Chapter 8 – Political Culture
           and Ideologies
   12th Grade POD – Ms. Nestico
Political Ideologies


    Ideology  – a set or system of ideas,
     beliefs and values held by a collective
     group ...
Primary Ideologies in the US

 Ideology         Party            Wing
 Radical
 Libertarian
 Liberal          Democrat    ...
Comparison & Contrast

   Both   liberals and conservatives agree
    that the government should have a good
    bit of c...
Economic Characteristics
(Liberal focus)
   Money  and the distribution of wealth
   Stock Market
   Corporations/Big B...
Social Conduct Characteristics
(Conservative Focus)
   Censorship
   Morals   and Values
   Drugs
   Pro-Business
   ...
Most popular US ideologies

   Liberal – strong control & regulation of
    economy
   Conservative – strong control &
 ...
In terms of Government Regulation
& Control

                SOCIAL CONDUCT



        E    Libertarian   Conservative
   ...
Ideology Spectrum
              Moderate


    Liberal              Conservative




   Radical                    Reactio...
Liberal

   Most  interested in protecting individual rights
    and civil liberties
   Change is usually a good thing
 ...
Liberal

  Robinhood   Theory – Redistribution of wealth
  Usually see an increase in taxes
  Believe in the positive u...
Conservative

   Most  interested in what’s best for the
    greater good of society
   Free market economy
   Capitali...
Conservative

   Functions  of government should
    encourage family values, protect the
    nation from foreign enemies...
Radical

   Advocates
           extreme measures to change
  government policy
Radical

   Civil   disobedience
      Texas   v. Johnson



      Vietnam
             war demonstrations on college
 ...
Reactionary

   Advocates  extreme measures to
    conserve ideals and uphold ultra-
    conservative use of policies and...
Reactionary

   More   violent acts of civil disobedience
     Abortionclinic bombers
     White supremacy groups typic...
Economic Policy
Liberals                        Conservatives
  Government should              Free market economy
   re...
Policies on Crime
Liberals                       Conservatives
  Government should             Increase police forces,
 ...
Social Policy
Liberal                        Conservative
  Freedom of choice and         Government chooses
   governme...
National Security Policy
Liberal                       Conservative
  Government should            Government should
   ...
The issues

   Economy




   Abortion




   Death   Penalty
The Issues

   War   in Iraq



   Education




   Energy
The Issues

   Drugs




   Healthcare




   Poverty
What’s your ideology?

   Go to:
   http://www.politopia.com/
   quiz_index.php3
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Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture

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Unit 5 (Chapter 8) Political Culture

  1. 1. Chapter 8 – Political Culture and Ideologies 12th Grade POD – Ms. Nestico
  2. 2. Political Ideologies   Ideology – a set or system of ideas, beliefs and values held by a collective group of people – “school of thought”   Belief – an idea held to be true by a group   Value – a belief about whether an idea is right or wrong Everything in life is “political”
  3. 3. Primary Ideologies in the US Ideology Party Wing Radical Libertarian Liberal Democrat Left Moderate ----------------------------------- Conservative Republican Right Populist Reactionary
  4. 4. Comparison & Contrast   Both liberals and conservatives agree that the government should have a good bit of control and regulation, but in different areas   Liberals want strong control/regulation over the economy   Conservatives want strong regulation over social conduct
  5. 5. Economic Characteristics (Liberal focus)   Money and the distribution of wealth   Stock Market   Corporations/Big Business   Taxation   Employment   Trade/Investments   Banking Industry   Social Programs to help those in need
  6. 6. Social Conduct Characteristics (Conservative Focus)   Censorship   Morals and Values   Drugs   Pro-Business   Oppose Higher Taxes   Tough punishment for crime
  7. 7. Most popular US ideologies   Liberal – strong control & regulation of economy   Conservative – strong control & regulation of social conduct   Libertarian – least amount of government control in both the social conduct & economic realms   Populist – increased government control over both social & economic realms
  8. 8. In terms of Government Regulation & Control SOCIAL CONDUCT E Libertarian Conservative C 22% 30% O N O Liberal Populist M 16% 20% I C
  9. 9. Ideology Spectrum Moderate Liberal Conservative Radical Reactionary
  10. 10. Liberal   Most interested in protecting individual rights and civil liberties   Change is usually a good thing   Anti-federalist roots   Increase in social welfare programs   More government intervention of the economy to remedy the defects of capitalism   Can be socialistic in nature
  11. 11. Liberal   Robinhood Theory – Redistribution of wealth   Usually see an increase in taxes   Believe in the positive use of government to bring about justice and equality of opportunity   Seeks protection against inadequate healthcare, housing and education   Believes in affirmative action programs, unions’ right to organize and strike, etc.
  12. 12. Conservative   Most interested in what’s best for the greater good of society   Free market economy   Capitalistic – survival of the fittest, every man for himself   Rich typically get richer   Lower taxes overall and cut government spending
  13. 13. Conservative   Functions of government should encourage family values, protect the nation from foreign enemies, preserve law and order   Human needs should be cared for by families and charities, not the government
  14. 14. Radical   Advocates extreme measures to change government policy
  15. 15. Radical   Civil disobedience   Texas v. Johnson   Vietnam war demonstrations on college campuses
  16. 16. Reactionary   Advocates extreme measures to conserve ideals and uphold ultra- conservative use of policies and government   Exceptionally intolerant of others and their viewpoints
  17. 17. Reactionary   More violent acts of civil disobedience   Abortionclinic bombers   White supremacy groups typically found here
  18. 18. Economic Policy Liberals Conservatives   Government should   Free market economy regulate business to   Less amount of regulation protect public interest brings about more   Rich should be taxed competition higher in order to pay for   Taxes should be kept as public services low as possible   Government spending on   Government welfare social welfare programs programs destroy increases people’s incentive to work hard.
  19. 19. Policies on Crime Liberals Conservatives   Government should   Increase police forces, alleviate social problems special task forces and such as poverty, prisons. unemployment, housing   Stop courts from coddling inadequacies, etc. as criminals these are the preliminary   Make punishment more reasons for crime harsh and strict to deter   Rehabilitate criminals to future crime remedy the problem
  20. 20. Social Policy Liberal Conservative   Freedom of choice and   Government chooses government should fund it what’s best, not the when necessary individual   Protect minority rights,   Fend for yourself – especially of African survival of the fittest American, Hispanic/   Should allow traditional Latino, women, non- observations in public WASP, poor, etc.) policy
  21. 21. National Security Policy Liberal Conservative   Government should   Government should support “human rights” pursue national/ throughout the world international interests of   Reduce military spending the US   Diplomacy instead of war   Increase military spending   War can stimulate the economy
  22. 22. The issues   Economy   Abortion   Death Penalty
  23. 23. The Issues   War in Iraq   Education   Energy
  24. 24. The Issues   Drugs   Healthcare   Poverty
  25. 25. What’s your ideology?   Go to: http://www.politopia.com/ quiz_index.php3

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