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Kazan is the capital city of the Republic of Tatarstan and one of Russia's largest cities. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in central European Russia.
The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of the Tatar word qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Alternately, it may have been derived from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch] . "Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a variant of a wok, but more solid and heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is situated in a U-shaped lowland.
Kazan is the home of people of many nationalities and religions
Suyumbike Tower is the pearl of the Kazan Kremlin Here is the legend about the Suyumbike Tower. Moscow tsar (King) Ivan the Terrible knew about the beauty of the Tatar Queen. He wanted to marry her. He built a beautiful tower for her. Another legend says that the Kazan people called the tower after Suyumbike who said “no” to the Moscow tsar. It was very hard for Suyumbike to leave Kazan and become the Russia tsarina (Queen). She went to the top of the tower, looked around for the last time and threw herself down on the sharp stones… .
Oh my language, native language! You’re my soul and you’re my heart. Many things I’ve learnt in this life, Through my language, through my tongue… G.Tukai
Kazan State University Kazan is one of the biggest scientific and educational centers of Russia and the second biggest city by the number of students. About 10 000 young people finish secondary schools every year. Approximately 120 thousands study in 30 institutions of higher education and 23 schools and colleges. The Kazan State University, one of the oldest sites of learning of Russia, celebrated its 200th jubilee in 2004. One of the most important peculiarities of education is the possibility to study in one’s native language in accordance with the “Program of Conservation, Learning and Development of Language of people, living in the Kazan city”.
We are extremely proud of our hockey and football players
The Kazan Kremlin, a magnificent architectural ensemble bearing traces of many centuries of building activity, is enclosed by high, white stone walls with characteristic loop-holes and thirteen hipped roofed towers. The most remarkable building of the Kremlin is the Suyumbika Tower, seven storeys and 58 metres high. Its distinctive profile, visible from all sides, is balanced by the contours of the Spassky (Saviour) Tower which stands at the opposite end of the Kremlin. The city-fortress was formerly surrounded by water on three sides: the River Kazanka formed the northern boundary, to the east lay three lakes, and to the west was an artificial waterway, the Bulak Canal, constructed long ago by Tatar builders to join the Kazanka with Lake Kaban. This canal served both defense and navigation needs: goods from the Volga and Kazanka could be brought right up to the walls of the city. In medieval times the Kremlin ramparts were constructed of oak beams, while the buildings inside were of both wood and stone. The Kazan Kremlin
The English traveller Jenkinson wrote in his memoirs in 1558: "Kazan is a beautiful city, built in the Russian and Tatar style, with a strong castle, standing on a high hill".
The Kamal State Academic Theatre The first public theatre performance in Tatar took place on December 22, 1906 in Kazan. In 1996 the Tatar State Academic Theatre, named after Galiaskar Kamal, moved to a new building on the bank of lake Kaban. The building resembles a sailor above the water. Big stained-glass windows with view of the lake, balconies, where spectators walk, winter garden with fountains, portrait gallery and sculptures of prominent theatre figures are there in the foyer of the theatre.
On May 31 the results of voting of FISU executive committee’s members were announced in Brussels. Kazan (Russia), Vigo (Spain) and Gwan Ju (South Korea) took part in the bid for the right to host the Universiade 2013. South Korean city was considered to be the strongest contest of Kazan in the bid. Having opened the envelope, George Killian announced about Kazan’s victory in the bid for the Universiade 2013. Experience of an application campaign helped Kazan to win this bid. Besides, 14 Tatarstan runners run 4 thousand kilometers within the framework of the Super Marathon Kazan-Brussels in support of the Universiade 2013 in Kazan. The world Universiade is the second important international sport contest after the Olympic Games. Their organizers are International Student Sports Federation, which consists of 14 countries. In this organization Russia is presented by Russian Student Sport Union. The plan that during the Universiade 2013 48 sport facilities will be used in Kazan.