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Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.
 

Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.

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Long 1.5 hours presentation on how to use Linked Data in Digital Arts & Humanities and of the Muruca Semantic Digital Library Framework. Presentation given at the final COST A32 Conference in Munich, ...

Long 1.5 hours presentation on how to use Linked Data in Digital Arts & Humanities and of the Muruca Semantic Digital Library Framework. Presentation given at the final COST A32 Conference in Munich, Germany, 28 Sep - 2 Oct 2010.

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    Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities. Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities. Presentation Transcript

    • Muruca: Digital Humanities, Beers and the Semantic Web COST A32 Final Conference, Munich, 28 Sep - 2 Oct 2010 Michele Barbera, Christian Morbidoni This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy <barbera@netseven.it>, <morbidoni@netseven.it>
    • From Beers... 2002 b? ?? e nticW a S em oh yes you mean To Beers! Linked Data, that’s Today so cool!
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc Model, data, metadata, editorial policies, publication & interoperability ___ NE _ User Interfaces, Generic & Tabbed Semantic Annotation Images & Text W!
    • To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc Model, data, metadata, editorial policies, publication & interoperability ___ NE _ User Interfaces, Generic & Tabbed Semantic Annotation Images & Text W! __ Plans for the future Announcements!
    • To day ’s big deals ~~~~
    • To day ’s big deals Tab b ed ~~~~ UI!
    • To day ’s big deals Tab b ed ~~~~ UI! Sem an ti c Im ag e An no tat i on
    • <philosophy>
    • fancy Web sites are nice
    • so are carefully marked-up texts
    • but
    • are they really accessible?
    • peer review and quality of data are important things
    • except the notion of “quality” changes over time and space and culture and...
    • just a few examples...
    • myth of Theuth “ O re, questa conoscenza (mathema) renderà gli egiziani più sapienti e più dotati di memoria: infatti ho scoperto un pharmakon per la sapienza e la memoria. - E il re rispose: - Espertissimo (technikotate) Theuth, una cosa è esser capaci di mettere al mondo quanto concerne una techne, un'altra saper giudicare quale sarà l'utilità e il danno che comporterà agli utenti; e ora tu, padre “ delle lettere, hai attribuito loro per benevolenza il contrario del loro vero effetto. Infatti esse produrranno dimenticanza (lethe) nelle anime di chi impara Plato, Phaedrus
    • My boss allowed me to do it* in my spare time... * the Web!
    • Researchers are not any more only in the academia* * See also recent speeches of EU Commissioner M. Quinn and Europe 2020 strategy
    • research is not done anymore only here
    • researchers are all around us
    • so
    • if we want to advance human knowledge (our mission?)
    • we can’t anymore
    • keep data hidden in our hard disks
    • nor
    • in our fancy websites with TEI-aware, user- daptive, context-sensitive, whatever search engines
    • we must allow
    • people (and the next generations) to freely re-use, re- think, re-mix the knowledge we encoded into machines
    • possibly lots of people
    • Internet users in the world: 1.668.870.408 in Europe: 402.380.474 (~50%) average growth from 2000 to 2009: 362.3%
    • so we can’t hide data because
    • data is less valuable when it’s isolated
    • value is in
    • context
    • = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = = = == = = = = = = = === = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = == = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = == = = = = = = = = = ===== = = == = = = == = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = =
    • linking
    • someone understood this and...
    • in the nineties he built the Web
    • but it didn’t work like he imagined
    • it became a Web of Documents meant for Human consumption (only)
    • machines had no way of understading
    • that two documents talk about the same “thing”
    • ? ??? ? semantics is hidden, only humans (and not all of them) can extract it from documents
    • machines are helpless
    • unless...
    • <open access, e-publishing> cites <internet, philosophy> we use very simple ways (don’t forget they are stupid) of telling them what we are talking about
    • this is what the Semantic Web (and Linked Data, and the Web of Data) is all about.
    • Hidden semantics, no access to Web of Documents Web 1.0 data Hidden semantics, partial access to Social Web Web 2.0 data,1-to-1 Interoperability Explicit semantics, full access to Web of Data Web 3.0 data, global Interoperability
    • Different Models of Collaboration We write, We Web 1.0 Stendhal, Goethe, Discovery publish We publish, Web 2.0 Hypernietzsche you write You write, you publish, we mix Web 3.0 Linked Open Data
    • it’s growing fast
    • Feb 2008
    • Giu 2009
    • to make the Web a huge, distributed database, on which we can build applications on top* * You’re right, it’s a bit more than that!
    • think about electronic editions
    • In this days we heard several varitions of: “have the data in one place, build several different interfaces on top”
    • linked data and the semantic web makes one more step
    • data in one place, build several different interfaces on top Web 3.0 data in many connected places, let other people (we might even don’t know) mix with their own data, build interfaces on top
    • after TBL call for “Raw data now!” on TED in 2009 there has been a huge growth of LOD
    • UK government
    • Swedish government
    • Austrian government
    • BBC
    • New York Times
    • Library of Congress
    • German National Library
    • Europeana (partially)
    • Municipalities of San Francisco, Toronto, London, Zaragoza
    • google
    • Yahoo
    • Facebook
