Idea 2004 Complete

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PowerPoint presentation goes over the rights of parents of special needs students as outlined under the Individuals with Disability Improvement Education Act.

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Idea 2004 Complete

  1. 1. Educational Advocacy Associates <ul><li>Gerald E. Nelms </li></ul><ul><li>Education – B.S. – Biology </li></ul><ul><li>M. Ed. – Educational Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Ed. S. – Educational Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Ed. D. – Educational Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Dissertation – Removing Barriers of Education for Homeless Student </li></ul>
  2. 2. IDEA 2004 Re-authorization of Individuals with Disabilities Education (Improvement) Act Parental Rights of an Exceptional Child
  3. 3. What is IDEA 2004? <ul><li>IDEA establishes the fact that a disability is part of the human experience.  It does not diminish the rights of individuals to participate or contribute to society.  This law has been implemented in order to improve the educational results for children with disabilities.  This allows them to experience full participation, independent living as well as economic self-sufficiency. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rights of Parents <ul><li>Records </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Educational Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Notification </li></ul><ul><li>Consent </li></ul><ul><li>Regard to hearings </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Least Restrictive Environment </li></ul>
  5. 5. In the absence of the parent <ul><li>Surrogate Parent </li></ul>
  6. 6. Records <ul><li>Examine all records </li></ul><ul><li>Representative appointed by you </li></ul><ul><li>Agency provide copies of records </li></ul><ul><li>Presume that parent can inspect all records unless agency has been informed no authority under state law </li></ul><ul><li>Information only pertaining to child </li></ul>
  7. 7. Records <ul><li>Search for information without charge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May charge if fee does not prevent parents from right to inspect/review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informed of all types/locations </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for explanation of any item </li></ul><ul><li>Amendment of any record if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate, misleading, violation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Records <ul><li>Informed of refusal, right to hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonable time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informed if agency decides inaccuracy, misleading or violation </li></ul><ul><li>Placement of statement of disagreement </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation disclosed </li></ul>
  9. 9. Confidentiality <ul><li>Restrict access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Withholding consent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notification before destroying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive copy if desired </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notification of who has accessed </li></ul><ul><li>Review/receive copies sent to another agency </li></ul>
  10. 10. Independent Evaluation Defined <ul><li>Evaluation – procedures used to determine whether a child has an exceptionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature & extent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Procedures used selectively with individual child </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No basic test used with all students </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Independent Evaluation Defined <ul><li>Independent educational evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation conducted by qualified examiner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not employed by public agency responsible for the education of the student in question </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Independent Evaluation <ul><li>Independent educational evaluation at public expense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public agency either pays for full cost of evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures that evaluation is otherwise provided at no cost to parent </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Independent Evaluation <ul><li>Obtain independent educational evaluation by a qualified examiner </li></ul><ul><li>Independent evaluation considered in either meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placement or program decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing regarding FAPE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Told where an independent evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained – no or low expense </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Independent Evaluation <ul><li>Independent evaluation at public expense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you disagree with agency’s evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency has right to initiate hearing regarding FAPE to show evaluation is appropriate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent evaluation at public expense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requested by hearing officer </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Notification <ul><li>Notified and present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before agency initiates/changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refuses to initiate/change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Placement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of FAPE </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Notification <ul><li>Notice in writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native language or other principal mode of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level understandable to general public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Notice describe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation of proposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation of why other options were rejected </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Notification <ul><li>Evaluation procedure, test, assessment, record or report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used as basis for any agency-proposed action or basis for refusal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Description of any other factors relevant to agency’s proposed action or basis for refusal </li></ul><ul><li>Full explanation of procedural safeguards available to parents </li></ul>
  18. 18. Notification <ul><li>Right to be notified of sources to contact to obtain assistance in understanding provisions of Part B of IDEA (advocate) </li></ul><ul><li>Right to prior written notice containing above information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before agency initiates/changes/refuses to initiate/change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identification, evaluation, placement, provision of FAPE </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Notification <ul><li>Notice translated if native language or communication is not written </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Translated orally, other means in native language, other mode of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right to understand content of notice </li></ul><ul><li>Written evidence that these requirements have been met </li></ul>
  20. 20. Notification <ul><li>Right to be present at ALL IEP Meetings!!!! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Consent - Defined <ul><li>Parent has been fully informed of all information relevant to activity for which consent is sought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In his/her native language or other mode of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parent understand/agrees (in writing) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carrying out of activity for which consent is sought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes activity and lists records which will be released and to whom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FERPA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Consent - Defined <ul><li>Parent understands granting of consent is voluntary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On part of parent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be revoked at any time </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Consent <ul><li>Before Pre-placement evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Before Re-evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Before initial placement </li></ul><ul><li>Description of activity for which consent is requested </li></ul><ul><li>Revoke at any time </li></ul>
