[Practices are] forms ofbodily activities, forms ofmental activities, „things‟and their use, a backgroundknowledge in the form ofunderstanding, know how,states of emotion andmotivational knowledge.- Reckwitz, 2002: 254“”
…Practice always refers to socially developedand patterned ways of using technology andknowledge to accomplish tasks….[Skills] refer to the coordinated sets of actionsinvolved in applying this knowledge inparticular settings.[T]asks that humans engage in constitute asocial practice when they are directed tosocially recognized goals and make use of ashared technology and knowledge system.- Scribner & Cole, 1981: 36“”
Literacy isa set of socially organizedpractices which make useof a symbol system and atechnology for producingand disseminating it .- Scribner & Cole, 1981: 236“”
Socially patternedways of doing“meaning work” areinvolved in makingsense of the world.
Blogging is a social practiceBlogging isn’t just blogging
Social practice& newliteraciesresearchTools Skills Knowledge
I’m an average student, Cs,Bs and a couple of Ds inStatistics and Economics(tricky stuff >w<).Maguma
anime music video remixinge.g., “Konoha Memory Book”
Tools• Windows “Movie Maker” (& Sony Vegas)• Software for ripping songtracks from CDs• Software for ripping video from DVDs• Online services for converting video clip fileformats• Interest-space profile pages (AMV.org, YouTube)• Etc.
Skills• Developing a new AMV• Locating and downloading anime clips• Being able to convert file formats• Using video effects to further a storyline• Using transition effects• Superimposing still images over moving ones• Using color shifts to convey mood• Syncing video action and music lyrics and/orbeat• Experimenting with masking• Etc.
Knowledge• Being an AMV remixer• Attending to what makes a “good” AMV• Responding to comments and providingfeedback to others (AMV.org, YouTube)• Making “action” and “drama” AMVs• Paying attention to other anime fans and theirknowledge and passions– Spoiler alerts– “fan service”– “yaoi-esque” endings
(Relatively) Unobservable“Well I hope you all enjoy it. Pleaseplease PLEASE leave an opinion.”“i spent a good amount of time onthis vid. and i really put alot of heartinto this one”
Maguma as a“carrier” of animemusic remixingpractice & animefan practice
Classrooms and a socialpractice conception of literacy• The Pareto Principle (Shirky 2007; Gee 2013)• Attending to richly descriptive case studies(cf., Black 2008; Chen 2012; Thomas 2007;Leander and Mills, 2007; Burn, 2009; formore, see Lankshear and Knobel, 2014)
It’s no small thing to take on aparticular conception of literacy.
Michele KnobelMontclair State Universityknobelm@mail.montclair.eduhttp://everydayliteracies.netTwitter: netgrrrl