two types of software: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Software </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Task Manager <ul><li>With Task Manager  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can kill a process (interrupt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Task Manager cont...
Defragmentation <ul><li>Is used to compact the tracks in your harddisk </li></ul><ul><li>Is better  to apply with some per...
To run the Defragmenter... <ul><li>Click on “My Computer” icon </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on “Hard Drive C:” </li></ul>...
Defragmenter cont...
Defragmenter cont...
Defragmenter window Each line represents a track on your Harddisk
How to format a Hard Drive? <ul><li>Formatting means cleaning up  </li></ul><ul><li>After formatting all the files and fol...
Formatting a Hard Drive cont...
Formatting a Hard Drive cont...
Creating a User Account <ul><li>A PC may have more than one user </li></ul><ul><li>In order to specialize a PC configurati...
Rights of Admin vs. Limited user
Creating a new account... <ul><li>Click on “Start” on the Toolbar </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Control Panel” </li></ul><ul><...
Creating a new account cont...
Creating a new account cont...
Creating a new account cont...
Creating a new account cont...
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OPERATING SYSTEM BASICS File Management

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OPERATING SYSTEM BASICS File Management

  1. 1. OPERATING SYSTEM BASICS
  2. 2. File Management <ul><li>Information is stored in a variety of different types of files </li></ul><ul><li>Two most common types: data and program files . </li></ul><ul><li>To store related files; folders and subfolders </li></ul>
  3. 3. Drive icons System Folder icons My Computer button on taskbar
  4. 4. File icon Folder icon Contents of Windows folder
  5. 5. Kinds of Files Bitmap file Help file Word document file PowerPoint document file Excel document file Text file Program(executable) and batch file Document file that is not associated with an application
  6. 6. How to create a File? <ul><li>Right click on your Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select “New” form small window </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Microsoft Word Document” </li></ul><ul><li>Then your MS Word file created </li></ul><ul><li>And it is waiting for you to give a name to this file </li></ul>
  7. 8. Giving name to your new folder
  8. 9. To move a file into another location <ul><li>Right click on file icon </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Cut” from new window </li></ul><ul><li>Reach to your new location </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on new location </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Paste” from new window </li></ul>
  9. 10. Moving file cont...
  10. 11. Moving file cont...
  11. 12. Path of a file Path (location) of a file
  12. 13. Properties of a file <ul><li>Right click on any of files on Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select Properties </li></ul>
  13. 15. Properties dialog box File Type File Size File Name Date Last Modified File Path
  14. 16. How to create a folder? <ul><li>Right click on your desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Select “New” form small window </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Folder” </li></ul><ul><li>Then your folder created </li></ul><ul><li>And it is waiting for you to give a name to this folder </li></ul>
  15. 17. Folder cont..
  16. 18. Giving name to your new folder
  17. 19. Path of your folder HERE IS THE PATH OF OUR FOLDER NAMED AS WINDOWS
  18. 20. DOS <ul><li>DOS is short name of Disk Operating System </li></ul><ul><li>To run DOS (Command prompt as an app. name): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on “Start” on the toolbar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select “Run...” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write down cmd in new windows’ textbox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then click on “Ok” </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. DOS cont... Short name of Command Prompt
  20. 22. Running window of DOS
  21. 23. Some operations in DOS <ul><li>You can learn your PC’s IP number with “ipconfig” command </li></ul><ul><li>You can check your PC’s network connection with command “ping” </li></ul><ul><li>You can look for a folder content with command “dir” </li></ul><ul><li>You can run executable files </li></ul><ul><li>You can create and edit a text file </li></ul>
  22. 24. Learning PC’s IP number Write Down ipconfig than press Enter Here is your PC’s IP number
  23. 25. Checking PC’s Network Connection with a Web address Command for this action Web address Statistics of PC’s connection
  24. 26. Looking for current path’s content Command to change Current path Path you Jump to Command to look for current Path’s content
  25. 27. Running an executable file... <ul><li>Download executable file from </li></ul><ul><li>http ://student.atilim.edu.tr/~c0501007 </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Courses link on the page then </li></ul><ul><li>Click on executable file link </li></ul><ul><li>Then “Save” the file to your Desktop </li></ul>
  26. 28. Running an executable file Write file’s name than Press Enter The setup getting start
  27. 29. Creating and editing a text file <ul><li>Create a text file on Desktop and give the name “a.txt” to it </li></ul><ul><li>To edit this text file via DOS </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the command: edit a.txt </li></ul>
  28. 30. The Edit window view... From File menu you can Save and Exit from the text editor
  29. 31. Types of Software <ul><li>There are two types of software: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MS Word, Excell, PowerPoint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task Manager, Defragmenter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 32. Task Manager <ul><li>With Task Manager </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can kill a process (interrupt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can change a process’ priority (Job Queue principle) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To run Task Manager: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right click on Toolbar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then select Task Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a shortcut to run press Ctrl+Alt+Del buttons at the sam time </li></ul></ul>
  31. 33. Task Manager cont...
  32. 34. Defragmentation <ul><li>Is used to compact the tracks in your harddisk </li></ul><ul><li>Is better to apply with some periods in order to take better performance from your harddisk and also from your PC </li></ul>
  33. 35. To run the Defragmenter... <ul><li>Click on “My Computer” icon </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on “Hard Drive C:” </li></ul><ul><li>Selects “Properties” option in new window </li></ul>
  34. 36. Defragmenter cont...
  35. 37. Defragmenter cont...
  36. 38. Defragmenter window Each line represents a track on your Harddisk
  37. 39. How to format a Hard Drive? <ul><li>Formatting means cleaning up </li></ul><ul><li>After formatting all the files and folders will be loosed! </li></ul><ul><li>So, take a back up your important files before you format your Hard Drive </li></ul><ul><li>To format a Hard Drive right click on the Driver icon </li></ul><ul><li>Then select “Format” in new window </li></ul>
  38. 40. Formatting a Hard Drive cont...
  39. 41. Formatting a Hard Drive cont...
  40. 42. Creating a User Account <ul><li>A PC may have more than one user </li></ul><ul><li>In order to specialize a PC configuration for each user, Administrator of PC should create new accounts in that commonused PC </li></ul><ul><li>There are two account types in MS Windows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited </li></ul></ul>
  41. 43. Rights of Admin vs. Limited user
  42. 44. Creating a new account... <ul><li>Click on “Start” on the Toolbar </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Control Panel” </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “User Accounts” in “Control Panel” window </li></ul><ul><li>Then select “Create a New Account” </li></ul>
  43. 45. Creating a new account cont...
  44. 46. Creating a new account cont...
  45. 47. Creating a new account cont...
  46. 48. Creating a new account cont...

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