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Managing Enterprise-Wide Backup and Recovery Operations
 

Managing Enterprise-Wide Backup and Recovery Operations

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    Managing Enterprise-Wide Backup and Recovery Operations Managing Enterprise-Wide Backup and Recovery Operations Presentation Transcript

    • Media Recovery via Enterprise Manager Matthew Hart July 2006 TCOUG
    • Agenda
      • Configuring Backup Settings
      • Configuring Recovery Settings
      • Configure Recovery Catalog Settings
      • EM and Oracle Suggested Backups
      • Scheduling Customized Backup Jobs
      • Recovery from EM
      • Managing Existing Backups in EM
      • Database cloning (duplication)
    • Configure Backup Settings in EM
    • Configure Backup Settings
      • Device Tab
        • Disk Settings
          • Set compression here
        • Tape Settings
          • Set compression here
        • Media Management Settings
        • Host Credentials
    •  
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    • Configure Backup Settings
      • Backup Set Tab
        • Max piece size
        • Tape settings
        • Host Credentials
    •  
    • Configure Backup Settings
      • Policy Tab
        • Set autobackup on
        • Backup optimization
        • Enable block change tracking
        • Tablespace exclusions
        • Retention policy
        • Host Credentials
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    • Configure Backup Settings
      • What’s missing?
        • Encryption
        • Default Device type
        • Archive Deletion Policy
        • Snapshot Controlfile Location
        • No throttling valuees available for permanent configuration
    • Configure Recovery Settings
    • Configure Recovery Settings
      • FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET
      • Archivelog Mode
      • Archivelog destinations
      • Flash Recovery Area
        • Note the nice little graph of used space in FRA
      • Flashback Database
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    • Configuring the Recovery Catalog
    • Configure Recovery Catalog Settings
      • Enterprise Manager is incapable of creating a recovery catalog. It can only register a catalog that has already been created from the command line
      • EM will only register an existing catalog in the EM repository
    •  
    • EM Suggested Backup Strategy
    • Oracle-Suggested Backup Strategies
      • Oracle has built-in backup strategies within EM
      • Utilizes EM job system
      • Takes advantage of RMAN 10g innovations
      • Take them or leave them: they are not ‘tweakable’
    • EM and Oracle Suggested Backups: Disk-only strategy
      • Oracle-Suggested Strategy uses incrementally updated image copies
        • Takes one image copy
        • Takes a new level 1 next day
        • Day 2, level 1 is applied to image copy, new level 1 is taken
        • Backup remains at least 24 hours behind current time, up to 48 hours
    •  
    • Oracle Suggested Backup Strategy: Tape Only
      • No backups ever created in the FRA
      • No incremental apply functionality
      • Two rman scripts: daily and weekly
      • Weekly: full database backup plus archivelogs
      • Daily: incremental backup of changed blocks, plus archivelogs (if desired)
    • Oracle Suggested Backup Strategy: Disk and Tape
      • Disk strategy is the same as disk-only strategy
        • Full image copy in the FRA
        • Incremental backups, incremental apply
      • Tape strategy requires a decision: what do you want daily?
        • Weekly, all recovery files are backed up to tape
        • Daily, you choose: nothing, archivelogs only, archivelogs + incrementals, or archivelogs + full database backupset
    • Oracle-Suggested Strategies: Right for You and Yours?
      • Benefits: ‘set and forget’
      • Good for low priority dev databases with permissive or non-existent SLAs
      • May not provide level of detail or control required for enterprise-dependent systems
    • Scheduling Customized Backups in EM
    • Scheduling Customized Backup Jobs
      • Always starts with type of backup
        • Database
        • Tablespace
        • Datafile
        • Archivelog
        • All recovery files
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    • Performing Recovery in EM
    • Performing Recovery from EM
      • Displayed as an option if the database is not up
      • In 10gR2, there is guided recovery based on health checks
      • Some intelligence concerning what type of recovery should be undertaken
      • Recovery includes object level recovery option
        • If tables is chosen, flashback recovery options are made available
    • Should I use EM for critical database recovery?
      • EM and panic don’t go hand in hand
      • Down databases are no time for a big read ‘Easy’ button
      • Control is desired at every decision moment
      • It’s a good complement for databases that use the Oracle Suggested Backup Strategy
    •  
    • Managing Current Backups in EM
    • Manage Current Backups
      • Perform common admin tasks
        • Catalog files
        • Crosscheck
        • Delete obsolete
        • Delete expired
      • Manage all files with quick links, or administer individual backupsets or image copies
      • Perform a search based on type of backup, and completion time
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    • Backup Reports
    • Backup Reports
      • Backups can be viewed based on multiple criteria
      • Drill-down allows user to see which files are in which backupsets
      • In Grid Control, can view multiple-target report
        • This only works for 10.2 databases
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    • Oracle Database Cloning
    • Database Cloning
      • Database cloning uses RMAN backups and the duplication process to build a clone
      • All RMAN use is ‘behind the scenes’ from EM
      • Clone from the deployments page
    • Database Cloning (cont.)
      • Grid Control only
      • Can clone from a running db, or form a ‘working directory’ created from a previous clone
      • Existing RMAN backups cannot be used
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    • Database Cloning
      • Choose a source host working directory
      • Choose to compress the backup
      • Choose to retain the working dir, or delete on completion
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    • Database Cloning
      • Choose Destination database global_name, SID
      • Choose storage type (files, ASM, raw)
      • Choose host
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    • Database Cloning
      • Choose Destination file locations
      • Provide information about networking files
      • Decide if new clone will be registered with EM Grid Control
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    • Database Cloning
      • Schedule and review the job
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    • Q & A
    • Q & A