Coaching Mental Toughness in Basketball
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Coaching Mental Toughness in Basketball

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Basketball coaches guide to developing mental toughness in basketball teams

Basketball coaches guide to developing mental toughness in basketball teams

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  • Every Coach Has 3 Major Teaching Responsibilities:1. You’ve got implement and develop Skills and Schemes – You’ve got to develop CultureHaving a defined program culture helps reinforce/develop toughness and skill development3. You’ve got to Develop ToughnessToughness – physical and mental – is a pillar of success – on par with schemes.Building championship teams – these 3 guideposts need to be met to reach your goals.Toughness doesn’t get talked about much online – today I’ve got several things to say about toughness
  • today I’ve got several things to say about toughness
  • Every Coach Has 3 Major Teaching Responsibilities:1. You’ve got implement and develop Skills and Schemes – You’ve got to develop CultureHaving a defined program culture helps reinforce/develop toughness and skill development3. You’ve got to Develop ToughnessToughness – physical and mental – is a pillar of success – on par with schemes.Building championship teams – these 3 guideposts need to be met to reach your goals.Toughness doesn’t get talked about much online – today I’ve got several things to say about toughness
  • Definitions – start with some broad concepts and crystallize them all into a concise definition of mental toughnessRebounding from mistakes:Basketball is such a fast-paced game that this is critical – you have to learn from your mistakes without dwelling on them Example: Player throws ball awayBangs head and explains why he threw it awayWhile he is explaining, his man scores on a wide open layup on the other endPlayer bangs head again and starts to explain why he didn’t get back on defenseAs he explains the point guard fires a pass that he loses out of boundsThis can be difficult for young players who want badly to succeed i.e. move from Frosh to Jv or Jv to Varsity – gets hard on himself when he makes a mistake Usually only making things worse.
  • Mentally tough players exude these qualities consistently over timeAnybody can get ‘tough‘ for a few games or even a few weeks, Any ‘change of heart’ by a player is greatWhether the solution is long term wont be known until the player faces adversity (losing, a slump, playing time, demanding coach, etc)
  • Persistence. This is a critical point. Failure happens. Its part of sports.LINCOLN
  • Persistence. This is a critical point. Failure happens. Its part of sports.LINCOLN
  • This definition combines all of the concepts that I’ve discussed up to this point and crystallizes them into one succinct statement.This was put together by coach Brian Williams my partner at coaches Academy – he has used it in his basketball programs – to teach toughness to his players – Puts it in written form in an effort to make it part of the program culture - ------------------------Okay. Before I get into concepts for developing toughness in your players and in your practices, I’m going to quickly talk about what toughness is not. These are qualities that are sometimes mistakenly associated with toughness.

Coaching Mental Toughness in Basketball Coaching Mental Toughness in Basketball Presentation Transcript

