Muruca: Digital Humanities, Beers and the Semantic Web
 COST A32 Final Conference, Munich, 28 Sep - 2 Oct 2010




     Mi...
From Beers...
                                       2002

                                              b? ??
           ...
To day ’s Specialties
      ~~~~
To day ’s Specialties
                  ~~~~
Muruca’s philosophy & components
To day ’s Specialties
                     ~~~~
Muruca’s philosophy & components

So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu
          ...
To day ’s Specialties
                     ~~~~
Muruca’s philosophy & components

So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu
          ...
To day ’s Specialties
                      ~~~~
Muruca’s philosophy & components

So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu
         ...
To day ’s Specialties
                       ~~~~
Muruca’s philosophy & components

So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu
        ...
To day ’s big deals
     ~~~~
To day ’s big deals
Tab
    b   ed    ~~~~
             UI!
To day ’s big deals
Tab
    b   ed    ~~~~
             UI!




                   Sem
                         an
       ...
<philosophy>
fancy Web sites are nice
so are carefully marked-up texts
but
are they really accessible?
peer review and quality of data are important things
except the notion of “quality” changes over time and
             space and culture and...
just a few examples...
myth of Theuth




“      O re, questa conoscenza (mathema) renderà gli
       egiziani più sapienti e più dotati di memor...
My boss allowed me to
do it* in my spare time...


              * the Web!
Researchers are not any more only in the academia*




* See also recent speeches of EU Commissioner M. Quinn and Europe 2...
research is not done anymore only here
researchers are all around us
so
if we want to advance human knowledge (our mission?)
we can’t anymore
keep data hidden in our hard disks
nor
in our fancy websites with TEI-aware, user-
daptive, context-sensitive, whatever search
                  engines
we must allow
people (and the next generations) to freely re-use, re-
think, re-mix the knowledge we encoded into machines
possibly lots of people
Internet users


in the world:
1.668.870.408
in Europe:
402.380.474 (~50%)

average growth
from 2000 to 2009:
362.3%
so we can’t hide data because
data is less valuable when it’s isolated
value is in
context
= = = =
                                                = =
                          = = = = == = = == =
                ...
linking
someone understood this and...
in the nineties he built the Web
but it didn’t work like he imagined
it became a Web of Documents meant for Human
              consumption (only)
machines had no way of understading
that two documents talk about the same “thing”
?     ???
                           ?
semantics is hidden, only humans (and not all of them)
            can extract it f...
machines are helpless
unless...
<open access,
                                    e-publishing>
                            cites
               <internet...
this is what the Semantic Web (and Linked Data, and
             the Web of Data) is all about.
Hidden semantics, no access to
Web of Documents   Web 1.0   data




                             Hidden semantics, partia...
Different Models of Collaboration


We write, We          Web 1.0     Stendhal, Goethe, Discovery
publish



We publish,  ...
it’s growing fast
Feb
2008
Giu 2009
to make the Web a huge, distributed database, on
         which we can build applications on top*




* You’re right, it’s...
think about electronic editions
In this days we heard several varitions of:
“have the data in one place, build several different
                 interfac...
linked data and the semantic web makes one more step
data in one place, build several
   different interfaces on top



                 Web 3.0




data in many connected pla...
after TBL call for “Raw data now!” on TED in 2009
       there has been a huge growth of LOD
UK government
Swedish government
Austrian government
BBC
New York Times
Library of Congress
German National Library
Europeana (partially)
Municipalities of San Francisco, Toronto, London,
                     Zaragoza
google
Yahoo
Facebook
today we have more than 15 billions triples*




* Atomic “bits of information” in the semantic web.
what for?
to let other people use our data in new an unanticipated
                          ways
to let them do research, develop applications and
          mash-ups, play, do business...
just a couple of examples



 data.gov.uk                   http://www.where-can-i-live.com/londonproperty

      +
 geona...
the web is becoming a huge distributed
global database with a lot of different ways
  (Interfaces, applications ...) to ac...
we want to be part of it
yes we can!*




* with Muruca
</philosophy>
<components>
Muruca
Muruca

Open Source   Semantic Web   Open Access
Muruca
Set of tools (not an out-of-the box product) to build
research platforms and digital libraries in the Linked
      ...
Muruca
Led by Net7 with University of Ancona and other
                 contributors
Why?
There are many small (or tiny) institutions who have
masterpiecies and no money/staff/know-how to put
           them...
Muruca
‣Talia + UI Widgets + SwickyNotes
‣IIPImage + FlexIP
‣Linked Data recommender & search
(soon)
</components>
<examples>
Time for a Demo
<ol>
 <li>Discovery</li>
 <li>Doni & Burchardt & Orlando Furioso</li>
</ol>
</examples>
<building_a_DL_with_muruca>
islamicart.muruca.org
islamicart.muruca.org/boxView
1 Model Your Domain
Ontologies:
                 vocabularies for your domain
                                           Source               ...
Ontologies:
                  vocabularies for your domain
                                           Source              ...
Ontologies:
                  vocabularies for your domain
                                           Source              ...
2 Load Data & Metadata
<source>
	

