Open Source Issues and Trends


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As presented at Internet Librarian, 2012, in Monterey, CA

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Open Source Issues and Trends

  1. 1. Open Source Trends & Issues Nicole C. Engard Vice President of Education ByWater Solutions
  2. 2. Issue #1Lack of Proper Education
  3. 3. What isn’t Open Source? Common Open Source FUD (Fear, Uncertainty & Doubt)• “Isn’t that insecure?”• “I don’t want to share my data!”• “How can it be any good if it’s free?”• “We don’t have the staff to handle open source.” Comic: Author: Unknown | Year: Unknown | Source: Unknown
  4. 4. What is Open Source?Open source software is software that users have the abilityto run, distribute, study and modify for any purpose.Open source is a collaborative software-developmentmethod that harnesses the power of peer review andtransparency of process to develop code that is freelyaccessible.1Open source draws on an ecosystem of thousands ofdevelopers and customers all over the world to driveinnovation.2 1,2
  5. 5. Open Source Community• Open source is about more than free software• Community is crucial to the growth of open source• Without shared knowledge and collaboration the project will not grow• People who use open source can collaborate and contribute in many ways with the community • Write code • Write documentation • Debug • Educate others
  6. 6. Issue #2Technical Skill Fears Stems from Issue #1
  7. 7. Open Source is Easy!“The hard drive on one of our reference desk PCs died today. I threw in a new one, but I didntfeel like spending the day sitting through Windows updates, so I loaded Ubuntu 11.04 on itinstead. The install, as Im sure you know, only took about 15 minutes. Now, before I add mynext point, keep in mind that I manage a staff whose average age is about 63. No joke. Most ofthem have been working at my facility longer than Ive been alive. Still, once I had Ubuntu upand running, they were literally fighting over who got to use the new operating system. Theyloved it that much.Now I agree, Linux kicks butt. I use it about 80% of the time. Typing to you on Mint right now!However, I never expected novice users to take to it so quickly. Please, next time you do anopen source webinar, impress on your attendees that libraries arent sacrificing a thing byswitching over to open source software. If anything, open source operating systems andapplications can be far more user friendly for the novice user than Windows will ever be...” -- Mark at the The Rahway Public Library
  8. 8. Issue #3Security Fears Stems from Issue #1
  9. 9. Risk of Proprietary Software • “In its 2011 Coverity Scan Open Source Integrity Report, which was released on Thursday, Coverity actually found that open source code has fewer defects per thousand lines of code than proprietary software code does.” Noyes, Katherine. “Actually, Open Source Code Is Better: Report.” PCWorld Business Center, February 23, 2012. .
  10. 10. Trends
  11. 11. Who’s Using Open Source? •Government Agencies •All Kinds of Businesses •Schools (K-colleges) •Librarians
  12. 12. Open Source in Business• In 2010 a survey of 300 large organizations in both the private and public sector found: • 50% are fully committed to open source in their business • 28% say they are experimenting with open source and keeping an open mind to using it • 38% expecting to migrate mission-critical software to open source in next 12 months • The cost was no longer viewed as the key benefit, instead: • 76% cited quality as a key benefit of open source • 70% cited improved reliability • 69% said better security/bug fixing
  13. 13. Open Source in Business
  14. 14. Open Source in Government French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault has issued a missive to French ministers, including a complete action plan urging government usage of LibreOffice and PostgreSQL. But the action plan calls for more. As noted on Slashdot: “He also wants them to reinvest between 5 percent and 10 percent of the money they save through not paying for proprietary software licenses, spending it instead on contributing to the development of the free software.
  15. 15. Open Source in Government On 7 August, a law was passed by the Italian Parliament that requires the use of open source software by public administrations where possible. Article 68 of the Italian Digital Administration Code (Codice dell’amministrazione digitale) states that, from 12 August, public administrations looking for a new software solution must either use an application which they have already developed in-house, develop their own new program, use open source software, or any combination of these.
  16. 16. Open Source in Libraries• Koha ILS • Dspace• Evergreen ILS • Kete• WordPress • Drupac• Drupal • SOPAC More:
  17. 17. Why so Popular?•Reliability through Peer Review•Freedom to Innovate•No Vendor Lock-in•User-centric Development•Collaborative Environment•Zero License Fees
  18. 18. Resources
  19. 19. Additional Links• Open Source Living • FOSS4Lib• Nicole’s Delicious bookmarks: • Open Source as Alternative• Nicole’s Zotero Library• Open Source Software and Libraries Bibliography bliography
  20. 20. Print Reading List• Practical Open Source Software in Libraries by Nicole C. Engard• The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary by Eric S. Raymond• Embracing Insanity: Open Source Software Development by Russell Pavlicek• The success of open source by Steve Weber• The open source alternative: Understanding risks and leveraging opportunities by Heather J. Meeker• Open Sources 2.0: The Continuing Evolution by Chris DiBona, Mark Stone, and Danese Cooper
  21. 21. Thank You! Nicole C. Engard Vice President of Education ByWater Solutions Slides: > Publications & Presentations