NOTICE & NOTE
The Signposts and Definitions
Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions
The Signpost and Definition
A sharp contrast between what we woul...
Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions
Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions
Clues to the Signpost
A character behaves or thinks in a way we
d...
Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions
The Question That Follows
Why would the character act (feel) this...
Aha MomentAha Moment
The Signpost and Definition
A character’s realization of something that
shifts his actions or underst...
Aha MomentAha Moment
Aha MomentAha Moment
Clues to the Signpost
Phrases usually expressing suddenness,
like:
 “Suddenly, I understood…”
 “It ...
Aha MomentAha Moment
The Question That Follows
How might this change things?
Tough QuestionsTough Questions
The Signpost and Definition
Questions a character raises that reveal his or
her inner strug...
Tough QuestionsTough Questions
Tough QuestionsTough Questions
Clues to the Signpost
Phrases usually expressing serious daoubt or
confusion:
 “What could...
Tough QuestionsTough Questions
The Question That Follows
What does this question
make me wonder about?
Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser
The Signpost and Definition
The advice or insight a wiser character, who
is usually o...
Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser
Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser
Clues to the Signpost
The main character and another are usually
off by themselves, i...
Words to the WiserWords to the Wiser
The Question That Follows
What’s the life lesson and how might it affect
the characte...
Again and AgainAgain and Again
The Signpost and Definition
Events, images, or particular words that recur
over a portion o...
Again and AgainAgain and Again
Again and AgainAgain and Again
Clues to the Signpost
A word is repeated, sometimes used in an odd
way, over and over in th...
Again and AgainAgain and Again
The Question That Follows
Why might the author
bring this up
again and again?
Memory MomentMemory Moment
The Signpost and Definition
A recollection by a character that interrupts
the forward progress ...
Memory MomentMemory Moment
Memory MomentMemory Moment
Clues to the Signpost
The ongoing flow of the narrative is
interrupted by a memory that comes t...
Memory MomentMemory Moment
The Question That Follows
Why might
this memory be
important?
Work Cited
Beers, K., & Probst, R. E. (2013). Notice and
Note: Strategies for Close Reading.
Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
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Notice & note

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Notice & note

  1. 1. NOTICE & NOTE The Signposts and Definitions
  2. 2. Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions The Signpost and Definition A sharp contrast between what we would expect and what we observe the character doing; behavior that contradicts previous behavior or well-establish patterns.
  3. 3. Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions
  4. 4. Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions Clues to the Signpost A character behaves or thinks in a way we don’t expect, or an element of a setting is something we would not expect.
  5. 5. Contrasts and ContradictionsContrasts and Contradictions The Question That Follows Why would the character act (feel) this way?
  6. 6. Aha MomentAha Moment The Signpost and Definition A character’s realization of something that shifts his actions or understanding of himself, others, or the world around him.
  7. 7. Aha MomentAha Moment
  8. 8. Aha MomentAha Moment Clues to the Signpost Phrases usually expressing suddenness, like:  “Suddenly, I understood…”  “It came to me in a flash that…”  “In an instant, I knew…”
  9. 9. Aha MomentAha Moment The Question That Follows How might this change things?
  10. 10. Tough QuestionsTough Questions The Signpost and Definition Questions a character raises that reveal his or her inner struggles.
  11. 11. Tough QuestionsTough Questions
  12. 12. Tough QuestionsTough Questions Clues to the Signpost Phrases usually expressing serious daoubt or confusion:  “What could I possibly do?”  “How could I ever understand why she…?”  I couldn’t imagine how I could cope with…”
  13. 13. Tough QuestionsTough Questions The Question That Follows What does this question make me wonder about?
  14. 14. Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser The Signpost and Definition The advice or insight a wiser character, who is usually older, offers about life to the main character.
  15. 15. Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser
  16. 16. Words of the WiserWords of the Wiser Clues to the Signpost The main character and another are usually off by themselves, in a quiet, serious moment, and the wiser figure shares his wisdom or advice in an effort to help the main character with a problem or a decision.
  17. 17. Words to the WiserWords to the Wiser The Question That Follows What’s the life lesson and how might it affect the character?
  18. 18. Again and AgainAgain and Again The Signpost and Definition Events, images, or particular words that recur over a portion of the novel.
  19. 19. Again and AgainAgain and Again
  20. 20. Again and AgainAgain and Again Clues to the Signpost A word is repeated, sometimes used in an odd way, over and over in the story. An image reappears several times during the course of the book.
  21. 21. Again and AgainAgain and Again The Question That Follows Why might the author bring this up again and again?
  22. 22. Memory MomentMemory Moment The Signpost and Definition A recollection by a character that interrupts the forward progress of the story.
  23. 23. Memory MomentMemory Moment
  24. 24. Memory MomentMemory Moment Clues to the Signpost The ongoing flow of the narrative is interrupted by a memory that comes to the character, often taking several paragraphs to recount before we return to events of the present moment.
  25. 25. Memory MomentMemory Moment The Question That Follows Why might this memory be important?
  26. 26. Work Cited Beers, K., & Probst, R. E. (2013). Notice and Note: Strategies for Close Reading. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
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