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China PwD Student Survey White Paper En


China Students with Disablity Survey

China Students with Disablity Survey

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  • 2. CHINA PWD1 STUDENT EMPLOYMENT SURVEY WHITE PAPER This white paper’s copyright is jointly reserved by CDPF2 Employment Service Center and IBM. Not for commercial use. CDPF Employment Service Center is one of the subsidiary agencies of CDPF, reports to CDPF Executive Council and take guidance from CDPF education and employment department, mainly responsible for PwD employment, training and other related affairs. IBM (International Business Machines) IBM, founded 1911 in the United States, is the world's largest company for information technology and business solutions. Running business in over 170 countries and regions and nearly 400000 employees world wide. Diversity recruitment has long been embraced by IBM as a company culture. IBM has offered job opportunities and an extensive career development platform to many PwD talents. 1 PwD: People with Disability 2 CDPF: China Disabled Persons’ Federation 2
  • 4. FOREWORD 2
  • 5. Summer 2009, thousands of special students will graduate from college and join in China’s labor market. They all suffered from some forms of dysfunctions, either physically or mentally. They are PwD students. This small group is easily neglected when put into the 2009 big picture of totally SIX millions of graduates. PwD students, like all graduated youngsters, is in for a harsh labor market and fierce competition. However, as a unique kind, they probably will face more problems than ordinary people could perceive, or even imagine. Without doubt, we all would like to offer some help. The CDPF Employment Service Center and IBM jointly lunched a survey at the end of 2008, in an effort to understand the living situation of PwD students, understand their needs and offer practical help. The survey covered fifty eight colleges or universities, and collected data from 225 PwD students. The result will hopefully provide a guideline and some constructive suggestions for the future work of both employers and government. 3
  • 7. Situations and Intentions 83.1% PWD STUDENTS CHOOSE TO SEEK EMPLOYMENT AFTER GRADUATION Others 3.3% Pursue higher education 13.3% Seek job opportunities 83.1% 83.1% of participants will seek job opportunities after graduation, 13.3% pursue higher education. Among the rest, 1.8% participants choose to start their own business. 5
  • 8. Situations and Intentions 1.8% PWD STUDENTS CHOOSE TO START THEIR OWN bUSINESS 12.8% Gen Y PwD students Compared to a prior study on Gen Y3, PwD students seem less eager to start their own business than their peers. 6
  • 9. Situations and Intentions MNC IS THE FIRST CHOICE 4 MNC 50.2% Govn. 21.8% 5 SOE 18.7% 6 NGO 3.6% Others 3.6% 7 POE 2.2% 50.2% of participants take MNC as their first choice, 21.8% of participants prefer governmental authorities and institutions. The result matches that of a parallel survey report of 2009 college graduates employment, which stated 46.44% students prefer MNC and 26.78% students prefer governmental authorities and institutions. 3 Gen Y: generation Y, commonly defined as those who were born during 1980 to 2000. The survey participants are also Gen Y, but with disability, in this article, Gen Y specially refers to PwD students’peers. 4 MNC: Multi National Company 5 SOE: State Owned Enterprise) 6 NGO: Non-Government Organization 7 POE: Private Owned Enterprise 7
  • 10. Situations and Intentions ENGLISH SKILL IS bELOW THE bAR Didn't pass CET4/6 29.0% TEM4/8 9 4.0% CET4/6 8 67.0% 93% of participants are at college level or higher, but only 71% (including those who passed CET-6 or TEM4/6) passed CET- 4, which is a minimum requirement for college graduates. It implies that their average English skill is below the bar. 8 CET4/6: College English Test band4/6 9 TEM4/8: Test of English Major band4/8 8
  • 11. Situations and Intentions INTERNET IS A MAjOR jOb SEEKING CHANNEL 84.9% Internet 80.5% 76.0% Job Fair 40.5% CDPF 32.9% 0.0% Relatives/ 20.90% Friend referral 91.90% Gen Y PwD students PwD students take internet as a major job seeking channel, just like Gen Y. Compared to Gen Y, PwD students reply more on job fairs, especially those PwD employment job fair. Referral channel is apparently effectively used by Gen Y than PwD students. 9
  • 12. Situations and Intentions 39.0% OF THEM DON’T KNOW THERE ARE SPECIAL AGENCIES TO HELP THEM FIND jObS Do you know there are special agencies dedicated to help PwD find jobs? No 39.0% Yes 61.0% 10
  • 13. Situations and Intentions MOST OF THEM PREFER bEIjING, SHANGHAI AND GUANGzHOU AS WORK LOCATION Where do you prefer to work at? 80.4% 65.3% 47.1% Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou 11
  • 14. Situations and Intentions 76.9% OF THEM WANT A STEADY POSITION What kind of position do you prefer? Research job (R&D) 27.6% Administration and back office job (HR, financing, 49.3% accounting, PR, etc) Frontline and challenging job (sales, marketing, 13.3% consulting, etc) 12
