3 -industrial safety-pp beura

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3 -industrial safety-pp beura

  1. 2. COST OF ACCIDENTS INDIRECT LOSSES DIRECT LOSSES 1. IDLE MAN POWER 2. INVESTIGATION 3. FOLLOW-UP 4. PUBLIC RELATION 5. COMPANY IMAGE 6. MORAL 7. SOCIAL 8. INSURANCE CLAIM 9. INVENTORY COST 10. TRADE UNIONS 11. GOVERNMENT 12. POLITICIANS 13. PUBLIC 1.PRODUCTION LOSS 1. DAMAGE TO PLANT & MACHINERY 2. RAWMATERIALS, FINISHED GOODS ETC. LOSS 3. OTHER ASSETS DAMAGED 4. MAN-DAYS LOST 5. MEDICAL COST
  2. 3. <ul><li>SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of not accepting risk of harm. </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination/control of occupational diseases, accidents and thus subsequent losses to </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>P E M E </li></ul>
  3. 4. KEY DEFINITIONS ….continued HAZARD Source or Situation with a potential for harm in terms of Human Injury, ill health, Damage to Property, Damage to the Workplace Environment or a combination of these. LOSS TO PEME
  4. 5. KEY DEFINITIONS ….continued RISK Combination of the Likelihood and Consequences of a specified hazardous event occurring.
  5. 6. RISK ASSESSMENT Overall Process of estimating the magnitude of risk and deciding whether or not the risk is tolerable.
  6. 7. SOME EXAMPLES
  7. 8. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control
  8. 9. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck
  9. 10. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck Bursting of battery due to gas cutting operation in shop
  10. 11. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck Bursting of battery due to gas cutting operation in shop Injury to man and loss of property
  11. 12. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck Bursting of battery due to gas cutting operation in shop Injury to man and loss of property Harmful
  12. 13. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck Bursting of battery due to gas cutting operation in shop Injury to man and loss of property Harmful Highly unlikely
  13. 14. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Maintenance of battery truck Bursting of battery due to gas cutting operation in shop Injury to man and loss of property Harmful Highly unlikely Issue of proper Work Instruction (WI)
  14. 15. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane
  15. 16. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope
  16. 17. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material
  17. 18. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material Harmful Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material Harmful
  18. 19. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material Harmful Highly Unlikely
  19. 20. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Operation of crane Breakage of chain/wire rope Injury to man and Material Harmful Highly Unlikely 1. Periodic testing of the lifting devices. 2. Maintenance of a register for the same.
  20. 21. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister
  21. 22. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister Slipping of vehicle due to wet/oily floor
  22. 23. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister Slipping of vehicle due to wet/oily floor Injury to man/ damage to material
  23. 24. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister Slipping of vehicle due to wet/oily floor Injury to man/ damage to material Harmful
  24. 25. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister Slipping of vehicle due to wet/oily floor Injury to man/ damage to material Harmful Unlikely
  25. 26. Risk Assessment and Control Activity Hazard Risk Severity Occurrence Control Material shifting with the help of fork lift/Lister Slipping of vehicle due to wet/oily floor Injury to man/ damage to material Harmful Unlikely Issue of proper WI and regular cleaning of floor/path way
  26. 28. ROLE OF THE MANAGEMENT: <ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Support (Moral,Financial,Organizational) </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Skills(Conceptual,Human Relations) </li></ul>
  27. 29. ANECDOTE: For safe and efficient running of a system; organizational discipline is more important than technical prowess.
  28. 30. GENERAL SAFETY IN CARRIAGE REPAIR WORKSHOPS
  29. 31. SAFETY IN MACHINE SHOP
  30. 32. <ul><li>Use of industrial shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of aprons. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of goggles. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of hand gloves. </li></ul><ul><li>Safe moving in between the machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery covered/guards on machines. </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>Proper stacking/storing of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Nominated areas for scrap. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper cleaning of shop floor for non-accumulation of water, grease, oil, other liquid substances. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of cranes/EOTs/fork lifts for hoisting heavy materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of pallet trucks. </li></ul>
  32. 34. SAFETY IN CARRIAGE FITTING SHOP (LIFTING & BOGIE SHOP)
  33. 35. <ul><li>Use of goggles for grinding. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of full welding shields while welding. </li></ul><ul><li>Floor area should be cleaned daily with proper care. </li></ul><ul><li>Signaling during movement of EOT while movement of coach body from one place to another. </li></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>J-Hooks to be checked thoroughly before using as a daily practice & to be tested in regular interval. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of water shoes while washing the bogies by water properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of compressed air in proper manner. </li></ul>
