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Buildings bye laws (AIRPORTS, HOSPITALS, PUBLIC-SEMI PUBLIC BUILDINGS)
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Buildings bye laws (AIRPORTS, HOSPITALS, PUBLIC-SEMI PUBLIC BUILDINGS)

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  • 1. CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION IN THE VICINITY OF AN AERODROME BYE LAWS
  • 2. DEFINATIONS  AERODROME REFERENCE POINT (ARP) — This is a designated point, which is established in the horizontal plane.  ELEVATION OR REDUCED LEVEL — The vertical distance of a point or a level, on or affixed to the surface of the earth, measured from the mean sea level.
  • 3.  TRANSITIONAL AREA — An area which is below a specified surface sloping upwards and outwards from the edge of the approach funnel and from a line originating at the end of the inner edge of each approach area, drawn parallel to the runway centre line in the direction of landing.  APPROACH FUNNEL  RUNWAY STRIP
  • 4. PROHIBITED AREAS  No building or structure shall be constructed or erected, or no tree shall be planted, on any land within the limits of the aerodromes listed and in respect of the aerodrome at Thiruvananthapuram.  These requirements shall be applicable for the land enclosed in approach funnels of the runway with a maximum distance of 360 m measured from each runway and along the extended centre line of the runway.
  • 5. THE REQUIREMENTS OF APPROACH FUNNEL AND AN INSTRUMENT RUNWAY SHALL BE AS FOLLOWS  An instrument runway is a runway served by visual and non-visual aid or aids providing at least directional guidance adequate for a straight in approach and intended for the operation of aircraft using instrument approach procedures.  Approach funnel in the case of an instrument runway means the area in the shape of an isosceles trapezium having the -
  • 6. i. longer parallel side 4800 m long (2 400 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway) ii. and smaller parallel side 300 m long (150 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway) where the smaller and longer parallel sides are placed at a distance of 60 m and 15060 m, respectively, from the end of the runway and at right angles to the extended centre line.
  • 7. IN THE CASE OF A NON-INSTRUMENT RUNWAY, THE APPROACH FUNNEL MEANS THE AREA IN THE SHAPE OF AN ISOSCELES TRAPEZIUM HAVING  the longer parallel side 1800 m long (900 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway)  and smaller parallel side 180 m long (90 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway),  where the smaller and longer parallel sides are placed at a distance of 60 m and 6540 m, respectively, from the end of the runway  And at right angles to the extended centre line.  Thereafter, the trapezium is followed by a contiguous rectangular area of that width for the remainder of the length up to a distance of 15060 m from the end of the runway.
  • 8. SPECIAL CLAUSE FOR THE AERODROME AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM:  These requirements shall be applicable for the land enclosed in approach funnels of all runways with a maximum distance of 304.80 m, measured from each runway  and along extended centre line of the runway,  and the land enclosed in a belt of 30.48 m width outside the operational boundary of the aerodrome.  For the purpose of this clause, the requirements of approach funnel and operational boundary shall be as given
  • 9. APPROACH FUNNEL means the area in the shape of an isosceles trapezium having the longer parallel side of length 4724.4 m (2 362.2 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway)  and smaller parallel side of 152.4 m (76.2 m on either side of the extended centre line of the runway)  where the smaller and longer parallel sides are placed at a distance of 60.9 m and 15301 m, respectively, from the end of the runway and at right angles to the extended centre line. OPERATIONAL BOUNDARY means an area enclosed between parallel lines at a distance of 152.4 m on either side of the centre line of the runways or 30.4 m from the boundary fencing of the aerodrome, whichever is greater.
