Organisational behaviour 2

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Organisational behaviour 2

  1. 1. Foundations of Individual Behavior 1
  2. 2. Paddling against the tide...
  3. 3. Human Behavior • Behavior means to react or act in a specified way. • It is something that the individual does which may be measurable and observable. Within an Individual External Environment
  4. 4. S – R Model of Human Behavior Individual Stimulus •A stimulus is an agent which may directly have an impact on the individual •May be internal or external Response
  5. 5. Modified version of S-R Model Stimulus (Input) Sensation Receiving Info F e e d b a c k Perception Core cognitive process Decision Making Action Taking Response (Output) O r g a n i s m
  6. 6. Biographic al Characteris tics Ability Learning • Age • Gender • Marital Status • Tenure • Religion • Sexual orientation and Gender Identity • Intellectual Abilities • Physical Abilities • Theories of Learning 7
  7. 7. Biographical Characteristics Productivity Absenteeism Turnover Job Satisfaction Age Unrelated, Inverse relationship Based on Avoidable & Unavoidable Absents Less Turnover Evidence is mixed Gender No significant difference Wm have higher rates No major differences No significant evidence Marital Status (Married ees) Not enough studies Fewer Absences Undergo less turnover More satisfied Tenure + ve relation b/w seniority & prod Negatively Related Positively Related Longer the tenure lower the turnover 8
  8. 8. Biographical Characteristics • Some other biographical characteristics – Reservations – Religion – Sexual Orientation
  9. 9. Ability • Ability refers to an individual’s capacity to perform the various tasks in a job. • It is a current assessment of what one can do. Physical Ability Intellectual Ability
  10. 10. Ability Ability refers to an individual’s capacity to perform the various tasks in a job Intellectual abilities are those needed to perform mental activities Physical Abilities: The capacity to do tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strengths and similar characteristics •Number aptitude •Verbal Comprehension •Perceptual speed •Inductive and Deductive Reasoning •Spatial Visualization •Memory •Strength factors Dynamic, Trunk, Static, Explosive •Flexibility Factors Extent and Dynamic •Other Factors Body Coordination, Balance, Stamina 12
  11. 11. Intellectual Ability
  12. 12. Physical Ability
  13. 13. Self Study Ways to combat individual differences

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