on Teaching, Social and Cognitive Presence


   Sharon Misfeldt & Denise Nelson




                                      ...
Principal Investigators   Research Project Faculty


     Sharon Misfeldt
 
                              Heather Gold
  ...
Gain an increased awareness of the use of

    audio feedback for teaching, social and
    cognitive presence at a distan...
Research initiated and partially funded by Campus

    Saskatchewan

    Inspired by the work of Dr. Phil Ice et al.


 ...
5
The exploration, construction, resolution and
 confirmation of understanding through
collaboration and reflection in a com...
The degree to which participants in computer

    mediated communication feel socially and
    emotionally connected

   ...
The design, facilitation and direction of

    cognitive and social processes for the purpose
    of realizing personally...
Sense of community (social presence)
           
               Instructor‟s ability to affect more
           
        ...
Retention of content
           
               Students 3 times more likely to
           
               apply content...
11
Between audio and text-based student feedback in

    asynchronous learning networks, which do students
    believe is a ...
Campus Sask. research proposal

    Ethics approval

    Faculty Training re theory and process

    Collecting data fr...
Students enrolled in the following online
  programs:

    Practical Nursing Program (~14 students)

    Perioperative Nu...
Adobe Acrobat 9 Professional/Extended

    Headset with microphone

        Noise-cancelling
    ◦
        USB
    ◦
   ...
Read the student work

    Plan feedback

    ◦ Constructive feedback according to rubric criteria
      Content
     ...
Printability (e.g., sticky notes do not print)



    Personalization (e.g., use of pencil tool to

    create checkmark...
Embedding Text and Audio Feedback in PDF Documents




                                                     18
“Excited! Looking forward to learning how to

    improve current practice & improve the quality of
    feedback for our ...
“I really like that software that you are using. In previous classes, I‟ve

    had to wait for assignments to be returne...
March 20th Adobe Connect session recording

http://mm.eduadvisory.adobe.acrobat.com/p8
 8522439/

    April 24th Adobe Co...
22
Sharon Misfeldt

    ◦ Phone 775-7564
    ◦ sharon.misfeldt@siast.sk.ca

    Denise Nelson

    Phone 775-7683

    den...
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Impact Of Asynchronous Audio April24 09 Final

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"Impact of Asynchronous Audio on Teaching, Social and Cognitive Presence" presentation given at TLt 2009 conference April 28th in Regina, SK,CA.

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Impact Of Asynchronous Audio April24 09 Final

