England is in the southern part of Great Britain. It is an island country and also part of the United Kingdom (UK). England is the biggest country in the UK. England contains about 84% of the UK population. The capital of the UK is in England. The English language comes from England.
Scotland is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain, an island country and the United Kingdom (UK). Its capital city is Edinbourgh. Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited. The primary languages spoken in Scotland are English, Scots and Scottish Gaelic.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. The capital is Cardiff. Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Wales is officially bilingual. People speak English & Welsh. Wales has not been politically independent since 1282, when it was conquered by King Edward I of England.
Northern Ireland lies in the northeast of the island of Ireland. In 1801 the whole of Ireland became part of the United Kingdom, with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Its capital city is Belfast. The official languages are English, Irish and Ulster Scots.
No, Great Britain and the UnitedKingdom refer to different areas.