Ms. Nestico Principles of Democracy Mount Carmel Area High School Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Two house legislature (Congress) bicameral
The Great Charter (1215) – document signed by King John and nobles that recognized people have certain rights.  Basis for ...
(1689) – document passed that set clear limits on the English monarch & outlined rights of the people English Bill of Rights
(1639) – America’s first actual constitution/charter.  Gave people the rights to elect governors, judges & representatives...
Directly controlled by the English King through appointed governors Royal colonies
Based on a grant of land by the king to a proprietor (owner) in exchange for a yearly payment Proprietary colonies
Colonies based on a grant given by the king to a company or group of settlers Charter colonies
(1754) – Proposed by Ben Franklin – plan for uniting the colonies Albany Plan of Union
(1765) – law from England that required colonies to pay a tax on all paper goods and legal documents Stamp Act
(1774) – Philly meeting with representatives from all colonies (except Georgia) to decide what to do about the colonies re...
(1775) – met again to serve as acting government of the colonies during the Revolutionary War 2 nd  Continental Congress
(1776) – Basis For Declaration of Independence.  Declaration of citizens’ rights in Virginia (one month earlier) Virginia ...
(1781) – 1st plan for a CENTRAL government in America Articles of Confederation
To officially APPROVE Ratify
(1786) Armed uprising of farmers in Massachusetts that led to the call for a stronger national (central) US government Sha...
(1787) – plan for the division of the NW territory which is now Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, & Wisconsin ...
Founding Fathers of the US and the Constitution like Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, James Madison, etc.  Fr...
Proposed plan of government that called for a unicameral legislature, a weak executive branch and a national judicial bran...
Proposed plan of government that calls for a unicameral legislature, strong executive branch and national judiciary branch...
(1787) – final agreement of the Constitutional Convention that allows for EQUAL state representation in the upper house (S...
(1787) – For purposes of counting population for representation in the House, agreement reached that every slave would con...
Group who supported the adoption of the US Constitution and a strong central government.  Not concerned with a Bill of Rig...
This group opposed ratification of the Constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights and was fearful that the Constituti...
(1787-1788) Collection of 85 essays on the principles of government written in defense of the Constitution. Authors includ...
1 st  Ten Amendments to the US Constitution concerning basic individual liberties Bill of Rights
Founding father.  Famous for Federalist Paper #10 and #51. James Madison
“ Give me liberty or give me death.” Anti-federalist Famous founding father from Virginia that rallied for independence fr...
First President of America UNDER the Articles of Confederation John Hanson
Primarily responsible for the Albany Plan of Union to unite the colonies.  One of the eldest and most respected delegates ...
Authored “Common Sense” – 47 page pamphlet circulated through the colonies around the time of the 2 nd  Continental Congre...
(VA) Authored the Declaration of Independence.  Founding father. Thomas Jefferson
French philosopher and politician.  Responsible for the concept of separation of powers among branches of government.  Wro...
The division of power among a legislative, executive and judicial branches of government Separation of powers
The notion that the power the government has is limited because people are entitled to natural rights Limited Government
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POD Unit 2 Vocabulary

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POD Unit 2 Vocabulary

  1. 1. Ms. Nestico Principles of Democracy Mount Carmel Area High School Chapter 2 Vocabulary
  2. 2. Two house legislature (Congress) bicameral
  3. 3. The Great Charter (1215) – document signed by King John and nobles that recognized people have certain rights. Basis for the foundation of limited government. Magna Carta
  4. 4. (1689) – document passed that set clear limits on the English monarch & outlined rights of the people English Bill of Rights
  5. 5. (1639) – America’s first actual constitution/charter. Gave people the rights to elect governors, judges & representatives to make laws Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  6. 6. Directly controlled by the English King through appointed governors Royal colonies
  7. 7. Based on a grant of land by the king to a proprietor (owner) in exchange for a yearly payment Proprietary colonies
  8. 8. Colonies based on a grant given by the king to a company or group of settlers Charter colonies
  9. 9. (1754) – Proposed by Ben Franklin – plan for uniting the colonies Albany Plan of Union
  10. 10. (1765) – law from England that required colonies to pay a tax on all paper goods and legal documents Stamp Act
  11. 11. (1774) – Philly meeting with representatives from all colonies (except Georgia) to decide what to do about the colonies relationship with England 1 st Continental Congress
  12. 12. (1775) – met again to serve as acting government of the colonies during the Revolutionary War 2 nd Continental Congress
  13. 13. (1776) – Basis For Declaration of Independence. Declaration of citizens’ rights in Virginia (one month earlier) Virginia Declaration of Rights
  14. 14. (1781) – 1st plan for a CENTRAL government in America Articles of Confederation
  15. 15. To officially APPROVE Ratify
  16. 16. (1786) Armed uprising of farmers in Massachusetts that led to the call for a stronger national (central) US government Shay's Rebellion
  17. 17. (1787) – plan for the division of the NW territory which is now Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, & Wisconsin Northwest Ordinance
  18. 18. Founding Fathers of the US and the Constitution like Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, James Madison, etc. Framers
  19. 19. Proposed plan of government that called for a unicameral legislature, a weak executive branch and a national judicial branch. Called for EQUAL representation of states (NOT based on population). New Jersey Plan
  20. 20. Proposed plan of government that calls for a unicameral legislature, strong executive branch and national judiciary branch. . Called for PROPORTIONAL representation of states (based on state population). Virginia Plan
  21. 21. (1787) – final agreement of the Constitutional Convention that allows for EQUAL state representation in the upper house (SENATE) and PROPORTIONAL representation in the lower house (HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES). How it is today… VA PLAN and NJ PLAN combined. Great Compromise
  22. 22. (1787) – For purposes of counting population for representation in the House, agreement reached that every slave would constitute 3/5 of a person – or that only 3/5 of the slave population would be counted. Three-Fifths Compromise
  23. 23. Group who supported the adoption of the US Constitution and a strong central government. Not concerned with a Bill of Rights. Federalists
  24. 24. This group opposed ratification of the Constitution because it lacked a Bill of Rights and was fearful that the Constitution gave the central government too much power. Anti-federalists
  25. 25. (1787-1788) Collection of 85 essays on the principles of government written in defense of the Constitution. Authors included Alexander Hamilton, James Madison & John Jay writing under the alias, “Publius” Federalist Papers
  26. 26. 1 st Ten Amendments to the US Constitution concerning basic individual liberties Bill of Rights
  27. 27. Founding father. Famous for Federalist Paper #10 and #51. James Madison
  28. 28. “ Give me liberty or give me death.” Anti-federalist Famous founding father from Virginia that rallied for independence from England Patick Henry
  29. 29. First President of America UNDER the Articles of Confederation John Hanson
  30. 30. Primarily responsible for the Albany Plan of Union to unite the colonies. One of the eldest and most respected delegates of the Founding Fathers/Framers. Benjamin Franklin
  31. 31. Authored “Common Sense” – 47 page pamphlet circulated through the colonies around the time of the 2 nd Continental Congress that made a case for independence from England. Thomas Paine
  32. 32. (VA) Authored the Declaration of Independence. Founding father. Thomas Jefferson
  33. 33. French philosopher and politician. Responsible for the concept of separation of powers among branches of government. Wrote the Spirit of Law Baron de Montesquieu
  34. 34. The division of power among a legislative, executive and judicial branches of government Separation of powers
  35. 35. The notion that the power the government has is limited because people are entitled to natural rights Limited Government

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