  24. 24. Consent <ul><li>Agency can proceed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In absence of consent, to a hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine if child should be evaluated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Consent may not be required as a condition of any benefit to the parent or student </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-placement, reevaluation, initial placement </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Present complaints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due process or formal written with respect to any matter relating to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education placement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of FAPE to child </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Due Process Complaint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complaint sets forth alleged violation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not more than two years before date parent knew or should have known </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due process complaint is a request for a hearing to occur to resolve matter </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Formal Written Complaint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed, written complaint that sets forth alleged violation pursuant to State Board Rule 160-4-7-17 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Should include statement that local system has violated requirements of IDEA and the facts on which statement is based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must allege that violation occurred not more than one year prior to date of complaint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unless a longer period is reasonable because violation is continuing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Present complaints if you disagree with a determination by school district that your child’s behavior was NOT a manifestation of child’s exceptionality </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation and/or impartial due process hearing whenever you file complaint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or expedited due process hearing when you file a complaint </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Responsibility to file due process complaint notice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent, school or attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alleging a due process violation under IDEA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Required to provide a due process complaint notice to other party (attorney) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice sent to state educational agency (SEA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice must include </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Name/address of children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Name of school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Description of problem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed resolution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Prior written notice regarding subject matter of due process complaint </li></ul><ul><li>School must determine whether it provided prior notice regarding subject of the due process complaint </li></ul><ul><li>If not, must respond within 10 days </li></ul>
  31. 31. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Prior written notice must contain following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation of why agency proposed/refused to take action raised in due process complaint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of other option that IEP team considered/reason options were rejected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of evaluation, assessment, record/report agency used as basis for proposed or refused action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description relevant factors in school’s proposal or refusal </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Provide sufficient notice of nature of problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If school system feels parent’s complaint is insufficient, system must notify hearing officer in writing 15 days of receiving complaint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing officer has 5 days to determine if notice meets requirements of IDEA, then notify all parties of decision </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Regard to hearings <ul><li>If complaint is sufficient </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School must respond to due process complaint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complaint not sufficient </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent has opportunity to resubmit a new complaint and timelines start over </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Resolution session </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity for parents and school system to resolve any issue in due process complaint so that parents and system can avoid a due process hearing and provide immediate benefit to child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be convened within 15 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between parents, and relevant members of IEP team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System representative who has decision-making authority </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System cannot include attorney unless parents are also represented by an attorney </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Told of any free/low-cost legal and other relevant services available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert on disability conditions that may be witness at hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hearing conducted by the state educational agency </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing chaired by officer who is not employed by public agency involved in education of child or otherwise interested in hearing </li></ul>
  36. 36. Regard to hearings <ul><li>List of persons who serve as hearing officers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statement of qualifications of each person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advised and accompanied by counsel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accompanied by individuals with special knowledge or training in problems of disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have your child present </li></ul>
  37. 37. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Hearing open to the public </li></ul><ul><li>Present evidence and confront, cross-examine and compel attendance of witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibit introduction of evidence not disclosed at least five days before hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Written or electronic verbatim record of hearing </li></ul>
  38. 38. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Written or electronic findings of fact and decisions within 45 days after LEA received initial request for hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exception – hearing officer may grant a specific extension of time at request of either party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final decision made by the hearing officer, unless a party brings a civil action </li></ul>
  39. 39. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Hearing or appeal set at a time and place reasonable convenient to you and child </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal decision of hearing officer by bringing a civil action in state or federal court within 90 days from date of decision of the hearing officer </li></ul>
  40. 40. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Child remain in present educational placement until completion of all hearing and appeal proceedings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless you and the agency agree otherwise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Child placed in public school program until completion of all proceedings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If complaint involves application of initial admission to public school </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Regard to hearings <ul><li>Five business days prior to hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each party shall disclose to all other parties all evaluations completed by that date and recommendations based on offering party’s evaluations that party intends to use at the hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing officer may bar any party that fails to comply with this provision without the consent of the other party </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Evaluation Procedures <ul><li>Full and individual evaluation of child’s educational needs </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation made by multidisciplinary team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At least one specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Child assessed in all areas related to suspected disability </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate tests administered by qualified examiners </li></ul>
  43. 43. Evaluation Procedures <ul><li>More than one criterion used in determining appropriate educational program for your child </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation in child’s native language or mode of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Reevaluation every three years </li></ul><ul><li>Reevaluation less than three years if you or child’s teacher request it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reevaluation shall not occur more than one time per year unless school/parent agree </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Least Restrictive Environment <ul><li>Child educated with non-disabled children to maximum extent appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Child remain in regular education environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless special class/school is needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Removal should be done only when nature/severity is such that education in regular class with use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Least Restrictive Environment <ul><li>Continuum of alternative placements so that removal from regular educational program can be least restrictive situation </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementary services (resource room or itinerant instruction) to make it possible for child to remain in regular class placement </li></ul>
  46. 46. Least Restrictive Environment <ul><li>Placement in school child would attend in non-disabled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless child’s IEP requires other arrangement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to participate in non-academic and extracurricular services and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meals, recess, counseling, athletics and special groups </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Surrogate Parents <ul><li>Person appointed for student for whom no parent can be identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ward of states or whose parent’s whereabouts cannot be discovered, after reasonable efforts by local system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agency must have method for determining whether child needs surrogate parent and assigning surrogate parent to child </li></ul>
  48. 48. Surrogate Parents <ul><li>Surrogate parent may represent child in all manners relating to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational placement of child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of FAPE </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>www.edu-advocacy-assoc.com </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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