  1. 1. on Teaching, Social and Cognitive Presence Sharon Misfeldt & Denise Nelson 1
  2. 2. Principal Investigators Research Project Faculty Sharon Misfeldt  Heather Gold  Denise Nelson Crystal Spooner   Ron Smallwood  Karen Wightman  Deb Mervold  Lyanne Faucher Consultant  Dr. Phil Ice  2
  3. 3. Gain an increased awareness of the use of  audio feedback for teaching, social and cognitive presence at a distance. Critique or inquire about the research  process. 3
  4. 4. Research initiated and partially funded by Campus  Saskatchewan Inspired by the work of Dr. Phil Ice et al.  ◦ 2007 Article - Using Asynchronous Audio Feedback to Enhance Teaching Presence and Students' Sense of Community ◦ PPT Presentation CNIE conference 2008, quot;The Impact of Asynchronous Audio on Teaching, Social and Cognitive Presence” Developed summary for Faculty  Developed Notes on Audio Commenting October 2008  4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. The exploration, construction, resolution and confirmation of understanding through collaboration and reflection in a community of inquiry. (Garrison, 2007) 6
  7. 7. The degree to which participants in computer  mediated communication feel socially and emotionally connected The ability of participants in a community of  inquiry to project themselves socially and emotionally -- as „real‟ people. (Richardson & Swan, 2003) 7
  8. 8. The design, facilitation and direction of  cognitive and social processes for the purpose of realizing personally meaningful and educationally worthwhile learning outcomes. 88 Instructional Design and Organization  Facilitation of Discourse  Direct Instruction  (Ice, 2008) 8
  9. 9. Sense of community (social presence)  Instructor‟s ability to affect more  personalized communication with students Student satisfaction  Audio Effective in conveying nuance feedback  Feelings of increased involvement and  enhanced learning community interactions Perception that the instructor cared  more about the student (Ice, 2007) 9
  10. 10. Retention of content  Students 3 times more likely to  apply content Level at which students applied  such content Audio Quantity of feedback (255% feedback  more) Time required to provide  feedback (75% less) (Ice, 2007) 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Between audio and text-based student feedback in  asynchronous learning networks, which do students believe is a more effective means of interaction with their faculty? How does the use of audio feedback impact the sense  of community in asynchronous learning networks? What relationship exists between the use of audio  feedback and student satisfaction? In what manner is perceived learning impacted by the  use of audio feedback? What relationship exists between the use of audio  feedback and faculty satisfaction? 12
  13. 13. Campus Sask. research proposal  Ethics approval  Faculty Training re theory and process  Collecting data from Fall 2009 – Spring 2010  Random selection of student assignments (e.g., 6  assignments in course; 3 text feedback, 3 text and audio feedback) Student and faculty data  ◦ Interviews ◦ Focus groups ◦ Web survey Final report to Campus Saskatchewan December  2010 13
  14. 14. Students enrolled in the following online programs: Practical Nursing Program (~14 students)  Perioperative Nursing Program (~18 students)  Faculty Certificate Program (~14 students)  ◦ credential through U of Regina 14
  15. 15. Adobe Acrobat 9 Professional/Extended  Headset with microphone  Noise-cancelling ◦ USB ◦ Stereo ◦ Examples (*Dynex, Plantronics) ◦ Computer with speakers  15
  16. 16. Read the student work  Plan feedback  ◦ Constructive feedback according to rubric criteria  Content  Writing style ◦ Placement  Embed with student work  Summative comments ◦ Text vs. audio comments  Text – writing style  Audio – personalization, critical analysis  Consistent approach Embed audio comments – intended to replicate  non-scripted verbal interactions which occur face-to-face 16
  17. 17. Printability (e.g., sticky notes do not print)  Personalization (e.g., use of pencil tool to  create checkmark vs. stamp checkmark) Need for conciseness  Consistency of approach (i.e., grade given in  text form) Others?  17
  18. 18. Embedding Text and Audio Feedback in PDF Documents 18
  19. 19. “Excited! Looking forward to learning how to  improve current practice & improve the quality of feedback for our students. Incorporating advancing technology can be challenging, but it certainly helps improve delivery & streamline our work. It‟s exciting to be involved in a project such as this & to see the students responding to greater use of technology.” “I am excited to try audio feedback. I think it will be  a really positive addition to my online course.” 19
  20. 20. “I really like that software that you are using. In previous classes, I‟ve  had to wait for assignments to be returned via inter-office mail to see written comments; now, I can get them right away. And I really like being able to get voice comments! I could see how, as a marker, the ability to leave a voice comment would be really nice!” “I just finished reviewing my lab assignment from you and my first  thought when I heard your voice was quot;creepyquot;. lol. I'm not that used to some one talking to me through my computer when I can't see them. I like the idea though. It adds a personal touch since we rarely if ever get a chance to see each other. I appreciate it. I'm sure it's added work for you.” “The audio is pretty cool!!”  20
  21. 21. March 20th Adobe Connect session recording  http://mm.eduadvisory.adobe.acrobat.com/p8 8522439/ April 24th Adobe Connect session  21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. Sharon Misfeldt  ◦ Phone 775-7564 ◦ sharon.misfeldt@siast.sk.ca Denise Nelson  Phone 775-7683  denise.nelson@siast.sk.ca  PPT available at http://programs.siast.sk.ca/nelson/#presentations 23
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