Teachingmethodology 130310122237-phpapp02

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Teachingmethodology 130310122237-phpapp02

  1. 1. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
  2. 2. CONTENTS Teaching  Teaching Method  List of traditional and modern teaching methods  Selection of appropriate teaching method 
  3. 3. TEACHING Teaching is an art and science  Teaching is a process of imparting knowledge and skills  Systematic process based on some educational objectives  To communicate the message of knowledge 
  4. 4. TEACHING METHOD The way that a teacher adopts to transmit contents to students is called a teaching method  The way in which teacher uses activities and learning objects for enhancement of learning according to objectives is called teaching method  Combination of techniques and activities 
  5. 5. LIST OF SOME TRADITIONAL AND MODERN TEACHING METHODS Traditional Teaching Methods  Lecture  Discussion  Bookish Modern Teaching Methods  Problem solving  Fieldtrip  Demonstration
  6. 6. SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE TEACHING METHOD A number of things needed to be considered while selecting a teaching method  Class level  Nature of the subject  Number of students  Size of the classroom  Resources available  Time available
  7. 7. LECTURE METHOD
  8. 8. LECTURE
  9. 9. LECTURE METHOD A lecture is a oral presentation intend to present information or teach people about a particular subject  A politician's speech, a minister’s sermon, or even a businessman’s sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture  Lecture has significant role out side the classroom such as in churches, community centers,libraries,museums 
  10. 10. PUBLIC LECTURES
  11. 11. LECTURE AS A TEACHING METHOD Lecture method is the oldest method  Teacher role is very active in this method  Students are generally passive  Teacher is leader in this method  Students just follow the instructions of teacher  One way communication 
  12. 12. LECTURE IN CLASSROOM
  13. 13. LECTURE COMPONENTS Silberman(1990) suggests five approaches to maximizing students’ understanding and retention during lectures. These can be used to help ensure the effective transfer of knowledge  Use an opening key  At the beginning of the lecture present major points 
  14. 14. LECTURE COMPONENTS Present key terms  Reduce the major points in the lecture to key points  Offer examples  When possible provide examples from real life  Use analogies  If possible make a comparison between the content of the lecture and knowledge the students already have 
  15. 15. LECTURE COMPONENTS Use visual backups  Use a variety of media to enable students to see as well as hear what is being said 
  16. 16. A FORM OF A LECTURE
  17. 17. MERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Why Lecture Method is useful?  This method is suitable for big classes  This method is cheap one  It is time saving method  An oldest method yet it is a popular  Teacher can present the content logically and with sequence  Teacher can make a better use of this method they are trained traditionally
  18. 18. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Following are the demerits of lecture method  Student role is passive  Selected study Students do not make additional studies  Students feel boredom due to the absence of activities  Lecture method is not suitable to teach science and professional subjects  It encourages rote memory
  19. 19. DEMERITS OF LECTURE METHOD Students can not concentrate on lecture for long time  No interaction between teacher and student  This method Discourage communication skills 
  20. 20. SUGGESTIONS How lecture can be effective for learning? The following tasks should be taken in to enhance the effectiveness of lecture method  Teacher should prepare the lecture in advance  Open the lecture with good introduction  There must be sequence between in information, ideas and concepts  Additional examples should be include when necessary
  21. 21. SUGGESTIONS During lecture key points should be written on writing board  Audio-visual aids should be used when there is need  There must be a question answer session  Maintain eye contact with the students  For large lecture halls, use a microphone if necessary 
  22. 22. USE OF MICROPHONE
  23. 23. SUGGESTIONS Avoid the use of slang or repetitive  Provide positive feedback when students ask questions  Close the lecture with a brief but a powerful summary 
  24. 24. QUESTION ANSWER SESSION
  25. 25. THANK YOU
  26. 26. WHAT IS DOING IN THIS PICTURE

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