    <attribute>
     <predicate>type</predicate>
     <value>TaliaSource</value>
    </attribute>
	

    <attr...
3 Define Editorial Policies
4 Design UI

(Tabbed & Generic come for free, you can use them as starting
                          points)
5 Make sure its interoperable

(“Link” to LinkedData, OAI-PMH, SEO)
Semantic Annotation
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq




     text text text text tex...
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq
          Note




     text tex...
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq
          Note




     text tex...
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq
          Note




     text tex...
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq
          Note




     text tex...
Fragments and Annotations:
            a glance at the data model
Source (Resource)
Buraq
          Note




     text tex...
The vision:
  a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                            ...
The vision:
  a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                            ...
The vision:
            a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                  ...
The vision:
            a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                  ...
The vision:
            a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                  ...
The vision:
            a collaborative knowledge graph
                                                                  ...
</building_a_DL_with_muruca>
<future>
SEMLIB
  Semantic Web Tools for Digital Libraries


                         swickynotes on the web
                      ...
iOS
</future>
<announcements>
2 Ways
            TO SUPPORT MURUCA



        Net7                Do-it-yourself
hire us or involve us in   and give bac...
WE ARE
                HIRING
    SEMANTIC WEB WIZARD, HTML5 / CSS /
    JAVASCRIPT DEVELOPER,ANDROID/IPHONE GURU.




Con...
</announcements>
Michele Barbera, Christian Morbidoni
 <barbera@netseven.it>, <morbidoni@netseven.it>




             Thank you for your a...
<Credits />
Authors
Michele Barbera, <barbera@netseven.it>
Christian Morbidoni, <morbidoni@netseven.it>


Photos
Flickr / ...
Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.
Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.
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Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.

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Long 1.5 hours presentation on how to use Linked Data in Digital Arts & Humanities and of the Muruca Semantic Digital Library Framework. Presentation given at the final COST A32 Conference in Munich, Germany, 28 Sep - 2 Oct 2010.

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Muruca: Linked data in Arts & Humanities.