  • 10. HEIGHT RESTRICTIONS  No building or structure higher than the height specified in tables shall be constructed or erected  or no tree which is likely to grow or ordinarily grows higher than the height specified in the tables shall be planted, on any land within a radius of 20 km from ARP of the aerodromes listed
  • 11. HEIGHT RESTRICTION WITH RESPECT TO APPROACH FUNNELS This shall be applicable for the land enclosed in the approach funnels of all runways where distances are measured from each end of the runway, along extended centre line of the runway. S.N O AREA MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE HEIGHT AHOVE THE ELEVATION OF THE NEAREST RUNWAY END 1 More than 360 m but not exceeding 510 m 6 2 More than 510 m but not exceeding 660 m 9 3 More than 660 m but not exceeding 810 m 12 4 More than 810 m but not exceeding 960 m 15 5 More than 960 m but not exceeding 1110 m 18 6 More than 1110 m but not exceeding 1260 m 21 7 More than 1 260 m but not exceeding 1410 m 24 8 More than 1410 m but not exceeding 1560 m 27 9 More than 1560 m 30
  • 12. HEIGHT RESTRICTION WITH RESPECT TO TRANSITIONAL AREA S. NO. DISTANCE FROM THE INNER BOUNDARY OF THE TRANSITIONAL AREA SPECIFIED MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE HEIGHT ABOVE THE ELEVATION OF THE ARP 1 UPTO 21m 0 2 21 m TO LESS THAN 42m 3 3 42m TO LESS THAN 63m 6 4 63m TO LESS THAN 84m 9 5 84m TO LESS THAN 105m 12 6 105m TO LESS THAN 126m 15 7 126m TO LESS THAN 147m 18 8 147m TO LESS THAN 168m 21 9 168m TO LESS THAN 189m 24 10 189m TO LESS THAN 210m 27 11 ABOVE 210m 30
  • 13.  Height restriction with respect to transitional area and shall be applicable for the land enclosed in the transitional area of all runways where distances are measured from the associated runway strip and the edge of the associated approach funnels, forming the inner boundary of the transitional area and along a line at right angles to the centre line of the runway.  The height restrictions are also same as above as in case of the aerodrome at Thiruvananthapuram within a radius of 20 km from ARP
  • 14. FURTHER HEIGHT RESTRICTIONS FOR THE AERODROME AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM AREA MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE HEIGHT ABOVE GROUND LEVEL The area lying between the coastline and the Chakai canal 3 The area lying in a belt of 457.2 m width between the Eastem Bank of the Chakai canaL and a Line running parallel to this canal for the entire Length 6 A parallel belt of 762 m width running East of area (ii) above 15.2 A parallel belt of 609.6 m width running East of area above 24.3 Rest of the area extending up to 20 km from ARP 30.4
  • 15. WATER SUPPLY Nature of Station Where Bathing Facilities are Provided litres/capita Where Bathing Facilities are not Provided litres / capita International and domestic airports 70 40
  • 16. SANITATION Type of Airport WC for Males WC for Females Urinals for Males Only Domestic airports For 200 persons 5 8 6 For 400 persons 9 15 12 For 600 persons 12 20 16 For 800 persons 16 26 20 For 1000 persons 18 29 22 International airports For 200 persons 6 10 8 For 600 persons 12 20 16 For 1000 persons 18 29 22
  • 17. BUILDING BYE-LAWS FOR HOSPITALS
  • 18. INTRODUCTION “Institutional Building”- Includes a building constructed by Government, Semi- Government Organizations or Registered Trusts and used for medical or other treatment, …….care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness , handicap, disease or infirmity, care of orphans, abandoned women, children and infants,…….., mental hospitals…………
  • 19. BYE LAWS  F.A.R - 1.5 (Rule 61- Bhumi Vikas Niyam )  The width of the main street on which the building abuts shall not be less than 12.0 m.  Open spaces around the building should be at least 6m.  Main access to the buiding atlest 5m.
