“EL AMOR PATRIO”(Love of Country)
The 1st nationalistic essay he wrote in the soil of Spain
under his pen-name LAONG LAAN.
written in two text:
2. Tagalog-M.H. del Pilar
DIARYONG TAGALOG-1st Manila bilingual newspaper
TWO OTHER ARTICLES FOR DIARYONG TAGALOG:
1.”Revista de Madrid”(Review of Madrid)
2. “Los Viajes” (Travels)
Manila moves to Madrid
While sojourning in Barcelona, Rizal received sad news
about the cholera that was ravaging Manila and the provinces.
Many people had died and more were dying daily. Sad news
from the Philippines was the chatty letter of chengoy
recounting the unhappiness of Leonor Rivera, who was getting
thinner because of the absence of love one.
Life in Madrid
He enrolled at Universidad Central de Madrid(Central University
2 courses enrolled—Medicine and Philosophy and Letters.
He studied painting and sculpture at Academy Fine Arts of San
He also took private lessons in (GERMAN,FRENCH,& ENGLISH)
Hall of Arms of Sanz y Carbonell
Antigua Café de Levante
Don Pablo O. y Rey
Carlos Ma. de la Torre
Romance with Consuelo Ortiga y Perez
A La Senorita C. O. Y P.(To Miss C. O. Y P.) a lovely
poem he wrote for her.
2 reasons why suddenly backed out with Consuelo:
1. he was still engaged to Leonor Rivera
2. his friend and co-worker in the Propaganda
Movement EDUARDO DE LETE was madly in love
They Ask Me For Verses(Me Piden Versos)
Rizal joined Circula Hispano-Filipino(HispanoPhilippine Circle) which is a society of
Spaniards and Filipino.
A poem requested by the members of the
A sad poem which he personally declaimed
during the New Year’s Eve.
Rizal as Lover of Books
He purchased 2nd hand book store owned by
He was able to build a fair-sized private library.
He was deeply affected by this 2 books:
1. Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
2. Eugene Sue’s The Wandering Jew
• (this 2 books aroused his sympathy for the
oppressed and unfortunate people.