  1. 1. Muruca: Digital Humanities, Beers and the Semantic Web COST A32 Final Conference, Munich, 28 Sep - 2 Oct 2010 Michele Barbera, Christian Morbidoni This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy <barbera@netseven.it>, <morbidoni@netseven.it>
  2. 2. From Beers... 2002 b? ?? e nticW a S em oh yes you mean To Beers! Linked Data, that’s Today so cool!
  3. 3. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~
  4. 4. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components
  5. 5. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca
  6. 6. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc
  7. 7. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc Model, data, metadata, editorial policies, publication & interoperability ___ NE _ User Interfaces, Generic & Tabbed Semantic Annotation Images & Text W!
  8. 8. To day ’s Specialties ~~~~ Muruca’s philosophy & components So me (o ld) examples: DLs bu ilt w ith muruca a B uild ing a DL w ith muruc Model, data, metadata, editorial policies, publication & interoperability ___ NE _ User Interfaces, Generic & Tabbed Semantic Annotation Images & Text W! __ Plans for the future Announcements!
  9. 9. To day ’s big deals ~~~~
  10. 10. To day ’s big deals Tab b ed ~~~~ UI!
  11. 11. To day ’s big deals Tab b ed ~~~~ UI! Sem an ti c Im ag e An no tat i on
  12. 12. <philosophy>
  13. 13. fancy Web sites are nice
  14. 14. so are carefully marked-up texts
  15. 15. but
  16. 16. are they really accessible?
  17. 17. peer review and quality of data are important things
  18. 18. except the notion of “quality” changes over time and space and culture and...
  19. 19. just a few examples...
  20. 20. myth of Theuth “ O re, questa conoscenza (mathema) renderà gli egiziani più sapienti e più dotati di memoria: infatti ho scoperto un pharmakon per la sapienza e la memoria. - E il re rispose: - Espertissimo (technikotate) Theuth, una cosa è esser capaci di mettere al mondo quanto concerne una techne, un'altra saper giudicare quale sarà l'utilità e il danno che comporterà agli utenti; e ora tu, padre “ delle lettere, hai attribuito loro per benevolenza il contrario del loro vero effetto. Infatti esse produrranno dimenticanza (lethe) nelle anime di chi impara Plato, Phaedrus
  21. 21. My boss allowed me to do it* in my spare time... * the Web!
  22. 22. Researchers are not any more only in the academia* * See also recent speeches of EU Commissioner M. Quinn and Europe 2020 strategy
  23. 23. research is not done anymore only here
  24. 24. researchers are all around us
  25. 25. so
  26. 26. if we want to advance human knowledge (our mission?)
  27. 27. we can’t anymore
  28. 28. keep data hidden in our hard disks
  29. 29. nor
  30. 30. in our fancy websites with TEI-aware, user- daptive, context-sensitive, whatever search engines
  31. 31. we must allow
  32. 32. people (and the next generations) to freely re-use, re- think, re-mix the knowledge we encoded into machines
  33. 33. possibly lots of people
  34. 34. Internet users in the world: 1.668.870.408 in Europe: 402.380.474 (~50%) average growth from 2000 to 2009: 362.3%
  35. 35. so we can’t hide data because
  36. 36. data is less valuable when it’s isolated
  37. 37. value is in
  38. 38. context
  39. 39. = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = = = == = = = = = = = === = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = == = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = == = = == = = = = == = = = = = = = = = ===== = = == = = = == = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = =
  40. 40. linking
  41. 41. someone understood this and...
  42. 42. in the nineties he built the Web
  43. 43. but it didn’t work like he imagined
  44. 44. it became a Web of Documents meant for Human consumption (only)
  45. 45. machines had no way of understading
  46. 46. that two documents talk about the same “thing”
  47. 47. ? ??? ? semantics is hidden, only humans (and not all of them) can extract it from documents
  48. 48. machines are helpless
  49. 49. unless...
  50. 50. <open access, e-publishing> cites <internet, philosophy> we use very simple ways (don’t forget they are stupid) of telling them what we are talking about
  51. 51. this is what the Semantic Web (and Linked Data, and the Web of Data) is all about.
  52. 52. Hidden semantics, no access to Web of Documents Web 1.0 data Hidden semantics, partial access to Social Web Web 2.0 data,1-to-1 Interoperability Explicit semantics, full access to Web of Data Web 3.0 data, global Interoperability
  53. 53. Different Models of Collaboration We write, We Web 1.0 Stendhal, Goethe, Discovery publish We publish, Web 2.0 Hypernietzsche you write You write, you publish, we mix Web 3.0 Linked Open Data
  54. 54. it’s growing fast
  55. 55. Feb 2008
  56. 56. Giu 2009
  57. 57. to make the Web a huge, distributed database, on which we can build applications on top* * You’re right, it’s a bit more than that!
  58. 58. think about electronic editions
  59. 59. In this days we heard several varitions of: “have the data in one place, build several different interfaces on top”
  60. 60. linked data and the semantic web makes one more step
  61. 61. data in one place, build several different interfaces on top Web 3.0 data in many connected places, let other people (we might even don’t know) mix with their own data, build interfaces on top
  62. 62. after TBL call for “Raw data now!” on TED in 2009 there has been a huge growth of LOD
  63. 63. UK government
  64. 64. Swedish government
  65. 65. Austrian government
  66. 66. BBC
  67. 67. New York Times
  68. 68. Library of Congress
  69. 69. German National Library
  70. 70. Europeana (partially)
  71. 71. Municipalities of San Francisco, Toronto, London, Zaragoza
  72. 72. google
  73. 73. Yahoo
  74. 74. Facebook
  75. 75. today we have more than 15 billions triples* * Atomic “bits of information” in the semantic web.
  76. 76. what for?
  77. 77. to let other people use our data in new an unanticipated ways
  78. 78. to let them do research, develop applications and mash-ups, play, do business...
  79. 79. just a couple of examples data.gov.uk http://www.where-can-i-live.com/londonproperty + geonames.org http://www.wheredoesmymoneygo.org/ freebase.com http://www.we-love-the.net/FreeInfluencer/