    • today we have more than 15 billions triples* * Atomic “bits of information” in the semantic web.
    • what for?
    • to let other people use our data in new an unanticipated ways
    • to let them do research, develop applications and mash-ups, play, do business...
    • just a couple of examples data.gov.uk http://www.where-can-i-live.com/londonproperty + geonames.org http://www.wheredoesmymoneygo.org/ freebase.com http://www.we-love-the.net/FreeInfluencer/
    • the web is becoming a huge distributed global database with a lot of different ways (Interfaces, applications ...) to access it
    • we want to be part of it
    • yes we can!* * with Muruca
    • </philosophy>
    • <components>
    • Muruca
    • Muruca Open Source Semantic Web Open Access
    • Muruca Set of tools (not an out-of-the box product) to build research platforms and digital libraries in the Linked Data Cloud
    • Muruca Led by Net7 with University of Ancona and other contributors
    • Why? There are many small (or tiny) institutions who have masterpiecies and no money/staff/know-how to put them on the Semantic Web.
    • Muruca ‣Talia + UI Widgets + SwickyNotes ‣IIPImage + FlexIP ‣Linked Data recommender & search (soon)
    • </components>
    • <examples>
    • Time for a Demo
    • <ol> <li>Discovery</li> <li>Doni & Burchardt & Orlando Furioso</li> </ol>
    • </examples>
    • <building_a_DL_with_muruca>
    • islamicart.muruca.org islamicart.muruca.org/boxView
    • 1 Model Your Domain
    • Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of sub class of Mosaic Fresco
    • Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of type type type sub class of Mosaic Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri Fresco type Prophet Muhammad San Petronio Fresco
    • Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of type type type sub class of Mosaic Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri Fresco type Prophet Muhammad has author San Petronio Fresco depicts
    • 2 Load Data & Metadata
    • <source> <attribute> <predicate>type</predicate> <value>TaliaSource</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>uri</predicate> <value>transcr_page_2_Zad_al-ma_ad</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>rdfs:label</predicate> <value>Transcription of Page 2 of Zād al-maʽād@en</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:creator</predicate> <value>Michele Barbera</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:creator</predicate> <value>Chriastian Morbidoni</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>rdf:type</predicate> <object>demo:Transcription</object> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:description</predicate> <value>This is a linear transcription of page 2 of Page 2 of Zād al-maʽād@en</value> </attribute> <file>Imge34554.tiff</file> <file>TextAAA.xml</file> </source>
    • 3 Define Editorial Policies
    • 4 Design UI (Tabbed & Generic come for free, you can use them as starting points)
    • 5 Make sure its interoperable (“Link” to LinkedData, OAI-PMH, SEO)
    • Semantic Annotation
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text Note
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text Note Note
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text Author: Bob Smith, Date: 10/08/2010 text text text text text text Textual comment: some more information about this text text text text text text fragment of text text text text text text text Note Structured Part (Statements) Note Buraq.txt/87874 has variant Buraq.txt/87874 genetic phen Buraq2.txt/78569 Addition Buraq.jpg/2134 is explained by Buraq.txt/87874 Note
    • Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text Author: Bob Smith, Date: 10/08/2010 text text text text text text Textual comment: some more information about this text text text text text text fragment of text text text text text text text Note Structured Part (Statements) Note Buraq.txt/87874 has variant Buraq.txt/87874 genetic phen Buraq2.txt/78569 Addition Buraq.jpg/2134 is explained by Buraq.txt/87874 Note Ontologies
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 Note Note
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 reproduced comments on An artist A Book Note Note
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 reproduced comments on An artist A Book Note Note Note Note Note
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 A scholar is located in reproduced comments on wrote An artist A Book is a revision of An other Book Note Note Note Note Note
    • The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 A scholar is located in reproduced comments on wrote An artist A Book is a revision of An other Book Note Note Note Editorial Policy (peer review?) Note Note Publish on the Web
    • </building_a_DL_with_muruca>
    • <future>
    • SEMLIB Semantic Web Tools for Digital Libraries swickynotes on the web & Linked Data Recommender EU-FP7 2011-2013 Net7, Uni Ancona, Deri Gallway, Knowledgehives, IN2, Liberologico
    • iOS
    • </future>
    • <announcements>
    • 2 Ways TO SUPPORT MURUCA Net7 Do-it-yourself hire us or involve us in and give back to the EU/National projects community
    • WE ARE HIRING SEMANTIC WEB WIZARD, HTML5 / CSS / JAVASCRIPT DEVELOPER,ANDROID/IPHONE GURU. Contact Michele and Christian (and tell your talented friends plz!)
    • </announcements>
    • Michele Barbera, Christian Morbidoni <barbera@netseven.it>, <morbidoni@netseven.it> Thank you for your attention! </presentation> This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy
    • <Credits /> Authors Michele Barbera, <barbera@netseven.it> Christian Morbidoni, <morbidoni@netseven.it> Photos Flickr / Tim Berners-Lee / Silvio Tanaka Flickr / Silo Antelope / ken mcown Flickr / The Medium Is The Massage (2) / Danielweiresq Flickr / Ballet Jody Blevins 2 / Patrick McDonald Thanks Danilo Giacomi, Francesca di Donato, Riccardo Giomi, Simone Fonda, Giulio Andreini, Luca De Santis This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy