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  • 1. Le Plus-que-Parfait Qu’est-ce que c’est? La Formation… Verbes en –er, -ir, -re Mrs Shannon 1
  • 2. Qu’est-ce que c’est? Le plus-que-parfait is a form of the past tense It is used to express a an action that had taken place before another action in the past.  Ex. Il avait mangé la pomme quand il s’est senti malade) • (He had eaten the apple when he felt sick) Like the P.C., there are two parts to the P-Q-P: A/ an auxiliary verb (avoir or être)  Conjugated in the imparfait B/ a past participle Mrs Shannon 2
  • 3. Auxiliary Verb Avoir Avoir = To have J’avais Tu avais Il/elle avait Nous avions Vous aviez Ils/elles avaient Mrs Shannon 3
  • 4. Auxiliary Verb Etre Être = To be J’étais Tu étais Il/elle était Nous étions Vous étiez Ils/elles étaient Mrs Shannon 4
  • 5. La Formation Les verbes en -er Verbes en –er: to form the past participle, drop the –er of the infinitive and add “é” Example: DONNER = Past participle: ____________________ Auxiliary verb: ____________________ Mrs Shannon 5
  • 6. Donner Donner = to give Past Participle = donné Auxiliary Verb = avoir Conjugate the verb donner in the plus-que-parfait! Mrs Shannon 6
  • 7. Donner J’avais donné (I had given) Tu avais donné (you had given) Il/elle avait donné (he/she had given) Nous avions donné (we had given) Vous aviez donné (you had given)Ils/elles avaient donné (they had given) Mrs Shannon 7
  • 8. La Formation Les verbes en -ir Verbes en –ir: to form the past participle, drop the –ir of the infinitive and add “i” Example: FINIR = Past participle: ____________________ Auxiliary verb: ____________________ Mrs Shannon 8
  • 9. Finir Finir= to finish Past Participle = fini Auxiliary Verb = avoir Conjugate the verb finir in the plus-que-parfait! Mrs Shannon 9
  • 10. Finir J’avais fini (I had finished) Tu avais fini (you had finished) Il/elle avait fini (he/she had finished) Nous avions fini (we had finished) Vous aviez fini (you had finished)Ils/elles avaient fini (they had finished) Mrs Shannon 10
  • 11. La Formation Les verbes en -re Verbes en –re: to form the past participle, drop the –re of the infinitive and add “u” Example: Rendre = Past participle: ____________________ Auxiliary verb: ____________________ Mrs Shannon 11
  • 12. Rendre Rendre = to give back Past Participle = rendu Auxiliary Verb = avoir Conjugate the verb rendre in the plus-que-parfait! Mrs Shannon 12
  • 13. Rendre J’avais rendu (I had given back) Tu avais rendu (you had given back)Il/elle avait rendu (he/she had given back) Nous avions rendu (we had given back) Vous aviez rendu (you had given back) Ils/elles avaient rendu (they had given back) Mrs Shannon 13
  • 14. Devoirs Conjugez les verbes suivants au plus-que- parfait:  Fermer = ____________  Parler = ____________  Devenir = ____________  Dormir = ____________  Battre = ____________  Vendre = ____________ Mrs Shannon 14
  • 15. L’accord du Participe Passé N’oubliez pas les régles de l’accord! It agrees with the subject when conjugated with être and the direct object when it’s placed before the verb when it is conjugated with avoir. Mrs Shannon 15
  • 16. Complete the following: Elle ________________ (arriver) Elle ____________ (venir) très tôt. La cathédrale que je _________(visiter) Les pommes que nous _________ (manger) Ils __________ (descendre) à la plage. Mrs Shannon 16