  80. 80. the web is becoming a huge distributed global database with a lot of different ways (Interfaces, applications ...) to access it
  81. 81. we want to be part of it
  82. 82. yes we can!* * with Muruca
  83. 83. </philosophy>
  84. 84. <components>
  85. 85. Muruca
  86. 86. Muruca Open Source Semantic Web Open Access
  87. 87. Muruca Set of tools (not an out-of-the box product) to build research platforms and digital libraries in the Linked Data Cloud
  88. 88. Muruca Led by Net7 with University of Ancona and other contributors
  89. 89. Why? There are many small (or tiny) institutions who have masterpiecies and no money/staff/know-how to put them on the Semantic Web.
  90. 90. Muruca ‣Talia + UI Widgets + SwickyNotes ‣IIPImage + FlexIP ‣Linked Data recommender & search (soon)
  91. 91. </components>
  92. 92. <examples>
  93. 93. Time for a Demo
  94. 94. <ol> <li>Discovery</li> <li>Doni & Burchardt & Orlando Furioso</li> </ol>
  95. 95. </examples>
  96. 96. <building_a_DL_with_muruca>
  97. 97. islamicart.muruca.org islamicart.muruca.org/boxView
  98. 98. 1 Model Your Domain
  99. 99. Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of sub class of Mosaic Fresco
  100. 100. Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of type type type sub class of Mosaic Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri Fresco type Prophet Muhammad San Petronio Fresco
  101. 101. Ontologies: vocabularies for your domain Source Person sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of sub class of Artistic Medium Manuscript Book Artist Caliph sub class of type type type sub class of Mosaic Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri Fresco type Prophet Muhammad has author San Petronio Fresco depicts
  102. 102. 2 Load Data & Metadata
  103. 103. <source> <attribute> <predicate>type</predicate> <value>TaliaSource</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>uri</predicate> <value>transcr_page_2_Zad_al-ma_ad</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>rdfs:label</predicate> <value>Transcription of Page 2 of Zād al-maʽād@en</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:creator</predicate> <value>Michele Barbera</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:creator</predicate> <value>Chriastian Morbidoni</value> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>rdf:type</predicate> <object>demo:Transcription</object> </attribute> <attribute> <predicate>dcns:description</predicate> <value>This is a linear transcription of page 2 of Page 2 of Zād al-maʽād@en</value> </attribute> <file>Imge34554.tiff</file> <file>TextAAA.xml</file> </source>
  104. 104. 3 Define Editorial Policies
  105. 105. 4 Design UI (Tabbed & Generic come for free, you can use them as starting points)
  106. 106. 5 Make sure its interoperable (“Link” to LinkedData, OAI-PMH, SEO)
  107. 107. Semantic Annotation
  108. 108. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text
  109. 109. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text
  110. 110. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text Note
  111. 111. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text Note Note
  112. 112. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text Author: Bob Smith, Date: 10/08/2010 text text text text text text Textual comment: some more information about this text text text text text text fragment of text text text text text text text Note Structured Part (Statements) Note Buraq.txt/87874 has variant Buraq.txt/87874 genetic phen Buraq2.txt/78569 Addition Buraq.jpg/2134 is explained by Buraq.txt/87874 Note
  113. 113. Fragments and Annotations: a glance at the data model Source (Resource) Buraq Note text text text text text text Author: Bob Smith, Date: 10/08/2010 text text text text text text Textual comment: some more information about this text text text text text text fragment of text text text text text text text Note Structured Part (Statements) Note Buraq.txt/87874 has variant Buraq.txt/87874 genetic phen Buraq2.txt/78569 Addition Buraq.jpg/2134 is explained by Buraq.txt/87874 Note Ontologies
  114. 114. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874
  115. 115. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 Note Note
  116. 116. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 reproduced comments on An artist A Book Note Note
  117. 117. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 reproduced comments on An artist A Book Note Note Note Note Note
  118. 118. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 A scholar is located in reproduced comments on wrote An artist A Book is a revision of An other Book Note Note Note Note Note
  119. 119. The vision: a collaborative knowledge graph Prophet Muhammad Note Buraq Note Note Mecca is part of mentions is part of mentions Buraq.jpg/2134 is related to Buraq.txt/87874 A scholar is located in reproduced comments on wrote An artist A Book is a revision of An other Book Note Note Note Editorial Policy (peer review?) Note Note Publish on the Web
  120. 120. </building_a_DL_with_muruca>
  121. 121. <future>
  122. 122. SEMLIB Semantic Web Tools for Digital Libraries swickynotes on the web & Linked Data Recommender EU-FP7 2011-2013 Net7, Uni Ancona, Deri Gallway, Knowledgehives, IN2, Liberologico
  123. 123. iOS
  124. 124. </future>
  125. 125. <announcements>
  126. 126. 2 Ways TO SUPPORT MURUCA Net7 Do-it-yourself hire us or involve us in and give back to the EU/National projects community
  127. 127. WE ARE HIRING SEMANTIC WEB WIZARD, HTML5 / CSS / JAVASCRIPT DEVELOPER,ANDROID/IPHONE GURU. Contact Michele and Christian (and tell your talented friends plz!)
  128. 128. </announcements>
  129. 129. Michele Barbera, Christian Morbidoni <barbera@netseven.it>, <morbidoni@netseven.it> Thank you for your attention! </presentation> This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy
  130. 130. <Credits /> Authors Michele Barbera, <barbera@netseven.it> Christian Morbidoni, <morbidoni@netseven.it> Photos Flickr / Tim Berners-Lee / Silvio Tanaka Flickr / Silo Antelope / ken mcown Flickr / The Medium Is The Massage (2) / Danielweiresq Flickr / Ballet Jody Blevins 2 / Patrick McDonald Thanks Danilo Giacomi, Francesca di Donato, Riccardo Giomi, Simone Fonda, Giulio Andreini, Luca De Santis This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Italy

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