  • 15. Situations and Intentions LOWER ExPECTED SALARY How much salaries do you expected (monthly): 52.0% 23.6% 20.0% 4.4% 1-2K 2-4K 4-8K 8K+ Most of PwD students expect 2-4k per month, which is approximately 20-50k per year. While in average 70-100k is a starting salary offered by most MNC and large SOE. 13
  • 16. Situations and Intentions Comparison of Education Background and Expected Salary 69.8% Education Background Expected Montnly Salary 52.0% 23.6% 20.0% 7.1% 18.7% 4.4% 1-2K 2-4K 4-8K 8K+ Diploma Bachelor Master PhD Salary expectations are compared with a previous report of graduates ’actual salaries survey. As 1-2k represents the average actual salary of diploma graduates, those who have a bachelor degree averaged 2-4k, masters averaged 4-8k and PhD averaged 8k+. We analyzed the correlation between the salary expectancy level of PwD students and the actual salary of the same academic degree. The salary expectation of PhD graduates best match the actual figure in the job market. Some college level graduates seem expect lower than they actually made. 14
  • 17. 15
  • 19. Difficulties and Challenges INSUFFICIENT ENGLISH SKILL AND LOW CONFIDENCE What is the most difficulty for you to get an offer from MNC? Limited English skill 67.6% Lack of confidence 64.4% MNC are preferred by most of the survey participants, while when they were asked what kind of difficulties may hiders them from getting into MNC, large portion of then mentioned low language skill and confidence. 17
  • 20. Difficulties and Challenges NOT FULLY APPRECIATED bY EMPLOYERS AND LACK OF INFORMATION In your opinion, what is the most challenge for PwD students to o find a job? Some companies do not fully appreciate the idea of 83.1% having PwD employee Lack of 60.9% recruitment information 83.1% of participants mentioned their concern is that some companies are reluctant to take PwD employees. Another major issue is they can’ get enough recruitment information, t especially those with positions that are open to PwD. 18
  • 21. Difficulties and Challenges FREqUENTLY MENTIONED HELP What kind help do they need from government? Recruitment information 68.6% Career guidance and planning 56.5% Communication: 48.2% Professional training 50.2% English: 13.5% Computer: 10.0% 19
  • 22. Difficulties and Challenges What kind of help do you expected from your future employer? Fully covered medical insurance 57.8% Flexible work time 49.3% Psychological council and career guidance 49.3% The top three needs signified the uniqueness of PwD, and could be taken by employers as good incentive factors. What kind of help do you need to find a satisfied job? Direct communication channel with enterprises 84.4% Career guiding 72.0% PwD recruitment information 65.3% Nothing could be more effective than a communicating platform that links the PwD students and enterprises directly. This need is mentioned by 84.4% of the survey participants. 20
  • 23. Difficulties and Challenges Which kind of learning and training opportunities do you want from your employer? English skill training 78.0% Introduction of accessibilities 74.0% Communication skill training 72.2% Pursue higher education sponsored 77.8% by the company Obtain new knowledge and technical skills 65.8% through job rotation 64.9% Take Face-to-Face in-house training Gen Y PwD students The training needs are quite different between PwD students and Gen Y. Career development and competency improvement are most valued by Gen Y. Meanwhile, PwD students have more pressing issues to attend to, like adapting themselves to accessibilities in workplace, and psychological issues caused by their physical disability. 21
  • 24. 22
  • 25. WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT IT ? As the survey has revealed, PwD students are not that different from their unimpaired peers, but there are certainly some unique situations and challenges they need to attend to. This report only offers an insight of how PwD students visualize future and what changes can be made. The aiming point is to provide guidelines for all parties, whether it ’ employer, s employee, government facility or NGO, to promote high level PwD employment. 23
  • 26. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT OFFER TRAINING PwD want no charity but to be equally treated. Teaching a man how to fishing is always better than simply give him the fish. Some English training programs could give them sufficient skills to meet the standard of foreign companies. Developing new teaching techniques and accessibilities could help a lot, essentially for those with hearing and language disabilities. PwD students tend to be less confident and more sensitive about communication and interpersonal skills. Coaching and consulting programs specifically made for PwD students may help them to improve. PwD students showed an urgent need for career guiding and planning. Employers may provide valuable information for PwD students by representing the voice of market demand. Joint effort made by the CDPF and employers may benefit PwD students in a more effective way. 24