  • www.coachesacademy.net
    Basketball Coaching Development
  • Welcome! Coaching Webinar:
    Coaching Mentally Tough Basketball Teams
  • Who am I?
    Coach Josh Stinson
    www.perectpractice.net
    www.hoopclinics.com
    www.coachesacademy.net
  • Webinar Format:
    • Mental Toughness
    • Defining Characteristics
    • Physical component
    • Practice Principles
    • Toughness Drills
    • Liability Considerations
  • Key coaching Hurdles
    Every coach must develop:
    3 big Things!!
  • Key coaching Hurdles
    Every coach must develop:
  • Key coaching Hurdles
    Every coach must develop:
  • Key coaching Hurdles
    Every coach must develop:
  • Key coaching challenges
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    1. Rebounding from mistakes
    • Mistakes Are NOT A Big Deal
    • They will happen in every single practice you ever coach
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    Rebounding from mistakes
    • How We Respond To Mistakes Defines Us!
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    2. Forest through the trees – big picture
    Not getting so caught up in the little battles that occur all the time in basketball that you forget about the Overall Goals
    Mentally tough players understand what is important and what isn't
    Coaches can fall in this trap too:
    • Excessively arguing with officials at expense of coaching your team
    • Creating a level of animosity with referees early in the game and sabotaging your teams chances later in the game
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    3. Visualizing success
    • Be aware of how you communicate this concept
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    Visualizing success
    • Mind/Body connection
    • Improves muscle memory
    • Richardson Experiment
  • Definitions Of Mental Toughness
    Visualizing Success: Richardson Experiment
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    4. Consistency
    • Mentally tough players exude these qualities consistently over time
    • Anybody can get ‘tough‘ for a few games or even a few weeks,
    • Any ‘change of heart’ by a player is great, but:
    • Whether the solution is long term wont be known until the player faces adversity (losing, a slump, playing time, demanding coach, etc)
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    Consistency
  • Definitions
    5. Persistence
    (Always Beats Failure)
  • Definitions of Mental Toughness
    Persistence
    (Always Beats Failure)
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1832 – Lost job, defeated for state legislature
    2xFailure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1833 – Failed in business
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1834 – Elected to Illinois State legislature
    Success!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1834 – Sweetheart Dies
    Excuse for failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1836 – Re-elected to Illinois State legislature
    Success!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1836 – Has a nervous breakdown
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1838 – Defeated for speaker of the house
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1843 – Defeated for Congress nomination
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1846 – Elected to Congress
    Success!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1848 – Lost Congress Renomination
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1854 – Defeated for US Senate
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1856 – Defeated for nomination for Vice President
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1858 – Defeated for US Senate again
    Failure!
  • Definitions
    Persistence - Abraham, Lincoln
    1860 – Elected President
    SUCCESS!
  • Definitions
    Persistence
  • Catch-all Definition
    Of
    Mental Toughness
    “Mental toughness is the ability to control thoughts and actions and
    maintain a focus on what is truly important in a calm and poised way under
    competitive pressure.”
  • “Understanding”
    What Mental Toughness is NOT!
    Bullying
    Very often, young coaches and players alike mistake bullying for mental toughness
    • Bullying has no place in the game
    • Important point of focus in schools
    • The opposite of toughness – bullying behavior usually stems from a poor or inadequate self-image
    • Mentally tough – cultivate a positive self-image
    • No need to manufacture self-respect/esteem by hurting others
  • “Understanding”
    What Toughness is NOT!
    Bullying: Does THIS KID look mentally tough!?!?
  • “Understanding”
    What Mental Toughness is NOT!
    Fouling/Aimless Activity
    • Fouls sabotage all of our efforts on any one possession
    • Easy to ignore a s a coach if it seems like the player is trying
    • Blind hustle is counterproductive
  • “Understanding”
    What Mental Toughness is NOT!
    Scheme-based
    Toughness doesn’t have anything to do with coaching tactics/schemes
    Consistently executing any scheme properly requires toughness
    • We can have totally different styles and still cultivate equally tough players and teams
  • “Understanding”
    What Toughness is NOT!
    Scheme-based
  • “Understanding”
    What Toughness is NOT!
    Scheme-based
  • Physical Conditioning
    “There is NO SUCH THING as an out-of-shape, mentally tough basketball player!
    Mental and Physical Toughness Go Hand-In-Hand. All Coaches Pay Lip Service To This Concept. Champion-Level Coaches field teams that reflect it year-in and year-out”
  • Practice Concepts
    Scrimmaging - make bad calls
    • Frontload your players - preparing them to play through adversity
    • Telling players you’re going to make bad calls ahead of time leads to faster learning.
  • Practice Concepts
    Completion– in everything we do.
    • Finish the play
    • Work on every skill in any practice sequence
    • Example – Closeout:
    • Defend Shot
    • Defend Drive
    • Box-Out
    • Locate and Chase down the rebound
  • Practice Concepts
    Play to the whistle not the horn
    • Important for time and score
    • Scorers make mistakes often & refs have final word over scorers – so playing to the whistle is important