  • 20. LAND AREA REQUIREMENT Sr.n o Land area requirement (min ) N.B.C Land area requirement (min ) Raipur master plan 1 . Dispensary 1500 0.08 ha- 0.12ha 2 Nursing home and child welfare 20 -30 45000 0.2 - 0.3 ha 0.2 to 0.5 ha 3. Intermediate hospital 80 -100 1 lakh 1 ha -3 ha 1ha to 3ha
  • 21. Sr. no. Land area requirement (min ) N.B.C Land area requirement (min ) Raipur master plan 4. Intermediate 200 1 lakh 3.70 ha 2.7 ha 5. General 500 2 5 lakh 6 ha 6 ha 6. Multi-specialty hospital 200 1 lakh 9 ha 9 ha 7. Specialty hospital 200 1 lakh 3.7 ha 3.7
  • 22. PARKING Area One car parking space 75 sq.m 150 sq.m For private sector For government sector More than 100 beds 10 X 3.75 sq.m
  • 23. Stairways Ramps Lifts EXIT DOORS (unit width of 50 cm) 25 50 75 75 NO. OF OCCUPANTS THAT COULD BE SAFELY EVACUATED OR MOVED FROM ONE NO. OF EACH Min. width =2m Min. corridor width=2.4mt
  • 24. • In case of nursing homes, hospitals etc. area exceeding 300 sq m. at each floor one of the exit facility shall be a ramp of not less than 2.4 m. in width. Minimum width = 2.4m Slope : Min. =1:8 max=1:10
  • 25. WATER REQUIREMENT 340 LTR -100beds 450LT- more then 100 135 LT- others Per head consumptions
  • 26. SANITATION REQUIREMENT Sr.no. FITMENTS HOSPITAL WITH IPD HOSPITAL WITH OPD ADMINIS- TRATIVE BLOCK 1. Water closet One for 8 beds One for 100 persons One for 25 male One for 15 females 2. Ablution taps one for each w.c. One for each w.c. One for each w.c. 3. Wash basins 2 for 30 beds One for 100 beds One for 25 persons 4. Cleaner’s sink One for each ward One on each floor 5. Kitchen sink One for each floor 6. Urinals - One for 50 persons One for 20 persons
  • 27. Sr.NO. FITMENTS HOSPITALS FOR IPD HOSPITALS FOR OPD ADMINIS- TRATIVE BLOCK 7. Baths with showers One bath for every 8 beds - One on each floor 8. Bed pan washing sinks One for each ward - - Note: one water tap is mandatory for every 50 persons .
  • 28. PUBLIC AND SEMI-PUBLIC BUILDINGS BYE LAWS
  • 29. PUBLIC BUILDINGS  The words “public building” means nursing home, hospitals, social, cultural and other institutions, government and semi-government offices, Schools, college, university etc…
  • 30. BYE LAWS NURSING HOME, HOSPITALS SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS GOVERNMEN T AND SEMI- GOVERNMEN T OFFICES EDUCATION AL INSTITUTION S Maximum ground coverage 25% 35% 25% 33% Maximum floor area ratio 100 100 125 120 Maximum height 26 m 20 m 37 m 15 m
  • 31. ROAD WIDTH The width of the main street on which the building abuts shall not be less than 12.0 m.
  • 32. SET BACK Main access to the building at least 5m.
  • 33. SET BACK Sl. No. Height of the Building Set back (front rear and sides in each plot) 1 10 (in meters) 5 (in meters) 2 15 5 3 18 6 4 21 7 5 24 8 6 27 9 7 30 10 8 35 11 9 40 12 10 45 13 11 50 14 12 55 and above 16
  • 34. PARKING BUILDINGS Equivalent Car Spaces (ECS) per 100 sq m. of floor area HOSPITALS, SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS, GOVERNMENT AND SEMI- GOVERNMENT OFFICES. 0.50 - 1.50 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 0.25 - 0.75 One car parking space For the provision of car parking spaces, the space standards shall be as under: i) For open parking 20.0 sq m. per equivalent car space. ii) For ground floor covered parking 25.0 sq m. per equivalent car space. iii) For basement 30.0 sq m. per equivalent car space
  • 35. WATER REQUIREMENT BUILDINGS Liters per head per day NURSING HOME, HOSPITALS 340 (per bed) SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS 15 GOVERNMENT AND SEMI- GOVERNMENT OFFICES 45 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 135
  • 36. SANITATION REQUIREMENT Fitments For Male Public For Female Public For Male Staff For Female Staff Water closets 1 per 100 persons up to 400 persons; and for over 400 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 250 persons or part thereof 3 per 100 persons up to 200 persons; and for over 200 persons add at the rate of 2 per 100 persons or part thereof 1 for 1 to 15 persons 2 for 16 to 35 Persons 1 for 1 to 12 persons 2 for 13 to 25 persons Ablution taps 1 in each water closet 1 in each water closet 1 in each water closet 1 in each water closet Urinals 1 for 25 persons Nil up to 6 persons;1 for 7 to 20 persons 2 for 21 to 45 persons Wash basins 1 for every 200 persons 1 for every 200 persons 1 for 1 to 15 persons 2 for 16 to 35 persons 1 for 1 to 12 persons 2 for 13 to 25 persons