  • 27. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT CASE STUDY Exampled by a recent training program held by IBM GCG HR recruitment team and CDPF Shijingshan branch on April 2009 at Shijingshan District, where PwD students are lectured on how to self promote, how to enquire job information, how to construct a CV and prepare for an interview. Lecture of “Marketing Yourself” launched by IBM to PwD in Shijingsha District 25
  • 28. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT REWARD EMPLOYERS AND SUPPORT PWD TO START THEIR OWN bUSINESS Top preferred cities like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, are more capable of accommodating PwD students. If local government could be a vital role in PwD employment. 26
  • 29. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT CASE STUDY April 2009, two acts were jointly launched by Beijing CDPF, Labor and Social Security Bureau , Civil Affairs Bureau and Finance Bureau to offer friendlier environment for PwD talents. They are Financial Rewarding Provisional Rules for Hiring PwD Employees and Provisional Rules for PwD Starting New Business, two acts intended to encourage PwD employment and entrepreneurship, respectively. This initiative effectively eased the PwD employment pressure under the global economic recession. Press conference of Policy to promote Beijing PwD stable employment 27
  • 30. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT bUILD UP A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL FOR EMPLOYERS AND PWD STUDENTS Nothing could be more effective than a communication channel that links the two parties directly. It has been a long term goal for both CDPF and IBM to build such an information exchange mechanism between employers and PwD students. 28
  • 31. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT CASE STUDY IBM has set up two annual programs that focalized on PwD students. One is IBM Excellent PwD Student Scholarship, which offers financial support to PwD top students. The other one is Blue Pathway Summer Internship Program. Extra resources and intern experiences means the beneficiaries may have a better chance to pursue high level employment. In 2009, IBM has set up another funding to offer more internship opportunities to PwD students. In this case what the company earned is not merely reputations, but also a collection of real valuable potential employees. 09 Blue Pathway Campus Talk IBM Excellent PwD Student Scholarship Award Ceremony 29
  • 32. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT UINITE AND IMPROVE PWD HIGHER EMPLOYMENT Even if we are socially ready to offer equally opportunities to PwD, there are still questions like how to make it happen. There are a lot of modes to be discussed. Some employers (like Hi-Tech companies) are more than willing to recruit PwD students while facing a situation of lack of a qualified PwD candidate pipeline. Cooperation between employer and college is a potential way to solve this puzzle. Like employers provide the required skill and knowledge for PwD candidates and CDPF, or other authoritative NGO and college would help to work out a training program specially to fulfill the job requirement of positions open to PwD students. Education may have given PwD more options. But it still requires a mature social mechanism to make PwD high level employment actually happens. 30
  • 33. WHAT CAN WE DO AbOUT IT CASE STUDY IBM and CDPF have keep a good cooperation for a long time. They co-sponsored a various initiative to promote PwD employment. Such as China Information Accessibility Forum, Activity of One Hundred Thousands of Blind People Learn Computer Skill, Barrier- free education", etc. CDPF leaders visit IBM Innovation Center BJ and CDPF leader join round table communication with IBM PwD employee. 31
  • 34. 本调研反映了当今高校残疾学生的现状,需求和亟待解决的问题。另一方 面,企业雇佣残疾人存在哪些困难和顾虑,目前的招聘和雇佣模式是怎样 的?需要哪方面的政策支持?针对这个问题,请关注我们后续的调查报 告。这个系列的调查报告将为残疾大学生和企业以及残联搭建一个沟通 的桥梁,找到残疾大学生和企业需求之间的差距,为残疾大学生就业开拓 新的局面。 32
  • 36. ObjECTIVES AND METHODS OBJECTIVES • Acquire reliable information for further reference on PwD students’education, career training, recruitment and career progress. • The survey serves as an action correspond to prior letter of intentions signed on November 2007 by the two parties, namely the employment guiding center of CDPF and IBM. It is also a materialization of IBM’ supportive effort on China PWD affairs. s METHODS 225 Participants from 58 colleges and universities were invited to fill an online questionnaire. 34
  • 37. PROFILE OF PARTICIPANTS GENDER HANDICAP TYPES Female Hearing Mental 33.8% 11.6% 0.4% Mute 0.9% Vision Physical 12.5% 74.6% Male 66.2% EDUCATION BACkGROUND MAjOR Diploma Others PhD 7.1% 18.0% 4.4% IT related Master Basic 33.0% 18.7% Subject 6.0% Humanities 18.0% Business Bachelor 25.0% 69.8% 35
  • 38. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION Dan Wang (IBM) GCG Diversity Recruitment 010-63618823 Furong Yang(CDPF) Employment Service Center 010-68025652 36
  • 39. ACkNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank all the 225 PwD students’ participation of this survey, and’s facilitating to make it happen. In particular, we appreciated the support from the faculty members of 58 colleges and universities.