Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture
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Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture






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Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 8 – Political Culture and Ideologies 12th Grade POD – Ms. Nestico
  • Political Ideologies   Ideology – a set or system of ideas, beliefs and values held by a collective group of people – “school of thought”   Belief – an idea held to be true by a group   Value – a belief about whether an idea is right or wrong Everything in life is “political”
  • Primary Ideologies in the US Ideology Party Wing Radical Libertarian Liberal Democrat Left Moderate ----------------------------------- Conservative Republican Right Populist Reactionary
  • Comparison & Contrast   Both liberals and conservatives agree that the government should have a good bit of control and regulation, but in different areas   Liberals want strong control/regulation over the economy   Conservatives want strong regulation over social conduct
  • Economic Characteristics (Liberal focus)   Money and the distribution of wealth   Stock Market   Corporations/Big Business   Taxation   Employment   Trade/Investments   Banking Industry   Social Programs to help those in need
  • Social Conduct Characteristics (Conservative Focus)   Censorship   Morals and Values   Drugs   Pro-Business   Oppose Higher Taxes   Tough punishment for crime
  • Most popular US ideologies   Liberal – strong control & regulation of economy   Conservative – strong control & regulation of social conduct   Libertarian – least amount of government control in both the social conduct & economic realms   Populist – increased government control over both social & economic realms
  • In terms of Government Regulation & Control SOCIAL CONDUCT E Libertarian Conservative C 22% 30% O N O Liberal Populist M 16% 20% I C
  • Ideology Spectrum Moderate Liberal Conservative Radical Reactionary
  • Liberal   Most interested in protecting individual rights and civil liberties   Change is usually a good thing   Anti-federalist roots   Increase in social welfare programs   More government intervention of the economy to remedy the defects of capitalism   Can be socialistic in nature
  • Liberal   Robinhood Theory – Redistribution of wealth   Usually see an increase in taxes   Believe in the positive use of government to bring about justice and equality of opportunity   Seeks protection against inadequate healthcare, housing and education   Believes in affirmative action programs, unions’ right to organize and strike, etc.
  • Conservative   Most interested in what’s best for the greater good of society   Free market economy   Capitalistic – survival of the fittest, every man for himself   Rich typically get richer   Lower taxes overall and cut government spending
  • Conservative   Functions of government should encourage family values, protect the nation from foreign enemies, preserve law and order   Human needs should be cared for by families and charities, not the government
  • Radical   Advocates extreme measures to change government policy
  • Radical   Civil disobedience   Texas v. Johnson   Vietnam war demonstrations on college campuses
  • Reactionary   Advocates extreme measures to conserve ideals and uphold ultra- conservative use of policies and government   Exceptionally intolerant of others and their viewpoints
  • Reactionary   More violent acts of civil disobedience   Abortionclinic bombers   White supremacy groups typically found here
  • Economic Policy Liberals Conservatives   Government should   Free market economy regulate business to   Less amount of regulation protect public interest brings about more   Rich should be taxed competition higher in order to pay for   Taxes should be kept as public services low as possible   Government spending on   Government welfare social welfare programs programs destroy increases people’s incentive to work hard.
  • Policies on Crime Liberals Conservatives   Government should   Increase police forces, alleviate social problems special task forces and such as poverty, prisons. unemployment, housing   Stop courts from coddling inadequacies, etc. as criminals these are the preliminary   Make punishment more reasons for crime harsh and strict to deter   Rehabilitate criminals to future crime remedy the problem
  • Social Policy Liberal Conservative   Freedom of choice and   Government chooses government should fund it what’s best, not the when necessary individual   Protect minority rights,   Fend for yourself – especially of African survival of the fittest American, Hispanic/   Should allow traditional Latino, women, non- observations in public WASP, poor, etc.) policy
  • National Security Policy Liberal Conservative   Government should   Government should support “human rights” pursue national/ throughout the world international interests of   Reduce military spending the US   Diplomacy instead of war   Increase military spending   War can stimulate the economy
  • The issues   Economy   Abortion   Death Penalty
  • The Issues   War in Iraq   Education   Energy
  • The Issues   Drugs   Healthcare   Poverty
  • What’s your ideology?   Go to: http://www.politopia.com/ quiz_index.php3