  35. 37. <ul><li>Tracks inside the shop floor for movement of bogies/coaches to be thoroughly cleaned daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper lighting during night working by providing portable stand lights. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage / disposition of waste material in a proper manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy machineries are to be properly guarded. </li></ul>
  36. 38. SAFETY IN WHEEL SHOP
  37. 39. <ul><li>Floor should be free from grease /oil/water. </li></ul><ul><li>Grease drums to be properly stored/disbursed. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of proper tools & equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy machines should be guarded properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary tactics should be used for handling axles, wheels, discs, bearing etc. </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>Industrial shoes should be provided. </li></ul><ul><li>Goggles for welders/grinders. </li></ul><ul><li>New wheel discs to be stored with proper manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Axles are to be properly stacked with proper packing for not rolling. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of pallets for movement of small but heavy materials. </li></ul>
  39. 41. SAFETY IN ELECTRICAL SHOPS
  40. 42. <ul><li>Shop floor should be cleaned daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of proper aprons/hand gloves while working on live line. </li></ul><ul><li>Using of nose masks whilst in battery charging section. </li></ul><ul><li>Charging section is to be properly ventilated. </li></ul>
  41. 43. <ul><li>Using of safety shoes in the battery charging section. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular medical check up for battery charging staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical connections are to be properly insulated. </li></ul><ul><li>Extensions for power cables/wire should have proper joints. </li></ul>
  42. 44. SAFETY IN CBR SHOP
  43. 45. <ul><li>Shop floor should be kept properly cleaned. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste materials should be properly disposed off to their nominated place. </li></ul><ul><li>Path ways between coaches, kept for attention, should be free from waste materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials should be properly stacked. </li></ul>
  44. 46. <ul><li>Safety precaution should be taken for chemical fire during adhesive application on coach floorings. </li></ul><ul><li>While manufacturing, proper jigs/fixture should be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension cable for welding should be properly insulated with proper joining devices. </li></ul><ul><li>PPEs should be provided to all. </li></ul>
  45. 47. SAFETY IN PAINT SHOP
  46. 48. <ul><li>Nose masks are to be used during spray painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Paint shop to be well ventilated. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular medical check up should be undertaken for the staff doing spray painting work. </li></ul><ul><li>During spray painting, the concerned areas should be kept traffic free. </li></ul>
  47. 49. <ul><li>Coaches after painting should be kept aside for drying. </li></ul><ul><li>Aprons should be provided to the staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Paint shop store should be provided with tested fire extinguishers. </li></ul>
  48. 50. GENERAL SHOP SAFETY
  49. 51. <ul><li>Fire hydrants should be provided at nominated places inside the shop floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire accident attending squad should be formed and kept ready for any unwanted fire accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire service vehicle should be kept ready always with full equipments. </li></ul>
  50. 52. <ul><li>Nominated staff should be properly trained from time to time. </li></ul><ul><li>Time to time refresher training should be arranged. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety seminars should be arranged with regular intervals. </li></ul><ul><li>PPEs should be kept ready all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial safety shoes should be provided to all. </li></ul>
  51. 53. <ul><li>Cotton dresses should be provided with helmets to all staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety cell to be activated under the supervisors of safety office with proper assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety banners/routers are to be pasted/hanged at all distinctive places for awareness. </li></ul>
  52. 54. <ul><li>Static safety cell to be properly coordinated for their help during mishaps, specifically during fire accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>All fire service stations are to be well connected both with the road and with telephonic information with numbers. </li></ul>
  53. 55. <ul><li>Inspector of factories of the state concerned should be requested from time to time to visit the factory for compliance of any drawbacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed back for any suggestions from the staff should be a regular practice. </li></ul>
  54. 56. <ul><li>After any accident (may be fire or any other type), review should be made to avoid future accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents are to be attended wisely, without panicky, in order to minimize the damages. </li></ul><ul><li>Records should be kept for provision of safety equipments. </li></ul>
  55. 57. THE TRAINED & ALERT WORKER IS SAFER IN AN UNSAFE CONDITION ECoREA AIREF
  56. 58. UNTRAINED & UNALERT WORKER IS UNSAFE IN A SAFE CONDITION AIREF
  57. 59. THE FOOTNOTE
  58. 60. <ul><li>THINK SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>BE ACCURATE </li></ul><ul><li>REMAIN SAFE </li></ul>

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