  • Practice Concepts
    4. Create competition
    • Be Aware Of Practice Pace And Tone.
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    Rehearse pressure situations in practice – HAVE A PLAN
    “Take time every basketball practice to rehearse different pressure situations that arise in games. Having a definite plan that players have practiced will help them focus on what to do under pressure and less on the pressure itself.”
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    6. Address Detrimental behaviors
    • Consistent message
    “Make it a point of emphasis that bad body language, moping, pouting, displays of disgust with officials, and other negative behaviors are training the players for failure. them any time they occur in practice, games, or in the locker room..”
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    7. Model poise and self control as the Coach
    “Players will feed off of you and draw confidence from your mental toughness.”
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    8. No Excuses!
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    Communicate &demonstrate how behavior influences outcomes
    “Point out times in your game films or games you record on TV when a lack of poise and
    mental toughness by an individual cost a team a chance to win.”
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    Develop keywords or Signals to re-focus
    Have a phrase you can use when a player makes a mistake to re-focus them back on what they should be doing NOW. A simple phrase such as "Play through it!" can be enough signal your message.”
  • Practice & Coaching Concepts
    Building Resiliency
    11. Make a Practice Of Diving After Loose Balls in Every Scrimmage Situation
    +/- Point systems/ behavioral reinforcers
  • Practice Drills
    51 seconds of Perfect Defense
    • Defensive Execution
  • Practice Drills
    • Avg. halfcourt defensive possession = 17 sec.
    • 51 sec = Three defensive possessions
    17 sec.
    x 3possessions
    51 sec.
  • Practice Drills
    1. 51 seconds of Perfect Defense
    • Primary halfcourt defense vs. any offense
    • Goal: Play Perfect Defense (no breakdowns/mistakes) for 0:51
    • Offense starts with 0:51 –
    • Drill ends when clock hits zero
    • Clock resets to :51
    • Any defensive breakdowns that the coach catches
    • Clock stops & countdown to 0:00 continues
    • Steal with perfect defense
    • Defensive Rebound with perfect defense
    • Made shot against perfect defense
  • Practice Drills
    1. 51 seconds of Perfect Defense
  • Practice Drills
    2. Passing-only scrimmage
    • Continuity/motion offense
  • Practice Drills
    2. Passing-only scrimmage
    • Halfcourt motion/continuity - 5on5
    • Rules:
    • 3 possessions for each team
    • No Dribbling
    • Denial Defense
    • Passes count for 1 point
    • Ball can’t hit the ground – (no dribbling, no dropped passes)
    • Players must catch in correct offensive spots
    • Most passes in 3 possessions wins
  • Practice Drills
    5 on 5 Halfcourt Scrimmage
  • Practice Drills
    3. Three man rebounding(“NBA”, Animal Thug”)
    • Rebounding & Toughness in the paint
    • Offensive rebounding & putbacks
    • Playing through contact
    • Eliminates dribbling and wasted motion in the paint
  • Practice Drills
    • Three man rebounding
    3 teams - 3 players in the paint (1 from each team)
    • Coach shoots
    • 3 players chase the rebound
    • Rebound and Putback = 1 point for team
    • 1st Team to 7 points = winner
    • Only way to get off the floor - score
  • Practice Drills
    • Three man rebounding
    • Shots don’t count/pass back to the coach when:
    • Ball touches floor
    • Touch ball with feet outside of the paint
  • Practice Drills
    Outside the paint = out of bounds
    • Less space = more contact
    Shifts focus to GETTING SHOTS IN THE PAINT
  • Practice Drills
    Not allowing the ball to touch the ground:
    • Eliminates dribbling in the paint
    • Limits defensive recovery
    Shifts the focus to SCORING IN THE PAINT
    • Catch with 2 hands at height of jump
    • Keep ball above shoulders
    • Pogo move
    -OR-
    • Pump fake and score with contact
  • Practice Drills
    Key Statistic
    Winner
    =
    Team That Makes The Most Layups
    Shots in the paint=layups
  • Practice Drills
    • Three man rebounding
    • Emphasize playing though contact
    • No fouls
    • No dirty play
  • Practice Drills
    Three charges and loose ball
    Each Player On The Team Will…
    • Take 3 consecutive charges in the paint and
    • Dives On A Loose Ball
    …in rapid succession
    • Emphasize positioning – outside the NBA line
    • College & Below – contact can occur in the paint and it will still be a charge –
    • But…refs are inconsistent with this call and tend to go by the NBA rule anyway.
  • Practice Drills
  • Practice Drills
  • Practice Drills
    5. Condition without the ball!?!?
    • In Vogue – conditioning with the ball
    – speeds up offensive development
    • If the problem is toughness and/or terrible conditioning, running WITHOUT the ball emphasizes those things & brings the focus quickly where it needs to be.
  • Practice Drills
    Condition without the ball
    Suicides (Lines)
    • Acceptable Times (HS Boys): 28-30 seconds per set
    • 1 set
    • ¼ court and back
    • ½ court and back
    • ¾ court and back
    • Full court and back
  • Practice Drills
    Condition without the ball
    20 in 20(hard core!)
    • Each Of The 20 Repetitions Occurs in a 1
    minute time frame – players RUN for
    part of the 60 seconds and REST for the
    Remainder of the minute
    • Final set of lines = 30 seconds
    • For Every PRIOR set of lines, players have
    one extra second to complete the line.
    • Set 1: 49 seconds to complete
    the running, 11 seconds to rest
    • Set 2: 48 to run, 12 to rest
    • Set 3: 47 to run, 13 to rest
    • And so on so that the final set of lines is
    completed within 30 seconds
  • Liability &
    Good Judgment
    • Be aware of practice settings / minimize danger
    • What names do you give your “Toughness” drills?
    • Report any bumps/bruises to coach/trainer - have it in writing
  • THANK YOU!!
  • www.coachesacademy.net
    Basketball Coaching Development