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Teachingmethodology 130310122237-phpapp02

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  • 1. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
  • 2. CONTENTS Teaching  Teaching Method  List of traditional and modern teaching methods  Selection of appropriate teaching method 
  • 3. TEACHING Teaching is an art and science  Teaching is a process of imparting knowledge and skills  Systematic process based on some educational objectives  To communicate the message of knowledge 
  • 4. TEACHING METHOD The way that a teacher adopts to transmit contents to students is called a teaching method  The way in which teacher uses activities and learning objects for enhancement of learning according to objectives is called teaching method  Combination of techniques and activities 
  • 5. LIST OF SOME TRADITIONAL AND MODERN TEACHING METHODS Traditional Teaching Methods  Lecture  Discussion  Bookish Modern Teaching Methods  Problem solving  Fieldtrip  Demonstration
  • 6. SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE TEACHING METHOD A number of things needed to be considered while selecting a teaching method  Class level  Nature of the subject  Number of students  Size of the classroom  Resources available  Time available
  • 7. LECTURE METHOD
  • 8. LECTURE
  • 9. LECTURE METHOD A lecture is a oral presentation intend to present information or teach people about a particular subject  A politician's speech, a minister’s sermon, or even a businessman’s sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture  Lecture has significant role out side the classroom such as in churches, community centers,libraries,museums 
  • 10. PUBLIC LECTURES
  • 11. LECTURE AS A TEACHING METHOD Lecture method is the oldest method  Teacher role is very active in this method  Students are generally passive  Teacher is leader in this method  Students just follow the instructions of teacher  One way communication 
  • 12. LECTURE IN CLASSROOM
  • 13. LECTURE COMPONENTS Silberman(1990) suggests five approaches to maximizing students’ understanding and retention during lectures. These can be used to help ensure the effective transfer of knowledge  Use an opening key  At the beginning of the lecture present major points 
  • 14. LECTURE COMPONENTS Present key terms  Reduce the major points in the lecture to key points  Offer examples  When possible provide examples from real life  Use analogies  If possible make a comparison between the content of the lecture and knowledge the students already have 
  • 15. LECTURE COMPONENTS Use visual backups  Use a variety of media to enable students to see as well as hear what is being said 
  • 16. A FORM OF A LECTURE
  • 17. MERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Why Lecture Method is useful?  This method is suitable for big classes  This method is cheap one  It is time saving method  An oldest method yet it is a popular  Teacher can present the content logically and with sequence  Teacher can make a better use of this method they are trained traditionally
  • 18. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Following are the demerits of lecture method  Student role is passive  Selected study Students do not make additional studies  Students feel boredom due to the absence of activities  Lecture method is not suitable to teach science and professional subjects  It encourages rote memory
  • 19. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Students can not concentrate on lecture for long time  No interaction between teacher and student  This method Discourage communication skills 
  • 20. SUGGESTIONS How lecture can be effective for learning? The following tasks should be taken in to enhance the effectiveness of lecture method  Teacher should prepare the lecture in advance  Open the lecture with good introduction  There must be sequence between in information, ideas and concepts  Additional examples should be include when necessary
  • 21. SUGGESTIONS During lecture key points should be written on writing board  Audio-visual aids should be used when there is need  There must be a question answer session  Maintain eye contact with the students  For large lecture halls, use a microphone if necessary 
  • 22. USE OF MICROPHONE
  • 23. SUGGESTIONS Avoid the use of slang or repetitive  Provide positive feedback when students ask questions  Close the lecture with a brief but a powerful summary 
  • 24. QUESTION ANSWER SESSION
  • 25. THANK YOU
  • 26. WHAT IS DOING IN THIS PICTURE