The Impact of EU Legislation on Insulation in Buildings Stephen Long April 20th 2012
Contents• The Broad EU Perspective• Specific Legislation – An overview – Construction Products Directive – Eco Design Directive – Eco Label Regulation• Energy Efficiency• Waste Management• The Opportunity for EPS• Applications for EPS
EU Political Concerns• The Economy – Employment Trade barriers Harmonised internal markets – International trade Lisbon Treaty – Internal EU trade Incentives – Global competivity• The Environment Enviromental profiles Kyoto – Sustainability Resource Efficiency UNEP Waste Management – Global commitments UNECE Emissions – Resource efficiency Financial Incentives• Energy supply Energy efficiency – More self sufficient Renewable energy sources• Society – Standard of living REACH – Safety Indoor Air Quality
EU 20/20/20 PackageThe EU environmental policy, agreed in 2009, is summarised in the so- called “20/20/20 Package”: – Cutting greenhouse gases by at least 20% of 1990 levels by 2020 – Increasing use of renewables to 20% of energy production by 2020 – Cutting energy use by 20% of projected 2020 levels + Less dependence upon energy sources from outside the EU + “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable, economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”
EU Energy Demand EU Energy Demand Buildings EU Energy Demand by Sector ca. 60% for Space Heating 300 Electricity 250 Cooking Million tonnes oil equivalent Water heating Transportation Space heating 200 30% 150 Buildings 42% 100 180 Industry 28% 102 50 Residential Tertiary Buildings Source: DG TREN
Coherence of EU Legislation Chart from European Commission - Enterprise and Industry
Construction Products Regulation Products Essential characteristics Works (Harmonized Standards & European Technical Assessments) 7 Basic Requirements 1. Mechanical resistance and stability 2. Safety in case of fire 3. Hygiene, health and the environment 4. Safety and accessibility in use 5. Protection against noise Declaration of Performance 6. Energy economy and heat retention+ Information on hazardous substances 7. Sustainable use of natural resources + Information accompanying the CE Marking 8
Construction Products Regulation The CPR is the development of the earlier Construction Products Directive (CPD), 1989, to enable free trade of construction products within the EU, via harmonised standards and CE marking The Regulation will be fully applicable ca. 2 years after publication in the Official Journal (April 2011), by July 1st 2013 Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) are emerging as the means to confirm the environmental properties of building products and systems. The content is governed by pr-EN 15084 and the execution by ISO 14025. Future developments of the Basic Requirements for Construction Works (BRCW): • The extension of BRCW 3 and 6 to the complete life cycle • The new BRCW 7 will lead to develop new provisions in hENs
Eco Design Directive• Eco Design Directive 2009/125/EC – Entered into force on 20.11.2009. Member States had until 20.11.2010 to transpose into national law – Extension of the scope to Energy-related-Products (ErP)• Priority construction products initially targeted, but thermal insulation not yet covered.• Eco-Design and Energy Labelling are complementary and share evaluation and decision mechanisms
Eco Label Regulation• Only awarded to the 10-20% of the best environmental performance products• Covers the entire lifecycle of the product• The European Commission aims at developing an EU Ecolabel for the Buildings product group, with initial focus on office buildings.• Criteria are still under development. Updates available on: http://susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/buildings/whatsnew.html
EU Energy Efficiency Action Plan• First introduced in 2007, updated 2011• Covers many areas, including: – To ensure safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy for all – Renewable Energy Directive – Emissions Trading System – Nuclear Safety Directive – Strategic Energy Technology Plan – Financial mechanisms – Energy Performance in Buildings Directive – Energy Solidarity and Security• Future focus will include : – Improve implementation of European energy legislation Increased use of the energy savings potential – Public awareness-raising and acceptance – Greater emphasis on investments and financial mechanisms.
Energy Efficiency• New Energy Efficiency Directive proposed 22.06.2011 – Must cut energy consumption by 20% by 2020 – Legal obligation to establish energy saving schemes in all Member States via NEEAPs – Public sector to lead by example, a required 3% renovation rate into top 10% of energy efficient buildings nationally – Binding national targets in 2014 if EU is not likely to achieve the 20% target.• The recast Energy Efficiency in Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU) was published on June 18th 2010. Some of the main themes are: – New buildings to be passive by 2020 and public buildings by 2018 – Renovation of existing buildings to meet defined energy standards – Energy performance assessment and labelling of all buildings – Financial measures from Member States for energy efficiency – Cost optimal methododolgy
National Energy Efficiency Action Plans • The NEEAP requires Member States to set targets on energy efficiency and define measures on how to reach the targets. • The NEEAP gives an overview of all energy efficiency measures and links between measures. • Leads to explicitly improved coordination on energy efficiency at a national level. • Allows a structure for monitoring and evaluation in regulatory and implementing organisations to be established. • The NEEAP is an official document, which binds stakeholders and government to an energy efficiency strategy.
Better Insulation Makes Sense! • Buildings use > 40% of Europe’s energy • Insulation accounts for >50% of the total energy reduction potential from buildings • A significant contribution to the EU commitment for the 2020, 20% reduction of energy commitment • Reduces carbon dioxide emission and recognised as one of the most cost-effective measures • Creates local jobs • The economics are good for everyone!
EU Market for EPS Insulation in BuildingskT New Buildings 2009 20204000 EPBD: All new buildings will be “near zero” energy from 202030002000 Housing Market Increase 30% increase1000 Housing Market Decrease 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2100 2110
EU Market for EPS Insulation in Buildings 2020kT Renovation Ca. 200 million homes in Europe, renovated over 30 years, implies 6.7 million homes4000 per year. 3.3 times more than new build 30 year renovation cycle3000 Assume legislation to renovate for optimum energy efficiency2000 from 20201000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2100 2110
EU Market for EPS Insulation in Buildings kT 2020 2080 4000 3000 >3x growth potential in 20 years! Renovation2000 peak New Build (new steady state)1000 New Build 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090 2100 2110
EPS Performance - Health and Safety• No need for personal protective equipment or protective clothing for workers• No irritation of skin or lungs from released fibres or dust during installation and use• No chemical binders with potential hazard• No exposure to harmful substances during service life• Lightweight, low load for workers during installation