Chapter 11 -  Politics in Action Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
Section One I.  Ways of Nominating <ul><li>A.  National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>B.  Direct Primary Elections </li></u...
I.  Nominating Candidates <ul><li>A.  National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>  (Presidential Elections Only) </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>B.  Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>(most other elections) </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Open Primary  - voters...
<ul><li>C.  Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Used primarily at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>**Robert Belfant...
<ul><li>D.  Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Andrew Jackson - elections ...
Section Two II.  National Convention Business <ul><li>A.  Keynote Speech - Day 1 </li></ul><ul><li>B.  Committee Reports -...
<ul><li>A.  Keynote Speech  - Day One </li></ul><ul><li>  **person chosen provides a speech intended to    </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>C.   Nominee is chosen  - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li>1.  State delegates vote on the nominees  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>VP Nominee is Officially Chosen  - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Delegates vote on Vice Presidential Nominee for ...
Section Three Planning the Campaign <ul><li>“ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of...
Planning the Campaign <ul><li>Campaign Organizations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tr...
Campaign Planning <ul><li>Information Gathering  </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the Voters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>canvassing </l...
Financing the Campaign <ul><li>1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning </li></ul><ul><li>1988 – 1992 – ov...
Financing the Campaign <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clin...
Campaign Financing <ul><li>Sources (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC’s – Political Action Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Section Four Fair Elections <ul><li>Ending Discriminatory Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Fair Elections <ul><li>26 th  Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds </li></ul><ul><li>Australian ballot – “secre...
Section Five Voting Behavior <ul><li>Who votes? </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic Status  – refers to a combination of an in...
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Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11 - Politics in Action Campaigning and Voting in America Ms. Suzie Nestico Grade 12 – Principles of Democracy
  2. 2. Section One I. Ways of Nominating <ul><li>A. National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>B. Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>C. Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>D. Caucus </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Nominating Candidates <ul><li>A. National Convention </li></ul><ul><li> (Presidential Elections Only) </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Held every four years </li></ul><ul><li>2. Nominates presidential candidate </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nominates VP candidate </li></ul><ul><li>4. Develops the party’s platform </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>B. Direct Primary Elections </li></ul><ul><li>(most other elections) </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open Primary - voters may vote for any party’s </li></ul><ul><li>candidate </li></ul><ul><li>2. Closed Primary - voters may only vote for candidates </li></ul><ul><li> within their registered party. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Caucus </li></ul><ul><li> --Iowa Caucuses </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>C. Nominating Petition </li></ul><ul><li>1. Used primarily at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>**Robert Belfanti - PA State Representative </li></ul><ul><li>2. Candidate circulates petitions obtaining voter signatures to be put on the election ballot </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>D. Caucus </li></ul><ul><li>1. Old caucuses vs. today’s caucus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Andrew Jackson - elections of 1824 and 1828 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Section Two II. National Convention Business <ul><li>A. Keynote Speech - Day 1 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Committee Reports - Day 2 </li></ul><ul><li>C. Nominee is Chosen - Day 3 </li></ul><ul><li>D. Balance the Ticket - Day 3 </li></ul><ul><li>E. VP nominee Chosen - Day 4 </li></ul><ul><li>F. Acceptance Speeches - Day 4 </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A. Keynote Speech - Day One </li></ul><ul><li> **person chosen provides a speech intended to </li></ul><ul><li>rally and increase the ‘hype’ of the convention </li></ul><ul><li>-Who gave Democratic and Republican Speeches in </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Campaign? </li></ul><ul><li>B. Committee Reports - Day Two </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Credentials Committee - examines qualified </li></ul><ul><li>delegates from each state </li></ul><ul><li>2. Platform Committee - presents the direction of the </li></ul><ul><li>party’s overall platform in the upcoming election . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>C. Nominee is chosen - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li>1. State delegates vote on the nominees </li></ul><ul><li>presented by the states for the party’s </li></ul><ul><li>presidential nominee for general election </li></ul><ul><li>-”State delegates” is comparable to what voting body in </li></ul><ul><li>the general election in the fall? </li></ul><ul><li>Balance the Ticket - Day Three </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Nominations are taken for VP candidate </li></ul><ul><li>2. Usually chose someone slightly different with </li></ul><ul><li>alternate characteristics and beliefs to appeal to a </li></ul><ul><li>greater number of voters. </li></ul><ul><li>-What will be the implications of this in Decision ‘08? </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>VP Nominee is Officially Chosen - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1. Delegates vote on Vice Presidential Nominee for their party. </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance Speeches & Close - Day Four </li></ul><ul><li>1. All Nominees deliver acceptance speeches </li></ul><ul><li>2. Close of party business and plans to move on with heart of campaign </li></ul>
  11. 11. Section Three Planning the Campaign <ul><li>“ I made the canvass on my own horse; my entertainment, being at the houses of my friends, cost me nothing; and my only outlay was $.75 for a barrel of cider, which some farm-hands insisted I treat them to.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Abe Lincoln describing his 1846 run </li></ul><ul><li>for Congress </li></ul>
  12. 12. Planning the Campaign <ul><li>Campaign Organizations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press Secretary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Writers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraisers </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Campaign Planning <ul><li>Information Gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the Voters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>canvassing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mass Media Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>endorsement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presidential Debates (televised) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Financing the Campaign <ul><li>1976 – approx. $456 Million spent on Federal Campaigning </li></ul><ul><li>1988 – 1992 – over $3 Billion spent </li></ul>
  15. 15. Financing the Campaign <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual candidates themselves (Kennedy, Bush, Kerry, Clinton) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Individual Contributions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited by a series of Federal Regulatory Acts in the ‘70’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits individual contributions to $1,000 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Campaign Financing <ul><li>Sources (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC’s – Political Action Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations created by interest groups to channel money to political candidates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PAC contributions limited to $5,000 H0WEVER there is no limit to how much money a PAC can spend on supporting a candidate’s campaign </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Section Four Fair Elections <ul><li>Ending Discriminatory Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandfather clause </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Fair Elections <ul><li>26 th Amendment – extends voting rights to 18 yr olds </li></ul><ul><li>Australian ballot – “secret ballot” </li></ul><ul><li>Poll watchers </li></ul>
  19. 19. Section Five Voting Behavior <ul><li>Who votes? </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic Status – refers to a combination of an individual’s social characteristics, such as age and education, and economic status, such as occupation and income </li></ul>
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